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Module Reading List

Past Global Environmental Systems, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Rob Newton
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Note that this is a work in progress. More references will be added as I get the information from individual lecturers.

Course texts

Ruddiman, W. F. (2014): Earth’s Climate: Past and Future, 3rd ed., W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.  

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The Climate System (Week 1)

Lenton et al. (2008): Tipping elements in the Earth’s climate system, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. ISSN: 0027-8424, 105(6), 1786–1793.

PALAEOSENS Project Members (2012): Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity, Nature. ISSN: 0028-0836; 1476-4687, 491(7426), 683–691.

Rogelj et al. (2011): Emission pathways consistent with a 2 °C global temperature limit, Nature climate change ISSN: 1758-678x, 1(8), 413–418.

Zachos et al. (2008): An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics, Nature. ISSN: 0028-0836; 1476-4687, 451(7176), 279–283.

IPCC AR5 (2013) Climate change 2013 : the physical science basis ISBN: 9781107661820; 110766182X; 9781107661820. Contribution of WGI to IPCC AR5 on Climate Change; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA. Ch 5 & 12.

Revision of Year 1: ‘Earth History’ notes from SOEE1570: Geology 1.

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Proxies for Palaeoenvironment (Week 2)

Bradley, R. S. Paleoclimatology : reconstructing climates of the quaternary. 2nd Edition (or more recent). 1999. Harcourt Academic Press. Although aimed at the Quaternary, many of the methods explained here can be applied to much older time periods as well

Ruddiman, W. F.: Earth’s Climate: Past and Future, 3rd ed., W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 2014. - Chapter 2

Beerling, D.J., Royer, D.L., 2011. Convergent Cenozoic CO2 history. Nature geoscience , 4(7): 418-420.

Elderfield, H., Ganssen, G., 2000. Past temperature and δ18O of surface ocean waters inferred from foraminiferal Mg/Ca ratios. Nature. , 405(6785): 442-445.

Henderson, G.M., 2002. New oceanic proxies for paleoclimate. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. , 203(1): 1-13.

Markwick, P. J. 2007 "The palaeogeographic and palaeoclimatic significance of climate proxies for data-model comparisons." in Deep-time perspectives on climate change : marrying the signal from computer models and biological proxies, Williams et al (Eds) p 251-312. The Geological Society. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva.

McDermott, F., 2004. Palaeo-climate reconstruction from stable isotope variations in speleothems: a review. Quaternary science reviews. , 23(7–8): 901-918.

Newton, R.J., Bottrell, S.H., 2007. Stable isotopes of carbon and sulphur as indicators of environmental change: past and present. Journal of the Geological Society. , 164: 691-708.

Spicer, R.A. et al., 2009. New developments in CLAMP: Calibration using global gridded meteorological data. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology. , 283(1–2): 91-98.

Tierney, J. E. 2012. GDGT thermometry: Lipid tools for reconstructing paleotemperatures. In: Reconstructing earth's deep-time climate : the state of the art in 2012 : presented as a Paleontological Society short course at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America, Charlotte, North Carolina, November 3, 2012. The Paleontological Society Papers, Volume 18, Linda C. Ivany and Brian T. Huber (eds.), pp. 115–131 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 14/02/2019) 

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Modelling Approaches to Palaeoenvironments (Week 3)

Visualisation of climate model output from the FOAM climate model:

Description of the FOAM model:

Application of FOAM to snowball Earth:

Pierrehumbert, R.T., 2004. High levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide necessary for the termination of global glaciation. Nature. 429, 646–649. doi:10.1038/nature02640

Model to interpolate dust data:

Mahowald, N.M., Muhs, D.R., Levis, S., Rasch, P.J., Yoshioka, M., Zender, C.S., Luo, C., 2006. Change in atmospheric mineral aerosols in response to climate: Last glacial period, preindustrial, modern, and doubled carbon dioxide climates: DUST RESPONSE TO CLIMATE. Journal of geophysical research. D, Atmospheres. 111, n/a–n/a. doi:10.1029/2005JD006653

Ice sheet modelling:

Lunt, D.J., Foster, G.L., Haywood, A.M., Stone, E.J., 2008. Late Pliocene Greenland glaciation controlled by a decline in atmospheric CO2 levels. Nature. 454, 1102–1105. doi:10.1038/nature07223

Biogeochemistry box models:

Merico, A., Tyrrell, T., Wilson, P.A., 2008. Eocene/Oligocene ocean de-acidification linked to Antarctic glaciation by sea-level fall. Nature. 452, 979–982. doi:10.1038/nature06853

Biogeochemistry simple models:

Royer, D.L., Berner, R.A., Montañez, I.P., Tabor, N.J., Beerling, D.J., 2004. CO2 as a primary driver of Phanerozoic climate. GSA today 14, 4–10.

Bergman, N.M., Lenton, T.M., Watson, A.J., 2004. COPSE: A new model of biogeochemical cycling over Phanerozoic time. American Journal of Science. 304, 397–437. doi:10.2475/ajs.304.5.397

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Rapid climate change in the Quaternary (Week 4)

Annan, J. D. & Hargreaves, J. C. A new global reconstruction of temperature changes at the Last Glacial Maximum. Climate of the past 9, 367–376 (2013).

Berger, A. & Loutre, M. F. Insolation values for the climate of the last 10 million years. Quaternary science reviews. . 10, 297–317 (1991).

Buizert, C. et al. Greenland temperature response to climate forcing during the last deglaciation. Science. 345, 1177–1180 (2014).

Deschamps, P. et al.Ice-sheet collapse and sea-level rise at the Bollingwarming 14,600 years ago. Nature. 483,559–564 (2012).

