Skip to main content

SLSP5312M Theorising Gender 1 Reading List

Theorising Gender 1, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Jess Martin
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Topic 1: The personal is political

Essential reading

Hanisch, C. 2000 [1969]. The Personal is Political. In Crow, B. A. ed. Radical Feminism: A Documentary Reader. London: New York University Press. Available with commentary:  

Robinson, V. and Richardson, D. 2015. Introducing gender and women's studies. 4th ed. London: Palgrave. ‘Conceptualising gender’.      

Your own favourite or most inspiring or most hated text relating to gender. This could be an academic text, a film, song, novel, a piece of popular writing (e.g. news story or self-help book). How has this text informed your decision to study gender? What is it about the text that you like or dislike? What was going on in your life at the time that made this text important? Prepare 300 words to bring to the discussion.

Further reading

hooks, b. 2000. Feminism is for everybody ISBN: 0745317324; 0745317332 (pbk). London: Pluto Press.

Lorde, A. 1980. The cancer journals ISBN: 9781879960732 (pbk.); 1879960737 (pbk.). San Francisco: Spinsters.

Lorde, A. 2007. Sister outsider : essays and speeches ISBN: 0895941414 (pbk); 0895941422 by Audre Lorde. Berkeley: Crossing Press. ‘The master’s tools will never dismantle the master’s house’.

Rich, A. 1987. Blood, bread and poetry : selected prose, 1979-1985 ISBN: 086068928X (pbk). London: Virago Press. ‘Notes towards a politics of location’.

Segal, L. 1999. Why feminism? : gender, psychology, politics ISBN: 0745623476 (paper : alk. paper ; cloth : alk. paper); 0745623468. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Squire, S. 2002. The personal and the political: writing the theorists’ body. Australian feminist studies ISSN: 0816-4649 17(37), pp.55-64.

Further reading on rights

Afkhami, M. 1995. Faith and freedom : women's human rights in the Muslim world ISBN: 1860640087. London: Tauris.

Agosin, M. ed. 2002. Women, gender, and human rights : a global perspective ISBN: 9780813529837 (pbk); 0813529824 : (alk. paper) CIP entry; 0813529832 (pbk. : alk. paper). New Brunswick, New Jersey and London: Rutgers University Press.

Brown, W. 2000. Suffering rights as paradoxes. Constellations. ISSN: 1351-0487. 7(2), pp.208- 229.

Bunch, C. 1990. Women’s rights as human rights: toward a re-vision of human rights. Human rights quarterly. ISSN: 0275-0392; 1085-794X. 12(4), pp.486-498.

Knop, K. ed. 2004. Gender and human rights ISBN: 9780199260911 (pbk); 9780199260904; 0199260907; 0199260915 (pbk.) : £18.00. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McKinnon, C. 2006. Are women human? : and other international dialogues ISBN: 9780674025554 (pbk.) : £12.95; 0674025555 (pbk.) : £12.95. Harvard: Harvard University Press.

Nussbaum, M.C. 2000. Women and human development : the capabilities approach ISBN: 0521003857. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ‘In defence of universal values’.

Peterson, V. S. and Parisi, L. 1998. Are women human? It's not an academic question. In: Evans, T. ed. Human rights fifty years on ISBN: 0719051037 (pbk ; cloth); 0719051029. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Spivak, G. C. 2004. Righting wrongs. The South Atlantic quarterly. ISSN: 0038-2876 103(2/3), pp.523-581.

Wollstonecraft, M. 1792. Vindication of the rights of woman. Any edition.


Top of page

Topic 2: The social construction of gender

Essential reading

Brickell, C. 2006. The sociological construction of gender and sexuality. The sociological review. ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X. 54(1), pp.87–113.  

De Beauvoir, S. 2009 [1949]. The second sex. New York: Vintage. ‘Childhood’. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Kessler, S.J. and McKenna, W. 1978. Gender : an ethnomethodological approach ISBN: 9780226432069 (pbk); 0226432068 (pbk.) : $10.95 (est.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ‘Toward a theory of gender’ Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Further reading

Acker, J. 1992. From sex roles to gender institutions. Contemporary sociology. ISSN: 0094-3061 21(5), pp.565-569.

