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Module Reading List

Social Policy Debates, 2021/22, Semester 2
Professor Roger Slee
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Unit 1: Introduction/Overview

Key reading:

Titmuss, R. (1974) ‘What is Social Policy?’, in Social policy: an introduction, edited by Abel-Smith, B. and Titmuss, K. Pantheon. pp. 23-33.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 07/04/2021) 

Suggested readings:

Beveridge, W. H. B. B., & Great Britain Inter departmental Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services. (1942). Social Insurance and Allied Services: Report of the Inter-departmental Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services (Vol. 6404). London: H.M. Stationery Office.

Dean, H. (2010). Understanding Human Need: The Policy Press.

Edwards, Rosalind, & Glover, Judith. (2013). Risk and citizenship: key issues in welfare: Routledge.

Fitzpatrick, Tony. (2011). Welfare Theory: An Introduction to the Theoretical Debates in Social Policy: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ishkanian, Armine, & Szreter, Simon. (2012). The Big Society Debate: A New Agenda for Social Policy? : Edward Elgar Publishing.

Jenson, Jane. (2010). Diffusing Ideas for After Neoliberalism The Social Investment Perspective in Europe and Latin America. Global Social Policy, 10(1), 59-84.

Sinfield, Adrian. (1978). Analyses in the social division of welfare. Journal of Social Policy, 7(2), 129-156.

Titmuss, R. M. (1971). Problems of social policy: Greenwood Press.

Titmuss, R. (2007). The social division of welfare: some reflections on the search for equity. Social Security Studies, 2, 008.

Blekesaune, M. (2007). Economic conditions and public attitudes to welfare policies. European sociological review, 23(3), 393-403.

Unit 2: Organisation, Delivery and Costs of Welfare in the UK

Useful Website

UK Government, ‘Departments’ - (this page presents links to specific departments of central government, and related agencies and public bodies).

Suggested Reading

Alcock, P., May, M. and Wright, S (2016). The Student’s Companion to Social Policy.  John Wiley and Sons. [fifth edition]. Make selections from Chapters 34-41 and 43-46. (Electronic book)

Birrell, D. and Gray, M.G. (2017). Delivering Social Welfare: Governance and Service Provision in the UK. Bristol: Policy Press.

Clark, D. (2015). The Global Financial Crisis and Austerity: A basic Introduction. Bristol: Policy Press.

Farnsworth, K. and Irving, Z. (2015 Eds.). Social Policy in Times of Austerity: Global Economic Crisis and the New Politics of Welfare. Bristol: Policy Press.

Glennester, H. (2017). Understanding the Cost of Welfare (3rd Edition.). Bristol: Policy Press.

Hills, J. (2011). The Changing Architecture of the UK Welfare State. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 27 pp589-607.

Rhodes, M. (2000) Restructuring the British Welfare State: Between Domestic Constraints and Global Imperatives, Taylor-Gooby, P. (Ed.). (2016). Choice and public policy: the limits to welfare marketsSpringer.

Taylor-Gooby, P., Larsen, T., & Kananen, J. (2004). Market means and welfare ends: the UK welfare state experiment. Journal of social policy , 33 (04), 573-592.

Moran, M. (2005, 2015). Politics and Governance in the UK . Palgrave Macmillan.

White, G. (2014) The impact of welfare reform on third sector care and support services in Scotland. Report commissioned by IRISS/CCPS:

Taylor-Gooby, P. (2017) Redoubling the crisis of the welfare state: the impact of Brexit on UK welfare politics. Journal of Social Policy, 46(4), 815 – 835.

Unit 3: Citizenship and Welfare

Key Reading

Tyler, I. (2010) Designed to fail: A biopolitics of British citizenship. Citizenship Studies 14 (1): 61-74.

Turner, J. (2016). (En)gendering the political: Citizenship from marginal spaces. Citizenship Studies, 20, 141-155.

Suggested Reading

Bhambra, G and Holmwood, J (2017) Colonialism, Postcolonialism and the Liberal Welfare State, New Political Economy 23 (5): 574-587.

Burrell, K and Schweyher, M (2019) Conditional citizens and hostile environments: Polish migrants in pre-Brexit Britain, Geoforum 106: 193-201.

Clarke, J (2005) New Labour’s citizens: activated, empowered, responsibilized, abandoned? Critical Social Policy, 25 (4): 447-463.

