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Victorian New Media

Victorian New Media, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Jim Mussell
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required Reading

Browning, Robert, 'Mr Sludge "The Medium"', Dramatis Personae (London: Chapman and Hall, 1864). Available via the Hathi Trust here.  

Dickens, Charles, The Haunted Man and Ghost's Bargain (London: Chapman and Hall, 1848). Available via the Internet Archive here.  

Dickens, Charles, and others, Mugby Junction, in All the Year Round, 16 (1866): 573-618. This is available via Dickens Journals Online here 

Dickens, Charles, Our Mutual Friend, edited by Michael Cotsell (1864; Oxford: Oxford World’s Classics, 2008).  

Doyle, Arthur Conan, 'Voice of Science', Strand Magazine, 1 (1891), pp. 312-17.   

Eastlake, Lady Elizabeth, ‘Photography’, The Quarterly Review. (1857), pp. 422-68.   

Eliot, George, ‘The Lifted Veil’, in The Lifted Veil; Brother Jacob ISBN: 0192832956 (pbk), ed. by Helen Small (1859; Oxford: Oxford World Classics, 2009), pp. 1-43.  

Hardy, Thomas, 'An Imaginative Woman', The Pall Mall Magazine, 2 (1894), pp. 951-69. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Hardy, Thomas, ‘The Photograph’, in Moments of Vision and Miscellaneous Verses (London: Macmillan, 1917), pp.82-3. Available via Internet Archive here.  

James, Henry, In the Cage (London: Duckworth, 1898). Available via Internet Archive here 

Kipling, Rudyard, 'Wireless' and 'Mrs Bathurst', in Traffics and discoveries (London: Macmillan, 1904).  Available via the Internet Archive here and here.

Levy, Amy, The Romance of a Shop,, ed. by Susan Bernstein (1888; Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2006).  

Marsh, Richard, ‘Adventure of the Phonograph’, Curios: Some Strange Adventures of Two Bachelors (London: John Long, 1898), pp. 43-85.   

Mayhew, Henry, 'The Metropolitan Districts', from Labour and the Poor, in Morning Chronicle, 28 February 1850, p. 5. Available here.  

Molesworth, Mary Louisa, ‘The Story of the Rippling Train’, Longman's Magazine, 10 (1887), 614-622. This is available via ProQuest's British Periodicals here  

Oliphant, Margaret, The Autobiography of Margaret Oliphant: The Complete Text ISBN: 0198186150 (music ed), edited by Mrs Harry Coghill (London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1899). Available via Internet Archive here

Ong, Walter 'Writing Restructures Consciousness', from Orality and Literacy (1982; London: Routledge, 2005), pp. 77-103. 

Stead, W.T. Real Ghost Stories (1891, 1892; London: Grant Richards, 1897). - Available via Internet Archive here

Stoker, Bram, Dracula, ed. Roger Luckhurst (1897; Oxford World's Classics, 2011).  

Thayer, Ella Cheever, Wired Love: A Romance of Dots and Dashes (1879). Available via Internet Archive here.  

Trollope, Anthony, An autobiography and other writings, ed. Nicholas Shrimpton (1883; Oxford: Oxford World’s Classics, 2016). 

Warner, Marina, 'Phantoms to the Test' in Phantasmagoria: Spirit Visions, Metaphors, and Media into the Twenty-First Century ISBN: 9780199299942 (alk. paper); 0199299943 (alk. paper) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), 237-249. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Warner, Marina, 'Darkness Visible: The View From the Shadows', Cabinet Magazine, 24 (2006-7). Available here.  

Top of page


Alfano, Veronica, and Andrew Stauffer, Virtual Victorians: Networks, Connections, Technologies (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).

Brake, Laurel, Bill Bell, and David Finkelstein, eds., Nineteenth-Century Media and the Construction of Identities (Palgrave, 2000).

Brake, Laurel, and others, eds, W.T.Stead: Newspaper Revolutionary (London: British Library, 2012).

Brooks, Peter, Reading for the Plot (1984; Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992).

