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HIST2117
Module Reading List

Conquerors and Conquered: England, 1000-1135, 2021/22, Semester 1
Professor Julia Barrow
j.s.barrow@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General books on the period, especially for introductory reading. Some of them are very suitable for purchase.

Pauline Stafford, ed. A companion to the early Middle Ages : Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), chs. 19-25, 27

Christopher Harper-Bill and Elisabeth van Houts, ed. A companion to the Anglo-Norman world (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002); covers English and Norman political, social and cultural history from c.900 to c.1200

Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts, ed. A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

1066 in Perspective, ed. David Bates (London: Royal Armouries, 2018)

George Garnett, The Norman conquest : a very short introduction (Oxford: OUP, 2009): very opinionated, but helps to set out the main points

John Gillingham, William II : the Red King (London: Allen Lane, 2015): manages to put across a lot of new arguments in a brief and readable overview of William II's reign     

Michael Clanchy, England and its rulers, 1066-1307, 3rd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006) – accessible introduction to the post-Conquest period

Marc Morris, The Norman Conquest (London, 2013) - accessible introduction to the subject     

Marc Morris, William I : England's conqueror (London: Allen Lane, 2016) - a brief overview of William I's life     

David Bates, William the Conqueror (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2016): the authoritative biography of William I 

Elisabeth van Houts, ed. and tr. The Normans in Europe (Manchester: Manchester UP, 2000) – useful collection of excerpted sources on the Normans, with excellent commentary

 

Reference Works:

You will come across lots of puzzling names and terminology and also lots of places you haven’t heard of before. Here are some ways of finding out about them:

The Blackwell encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England, ed. by Michael Lapidge, John Blair, Simon Keynes and Donald Scragg (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999) – this should be your first port of call for the pre-1066 period in England       

For individual biographies of many of the individuals you will encounter, make good use of Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000, ed. H.C.G. Matthew and B. Harrison, 61 vols (Oxford: OUP, 2004). The ODNB is available on-line as well as in hard copy and you can use the on-line version to search for groups of people, e.g. kings. Often the best quick introduction to a single individual. Many relevant articles here: note especially F. Barlow, ‘Edward the Confessor’, ‘William of St Calais’, ‘E.A. Freeman’; A. Williams, ‘Godwine’, ‘Edith’ and ‘Swein’; R. Fleming, ‘Harold II’; D. Bates, ‘William I’; H.E.J. Cowdrey, ‘Stigand’, ‘Robert of Jumièges’ and ‘Lanfranc’; S. Keynes, ‘Æthelred II’, ‘Emma’; M.K. Lawson, ‘Cnut’; W.M. Aird, ‘Tostig’; E. van Houts, ‘Matilda’ [Matilda of Flanders], and many, many more.

For further information about people, try PASE ( Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England ) at https://pase.ac.uk     

For a very good website on medieval warfare, look at www.deremilitari.org – lots of translated sources, articles and links

 

Outline of Events:

Pauline Stafford, ed. A companion to the early Middle Ages : Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), chs. 19-25, 27-8

Christopher Harper-Bill and Elisabeth van Houts, ed. A companion to the Anglo-Norman world (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002); covers English and Norman political, social and cultural history from c.900 to c.1200

Frank Merry Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn (Oxford: Clarendon, 1971): goes up to 1086 – very detailed narrative

George Garnett, The Norman conquest : a very short introduction (Oxford: OUP, 2009): very opinionated, but helps to set out the main points

Marc Morris, The Norman Conquest (London, 2013) - accessible introduction to the subject     

David Bates, William the Conqueror (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2016): the authoritative biography of William I 

Marc Morris, William I : England's conqueror (London: Allen Lane, 2016) - a brief overview of William I's life     

John Gillingham, William II : the Red King (London: Allen Lane, 2015): manages to put across a lot of new arguments in a brief and readable overview of William II's reign     

Michael Clanchy, England and its rulers, 1066-1307, 3rd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006) – accessible introduction to the post-Conquest period

 

 

The Old English State: Court and Culture:

E. van Houts, 'Cnut and William: a comparison', in Conquest in Eleventh-Century England: 1016, 1066, ed. L. Ashe and E.J. Ward (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2020)

T.A. Heslop, ‘The production of de luxe manuscripts and the patronage of King Cnut and Queen Emma’, Anglo-Saxon England., 19 (1990)

Richard Mortimer, ed. Edward the Confessor : the man and the legend (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009)