Berger, P. and Luckmann, T. 1969. The social construction of reality: A treatise on the sociology of knowledge. London: Allen Lane.

Burr, V. 1995. An introduction to social constructionism ISBN: 0203133021 (electronic book); 0415104041; 041510405X (pbk ; hbk). London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1986. Sex and gender in Simone de Beauvoir’s second sex. Yale French studies. ISSN: 0044-0078 72, pp.35-49

De Beauvoir, S. 2009 [1949]. The second sex ISBN: 9781784870386 (pbk.) : £4.99; 9781473521919 (ePub ebook) : £5.21. New York: Vintage.

De Beauvoir, S. and Gerassi, J. 1976. The second sex 25 years later. Society. ISSN: 0147-2011 13(2), pp.79-85.

Delamont, S. 2003. Feminist Sociology ISBN: 9780761972556; 0761972552; 0761972544. London: Sage.

Connell, R. W. 2002. Gender ISBN: 0745627161 (pbk.) : £12.99; 0745627153. Oxford: Polity Press.

Evans, M. 1998. Simone de Beauvoir. In: R. Stones ed. Key sociological thinkers. Basingstoke and London: McMillan Press. pp.124-137.

Evans, R. ed. 1998. Simone de Beauvoir's The second sex : new interdisciplinary essays ISBN: 0719043034 (pb ; cl); 0719043026. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Fallaize, E. ed. 1998. Simone de Beauvoir : a critical reader ISBN: 0415147034 (alk. paper); 0415147026. London and New York: Routledge.

Fishwick, S. 2002. The body in the work of Simone de Beauvoir ISBN: 3906768333; 0820456217 Oxford and New York: P. Lang.

Gunnarson, L. 2011. A defence of the category ‘women’. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 12(1), pp.23-37.

Jackson, S. 1999. Feminist sociology and sociological feminism: recovering the social in feminist thought. Sociological research online. ISSN: 1360-7804, 4(3), online.

Jackson, S. and Scott, S. 2000. Introduction: the gendering of sociology. In: Jackson, S. and Scott, S. eds. Gender : a sociological reader ISBN: 0415201802 (pbk.) : £16.99; 0415201799. London: Routledge.

Kessler, S. and McKenna, W. 1978. Gender : an ethnomethodological approach ISBN: 9780226432069 (pbk); 0226432068 (pbk.) : $10.95 (est.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lorber, J. 1994. Paradoxes of gender ISBN: 9780300064971; 0300064977 (pbk.). London: Yale University Press. ‘Night to his day: the social construction of gender’.

Mahon, J. 1997. Existentialism, feminism, and Simone de Beauvoir ISBN: 0333659120 (cloth); 0312176066 (cloth). Palgrave McMillan. ‘Responses to The Second Sex’, pp.155-185, and ‘Simone de Beauvoir’s existentialist feminism: a defence’ pp.186-196.

MacKenzie, C. 1986. Simone de Beauvoir: philosophy and/or the female body. In: Pateman, C. and Grosz, E. eds. Feminist challenges: social and political theory. London and New York: Routledge.

Mead, M. 1963. Sex and temperament in three primitive societies. New York: Morrow.

Moi, T. 2008. Simone de Beauvoir : the making of an intellectual woman ISBN: 0631146733; 063119181X (pbk). Oxford: Oxford University press. Especially part two.

Moi, T. 2000. What is a woman and other essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Okely, J. 1986. Simone de Beauvoir : a re-reading ISBN: 0860683249. London: Virago. Especially chapters three and four.

Paechter, C. 2007. Being boys, being girls : learning masculinities and femininities ISBN: 0335219748 (pbk.) : No price; 9780335219759 (cased) : No price; 0335219756 (cased) : No price; 9780335219742 (pbk.) : No price. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Riley, D. 1988. "Am I that name?" : feminism and the category of "women" in history ISBN: 0816617309; 0816617317 (pbk) : 12.95: feminism and the category of ‘women’ in history. Basingstoke and London: McMillan Press.

