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Module Reading List

Terrorism: Concepts, Debates, Cases, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Gordon Clubb
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

PIED 3565 Reading List 2020

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For additional sources, I encourage you to consult this link on how to conduct literature searches (this is an important skill). You can also use Google Scholar, with this video giving very helpful advice on conducting literature searches here

Week One Beginning 28/09/20
Defining and Labelling Terrorism
Seminar topics:
• Why is the term terrorism so heavily contested?
• Is ‘Terrorism’ a failed paradigm?
Recommended Reading
• Jackson, R., 2008. The ghosts of state terror: Knowledge, politics and terrorism studies. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 1(3), pp.377-392.
• Bryan, D., Kelly, L. and Templer, S., 2011. The failed paradigm of ‘terrorism’. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 3(2), pp.80-96.
• Richards, Anthony. Conceptualizing Terrorism, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 37:3, (2014) 213-236, DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2014.872023

Week Two Beginning 05/10/20

 The Causes of Terrorism

Seminar topics:
• What are the ‘root causes’ of terrorism?
• To what extent (and in which situations) is poverty a cause of terrorism?
• What is the role of the state in causing terrorism?

Recommended Reading:

• Newman, Edward (2006), Exploring the "Root Causes" of Terrorism, Studies in conflict and terrorism. , 29(8): 749-772.
• Crenshaw, M., 1981. The causes of terrorism. Comparative politics, 13(4), pp.379-399.
• Newman, Edward. "Weak states, state failure, and terrorism." Terrorism and political violence 19, no. 4 (2007): 463-488.
• Journey to Extremism in Africa, United Nations Development Programme report, 2017;

Week Three Beginning 12/10/20

Seminar topics:
• What is radicalisation? 
• What are the causes of radicalization? To what extent does it help explain the causes of terrorism?
• Should we be concerned with the shift to focusing on radicalization and extremism?

Recommended Reading:
• Clemmow, C., Schumann, S., Salman, N.L. and Gill, P., 2020. The base rate study: developing base rates for risk factors and indicators for engagement in violent extremism. Journal of forensic sciences, 65(3), pp.865-881. 
• Richards, Anthony. "The problem with ‘radicalization’: the remit of ‘Prevent’ and the need to refocus on terrorism in the UK." International Affairs 87, no. 1 (2011): 143-152.
• GITHENS‐MAZER, Jonathan., and Robert Lambert. "Why conventional wisdom on radicalization fails: the persistence of a failed discourse." International Affairs 86, no. 4 (2010): 889-901.
• Arun Kundnani’s 2012 ‘Radicalisation: the journey of a concept’ Race and Class


 Week Four

 The Terrorist Threat

Seminar topics:
• Is Islamist terrorism more dangerous than other forms of terrorism?
• To what extent is the threat of terrorism exaggerated? 
• Is the threat of right wing terrorism underplayed?

Recommended Reading:
• Piazza, James A. "Is Islamist terrorism more dangerous?: An empirical study of group ideology, organization, and goal structure." Terrorism and Political Violence 21, no. 1 (2009): 62-88.
• Jackson, Richard. "Security, democracy, and the rhetoric of counter-terrorism." Democracy and Security 1, no. 2 (2005): 147-171. 
• Lessons from Christchurch: How the media finally acknowledged far-right terrorism; Ben Moor, Signal-AI,

Week Five Beginning 26/11/20

Does Terrorism Work?
Seminar topics:
• Does terrorism work?
• What implications does Atran’s research have for debates on whether terrorism works?

Recommended Reading:
• Pape, Robert A. "The strategic logic of suicide terrorism." American political science review 97, no. 03 (2003): 343-361.
• Abrahms, Max (2006), Why Terrorism Does Not Work, International security., 31:2, 42-78.
• Atran, S., 2020. Measures of Devotion to ISIS and other Fighting and Radicalized Groups. Current Opinion in Psychology.

Week Six Beginning 02/11/20

Ideology and Terrorism

Seminar topics:
• Does ideology matter?
• To what extent does ideology impact the behavior of terrorist organisations?
• What are the consequences of the ideology debate for policy?

Recommended Reading
• Sanín, F.G. and Wood, E.J., 2014. Ideology in civil war: Instrumental adoption and beyond. Journal of Peace Research, 51(2), pp.213-226.
• Schuurman, B. and Taylor, M., 2018. Reconsidering radicalization: Fanaticism and the link between ideas and violence. Perspectives on Terrorism, 12(1), pp.3-22.
• Clubb, G. and McDaid, S., 2019. The causal role of ideology and Cultural Systems in radicalisation and de-radicalisation. Journal of Critical Realism, 18(5), pp.513-528.
• Holbrook, D. and Horgan, J., 2019. Terrorism and Ideology. Perspectives on Terrorism, 13(6), pp.2-15.