Tom Licence, Edward the Confessor (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2020): interesting new take on reign of Edward, but often fails to show where and how he disagrees with other works, e.g. David Bates' book on William I in the same series

J.R. Maddicott, 'Edward the Confessor's return to England in 1041', English Historical Review, 119 (2004), 650-66

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘The Flemish contribution to biographical writing in England in the eleventh century’, in Writing medieval biography 750-1250 : essays in honour of Professor Frank Barlow, ed. by David Bates, Julia Crick and Sarah Hamilton (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2006), 111-28

E.M. Tyler, ‘The Vita Ædwardi: the politics of poetry at Wilton abbey’,  Anglo-Norman Studies XXXI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2008 EBook available, ed. by C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009)

H. Summerson, 'Tudor antiquaries and the Vita AEdwardi regis', Anglo-Saxon England, 38 (2010), 157-84 

S. Keynes and R. Love, 'Earl Godwine's ship', Anglo-Saxon England., 38 (2010), 185-223

Tom Licence, 'The date and authorship of the Vita AEdwardi regis', Anglo-Saxon England., 44 (2015)

S. Keynes, 'A tale of two kings: Alfred the Great and AEthelred the Unready', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., 36 (1986), 195-217

Pauline Stafford, ‘Edith, Edward's wife and queen', in Edward the Confessor : the man and the legend, ed. by Richard Mortimer (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009)

Pauline Stafford, 'Queens and queenship', in A companion to the early Middle Ages : Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 , ed. Pauline Stafford (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), ch. 28

Pauline Stafford, ‘The king’s wife in Wessex 800-1066’, Past and Present, 91 (1981)

E.M. Tyler, 'Remapping literary history: the patronage of Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman queens', in Conquest in Eleventh-Century England: 1016, 1066, ed. L. Ashe and E.J. Ward (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2020)

Pauline Stafford, After Alfred: Anglo-Saxon Chronicles and Chroniclers, 900-1150 (Oxford: OUP, 2020)

N. Brooks, 'Why is the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle about kings?', Anglo-Saxon England, 39 (2011), 43-70

Stephen Baxter, ‘MS C of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the politics of mid eleventh-century England’, English historical review., 122 (2007), 1189-1227: important for the politics of Edward's reign

J.L. Nelson, Politics and ritual in early medieval Europe (London: Hambledon, 1986)

Julia Barrow, ‘Demonstrative behaviour and political communication in later Anglo-Saxon England’, Anglo-Saxon England., 36 (2007)

H.E.J. Cowdrey, ‘The Anglo-Norman Laudes Regiae ’, Viator., 12 (1981)

George Garnett, ‘Coronation and propaganda’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 5th ser., 36 (1986)

Nicole Marafioti, The king's body : burial and succession in late Anglo-Saxon England (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014)         

Stephen Baxter, The earls of Mercia : lordship and power in late Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2007) – this book is excellent on how political systems worked in late Anglo-Saxon England, especially on lordship and commendation

Ann Williams, The world before Domesday : the English aristocracy 900-1066 (London: Continuum, 2008)

Lucy Marten, 'Meet the Swarts: tracing a thegnly family in late Anglo-Saxon England', in The English and their Legacy, 900-1200: Essays in Honour of Ann Williams, ed. David Roffe (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012)

K.M. Mack, 'Changing thegns: Cnut's Conquest and the English aristocracy', Albion, 16 (1984)

N. Hooper, ‘The housecarls in England in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Norman Studies VII:Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1984, ed. R. Allan Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

James Campbell, ‘Some observations on English government from the tenth to the twelfth century’ in his Essays in Anglo-Saxon history (London: Hambledon, 1986)

James Campbell, 'The late Old English state: a maximum view', Proceedings of the British Academy, 87 (1994)

Timothy Reuter, 'The making of England and Germany, 850-1050: points of comparison and difference', in Timothy Reuter, Medieval Polities and Modern Mentalities (Cambridge: CUP, 2006), 284-99

Ann Williams, 'Regional communities and royal authority in the late Old English kingdom: the crisis of 1051-1052 revisited', History, 98 (2013), 23-40

Simon Keynes, ‘Royal government and the written word in late Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Uses of literacy in early medieval Europe [electronic resource], ed. Rosamond McKitterick (Cambridge: CUP, 1990)

G.R. Owen-Crocker and B.W. Schneider, ed. Kingship, legislation and power in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2013), esp. Keynes

