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LAW5861M
Reading List

International Human Rights, 2021/22, Semester 1, 2
Dr Stuart Wallace
S.D.Wallace@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Core Textbook 

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran, and Harris, International Human Rights Law (3rd ed, Oxford University Press, 2017)   

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Other Textbooks

Bantekas and Oette, International Human Rights Law and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2016).

De Schutter, International Human Rights Law: Cases, Materials, Commentary (3rd ed, Cambridge University Press, 2019).

Shelton, (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2015).

Tomuschat, Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism (3rd ed, Oxford University Press 2014)

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Useful Resources 

https://www.refworld.org/ - useful for international legal decisions and documents 

https://www.echr.coe.int/ - access all judgments and decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, see also guides to jurisprudence on specific articles.

https://avalon.law.yale.edu/ - excellent source for historical legal documents 

https://opil.ouplaw.com/home/EPIL - excellent source for annotated international case law and primer for international legal concepts 

http://www.corteidh.or.cr - Inter-American Court Website 

treaties.un.org - repository for international treaties

 

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Topic 1: International Human Rights Law as Public International Law 

Primary reading:

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran and Harris, International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) Chapter 4.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (afp 01/02/2021) 

De Schutter, International Human Rights Law: Cases, Materials, Commentary (3rd ed, Cambridge University Press, 2019) 58-118  [this book was recently released reading older versions of this is also fine- the section is Human Rights as part of International Law [excluding section on reservations] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (afp 01/02/2021) 

Further Reading:

Cassese, International Law (Oxford University Press, 2004) Chapters 1, 3-4, 8-11, 19

Simma and Alston, 'The Sources of Human Rights Law: Custom, Jus Cogens and General Principles' (1992) 12 Australian Yearbook of International Law 82

Bianchi, ‘Human Rights and the Magic of Jus Cogens’ (2008) European Journal of International Law 491

Gardbaum, “Human Rights as International Constitutional Rights” (2008) 19(4) European Journal of International Law 749

Helfer, “Constitutional Analogies in the International Legal System” (2003) 37 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 193

International Law Commission Report on Fragmentation

Montevideo Convention 1933

UNGA Friendly Relations Declaration

ILC Articles - Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts [esp Article 33]

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties [esp. Article 53]

Belgium v Spain "Barcelona Traction" [ICJ] 

Al-Adsani v UK [European Court of Human Rights]

 

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Topic 2: The History of International Human Rights Law 

Primary Reading:

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran and Harris, International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) Chapter 1  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) 

Shelton, (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2015) Chapters 7, 8, 9  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) 

Further Reading:

Tomuschat, Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism (3rd ed, Oxford University Press 2014) Chapter 2.

Osiatyński, The Historical Development of Human Rights in Sheeran and Rodley (eds), Routledge Handbook of International Human Rights Law (Routledge, 2014) 9-24.

Rodley, N., ‘The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Learning from Experience’ (2008) 5 (1) Essex Human Rights Review. - Available online: http://projects.essex.ac.uk/ehrr/V5N1/Rodley.pdf

Clapham, A., Human rights : a very short introduction (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007) 23-57. 

Magna Carta and Human Rights

Many documents discussed are available at Avalon Project

 

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Topic 3: Core Principles in International Human Rights Law 1 - Human Dignity, Universality and Equality 

Primary Reading:

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran and Harris, International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) Chapter 8.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) 

Dembour, Who Believes in Human Rights (Cambridge University Press, 2006) Chapter 6. 

Wackenheim v France [HR CTE]  

Tyrer v UK [ECtHR]  

Eweida v UK [ECtHR] 

Further Reading:

Tomuschat, Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism (3rd ed, Oxford University Press 2014) Chapter 4 and 5.

McCrudden, "Human Dignity and Judicial Interpretation of Human Rights" (2008) 19 European Journal of International Law 655 – 724.

Donnelly, "Cultural Relativism and Universal Human Rights" (1984) 6 Human Rights Quarterly 400-419.

Mutua, Human Rights a Political and Cultural Critique (University of Pennsylvania Press 2002).