Week Seven Beginning 09/11/20
How Terrorism Ends: Counter-Terrorism and Disengagement

Seminar topics:
• How does terrorism end?
• How effective is military force in countering terrorism? Why does it sometimes create a backlash and increase terrorism?
• Should targeted killings be used to counter terrorism?

Recommended Reading:
• Cronin, Audrey Kurth. "How Al-Qaida Ends: The Decline and Demise of Terrorist Groups." International Security 31 (1) (2006): pp. 7-48.
• Daxecker, Ursula E., and Michael L. Hess. "Repression hurts: coercive government responses and the demise of terrorist campaigns." British Journal of Political Science 43, no. 3 (2013): 559-577..
• David, Steven (2003), Israel’s Policy of Targeted Killing, Ethics and international affairs, 17, 111-126.
• Hafez, M.M. and Hatfield, J.M., 2006. Do targeted assassinations work? A multivariate analysis of Israel's controversial tactic during al-Aqsa uprising. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 29(4), pp.359-382.

Week Eight Beginning 16/11/20
Negotiating with Terrorists
Seminar topics:
• Should states negotiate with terrorists?
• Why do peace processes succeed in ending terrorism in some cases but fail in others?
• To what extent do negotiations with the Taliban vindicate/challenge Neumann’s and Toros’ argument?

Recommended Reading:
• Neumann, Peter. “Negotiating with Terrorists.” Foreign Affairs 86, no. 1 (2007): 128–38.
• Toros, H., 2008. We don't negotiate with terrorists!': Legitimacy and complexity in terrorist conflicts. Security Dialogue, 39(4), pp.407-426.
• U.S.-Taliban Peace Deal: What to Know, Council on Foreign Relations
• Resurgent Taliban Bode Ill for Afghan Peace, Foreign Policy

Week Nine Beginning 23/11/20

Preventing Terrorism and Violent Extremism
Seminar topics:
• What is the UK’s Prevent policy and how has it evolved?
• Why is Prevent viewed as a toxic brand?
• Should Prevent be scrapped?

Recommended Reading:
• Charlotte Heath-Kelly 2013 “Counter-Terrorism and the Counterfactual: Producing the ‘Radicalisation’ Discourse and the UK Prevent Strategy”, BJPIR, Sage Publications
• Paul Thomas 2017 “Changing Experiences of Responsibilisation and Contestation within Counter-Terrorism Policies: The British Prevent Experience” Policy & Politics, Policy Press vo. 45(3) pp.305-321
• Boukalas, C., 2019. The Prevent paradox: destroying liberalism in order to protect it. Crime, Law and Social Change, 72(4), pp.467-482.
• Prevent: Muslim 'support' for 'toxic' anti-extremism scheme, BBC News

Week Ten Beginning 30/11/20

Seminar topics:
• What is de-radicalisation? What are de-radicalisation programmes?
• Does de-radicalisation work or is it a ‘deadly delusion’?

Required Reading:
• Horgan, John, and Kurt Braddock. "Rehabilitating the Terrorists?: Challenges in Assessing the Effectiveness of De-Radicalization Programs." Terrorism and Political Violence 22 (2) (2010): pp. 267-91.
• Pettinger, T., 2017. De-radicalization and Counter-radicalization: Valuable Tools Combating Violent Extremism, or Harmful Methods of Subjugation?. Journal for Deradicalization, (12), pp.1-59.
• Can terrorists be deradicalized? Science,
• Liberal Professors’ Deadly Delusions About Curing Terrorists; Foreign Policy, Simon Cottee


Week Eleven Beginning 07/12/20

After Terror: The Role of Formers in CVE

Seminar topics:
• To what extent are formers useful in CVE interventions?
• Should Boko Haram formers be allowed to engage in CVE
interventions with young people? How about Provisional IRA formers
in Northern Ireland?

Required Reading:
• Tapley, M. and Clubb, G., 2019. The Role of Formers in Countering Violent Extremism. International Centre for Counter-Terrorism.
• Alonso, R. and Bada, J.D., 2016. What Role Have Former ETA Terrorists Played in Counterterrorism and Counterradicalization Initiatives in Spain?. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 39(11), pp.982-1006.
• Friðriksdóttir, G.S., 2018. Ex-combatants as social activists: war, peace and ideology in Burundi. Conflict, Security & Development, 18(1), pp.1-16.
• Parker, D. and Lindekilde, L., 2020. Preventing extremism with extremists: A double-edged sword? an analysis of the impact of using former extremists in danish schools. Education Sciences, 10(4), p.111.




This list was last updated on 06/10/2020