Christ, Carol T., and John O. Jordan, eds, Victorian Literature and the Victorian Visual Imagination (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995). Available;brand=ucpress.

Gitelman, Lisa, Already Already New: New Media, History, and the Data of Culture (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006),

Gitelman, Lisa, Paper Knowledge: Towards a Media History of Documents (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014).

Hughes, Linda K. and Michael Lund, The Victorian Serial (Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1991).

Jaffe, Audrey, Vanishing Points: Dickens, Narrative and the Subject of Omniscience  (Berkley, CA: University of California Press, 1991)

Kittler, Friedrich, Gramophone, Film, Typewriter (Stanford University Press, 1999).

Miller, D.A., The Novel and the Police (Berkley: University of California Press, 1988).

Pearson, Richard, W.M. Thackeray and the mediated text : writing for periodicals in the mid-nineteenth century (Ashgate, 2000).

Plunkett, John, Queen Victoria: First Media Monarch (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Price, Leah, How to Do Things with Books in Victorian Britain [electronic resource] (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012).

Rubery, Matthew, The Novelty of Newspapers: Victorian Fiction after the Invention of the News (Oxford University Press, 2009).

Stauffer, Andrew M., 'Ruins of Paper: Dickens and Necropolitan Library', Romanticism and Victorianism on the net., 47 (2007).

Welsh, Alexander, George Eliot and Blackmail (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985).

 Zieger, Susan, The Mediated Mind: Affect, Ephemera, and Consumerism in the Nineteenth Century (NY: Fordham University Press, 2018)

Speech / Writing

Connor, Steven, Dumbstruck: A Cultural History of Ventriloquism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Ong, Walter, Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word (London: Routledge, 1982, 2002).

Rubery, Matthew, The Untold Story of the Talking Book (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016)

Rail / Post / Telegraph

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang, The Railway Journey: The Industrialization of Time and Space in the Nineteenth Century (Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2014).

Livesey, Ruth, Writing the Stagecoach Nation: Locality on the Move in Nineteenth-Century Literature (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

Menke, Richard, Telegraphic Realism: Victorian Fiction and Other Information Systems (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008).

Mussell, James, '"Seeking Nothing and Finding It": Moving On and Staying Put in Mugby Junction', Replication in the Long Nineteenth Century: Re-makings and Reproductions , edited by Linda Hughes and Julie Codell (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2018), pp. 231-247.

Mussell, James, and Graeme Gooday, A Pioneer of Connection: Recovering the Life and Work of Oliver Lodge (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2020).

Otis, Laura, Networking : communicating with bodies and machines in the nineteenth century (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2001).

Read, Donald, The Power of News: The History of Reuters (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Rowe, John Carlos, The Other Henry James (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998), chapter 6. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Standage, Tom, The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's On-Line Pioneers (1998; London: Bloomsbury, 2014).

Writing Books and Commodity Culture

Bassett, Troy, The Rise and Fall of the Three Volume Novel (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2020).

Carlyle, Thomas, 'Morrison's Pills' in Past and Present (1843), Book I, Chapter 4. Available via Google Books here. 

Carlyle, Thomas, 'Phenomena' in Past and Present (1843), Book III, Chapter I. Available via Google Books here. 

Kendrick, Walter M., The Novel-Machine: The Theory and Fiction of Anthony Trollope (Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1980).

Loeb, Lori Anne, Consuming Angels: Advertising and Victorian Women (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Peterson, Linda, Becoming a Woman of Letters: Victorian Myths of Authorship, Facts of the Market (Princeton University Press, 2009).

Pettitt, Clare, Patent Inventions: Intellectual Property and the Victorian Novel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Richards, Thomas, The Commodity Culture of Victorian England: Advertising and Spectacle, 1851-1914 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990).

Salmon, Richard, The Formation of the Victorian Literary Profession (Cambridge University Press, 2013).

Sutherland, John, Victorian Fiction: Writers, Publishers, Readers  (Macmillan, 1995).