Arnardóttir, “The Differences that Make a Difference: Recent Developments on the Discrimination Grounds and the Margin of Appreciation under Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights” (2014) 14(4) Human Rights Law Review 647–670.

Choudhury, “Interpreting the right to equality under Article 26 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights” [2003] European Human Rights Law Review 24

Kindler v Canada [HR CTE]

DH v Czech Republic [ECtHR]

Handyside v UK [ECtHR] 

UN Human Rights Committee, General Comment No.18 

 

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Topic 4: Core Principles in International Human Rights Law 2 - Rule of Law, Subsidiarity and Other principles

Primary Reading 

Bingham, "The Rule of Law" (2007) Cambridge Law Journal 67-85.  

Mowbray, “Subsidiarity and the European Convention on Human Rights” (2015) 15 Human Rights Law Review 313-341.  

SAS v France [ECtHR]  

SW v UK  [ECtHR]  

ROJ TV v Denmark [ECtHR]  

Norwood v UK [ECtHR]  

Further Reading 

Antoine Buyse ‘Dangerous Expressions: the ECHR, Violence and Free Speech’ (2014) ICLQ 491

Letsas, ‘Two Concepts of the Margin of Appreciation’ (2006) Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 705–732.

McGoldrick, ‘A Defence of the Margin of Appreciation and an Argument for tts Application by the Human Rights Committee’ (2016) 65 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 21-60.

Besson, "Subsidiarity in International Human Rights Law—What is Subsidiary about Human Rights?" (2016) 61 American Journal of Jurisprudence 69–107. 

Paul Craig, ‘Formal and Substantive Conceptions of the Rule of Law: An Analytical Framework’ (1997) 21 Public Law 467-487.

Simon Chesterman, ‘An International Rule of Law?’ (2008) 56 American Journal of Comparative Law 331-361.

Robert Spano, “The Future of the European Court of Human Rights—Subsidiarity, Process-Based Review and the Rule of Law” (2018) 18(3) Human Rights Law Review 473-494.

Janneke Gerards, “Margin of Appreciation and Incrementalism in the Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights” (2018) 18(3) Human Rights Law Review 495-515.

Sunday Times v UK [ECtHR] 

 

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Topic 5: The Nature and Scope of Obligations in IHRL 

Primary Reading

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran and Harris, International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) Chapter 5 and 6 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) .  

Wallace, The Application of the European Convention on Human Rights to Military Operations (Cambridge University Press, 2019) p.1-48  

Further Reading

Tomuschat, Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism(3rd ed, Oxford University Press 2014) Chapter 8

Alston, P. and Quinn, G., ‘The Nature and Scope of States Parties’ Obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights’ (1987) 9 (2) Human rights quarterly. 156-229

Mowbray, The Development of Positive Obligations Under the European Convention on Human Rights by the European Court of Human Rights (Hart 2004)

General Comment no.24 (ICCPR)

General Comment no.29 (ICCPR)

General Comment no.31 (ICCPR)

Velasquez Rodriguez v Honduras (Inter-American Court)

Lopez Burgos v Uruguay (Human Rights Committee)

Osman v UK (ECtHR)

Al-Jedda v UK (ECtHR)

Al-Skeini v UK (ECtHR)

Janowiec v Russia (ECtHR)

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Topic 6: The UN System of International Human Rights Protection

Primary Reading

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran and Harris, International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) Chapter 19 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) .  

Egan, S., ‘Strengthening the United Nations Human Rights Treaty Body System’ (2013) 13 (2) Human Rights Law Review 209-43  

Read Reports submitted for UK's Universal Periodic Review in 2017 -  

National Report  https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/Documentation.aspx

Compilation of UN Information  https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/Documentation.aspx

Summary of stakeholders' information  https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/Documentation.aspx

Further Reading

Subedi, ‘Protection of Human Rights through the Mechanism of UN Special Rapporteurs’ (2011) 33 (1) Human Rights Quarterly. 201-228.

Freedman’, ‘New Mechanisms of the UN Human Rights Council’ (2011) 29 (3) Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 289-323.

O’Flaherty and O’Brien, ‘Reform of UN Human Rights Treaty Monitoring Bodies: A Critique of the Concept Paper on the High Commissioner's Proposal for a Unified Standing Treaty Body’ (2007) 7 (1) Human Rights Law Review. 141-72.