George Molyneaux, The formation of the English kingdom in the tenth century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015), esp. chs 4-5

David Bates, Julia Crick and Sarah Hamilton, ed. Writing medieval biography 750-1250 : essays in honour of Professor Frank Barlow (2006) (esp. Keynes, Stafford)

Ryan Lavelle and Simon Roffey, ed. Danes in Wessex : the Scandinavian impact on southern England, c.800-c.1100 (Oxford, 2015), chs. 7, 9

Tom Lambert, Law and order in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2017), chapters in Part II

T.B. Lambert, ‘Theft, homicide and crime in late Anglo-Saxon law’, Past & present., 214 (2012), 3-43

Pauline Stafford, ‘The laws of Cnut and the history of Anglo-Saxon royal promises’, Anglo-Saxon England., 10 (1981)

M.K. Lawson, ‘Archbishop Wulfstan and the homiletic element in the laws of Aethelred II and Cnut’, English historical review., 107 (1992)

J.P. Gates and N. Marafioti, ed. Capital and corporal punishment in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014), esp. chs. 9-10

L. Oliver, S. Jurasinski and A. Rabin, ed. English law before Magna Carta : Felix Liebermann and Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen (Leiden: Brill, 2010), esp. Rabin and Karn

The political writings of Archbishop Wulfstan of York, tr. Andrew Rabin (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015): some law and much else besides

N. Hooper, ‘The housecarls in England in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Norman Studies VII:Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1984, ed. R. Allan Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

M.K. Lawson, ‘The collection of Danegeld’, English historical review., 99 (1984)

Note also the debate between Lawson and Gillingham on taxation in English historical review., 104-5 (1989-90)

 

Towns

The best starting point is the section on towns in J. Crick and E. van Houts, ed. A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

David Palliser, ed. The Cambridge urban history of Britain, I, 600-1540 (Cambridge: CUP, 2000): over twenty contributors provide chapters on separate themes in urban history, split into 650-1300 and 1300-1540 periods, on London and on towns in different regions.

Victoria County History: among much else here note the excellent volumes onGloucester ( The Victoria history of the county of Gloucester. IV, ed. N.M. Herbert (Oxford: OUP, 1988)) and on Chester ( A history of the county of Chester, V: The City of Chester, ed. A.T. Thacker and C.P. Lewis, pt 1 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003) ). See the IHR British History on-line site https://www.british-history.ac.uk/

Robin Fleming, 'Rural elites and urban communities in late-Saxon England', Past and Present, 141 (1993)

Richard Holt, ‘The urban transformation in England, 900-1100’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XXXII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2009, ed. by C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010) EBook available

H. Fairbairn, 'Was there a money economy in late Anglo-Saxon and Norman England?', English Historical Review, 134 (2019)

R. Naismith, 'The currency of power in late Anglo-Saxon England', History Compass (July, 2019) e12579

R. Naismith, 'Currency and conquest in eleventh-century England', in Conquests in Eleventh-Century England: 1016, 1066, ed. L. Ashe and E.J. Ward (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2020) 

R. Naismith, Citadel of the Saxons: the Rise of Early London (London: Bloomsbury, 2019)         

Pamela Nightingale, ‘The origin of the Court of Husting and Danish influence on London’s development into a capital city’, English historical review., 102 (1987)

David Palliser, Medieval York : 600-1540 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

Sarah Rees Jones, York : the making of a city, 1068-1350 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)     

 

Pastoral Care: Churches in the Landscape:

C. Cubitt, 'Pastoral care and religious belief', in A companion to the early Middle Ages : Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 , ed. Pauline Stafford (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 395-413

John Blair, The church in Anglo-Saxon society (Oxford: OUP, 2005): the best book on local churches and pastoral care

Francesca Tinti, ed. Pastoral care in late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005): note esp. articles by Gittos, Wilcox, Hamilton and Hadley and Buckberry

Francesca Tinti, 'Benedictine reform and pastoral care in late Anglo-Saxon England', Early Medieval Europe, 23 (2015), 229-51

C.A. Jones, 'Minster and monasticism in Anglo-Saxon England', in The Cambridge History of Medieval Monasticism in the Latin World, ed. Alison Beach and Isabelle Cochelin (Cambridge: CUP, 2020)    

M.F. Giandrea, Episcopal culture in late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

The political writings of Archbishop Wulfstan of York, tr. Andrew Rabin (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015)