Clarke, J., Coll, K., Dagnino, E., et al. (eds.) (2014) Disputing Citizenship, Bristol: Policy Press.

Conover, P., Crewe, I. & Searing, D. (1991) The nature of citizenship in the United States and Great Britain: empirical comments on theoretical themes, Journal of Politics, 53(3): 800-832.

Cummings, R (2020) Ain’t no black in the (Brexit) Union Jack? Race and empire in the era of Brexit and the Windrush scandal. Journal of Postcolonial Writing 56 (5) : 593-606.

Dickinson, J., Andrucki, M. J., Rawlins, E., et al. (2008) Introduction: Geographies of everyday citizenship, ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies, 7(2): 100-112.

Dean, H. & Melrose, M. (1999) Poverty, riches and social citizenship, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dwyer, P. (2000) Welfare rights and responsibilities: contesting social citizenship, Bristol: Policy Press.

Dwyer, P. (2002) Making Sense of Social Citizenship: Some User Views on Welfare Rights and Responsibilities, Critical Social Policy, 22 (2).

Dwyer, P. (2004) Understanding Social Citizenship, Themes and perspectives for policy and practice 2nd Edition, Bristol: The Policy Press.

Edmiston, D. (2018) Welfare, Inequality and Social Citizenship: Deprivation and Affluence in Austerity Britain, Bristol: Policy Press.

Edmiston, D. and Humpage, L. (2017) Resistance or Resignation to Welfare Reform? The Activist Politics for and Against Social Citizenship, Policy and Politics.

Ellison, N. (2000) Proactive and Defensive Engagement: Social Citizenship in a Changing Public Sphere, Sociological Research Online, 5, 3.

Favell, A. (2020), "Crossing the Race Line: “No Polish, No Blacks, No Dogs” in Brexit Britain? or, the Great British Brexit Swindle", Duina, F. and Merand, F. (Ed.) Europe's Malaise (Research in Political Sociology, Vol. 27, pp. 103-130.

Hay, C. (2014) Neither real nor fictitious but ‘as if real'? A political ontology of the state, The British journal of sociology, 65(3): 459-480.

Isin, E. & Wood, P. (1999) Citizenship and identity, London: Sage.

Joppke, C (2021) From liberal to neoliberal citizenship: A commentary on Marion Fourcade. British Journal of Sociology

Kymlicka, W. (1995) Multicultural citizenship: A liberal theory of minority rights, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lister, R. (2007). From object to subject: including marginalised citizens in policymaking. Policy & Politics, 35: 437-455.

Lister, R. (2007) Inclusive citizenship: Realizing the potential. Citizenship Studies, 11: 49-61.

Isin, E. (2008) Theorising Acts of Citizenship. In: Engin F. Isin and Greg M. Nielsen (ed.) Acts of Citizenship. London: Zed Books.

Manning, N. & Holmes, M. (2013). ‘He's snooty ‘im’: exploring ‘white working class’ political disengagement. Citizenship Studies, 17: 479-490.

Marshall, T. H. (1950) Citizenship and Social Class: and other essays, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Painter, J. & Philo, C. (1995) Spaces of citizenship: an introduction, Political geography, 14(2): 107-120.

Patrick, R. (2016) Living with and responding to the 'scrounger' narrative in the UK: exploring everyday strategies of acceptance, resistance and deflection, Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 24(3): 245-259.

Roche, M. (1992) Rethinking citizenship: welfare, ideology and change in modern society, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Titmuss, R. (1958). Essays on the Welfare State. London: Allen and Unwin.

Unit 4: Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage and Attempts to End Child Poverty?

Reading for the Cycles of Disadvantage and Deprivation

New Labour’s apparent rediscovery of the ‘Cycle of Deprivation’ is discussed in a series of articles in a special issue of Benefits, Vol. 10, issue 3, October 2002. There is also:  

Blanden, J. and Gibbons, S. (2006). ‘The Persistence of Poverty Across Generations: A View from To British Cohorts’. Bristol: Policy Press/Joseph Rowntree Foundation. (Also available at:

Deacon, A. (2003). ‘Levelling the Playing Field, Activating the Players: New Labour and the Cycle of Disadvantage’. Policy and Politics, Vol. 31, No. 2 pp. 123-137.

Gregg, P., Waldfogel, J. and Washbrook, E. (2005). That’s the Way the Money Goes. In Hills, J. and Stewart, K. [eds]. ‘A More Equal Society? New Labour, Poverty, Inequality and Exclusion’. Bristol: Policy Press pp. 251-271.