OHCHR, Strengthening the United Nations human rights treaty body system - A report by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2012) 

Compilation of guidelines on the form and content of reports to be submitted by States parties to the international human rights treaties : report of the Secretary-General

UNGA Resolution 60/251

 

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Topic 7: Regional Systems of International Human Rights Protection

Primary Reading

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran and Harris, International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) Chapters 20-23.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (fad 24/09/2019) 

Further Reading

International Justice Resource Center - Overview of Regional Human Rights Bodies

Shelton and Carozza, Regional Protection of Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 2013)

Bates, The Evolution of the European Convention on Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 2010)

Harris, O'Boyle, Bates and Buckley, Harris, O'Boyle, and Warbrick: Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 2018)

Schabas, The European Convention on Human Rights:A Commentary (Oxford University Press, 2015) 

Viljoen, International Human Rights Law in Africa (Oxford University Press, 2007) 

Murray, Human Rights in Africa (Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Antkowiak and Gonza, The American Convention on Human Rights: Essential Rights (Oxford University Press, 2017) 

Burgogue and de Torres, The Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Case Law and Commentary (Oxford University Press, 2011)

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Topic 8: The Right to Life

Primary Reading 

Wicks, The Right of Life and Conflicting Interests (OUP 2010) Chapter 3  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY GW 31/10/2019

General Comment no.6 (ICCPR)  

Use of Force case - Makaratzis v Greece [ECtHR] [Read paras 10-14, 33-80]  

Forced Disappearances - Elcida Arévalo Perez et al. v. Colombia[Human Rights Committee]  

Positive Obligation to protect life - Mastromatteo v Italy [Read paras 10-43, 53-97]  

Obligation to investigate - Armani da Silva v UK [Read paras 229–239]  

Further reading

Regional Systems

Harris, O’Boyle, Bates and Buckley, Harris, O'Boyle, and Warbrick: Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (4th edn, OUP, 2018) Chapter 5

Joseph and Castan, The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Cases, Materials, and Commentary (3rd edn, OUP, 2013) Chapter 8.

Antkowiak and Gonza, The American Convention on Human Rights: Essential Rights (OUP, 2017) Section III(E)

Specific topics

Wallace, The Application of the European Convention on Human Rights to Military Operations (Cambridge University Press, 2019) Chapters 3 and 4.

Koch, 'The Difficulty of Temporal Jurisdiction in Janowiec and Others v. Russia' (2015) 38 Boston College International and Comparative Law Review 43

Cosentino, ‘Safe and Legal Abortion: An Emerging Human Right? The Long-lasting Dispute with State Sovereignty in ECHR Jurisprudence’ (2015) 15 Human Rights Law Review 569

Draghici, ‘The Blanket ban on assisted suicide: between moral paternalism and utilitarian justice’ [2015] European Human Rights Law Review 286-97;

Mowbray, ‘Duties of Investigation under the European Convention on Human Rights’ (2002) 51 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 437.

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Topic 9: The Prohibition on Torture, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment

Primary Reading

General Comment no. 20: Article 7 - Prohibition of Torture, or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (ICCPR)  

General Comment no. 2: Implementation of article 2 by States parties (CAT)  

General comment no. 4: Implementation of article 3 of the Convention in the context of article 22 (CAT)  

Alzery v Sweden (Communication No 1416/2005) Human Rights Committee UN Doc. CCPR/C/88/D/1416/2005 10 November 2006  

Further reading

Harris, O’Boyle, Bates and Buckley, Harris, O'Boyle, and Warbrick: Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (3rd edn, OUP, 2018) Chapter 6

Joseph and Castan, The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Cases, Materials, and Commentary (3rd edn, OUP, 2013) Chapter 9

Antkowiak and Gonza, The American Convention on Human Rights: Essential Rights (OUP, 2017) Chapter 4

Greer, ‘Should police threats to torture suspects always be severely punished? Reflections on the Gafgen case’ (2011) 11 Human Rights Law Review 1, 67-89

Greer, ‘Is the prohibition against torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment really “absolute” in international human rights law?’ (2015) 15 Human Rights Law Review 1 101-137;

Thienel, ‘The admissibility of evidence obtained by torture under international law’ (2006) 17 EJIL 349.