Helen Gittos, Liturgy, architecture, and sacred places in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2013)         

Sarah Hamilton, 'Rites of passage and pastoral care', in  A social history of England, 900-1200 , ed. Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

Sarah Hamilton, Church and People in the Medieval West, 900-1200 (Harlow: Pearson, 2013) for wider European background

Catherine Cubitt, 'Bishops, priests and penance in late Saxon England', Early Medieval Europe, 14 (2006), 41-63

Pauline Stafford, ‘Cherchez la femme: queens, queens’ lands and nunneries: missing links in the foundation of Reading abbey’, History., 85 (2000), 4-27

N.P. Brooks, The early history of the Church of Canterbury : Christ Church from 597 to 1066 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1984), partly available on OCR

J. Barrow, The Clergy in the Medieval World: Secular Clerics, their Families and Careers in North-Western Europe, c.800-c.1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2015), ch. 10

Gerald Dyson, Priests and Books in Late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2019)

P.A. Hayward, 'Saints and Cults', in  A social history of England, 900-1200 , ed. Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

Susan Ridyard, '"Condigna veneratio": post-Conquest attitudes to the saints of the Anglo-Saxons', in Anglo-Norman Studies IX, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1986), 179-206

Richard Pfaff, 'Lanfranc's supposed purge of the Anglo-Saxon calendar', in Warriors and Churchmen in the High Middle Ages: Essays Presented to Karl Leyser, ed. Timothy Reuter (London: Hambledon, 1992), 95-108

 

The three battles of 1066: how war was waged in the eleventh century:

Good starting points are Morillo's book and, for general background, ch. 3 of R. Bartlett's The making of Europe : conquest, colonization and cultural change, 950-1350 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1994)        Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Stephen Morillo, ed. The Battle of Hastings : sources and interpretations (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996): a collection of medieval sources and modern interpretations         

Matthew Strickland, ‘Military technology and conquest: the anomaly of Anglo-Saxon England’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1996, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

Richard Abels, 'From Alfred to Harold II: the military failure of the late Anglo-Saxon state', in The Normans and their Adversaries at War: Essays in Memory of C. Warren Hollister, ed. Richard Abels and B.S. Bachrach  (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2001), available from De Re Militari at https://deremilitari.org/2013/10/from-alfred-to-harold-ii-the-military-failure-of-the-late-anglo-saxon-state/

Richard Abels, 'English logistics and military organisation 871-1066: the impact of the Viking wars', in Military Aspects of Scandinavian Society in a European Perspective AD 1-1300, ed. A.N. Jorgensen and B.L. Clausen (Copenhagen, 1997), available from De Re Militari at https://deremilitari.org/2013/07/english-logistics-and-military-administration-871-1066-the-impact-of-the-viking-wars/

Matthew Bennett, ‘Violence in eleventh-century Normandy: feud, warfare and politics’, in Guy Halsall, ed. Violence and society in the early medieval West (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)     

Kelly DeVries, The Norwegian invasion of England in 1066 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999)     

Elisabeth van Houts, 'The Norman Conquest through European eyes', English Historical Review, 110 (1995), 832-53 (about how William built up support for his case elsewhere in Europe and how this was manifested in historical writings)

John Gillingham, 'William the Bastard at war', in Studies in Medieval History Presented to R. Allen Brown, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher Holdsworth and Janet Nelson (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989), available from De Re Militari at https://deremilitari.org/2014/04/william-the-bastard-at-war/

John Gillingham, 'Cultures of Conquest: warfare and enslavement in Britain before and after 1066', in Conquests in Eleventh-Century England, ed. Laura Ashe and Emily Joan Ward (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2020)

John Gillingham, 'Women, children and the profits of war', in Gender and Historiography: Studies in the Earlier Middle Ages in Honour of Pauline Stafford, ed. J.L. Nelson, S. Reynolds and S.M. Johns (London: IHR, 2012)

Matthew Strickland, 'Killing or clemency? Ransom, chivalry and changing attitudes to defeated opponents in Britain and Northern France, 7th-12th centuries', in Krieg im Mittelalter, ed. Hans-Henning Kortuem (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011), available from De Re Militari at https://deremilitari.org/2014/07/killing-or-clemency-ransom-chivalry-and-changing-attitudes-to-defeated-opponents-in-britain-and-northern-france-7-12th-centuries/

Nicholas Brooks and H.B. Walker, 'The authority and interpretation of the Bayeux Tapestry', in Nicholas Brooks, Communities and Warfare 700-1400 (London: Hambledon, 2000)   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