Hills, J. [ed] (1999). ‘Persistent Poverty and Lifetime Inequality: The Evidence’. HM Treasury, Occasional Paper No. 10. (Available at:  

HM Treasury. (1999). ‘The Modernisation of Britain’s Tax and Welfare System No. 4: Tackling Poverty and Extending Opportunity’. London: HMSO. (

Piachaud, D. (2001). ‘Child Poverty, Opportunities and Quality of Life’. Political Quarterly, Vol. 72, No. 4 pp. 446-453.

Power, A. and Wilmot, H. (2005). Bringing Up Families in Poor Neighbourhoods Under New Labour in Hills, J. and Stewart, K. [eds]. ‘A More Equal Society? New Labour, Poverty, Inequality and Exclusion’. Bristol: Policy Press pp. 277-296.

Stewart. K. (2005). Towards an Equal Start? in Hills, J. and Stewart, K. [eds]. ‘A More Equal Society? New Labour, Poverty, Inequality and Exclusion’. Bristol: Policy Press pp. 143-166.

Welshman, J. (2005). ‘Ideology, Social Science and Public Policy: The Debate Over Transmitted Deprivation’. Twentieth Century British History, Vol. 16, No. 3 pp. 306-341.

Welshman, J. (2007). ‘From Transmitted Deprivation to Social Exclusion: Policy, Poverty and Parenting’. Bristol: Policy Press.

Reading for Ending Child Poverty

The best guide to current statistics on poverty and to the impact of New Labour’s policies is the website maintained by the New Policy Institute (

Bennett, F. (2004). Developments in Social Security. In Ellison, N., Bauld, L. and Powell, M. [eds]. ‘Social Policy Review 16’. Bristol: Policy Press pp. 45-60. 

Brewer, M., Clarke, T. and Wakefield, M. (2002). ‘Social Security Under New Labour: What Did the Third Way Mean for Welfare Reform?’ Fiscal Studies, Vol. 23, No. 4 pp. 505-37. (Also available is a working paper downloadable from

Fabian Society. (2005). ‘Why Life Chances Matter’. London: Fabian Society

Hirsch, D. (2006). ‘What Will It Take to End Child Poverty? Firing on all Cylinders’. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. (  

Hirsch, D. (2007). ‘Where Are We Now on the Long Road to Ending Child Poverty?’ Parliamentary Brief. (    

Joseph Rowntree Foundation. (2007). ‘Child Poverty: Update of Trends and Prospects’. (    

Millar, J. (2003). From Wage Replacement to Wage Supplement: Benefits and Tax Credits. In Millar, J. [ed]. Understanding Social Security: Issues for Policy and Practice. Bristol: Policy Press pp. 123-144.

Main, G. and Bradshaw, J. (2016) Child poverty in the UK: measures, prevalence  and intra-household sharing. Critical Social Policy, 36 (1), 38 – 61.

Ridge, T. (2002). ‘Labour's Reforms of Social Security Provisions for Families: The Implications for Children’. Benefits, Vol. 11, No. 2 pp. 87-92.

Ridge, T. (2003). Benefiting Children? The Challenge of Social Security Support for Children. In Millar, J. [ed]. Understanding Social Security: Issues for Policy and Practice. Bristol: Policy Press pp. 167-188.

Sefton, T. and Sutherland, H. (2005). Inequality and Poverty Under New Labour. In Hills, J. and Stewart, K. [eds]. ‘A More Equal Society? New Labour, Poverty, Inequality and Exclusion’. Bristol: Policy Press pp. 231-250.

Unit 5: The ‘Underclass’, Welfare and Crime

Reading for the ‘Underclass’

Hernstein, R. and Murray, C. (1994 reprinted 1996). ‘The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life’. New York and London: Free Press. 

Field, F. (1989). ‘Losing Out: The Emergence of Britain's Underclass’. Basil Blackwell: Oxford. 

Levitas, R. (1998). The Inclusive Society? Social Exclusion and New Labour’. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press Ltd.

Lister, R. [ed]. (1996). ‘Charles Murray and the Underclass: the Developing Debate. London: IEA Health and Welfare Unit.

Mann, K. (1992). ‘The Making of an English ‘Underclass’: The social divisions of welfare and labour’. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Mead, L. (1986). ‘Beyond Entitlement’. New York: The Free Press.