Gomez et al. Laurentide-Cordilleran Ice Sheet Saddle Collapse as a Contribution to Meltwater Pulse 1A. Geophysical Research Letters. (in press)

Gregoire et al. Deglacialrapid sea level rises caused by ice-sheet saddle collapses. Nature. 487,219–222 (2012).

Hanna, E. et al.Ice-sheet mass balance and climate change. Nature. 498,51–59 (2013).

Jansen, E. et Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by: Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K. B., Tignor, M., and Miller, H. L.1–21 (Cambridge University Press, 2007) - Available online:

Jouzel, J. et al. Orbital and Millennial Antarctic Climate Variability over the Past 800,000 Years. Science. 317, 793–796 (2007).

Kageyama, M. et al. Climatic impacts of fresh water hosing under Last Glacial Maximum conditions: a multi-model study. Climate of the past 9, 935–953 (2013).

Liu, Z. et al.Younger Dryas cooling and the Greenland climate response to CO2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. (2012).

Liu, Z. et al.Transient Simulation of Last Deglaciation with a New Mechanism for Bølling-AllerødWarming. Science. 325,310–314 (2009).

Lüthi, D. et al. High-resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000–800,000 years before present. Nature. 453, 379–382 (2008).

Roberts, W. H. G. et al. A new constraint on the size of Heinrich Events from an iceberg/sediment model. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 386, 1–9 (2014).

Veres, D. et al. The Antarctic ice core chronology (AICC2012): an optimized multi-parameter and multi-site dating approach for the last 120 thousand years. Climate of the past 9, 1733–1748 (2013).

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Orbital Control on Climate (Week 5)

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Greenhouse Gas Control of Climate in the Cenozoic (Week 6)

IPCC 5th Assessment Report: Information from Paleoclimate Archives.

Zachos, J.C., Dickens, G.R. and Zeebe, R.E., 2008. An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics. Nature. , 451, 279-283.

Lunt, D.J., Ridgwell, A., Sluijs, A., Zachos, J., Hunter, S. and Haywood, A., 2011. A model for orbital pacing of methane hydrate destabilization during the Palaeogene. Nature geoscience , 4, 775-778.

DeConto, R.M. and Pollard, D., 2005. Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature. , 421, 245-249.

Lunt, D.J., Foster, G.L., Haywood, A.M. and Stone, E.J., 2008. Late Pliocene Greenland glaciation controlled by a decline in atmospheric CO2 levels. Nature. , 454, 1102-1105.

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Geological Control of Climate in the Cenozoic (Week 7)

Raymo, M.E. and Ruddiman, W.F., 1992. Tectonic forcing of late Cenozoic climate. Nature. , 359, 117-122.

Katz, M.E., Cramer, B.S., Toggweiler, J.R., Esmay, G., Liu, C., Miller, K.G., Rosenthal, Y., Wade, B.S. and Wright, J.D., 2011. Impact of Antarctic Circumpolar development on late Paleogene ocean structure. Science. , 332, 1076-1079.

Wade, B.S. and Pälike, H., 2004. Oligocene climate dynamics. Paleoceanography. , 19, PA4019, doi:10.1029/2004PA001042.

Pfuhl, H.A. and McCave, I.N., 2005. Evidence for late Oligocene establishment of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. , 235, 715-728.

Hill, D.J., Haywood, A.M., Valdes, P.J., Francis, J.E., Lunt, D.J., Wade, B.S. and Bowman, V.C., 2013. Paleogeographic controls on the onset of the Antarctic circumpolar current. Geophysical Research Letters. , 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50941.

Lunt, D.J., Haywood, A.M., Schmidt, G.A., Salzmann, U., Valdes, P.J., Dowsett, H.J. and Loptson, C.A., 2012. On the causes of mid-Pliocene warmth and polar amplification. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. , 321, 128-138.

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The End-Permian Mass Extinction (Week 8)

Song H.J. et al. 2013. Two pulses of extinction during the Permian-Triassic crisis. Nature geoscience 6, 52-55.

Song H-J. et al 2014. Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath. Scientific reports , 4, 4132. DOI: 10.1038/srep04132.

Wang Y. et al. 2013. Quantifying the process and abruptness of the end- Permian mass extinction. Paleobiology. 40, 113-129. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva.

Winguth, C. & Winguth, A.M.E. 2012. Simulating Permian-Triassic oceanic anoxia distribution: implications for species extinction and recovery. Geology. 40, 127-130.

Wignall, P.W. 2015. The worst of times : how life on earth survived eighty million years of extinctions . Chapter 3. Princeton University Press

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The Early-Triassic Super Greenhouse (Week 10)

Chen, Z.-Q., Benton, M.J., 2012. The timing and pattern of biotic recovery following the end-Permian mass extinction. Nature geoscience , 5(6): 375-383.

Kershaw, S. et al., 2011. Earliest Triassic microbialites in Çürük Dag, southern Turkey: composition, sequences and controls on formation. Sedimentology. , 58(3): 739-755.

Angilleta (2009) Thermal adaptation : a theoretical and empirical synthesis . OUP

Pörtner, HO (2011) Oxygen- and capacity-limitation of thermal tolerance. Journal of experimental biology. 213, 881-893

Sun, Y. et al., 2012. Lethally Hot Temperatures During the Early Triassic Greenhouse. Science. , 338(6105): 366-370.

Sheridan, J.A., Bickford, D., 2011. Shrinking body size as an ecological response to climate change. Nature climate change , 1(8): 401-406.

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The Precambrian Evolution of the Earths Surface Environment (Week 11)

This list was last updated on 18/12/2019