H.B. Clarke, 'The identity of the designer of the Bayeux Tapestry', Anglo-Norman Studies XXXV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 2012, ed. by David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2013), 119-40 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

T.A. Heslop, 'Regarding the spectators of the Bayeux Tapestry: Bishop Odo and his circle', Art History, 32 (2009), 223-49

Christopher Norton, 'Viewing the Bayeux Tapestry, now and then', Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 172 (2019), 52-89

Peregrinations, 2:4 (2009): this issue is devoted to the Bayeux Tapestry

S.A. Brown, ‘The Bayeux Tapestry: why Eustace, Odo and William? ’, Anglo-Norman Studies XII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1989, ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1990) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Michael Lewis, 'Questioning the archaeological authority of the Bayeux Tapestry', Cultural and Social History, 7 (2010), 467-84

Ian Peirce, ‘Arms, armour and warfare in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Norman Studies X: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1987, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1988) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J. Bradbury, ‘Battles in England and Normandy 1066-1154’, Anglo-Norman Studies VI:Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1983, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984), 1-12 EBook available

Paul Dalton, 'After Hastings: William the Conqueror's invasion campaign, 15 October - 25 December 1066', Viator, 48 (2017), 139-78

Matthew Bennett, ‘Wace and warfare’, Anglo-Norman Studies XI:Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1988, (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989) (about whether the 12th c. historian Wace was knowledgeable about earlier fighting techniques) EBook available

Richard Abels, 'Bookland and fyrd service in late Saxon England', in Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Military service in Normandy before 1066’, in Anglo-Norman Studies V: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1982, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1983) EBook available

J.C. Holt, 'The introduction of knight-service in England', in Anglo-Norman Studies VI:Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1983, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984), 1-12 EBook available

John Gillingham, ‘The introduction of knight-service into England’, Anglo-Norman Studies IV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, IV, 1981, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1982) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Sally Harvey, ‘The knight and the knight’s fee in England’, Past & present., 49 (1970)

Nicholas Brooks, 'The archbishopric of Canterbury and the so-called introduction of knight-service into England', in Anglo-Norman Studies XXXIV, ed. David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012)

E.A.R. Brown, ‘The tyranny of a construct: feudalism and historians of medieval Europe’, The American historical review., 79 (1974)

Richard Abels, 'The historiography of a construct: "Feudalism" and the medieval historian', History compass., 7 (2009), 1008-31

 

The Norman establishment: William I and William II:  

See items by Harper-Bill and van Houts, Clanchy and Morris in General Books section above

David Bates, William the Conqueror (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2016)

John Gillingham, William II : the red king (London: Allen Lane, 2015)

Robert Bartlett, England under the Norman and Angevin kings, 1075-1225 (Oxford: OUP, 2000)         

Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995), ch. 5 'The service of the king'   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ann Williams, '1066 and the English', in 1066 in Perspective, ed. David Bates (London: Royal Armouries, 2018), 123-32 and 301-6 

Elisabeth van Houts, 'Women and fear', in 1066 in Perspective, ed. David Bates (London: Royal Armouries, 2018), 176-86 and 318-21 

Hugh Thomas, The English and the Normans : ethnic hostility, assimilation, and identity 1066-c.1220 (Oxford: OUP, 2003)   

Paul Dalton, 'After Hastings: William the Conqueror's invasion campaign, 15 October - 25 December 1066', Viator, 48 (2017), 139-78

Paul Dalton, 'The outlaw Hereward the Wake: his companions and enemies', in Outlaws in Medieval and Early Modern England: Crime, Government and Society, c.1066-c.1600, ed. J. Appleby and P. Dalton (Farnham: Ashgate, 2009), 7-36     

Elisabeth van Houts, 'Hereward the Wake and Flanders', Anglo-Saxon England, 28 (1999), 201-23

Susan Reynolds, 'Eadric Silvaticus and the English resistance', Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, 54 (1981), 102-5

Lucy Marten, 'The rebellion of 1075 and its impact on East Anglia', in Medieval East Anglia, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005)

N. Hooper, 'Edgar the AEtheling: Anglo-Saxon prince, rebel and crusader', Anglo-Saxon England, 14 (1985), 197-214

J.R. Maddicott, 'Responses to the threat of invasion, 1085', English Historical Review, 122 (2007), 986-97