Warbrick, ‘Diplomatic assurances and the removal of terrorist suspects from the UK’ [2006] 4 Archbold News 6   

Arai-Yokoi, ‘Grading Scale of Degradation: Identifying the Threshold of Degrading Treatment or Punishment under Article 3 ECHR’ (2003) 21 N.Q.H.R. 385-421;

Bagaric and Clarke, ‘Not enough official torture in the world? The Circumstances in which Torture is Morally Justified’ (2005) 39 University of San Francisco Law Review 581;

De Wet, ‘The prohibition of torture as an international norm of jus cogens and its implications for national and customary law’ (2004) 15 European Journal of International Law 97;

Fabbrini, The European Court of Human Rights, Extraordinary Renditions and the Right to the Truth: Ensuring Accountability for Gross Human Rights Violations Committed in the Fight Against Terrorism (2014) 14 Human Rights Law Review 85;

Fredman, ‘Human Rights Transformed: Positive Duties and Positive Rights’ (2006) Public Law 498; Online here

Grans, ‘The State Obligation to Prevent Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment: The Case of Honour-Related Violence’ (2015) 14 Human Rights Law Review 4, 695-719;

Grief, ‘The exclusion of foreign torture evidence: a qualified victory for the rule of law’ (2006) EHRLR 201;

Janik & Kleinlein, ‘When Soering Went to Iraq...: Problems of Jurisdiction, Extraterritorial Effect and Norm Conflicts in Light of the European Court of Human Rights' Al-Saadoon Case’ (2009) 3 Goettingen Journal of International Law 459; Online here

Jenkins ‘The European legal tradition against torture and implementation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights’ (2007) Public Law 15-22 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LDS 23/03/2021) ;  

Jones, ‘Deportations with assurances: addressing key criticisms’ (2008) 57 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 183;

Jones, ‘Lies, Damned Lies and Diplomatic Assurances: The Misuse of Diplomatic Assurances in Removal Proceedings’ (2006) 8 European Journal of Migration and Law 9;

Mavronicola and Messineo ‘Relatively absolute? The undermining of article 3 ECHR in Ahmad v UK’ (2013) 76 MLR 589-603;

Mavronicola, ‘What is an “absolute right”? Deciphering absoluteness in the context of Article 3 of the ECHR’ (2012) 12 Human Rights Law Review 4;

Moeckli, ‘Case note: “Saadi v Italy: the rules of the game have not changed”’ (2008) HRLR 534;

Rodley, ‘The Definition of Torture in International Law’ (2002) 55 Current Legal Problems 467;

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Topic 10: The Prohibition on Slavery, Servitude and Forced Labour

Primary Reading

David Weissbrodt, “Slavery” Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law   

ECHR, Guide on Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights

Further reading

Jean Allain, The Legal Understanding of Slavery: from the Historical to the Contemporary (2012, Oxford University Press).

Jean Allain, ‘Ranstev v Cyprus and Russia: The European Court of Human Rights and trafficking as slavery’ (2010) 10 Human Rights Law Review 3, 546-557.

Saadiya Chauddary, ‘Trafficking in Europe: An analysis of the effectiveness of European Law’ (2011-2012) 33 Michigan Journal of International Law 77.

Holly Cullen, ‘Siliadin v France: Positive obligations under Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights’ (2006) 6 Human Rights Law Review 3

Michael Dottridge and David Weissbrodt ‘Review of the Implementation of and Follow-Up to the Conventions on Slavery’ (1999) 42 German Yearbook of International Law 242–92

James C Hathaway, ‘The Human Rights Quagmire of “Human Trafficking”’ (2008) 49 Virginia Journal of International Law 1

Virginia Mantouvalou, ‘Am I free Now? Overseas Domestic Workers in Slavery’ (2015) Journal of law and Society 329

Jenny S Martinez, The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law (OUP 2012)

Roza Pati, ‘States’ Positive Obligations with Respect to Human Trafficking: The European Court of Human Rights Breaks New Ground in Rantsev v. Cyprus & Russia’ (2011) 29 Boston University International Law Journal 1

Ryszard Piotrowicz ‘The legal nature of trafficking in human beings’ (2009) 4 Intercultural Human Rights Law Review 175–203.