Murray, C. (1984). ‘Losing Ground’. New York: Harper Collins.

Murray, C. (1996a). The Emerging British Underclass in Lister, R. [ed].  Charles Murray and the Underclass: the Developing Debate. London: IEA Health and Welfare Unit pp. 23-53.

Murray, C. (1996b).Underclass: the Crisis Deepens. In Lister, R. [ed]. ‘Charles Murray and the Underclass: the Developing Debate’. London: IEA Health and Welfare Unit pp. 99-135.

Murray C. (2002) ‘I.Q. and Income Inequality in a Sample of Sibling Pairs from Advantaged Family Backgrounds’. In The American Economic Review. Vol. 92, No. 2.

Prideaux, S. (2005). ‘Not So New Labour: A Sociological Critique of New Labour’s Policy and Practice’. Bristol: Policy Press. (Chapter 5)

Prideaux, S. (2010) ‘The Welfare Politics of Charles Murray are Alive and Well in the UK’. In the International Journal of Social Welfare, Vol. 19, No. 3 pp. 293-302

Macnicol, J. (2017). Reconstructing the underclass. Social policy and Society, 16 (1), 99 – 108.

Reading for Welfare and Crime

Dwyer, P. (1998). ‘Conditional Citizens? Welfare Rights and Responsibilities in the Late 1990's’. Critical Social Policy, Vol. 18, No. 4 pp. 519-543.

Dwyer, P. (2000). ‘Welfare Rights and Responsibilities: Contesting Social Citizenship’. Bristol: Policy Press.

Dwyer, P. (2002). ‘Making Sense of Social Citizenship: Some user Views on Welfare Rights and Responsibilities’. Critical Social Policy; Vol.22, No. 2 pp. 273-299.

Dwyer, P. (2004). ‘Creeping Conditionality in the UK: From Welfare Rights to Conditional Entitlements’. Canadian Journal of Sociology, Vol. 29, No. 2 pp. 265-287.

Fletcher, D. R., & Wright, S. (2018). A hand up or a slap down? Criminalising benefit claimants in Britain via strategies of surveillance, sanctions and deterrence. Critical Social Policy, 38(2), 323–344.

Fletcher, D. R., & Flint, J. (2018). Welfare conditionality and social marginality: The folly of the tutelary state? Critical Social Policy, 38(4), 771–791.

Mann, K. (1992). ‘The Making of an English ‘Underclass’?’ Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Mann, K. (2008). ‘Remembering and Rethinking the Social Divisions of Welfare: 50 Years On’.  Journal of Social Policy, Vol. 38, No. 1 pp. 1-18.

Adkins, L. (2017). Disobedient Workers, the Law and the Making of Unemployment Markets. Sociology, 51(2), 290–305.

Rodger, J. J. (2000). ‘From a Welfare State to a Welfare Society: The Changing Context of Social Policy in a Postmodern Era’. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Rodger, J. J. (2008). ‘Criminalising Social Policy’. Cullompton: Willan.

Titmuss, R. (1958). ‘Essays on the Welfare State’. London: Allen and Unwin.

Titmuss, R. (1962). ‘Income Distribution and Social Change’. London: Allen & Unwin.

Unit 6: A Sense of Community: Reasserting the Moral Fabric

Key Reading

‘Governmental approaches to community’ (chapter four) in Somerville, P (2011) Understanding Community. Policy Press: Bristol

Suggested Reading

Amin, A. (2005) ‘Local community on trial’. Economy and Society 34 (4): 612–33

Burney, E. (2005) Making People Behave, Willan, Cullompton.

Chevee, A (2021) Mutual Aid in north London during the Covid-19 pandemic. Social Movement Studies

Day, G. (2006) Community and Everyday Life, Routledge, Oxon.

DCLG (2008) Communities in Control, TSO: London

Delanty, G (2010) Community, Routledge: London

Fremeaux, I. (2005) New Labour’s appropriation of the concept of community: a critique. Community Development Journal 40 (3): 265–74.

Fyfe, N (2005) Making Space for “Neo-communitarianism”? The Third Sector, State and Civil Society in the UK, Antipode, 37 (3): 536-557

Herbert, S (2005) The trapdoor of community. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 95 (4): 850 – 65

Marinetto, M. (2003) Who wants to be an active citizen? The politics and practice of community involvement. Sociology, 37, 103–20

Prideaux, S. (2005) Not so New Labour. Policy Press, Bristol.