Hugh Thomas, 'The significance and fate of the native English landholders of 1086', English Historical Review, 118 (2003), 303-33

1066 in Perspective, ed. David Bates (London: Royal Armouries, 2018), chapters by J.A. Green and S. Baxter

Richard Sharpe, 'The earliest Norman sheriffs', History, 101 (2016), 415-44

Richard Sharpe, 'The use of writs in the eleventh century', Anglo-Saxon England, 32 (2003), 247-91

Bruce O'Brien, 'Conquest and the law', in Conquests in Eleventh-Century England, ed. Laura Ashe and Emily Joan Ward (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2020)

David Bates, ‘The land pleas of William I’s reign’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research., 51 (1978)

George Garnett, Conquered England : kingship, succession and tenure, 1066-1166 (Oxford: OUP, 2007)     

Robin Fleming, Kings and lords in Conquest England (Cambridge: CUP, 1991)     

David Bates, ‘Odo of Bayeux’, Speculum., 50 (1975)

John Le Patourel, ‘Geoffrey de Mowbray, bishop of Coutances, 1049-1093’, English historical review., 59 (1944)

C.P. Lewis, ‘The early earls of Norman England’, Anglo-Norman Studies XIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1990, ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1991) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

William Aird, Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy, c. 1050-1134 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2008)

William Aird, 'Frustrated masculinity: the relationship between William the Conqueror and his eldest son', in Masculinity in Medieval Europe, ed. Dawn Hadley (London: Routledge, 1998), 39-55         

K. Lack, 'The De Obitu Willelmi: propaganda for the Anglo-Norman succession, 1087-88', English Historical Review, 123 (2008), 417-56

W.L. Warren, ‘The death of William Rufus’, History today., 9 (1959), 22-9

J.O. Prestwich, 'The career of Ranulf Flambard', in Anglo-Norman Durham 1093-1193, ed. David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)          

R.W. Southern, ‘Ranulf Flambard’, in his Medieval humanism, and other studies (Oxford, 1970) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Robert Liddiard, ed. Anglo-Norman castles (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)         

D.F. Renn, ‘A gonfanon and a burhgeat …’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XVI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1993Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva, ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994), repd in Anglo-Norman castles, ed. by Robert Liddiard (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

Charles Coulson, Castles in medieval society : fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the central Middle Ages (Oxford: OUP, 2003)     

Charles Coulson, ‘Cultural realities and reappraisals in English castle-study’, Journal of Medieval History., 22 (1996)

 

The North of England:

William Aird, 'Northumbria', in Pauline Stafford, ed. A companion to the early Middle Ages : Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 303-21, ch. 19

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: articles by W.M. Aird on 'Siward, earl of Northumbria', 'Tostig', 'Morcar', 'Copsi', 'Gospatric', 'Mowbray, Robert de'; by H. Leyser on 'Walcher, earl of Northumbria and bishop of Durham'; by F. Barlow on 'St Calais, William of'

David Rollason, Northumbria, 500-1100 : creation and destruction of a medieval kingdom (Cambridge: CUP, 2003)

R.A. Fletcher, Bloodfeud : murder and revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (London: Penguin, 2002)

W.M. Aird, St Cuthbert and the Normans : the Church of Durham, 1071-1153 (Woodbridge; Boydell, 1998)

D.A. Woodman, 'Charters, Northumbria and the unification of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries', Northern History, 52 (2015), 35-51

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)         

David Palliser, Medieval York : 600-1540 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

Sarah Rees Jones, York : the making of a city, 1068-1350 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)    

Sarah Speight, ‘Violence and the creation of sociopolitical order in post-Conquest Yorkshire’, in Guy Halsall, ed. Violence and society in the early medieval West (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

G.W.S. Barrow, ‘The Anglo-Scottish Border’, Northern history., 1 (1966)

W.E. Wightman, ‘The significance of “waste” in the Yorkshire Domesday’, Northern history., 10 (1975)

David Roffe, ‘Domesday Book and northern society: a reassessment’, English historical review., 105 (1990)

David Palliser, ‘Domesday Book and the Harrying of the North’, Northern history., 29 (1993)

Stephen Matthews, 'William the Conqueror's campaign in Cheshire in 1069-70: ravaging and resistance in the north-west', Northern History, 40 (2003), 53-70

Paul Dalton, Conquest, anarchy and lordship : Yorkshire, 1066-1154 (Cambridge: CUP, 1994)         