Vladislava Stoyanova, ‘Dancing on the Borders of Article 4: Human Trafficking and the European Court of Human Rights in the Rantsev Case’ (2012) 30 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 2.

Vladislava Stoyanova, ‘L.E. v. Greece: Human trafficking and the scope of states’ positive obligations under the ECHR’ (2016) 3 European Human Rights Law Review 290-300.

Vladislava Stoyanova, Human trafficking and slavery reconsidered: Conceptual limits and States’ positive obligations in European law (CUP 2017).

Cases

Rantsev v Cyprus and Russia (App No 25965/04) ECtHR 7 October 2010.

Hadijatou Mani Koraou v Republic of Niger (App No ECW/CCJ/APP/08/08) ECOWAS Community Court of Justice

Chowdury v Greece (App No 21884/15) ECtHR 30 March 2017

Siliadin v France (2006) 43 EHRR 16 

C.N v United Kingdom (2013) 56 EHRR 24

J and Others v Austria (App No 58216/12) ECtHR 17 January 2017

S.M. v Croatia (App No 60561/14) 19 July 2018

Treaties

Slavery Convention 1926

Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery 1956

Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2005

‘Palermo Protocol’ Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Forced Labour Convention 1930

Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention 1930

  • Article 4, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Article 4, European Convention on Human Rights
  • Article 6, American Convention on Human Rights CHR
  • Article 8, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • Article 5, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights

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Topic 11: Refugee Law

Primary Reading

Moeckli, Shah, Sivakumaran and Harris, International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) Chapter 27   

UNHCR, Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees- Part 1 – Chapters 1, 2 and 3  Online here

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees 1951  Online here

Further reading

Edwards, A. and Ferstman, C. (eds), Human Security and Non-Citizens Law, Policy and International Affairs. (Cambridge University Press, 2010)

Feller, E., Türk, V. and Nicholson, F., (eds), Refugee Protection in International Law: UNHCR's Global Consultations on International Protection (Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Foster, M., and Lambert, H., International Refugee Law and the Protection of Stateless Persons (Oxford University Press, 2019)

Gil-Bazo, M-T., “Asylum as a General Principle of International Law” (2015) 27(1) International Journal of Refugee Law 3–28.

Goodwin-Gill, G, and McAdam, J., The Refugee in International Law (3rd edn, 2007, Oxford University Press)

McAdam, J., “The Global Compacts on Refugees and Migration: A New Era for International Protection?” (2018) 30(4) International Journal of Refugee Law 571–574.

Musalo, K., “Claims for Protection Based on Religion or Belief” (2004) 16(2) International Journal of Refugee Law 165-226.

International Legal Instruments

Cases

Hirsi Jamaa v Italy (App No 27765/09) ECtHR 23 February 2012

Hoti v Croatia (App No 63311/14) ECtHR 26 April 2018

Amuur v France (App No 19776/92) ECtHR 25 June 1996

Mahdid and Haddar v Austria (App No 74762/01) ECtHR 8 December 2005

Riad and Idiab v Belgium (App No 29787/03) ECtHR 24 January 2008

Z.A. and Others v Russia (App Nos. 61411/15, 61420/15, 61427/15 and 3028/16) ECtHR 21 November 2019

MSS v Belgium and Greece (App No 30696/09) ECtHR 21 January 2011

Tarakhel v Switzerland (App No 29217/12) ECtHR 4 November 2014

Sharifi and Others v Italy and Greece (App No 16643/09) ECtHR 21 October 2014 [french only]

Khlaifia and others v Italy (App No 16483/12) ECtHR 15 December 2016

ND and NT v Spain, (App Nos 8675/15 8697/15) ECtHR 13 February 2020

Curtis Francis Doebbler v Sudan, (App No 235/00) African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights 11 May 2012

Advisory Opinion OC-25/18 of 30 May 2018 Requested by the Republic of Ecuador, IACtHR, 30 May 2018

F.J. and others v Australia, (Comm No 2233/2013) Human Rights Committee, 2 May 2016

Hibaq Said Hashi v Demark, (Comm No 2470/2014) Human Rights Committee, 9 October 2017.