Rose, N. (2000) Community, citizenship and the Third Way. American Behavioural Scientist 43 (9): 1395–411

Somerville, P (2011) Understanding Community. Bristol: Policy Press

Taylor, M (2011) Public Policy in the Community. MacMillan: Basingstoke

Uitermark, J et al (2007) Gentrification as a Governmental Strategy: Social Control and Social Cohesion in Hoogvliet, Rotterdam, Environment and Planning A, 39 (1): 125-141

Wallace, A. (2014) ‘New Labour, the Coalition and Disciplined Communities’, in Sanders, T. and Harrison, M. (eds) Social Policies and Social Control: New Perspectives on the Not so Big Society, Bristol: Policy Press.

Wallace, A (2010) New Neighbourhoods, New Citizens? Challenging ‘Community’ as a Framework for Social and Moral Regeneration under New Labour in the UK, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 34 (4): 805-819


Unit 7: Racism, Ethnicity, Migration and Social Security

Key Reading

Craig, G. (2007). Cunning, Unprincipled, Loathsome: The Racist Tail Wags the Welfare Dog. Journal of Social Policy, Vol. 36, No. 4 pp. 605–623.

Platt, L. (2003). Social security in a multi-ethnic society in Millar, J. [ed]. Understanding Social Security. Bristol: Policy Press. (Chapter 13)

Law, I. (1996). ‘Race', the Underclass and Benefits: perceptions and experiences in Law, I. [ed]. Racism, Ethnicity and Social Policy. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

All items above are available in the Nathan Bodington Building Resource Room for Central Debates in Welfare.

Suggested Reading

Aspinall, P. and Mitton, L. (2007). Are English local authorities’ practices on housing and council tax benefit administration meeting race equality requirements? Critical Social Policy, Vol. 27 pp. 381-414.

Allgar, V.L. And Paul, S. Ethnic variations in income and income type. Benefits, 33 (10), issue 1. (Can be found in week nine folder on the VLE)

Aston, J., Hooker, H., Page, R. and Willison, R. (2007). Pakistani and Bangladeshi women’s attitudes to work and family. London: DWP, Research Summary 458.

Barnard, H. and Pettigrew, N. (2003). Delivering benefits and services for black and minority ethnic older people. London: DWP, Research Summary 201. 

Barnes, H., Hudson, H., Parry, J., Sahin-Dikmen, M., Taylor, R. and Wilkinson, D. (2005). Ethnic Minority Outreach: an evaluation. London: DWP, Research Summary 229.

Barnes, H. and Taylor, R. (2006). Work, saving and retirement among ethnic minorities: a qualitative study. London: DWP, Research Summary 396.

Berthoud, R. (2002). Poverty and Prosperity among Britain’s Ethnic Minorities. Benefits, Vol. 10, No. 1 pp. 3–9. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 07/04/2021) 

Bloch, A. (1993). Access to Benefits: The Information Needs of Minority Ethnic Groups. London: Policy Studies Institute.

Bloch, A. (1997). Ethnic Inequality and Social Security in Walker, A. and Walker, C. [eds]. Britain Divided: The growth of social exclusion in the 1980s and 1990s. London: CPAG.

Burnett, J. (2008). Racism, destitution and asylum. PAFRAS briefing paper number six. (Can be found in week nine folder on the VLE)

Clark, K, and Drinkwater, S. (2007). Ethnic minorities in the labour market: dynamics and diversity. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Craig, P. (1991). Costs and benefits: a review of research on take-up of income related benefits. Journal of Social Policy, Vol. 10 pp. 537-565.

Department for Work and Pensions (2003). Realising Race Equality in the Department for Work and Pensions. London: DWP.  

Department for Work and Pensions (2006). National Report on Strategies for Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2006-2008, UK. London: DWP.

Dwyer, P and Brown, D (2005). Meeting Basic Needs? Forced Migrants and Welfare. Social Policy and Society, 4, pp 369­380 doi:10.1017/S1474746405002538

EHRC. (2018). The impact of welfare reform and welfare to work programmes: an evidence review. Research report 111. London: Equality and Human Rights Commission. (Can be found in week nine reading folder on the VLE)

Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: notes on the management of spoiled identity. London: Penguin books. 1 – 65.

Gordon, P. and Newnham, A. (1985). Passport to Benefits? Racism in Social Security. London: CPAG / Runnymede Trust.