Janet Burton, The Monastic Order in Yorkshire (Cambridge: CUP, 1999, repr. 2006)         

J.A. Green, 'King Henry I and Northern England', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 17 (2007), 35-55 

 

Domesday Book and Society:

Start with the Research Guide on Domesday produced by the National Archives: https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/domesday-book/#1-why-use-this-guide

David Roffe, Domesday : the inquest and the book (Oxford: OUP, 2000)     

Sally Harvey, Domesday : book of judgement (Oxford: OUP, 2014)         

Domesday Now: New Approaches to the Inquest and the Book, ed. David Roffe and K.S.B. Keats-Rohan (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2016)         

Robin Fleming, ‘Oral testimony and the Domesday inquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies XVII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1994, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Robin Fleming, Domesday Book and the law : society and legal custom in early medieval England (Cambridge: CUP, 1998)     

C.P. Lewis, 'The invention of the manor in Norman England', Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2011, ed. David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012)

Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts, A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

S. Baxter and C. Lewis, 'Domesday Book and the transformation of English landed society, 1066-86', Anglo-Saxon England, 46 (2017), 343-403

Pauline Stafford, ‘Women and the Norman Conquest’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 6th series, 4 (1994)

Eleanor Searle, ‘Women and the legitimation of succession at the Norman Conquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies III: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, III, 1980, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1981) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘Intermarriage in eleventh-century England’, in Normandy and its neighbours, 900-1250 : essays for David Bates, ed. by David Crouch and Kathleen Thompson (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011)           

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘Family, marriage, kinship’, and ‘Intermarriage’, in A social history of England, 900-1200, ed. Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts (Cambridge, 2011), pp. 133-41, 247-55 (available on-line from library catalogue)

Elisabeth van Houts, 'The women of Bury St Edmunds', in Bury St Edmunds and the Norman Conquest, ed. Tom Licence (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014)         

Linda Tollerton, Wills and will-making in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2011)         

Julia Crick, ‘Women, posthumous benefaction and family strategy in pre-Conquest England’, The journal of British studies., 38 (1999)

Julie Mumby, ‘The descent of family land in later Anglo-Saxon England’, Historical research., 84 (2011), 399-415

Julie Mumby, 'Property rights in Anglo-Saxon wills: a synoptic view', in Gender and Historiography: Studies in the Earlier Middle Ages in Honour of Pauline Stafford, ed. J.L. Nelson, S. Reynolds and S.M. Johns (London: IHR, 2012)

 

Henry I:

Edmund King, Henry I (London: Allen Lane, 2018)   

J.A. Green, Henry I : King of England and Duke of Normandy (Cambridge: CUP, 2006)

J.A. Green, The government of England under Henry I (Cambridge: CUP, 1986)         

J.A. Green, ‘David I and Henry I’, Scottish Historical Review, 75 (1996), 1-19 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.A. Green, 'King Henry I and Northern England', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 17 (2007), 35-55

J.A. Green, ‘The piety and patronage of Henry I’, Haskins Society Journal, 10 (2001), 1-16 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Paul Dalton, 'The accession of King Henry I, August 1100', Viator, 43 (2012), 79-109

Hugh Doherty, 'Henry I's New Men', in the on-line version of Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000, ed. H.C.G. Matthew and B. Harrison, 61 vols (Oxford: OUP, 2004)

J.O. Prestwich, ‘The military household of the Norman kings’, English historical review., 96 (1981), 1-37

J.O. Prestwich, ‘War and finance in the Anglo-Norman state’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 5th series, 4 (1954)

R.W. Southern, ‘The place of Henry I in English history’, Proceedings of the British Academy., 48 (1962), 127-69

Michael Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record, 3rd edn (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)

Richard Sharpe, 'The last years of Herbert the Chamberlain: Weaverthorpe church and hall', Historical Research, 83 (2010), 588-601 is a detective study about the final years of one of Henry I's administrators

Richard Sharpe, ‘Address and delivery in Anglo-Norman royal charters’, in Charters and charter scholarship in Britain and Ireland, ed. M.T. Flanagan and J.A. Green (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)    

Lois L. Huneycutt, Matilda of Scotland : a study in medieval queenship (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)         

J.A. Green, The aristocracy of Norman England (Cambridge: CUP, 1997) 

David Crouch, ‘Robert of Gloucester’s mother and sexual politics in Norman Oxfordshire’, Historical research., 72 (1999), 323-33