Wicke, Jennifer, Advertising Fictions: Literature, Advertisement, and Social Reading (Columbia University Press, 1988).


Armstrong, Nancy, Fiction in the age of photography : the legacy of British realism (1999).

Barthes, Roland, Camera Lucida: Reflections on Photography (1982)

Benjamin, Walter, ‘A Small History of Photography’ (1931) in One Way Street and Other Writings (1979; London: Penguin, 2009), pp. 172-192. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Clayton, Owen, Literature and Photography in Transition, 1850-1915 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2015)

Clayton, Owen ‘Photography and its Origins’, Journal of Victorian culture., 21 (2016), pp. 140-143.

Green-Lewis, Jennifer, Framing the Victorians: Photography and the Culture of Realism (NY: Cornell University Press, 1996).

Novak, Daniel A, Realism, photography, and nineteenth-century fiction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Sontag, Susan, On Photography (1977; London: Penguin, 1999).

Haunted Media

Bown, Nicola, Carolyn Burdett and Pamela Thurschwell, eds, The Victorian supernatural (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Connor, Steven, 'The Machine in the Ghost: Spiritualism, Technology, and the Direct Voice' in Peter Buse and Andrew Stott, eds., Ghosts : deconstruction, psychoanalysis, history (1999).

Luckhurst, Roger, The Invention of Telepathy, 1870-1901 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Matus, Jill, Shock, Memory, and the Unconscious in Victorian Fiction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Miller, J. Hillis, The Medium is the Maker: Browning, Freud, Derrida and the New Telepathic Ecotechnologies (Brighton: Sussex, 2009).

Sconce, Jeffrey, Haunted media : electronic presence from telegraphy to television (Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, 2000).

Thurschwell, Pamela, Literature, Technology and Magical Thinking, 1880-1920 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Warner, Marina, Phantasmagoria: Spirit Visions, Metaphors, and Media into the Twenty-First Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Wicke, Jennifer, 'Vampiric Typewriting: Dracula and its Media', ELH., 59 (1992), pp. 467-93

Wolfreys, Julian, Victorian Hauntings: Spectrality, Gothic, the Uncanny and Literature (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002).

Moving Pictures

Nead, Lynda, The Haunted Gallery: Painting, Photography, and Film Around 1900 (New Haven, CN: Yale University Press, 2007).

Plunkett, John, Moving Pictures:   

Altick, Richard, The Shows of London (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978).

Castle, Terry, ‘Phantasmagoria: Spectral Technology and the Metaphorics of Modern Reverie’, Critical Inquiry, 15.1 (1988), 26–61. Available

Gunning, Tom, ‘The Cinema of Attraction[s]: Early Film, Its Spectator and the Avant Garde’ (1986) reprinted in The Cinema of Attractions Reloaded, ed. by Wanda Strauven (Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press, 2006), pp. 381-388. Available

Gunning, Tom,  'Non-Continuity, Continuity, Discontinuity: A Theory of Genres in Early Films', Iris, 2 (1983), 101-112. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 03/11/2021) 

Hyde, Ralph, Panoramania! (London: Barbican, 1984)

Keep, Christopher, 'Strange Fascination: Kipling, Benjamin, and Early Cinema,' Virtual Victorians, edited by Veronica Alfano and Andrew Stauffer (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), pp. 231-249.

Loiperdinger, Martin, 'Lumiere's 'Arrival of the Train': Cinema's Founding Myth', The Moving Image 4 (2004), 89-118. Available online 

Mannoni, Laurent, The Great Art of Light and Shadow: Archaeology of the Cinema (Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2001)

Mulvey, Laura, 'Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema', Screen, 16 (1975), 6-18.

Oettermann, Stephan, Panorama: History of a mass medium (London: Zone Books, 1997)

Plunkett, John, 'Moving Panoramas c.1800 to 1840: The Spaces of Nineteenth-Century Picture-Going', 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, 17 (2013). Available

Plunkett, John, ‘Peepshows for all: Performing words and the travelling showman’, Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik, 63.1 (2015). Available

This list was last updated on 14/08/2021