Hayes, D. From aliens to asylum seekers: a history of immigration controls and welfare in Britain. (Can be found in week nine folder on the VLE)

Heath, A. and Cheung, S. (2006). Ethnic penalties in the labour market: Employers and discrimination. London: DWP, Research Summary 341.

Hickman, M. J. and Walter, B. (1997). Discrimination and the Irish Community in Britain. London: Commission for Racial Equality.

Hudson, M., Barnes, H., Ray, K. and Phillips, J. (2006). Ethnic minority perceptions and experiences of Jobcentre Plus. London: DWP, Research Summary 349.

Lewis, G. Welfare settlements and racialising practices. (Can be found in week nine reading folder on the VLE).

Misra, J. And Akins, F. (1998). Social politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chapter: The welfare state and women: structure, agency, and diversity. (Can be found in week nine reading folder on the VLE).

Mynott, E., Humphries, B. And Cohen, S. Locating the debate. In: Cohen, S., Humphries, B. And Mynott, E. From immigration controls to welfare controls. (Can be found in week nine folder on the VLE)

Parekh, B. (2000). The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain. The Parekh Report. London: Profile Books.

Pettigrew, N. (2003). Experiences of lone parents from minority ethnic communities. London: DWP, Research Summary 187.

Phillimore, J. (2010). Approaches to health provision in the age of super diversity: accessing the NHS in Britain's most diverse city. Critical Social Policy, 31 (1), 5 – 29.

Platt, L. (2003). Parallel Lives? London: Child Poverty Action Group.

Platt, L. Race and social welfare. (Can be found in week nine reading folder on the VLE)

Simpson, L., Purdam, K., Tajar, A., Fieldhouse, E., Gavalas, V., Tranmer, M., Platt, L. (2007). Poverty and Ethnicity in the UK. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Pritchard, J. and Dorling, D. (2006). Ethnic minority populations and the labour market: an analysis of the 1991 and 2001 Census. London: DWP, Research Summary 333.

Social Exclusion Unit (2000). Minority Ethnic Issues in Social Exclusion and Neighbourhood Renewal. London: Cabinet Office.  

Tackey, N., Casebourne, J., Aston, J., Ritchie, H., Sinclair, A., Tyers, C., Hurstfield, J., Willison, R. and Page, R. (2006). Barriers to employment for Pakistanis and Bangladeshis in Britain. London: DWP, Research Summary 360.

Unit 8: The Impact of welfare on Gender and the Family

Key Reading

Griffiths, R. (2017). “No Love on the Dole: The influence of the UK means-tested welfare system on partnering and family structure”. Journal of Social Policy. 46(3)

Pascall, G. & Lewis, J. (2004). “Emerging Gender Regimes and Policies for Gender Equality in a Wider Europe”. Journal of Social Policy. 33(3).

Women’s Budget Group. (2008). Women and Poverty: Experiences, Empowerment and Engagement. Joseph Rowntree Foundation Report. Available online at

Suggested Reading

Bambra, C. (2004). “The worlds of welfare: illusory and gender blind?” Social Policy & Society. 3(3): 201-211

Esping-Andersen, G. (ed.) (2007). Family Formations and Family Dilemmas in Contemporary Europe. BBVA Foundation. Available online at  

Hines, S. (2013). “Gender diversity, recognition and citizenship: towards a politics of difference”. Palgrave: Basingstoke

Millar, J. & Ridge, T. (2002). “Parents, children, families and New Labour: developing family policy?”. Chapter Five in Evaluating New Labour’s Welfare Reforms edited by Martin Powell. Policy Press: Bristol.

OECD (2011). “Families are Changing”. Chapter 1 of Doing Better for Families. Available online at

Reingold, B. & Smith, A. (2012). “Welfare Policymaking and Intersections of Race, Ethnicity and Gender in US State Legislatures”. American Journal of Political Science. 56(1)

Sainsbury, D. (ed). (1994). Gendering Welfare States. Sage: London In particular Chapter 1 “Gender and Welfare States” (Bussemaker & van Kersbergen); Chapter 5 “Work, Welfare and Gender Equality” (Siaroff); and Chapter 9 “Women’s and Men’s Social Rights” (Sainsbury).

Williams, F. (1989). Social Policy: A Critical Introduction. Issues of Race, Gender and Class. Polity Press: Cambridge

Unit 9: Youth Transitions and Employment

Key Reading

Crisp, R. Powell, R. (2017). Young people and UK labour market policy: a critique of "employability" as a tool for understanding youth unemployment. Urban Studies, 54 (8), 1784-1807.