Kathleen Thompson, ‘Affairs of state: the illegitimate children of Henry I’, Journal of Medieval History., 29 (2003), 129-51

Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Mercenaries and the Familia Regis under Henry I’, History., 62 (1977), 15-23

S. Mooers Christelow, ‘Patronage in the Pipe Roll of 1130’, Speculum., 59 (1984), 284-30

S. Mooers Christelow, ‘A moveable feast? Itineration and the centralization of government under Henry I’, Albion., 28 (1996), 187-228

C.P. Lewis, 'The king and Eye: a study in Anglo-Norman politics', English Historical Review, 104 (1989), 569-89

 

Education, language and culture:

Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts, ed. A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011): T. Webber, 'Textual communities (Latin)'; E. Treharne, 'Textual communities (vernacular)'; J. Crick, 'Learning and training'

Robert Bartlett, England under the Norman and Angevin kings, 1075-1225 (Oxford: OUP, 2000)         

Michael Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record, 3rd edn (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)

Conquests in Eleventh-Century England: 1016, 1066, ed. Laura Ashe and Emily Joan Ward (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2020), esp. Crick, Karkov, Tyler

Thomas O'Donnell, Matthew Townend and E.M. Tyler, 'European literature and eleventh-century England', in The Cambridge History of Early Medieval English Literature, ed. Clare A. Lees (Cambridge: CUP, 2013), 607-36

The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, I: c.400-1100, ed. Richard Gameson (Cambridge: CUP, 2012), esp. Gameson, Webber

The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, II: 1100-1400, ed. Nigel J. Morgan and R.M. Thomson (Cambridge: CUP, 2008): C. Burnett, 'The introduction of scientific texts into Britain, c.1100-1250'; T. Hunt, 'The Anglo-Norman book'; R.M. Thomson, 'Monastic and cathedral book production'; R.M. Thomson and N. Morgan, 'Language and literacy'

T. Webber. 'Monastic and cathedral book collections in the late eleventh and twelfth centuries', in The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland, I: To 1640, ed. E.S. Leedham-Green and T. Webber (Cambridge: CUP, 2006)

H.E.J. Cowdrey, Lanfranc : scholar, monk, and archbishop (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

Sarah Hamilton, 'Educating the local clergy,c.900-c.1150', Studies in Church History, 55 (2019)

Julia Barrow, The clergy in the medieval world : secular clerics, their families and careers in north-western Europe, c. 800-c. 1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015), chs 6-7

Hugh Thomas, The secular clergy in England, 1066-1216 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

E. Treharne, Living through Conquest: the Politics of Early English, 1020 to 1229 (Oxford: OUP, 2012)

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)

Goscelin of St Bertin, The book of encouragement and consolation (Liber confortatorius), trans. by Monika Otter (Cambridge: Brewer, 2004)        

Tom Licence, 'Evidence of recluses in eleventh-century England', Anglo-Saxon England, 36 (2007), 221-34

Christina of Markyate : a twelfth-century holy woman, ed. by Samuel Fanous and Henrietta Leyser (London: Routledge, 2005)

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994): articles by Thurlby, Crook, Fernie

 

Looking back over the Conquest: twelfth-century historians:

Best starting point is Elisabeth van Houts, 'Historical writing', in A companion to the Anglo-Norman world, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill and Elisabeth van Houts (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002)

R.W. Southern, 'The sense of the past', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 5th ser. 23 (1973): a must-read

Martin Brett and David Woodman, ed. The long twelfth-century view of the Anglo-Saxon past (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015)

R.M. Thomson, William of Malmesbury (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

Discovering William of Malmesbury, ed. R.M. Thomson, Emily Dolmans and Emily Winkler (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2017)         

Orderic Vitalis: Life, Works and Interpretations, ed. Charles Rozier, D. Roach, Giles Gasper and Elisabeth van Houts (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2016)         

Charles Rozier, Writing History in the Community of St Cuthbert, c.700-1130 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2020)     

Monika Otter, Inventiones : fiction and referentiality in twelfth-century English historical writing (Chapel Hill, NC: University North Carolina Press, 1996)         

Adelheid Plassmann, 'Bede's legacy in William of Malmesbury and Henry of Huntingdon', in People, Texts and Artefacts: Cultural Transmission in the Medieval Norman World, ed. David Bates, E. D'Angelo and E.M.C. van Houts (London: IHR, 2018)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This list was last updated on 29/09/2021