A.B.H. v Denmark, (Comm No 2603/2015) Human Rights Committee, 18 November 2019.

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Topic 12: Human Rights during Emergency Situations and Terrorism

Primary Reading

De Schutter, International Human Rights Law: Cases, Materials, Commentary (2019) Chapter 6 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LDS 25/03/2021)   

Stuart Wallace, “Derogations from the European Convention on Human Rights: The Case for Reform” 20(4) Human Rights Law Review 769-796  

General Comment No. 29, Human Rights Committee, UN doc CCPR/C/2I/Rev .1, Add. 11, 31 August 2001 (adopted 24 July 2001).  

Further Reading 

Bates, ‘A 'Public Emergency Threatening the Life of the Nation'? The United Kingdom's Derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights of 18 December 2001 and the 'A' case’ (2005) 76 British Yearbook of International Law 245

Cerna, ‘The History of the Inter-American System’s Jurisprudence as Regards Situations of Armed Conflict’ (2011) 2 International Humanitarian Legal Studies 3

Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, State of emergency: proportionality issues concerning derogations under Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights, 27 February 2018, Doc 14506

Crysler, 'Brannigan and McBride v. U.K. – A New Direction on Article 15 Derogations under the European Convention on Human Rights' (1996) 65 Nordic Journal of International Law 91

De Schutter, International Human Rights Law

El Zeidy, ‘The ECHR and States of Emergency: Article 15 – A Domestic Power of Derogation from Human Rights Obligations’ (2003) 4 San Diego International Law Journal 277

Gross, ‘Once More unto the Breach: The Systemic Failure of Applying the European Convention on Human Rights to Entrenched Emergencies', (1998) 23 Yale Journal of International Law 437

Greene, ‘Separating Normalcy from Emergency: The Jurisprudence of Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights’, (2011) 12 German Law Journal 1764

Greene, Permanent States of Emergency and the Rule of Law: Constitutions in an Age of Crisis (2018)

Habteslasie, ‘Derogation in Time of War: The Application of Article 15 of the ECHR in Extraterritorial Armed Conflicts’ (2016) 21(4) Judicial Review 302

Hartman, 'Derogation from Human Rights Treaties in Public Emergencies--A Critique of Implementation by the European Commission and Court of Human Rights and the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations' (1981) 22 Harvard International Law Journal 1

MacDonald, ‘Derogations under Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights’ (1998) 36 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 225

Mangan, ‘Protecting Human Rights in National Emergencies: Shortcomings in the European System and a Proposal for Reform’ (1988) 10 Human Rights Quarterly 372

Mariniello, ‘Prolonged emergency and derogation of human rights: Why the European Court should raise its immunity system’ (2019) 20 German Law Journal 46

McGoldrick, ‘The Interface Between Public Emergency Powers and International Law’ (2004) 2 International Journal of Constitutional Law 380

Milanovic, ‘Extraterritorial Derogations from Human Rights Treaties in Armed Conflict’ in Nehal Bhuta (ed), The Frontiers of Human Rights (2016)

Ní Aoláin, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism on her visit to France, Human Rights Council, A/HRC/40/52/Add.4   

O’Boyle, ‘Emergency Government and Derogation under the ECHR’ [2016] European Human Rights Law Review 331

Paris Minimum Standards of Human Rights Norms in a State of Emergency

Rooney, ‘Extraterritorial derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights in the United Kingdom’ [2016] European Human Rights Law Review 656

Sheeran, ‘Reconceptualizing States of Emergency under International Human Rights Law: Theory, Legal Doctrine, and Politics’ (2012–2013) 34 Michigan Journal of International Law 491

Van der Sloot, ‘Is All Fair in Love and War: An Analysis of the Case Law on Article 15 ECHR’ (2014) 53 Military Law and Law of War Review 319

Wallace, The Application of the European Convention on Human Rights to Military Operations (2019) chapter 7

This list was last updated on 08/09/2021