Shildrick, T., MacDonald, R., Webster, C. and Garthwaite, K. (2010) The Low-pay, no-pay Cycle: understanding recurrent poverty, York: JRF.

Shildrick, T., MacDonald, R., Furlong, A., Roden, J., and Crow, R. (2012) Intergenerational Cultures of Worklessness: Popular Myth or Miserable Reality? York: JRF.

Suggested Reading

Aynsley, S., and Crossouard, B. 2010. “Imagined futures: why are vocational learners not choosing to progress to HE?”, Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 23, No. 2, 129-143.

Coles, B. (2000). Joined-up youth research, policy and practice: a new agenda for change? Leicester: Youth Work Press.  

Crisp, R. Powell, R. (2017). Young people and UK labour market policy: a critique of "employability" as a tool for understanding youth unemployment. Urban Studies, 54 (8), 1784-1807.

Daguerre, A. (2004) Importing Workfare: Policy Transfer of Social and Labour Market Policies from the USA to Britain under New Labour, Social Policy & Administration, 38 (1), pp.1–5

Furlong, A. and Cartmel, F. (1997). Young People and Social Change: Individualization and risk in late modernity. Buckingham, Open University Press.

Gregg, P. and Gardiner, L. (2015) A Steady Job? The UK’s Record on Labour Market Security and Stability since the Millennium. London: Resolution Foundation.

Hills, J., Cunliffe, J., Obolenskaya, P., and Karagiannaki, E. (2015) Falling Behind, Getting Ahead: The Changing Structure of Inequality in the UK, 2007-2013. Social Policy in a Cold Climate Research Report 5. London: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, the London School of Economics. Available at:  

Johnston, L., MacDonald, R., Mason, P., Ridley, L., and Webster, C. et al. (2000) Snakes & Ladders, York: JRF

MacDonald, R., & Marsh, J. (2005) Disconnected Youth? Growing up in Britain’s Poor Neighbourhoods, Palgrave.

Pollock, G (1997) Individualization and the Transition from Youth to Adulthood, Young: Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 5 (1): 55-68.

Raffe, D. 2008. The concept of transition systems‟, Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 21, No. 4, 277-296.

Rubery, J., Grimshaw, D., and Marchington, M. 2010. „Blurring Boundaries and Disordered Hierarchies: Challenges for employment and skills in networked organisations‟, UKCES Praxis Paper No. 6, Wath-upon-Dearne: UK Commission for Employment and Skills.

Roberts, S. (2011) Beyond "NEET" and "tidy" pathways: considering the "missing middle" of youth transition studies. Journal of Youth Studies 14 (1): 21-39.

Schoon, I. 2010. Planning for the future: Changing educational expectations in three British cohorts, Historical Social Research, Vol. 35, No. 2, 99-119.

Shildrick, T., MacDonald, R., Webster, C. and Garthwaite, K. (2010) The Low-pay, no-pay Cycle: under, Furlong, A., Roden, J., and Crow, R. (2012) Intergenerational Cultures of Worklessness: Popular Myth or Miserable Reality? York: JRF.

Sisson, K., and Purcell, J. (2010) “Management: Caught Between Two Competing Views”, in T. Colling and M. Terry (eds.), Industrial Relations Theory and Practice, 3rd edition, Chichester: Wiley, 83-105.

Thompson, P. (2004) Skating on Thin Ice – The Knowledge Economy Myth, Glasgow: Big Thinking.  

Thompson, R. (2010) “Young people need secure jobs, not casual and part-time work”, The Guardian, 1 September, page 35.

Tomlinson, M. (2008) The Degree is not Enough: Students’ Perceptions of the Role of Higher Education Credentials for Graduate Work and Employability. British Journal of Sociology of Education. 29 (1). p. 49-61.

Tomlinson, M. (2012) Graduate Employability: A Review of Conceptual and Empirical Themes. Higher Education Policy. 25. p.407-431.

Toynbee, P. (2003). Hard Work – Life in Low-Pay Britain, London: Bloomsbury.

Webster, C., Simpson, D., MacDonald, R., Abbas, A., Cieslik, M., Shildrick, T., and Simpson, M. (2004) Poor Transitions, Bristol: Policy Press/JRF.

This list was last updated on 23/04/2021