Risman, B. J. and Davis, G. 2013. From sex roles to gender structure. Current Sociological Review. 61(5-6), pp.733-655. Available at:

Sandy, P. R. and Goodenough, R. G. 1990. Beyond the second sex : new directions in the anthropology of gender ISBN: 0812282574; 0812213033 (pbk.). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Simons, M. A., Benjamin, J. and de Beauvoir, S. 1979. Simone de Beauvoir: an interview. Feminist Studies. ISSN: 0046-3663. 5(2), pp.330-345.

Simons, M. A. 1999. Beauvoir and the second sex : feminism, race, and the origins of existentialism ISBN: 0847692566 (cloth : alk. paper); 9780847692569 (cloth : alk. paper); 0742512460 (paper : alk. paper); 9780742512467 (paper : alk. paper). Lanham, Boulder, New York and Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers Inc.

Stein, E. ed. 1992. Forms of desire: sexual orientation and the social constructionist controversy. Routledge: New York.

Stone, A. 2007. On the genealogy of women: a defence of anti-essentialism. In: Gillis, S., Howie, G. and Munford, R. eds. Third wave feminism : a critical exploration ISBN: 9780230521742; 0230521746 (pbk.). London: Palgrave, pp.16-29.

Stryker, S. 2007. Transgender feminism: queering the woman question. In: Gillis, S., Howie, G. and Munford, R. eds. Third wave feminism : a critical exploration ISBN: 9780230521742; 0230521746 (pbk.). London: Palgrave, pp.59-70.

Young, I. M. 1994. Gender as seriality: thinking about women as a social collective. Signs. 19(3), pp.713- 738.

West, C. and Zimmerman, D. H. 1987. Doing gender. Gender & society. 1(2), pp.125-151.

Special issues:

Special cluster ‘Simone de Beauvoir’ 1992. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740, 18(1) edited by M. G. Dietz.


BBC Radio 4. In our time: Simone de Beauvoir.

BBC Radio 4. Great lives: Simone de Beauvoir. Series 24, Episode 3 of 8.


Top of page

Topic 3: Intersectionality

Essential reading

Chun, Jennifer Jihye, Lipsitz, George, and Shin, Young. 2013. Intersectionality as a Social Movement Strategy: Asian Immigrant Women Advocates. Signs.. 38(4), pp.917-940.  

Crenshaw, K. 1991. Mapping the margins: intersectionality, identity politics and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review. . 43(6), pp.1241-1299.  

Hill Collins, P. 1993. Toward a new vision: race, class and gender as categories of analysis and connectionRace, Sex and Class. 1(1): 25-45. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 04/10/2017) 

Lorde, A. 1992. Age, race, class and sex: women redefining difference. In: Crowley, H. and Himmelweit, S. eds. Knowing women : feminism and knowledge . Cambridge: Polity Press.

Further reading

Afshar, H. and Maynard, M. eds. 1994. The dynamics of "race" and gender : some feminist interventions . London: Taylor and Francis.

Alexander-Floyd, N. G. 2012. Disappearing acts: reclaiming intersectionality in the social sciences in the post-black feminist era. Feminist formations . 24(1), pp.1-25.

Anthias, F. and Yuval-Davis. N. 1992. Racialized boundaries : race, nation, gender, colour and class and the anti-racist struggle . London: Routledge.

Anthias, F. 1998. Rethinking social divisions: some notes towards a theoretical framework. The sociological review. . 46(3), pp.506–535.

Anthias, F. 2012. Intersectional what? Social divisions, intersectionality and levels of analysis. Ethnicities . 13(1), pp.3-19.

Brah, A. 1996. Cartographies of diaspora : contesting identities . London: Routledge.

Brah, A. and Phoenix, A. 2004. Ain’t I a woman? Revisiting intersectionality. Journal of international women's studies [electronic resource]. . 5(3), pp.75-86.

Carby, H. 1982.White woman listen! Black feminism and the boundaries of sisterhood. In: The Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies ed. The empire strikes back : race and racism in 70s Britain . London: Hutchinson.

Cho, S., Crenshaw, K. and McCall, L. 2013. Toward a field of intersectionality studies: theory, application and praxis. Signs. . 38(4), pp.785-810.

Combahee River Collective. 1981. A black feminist statement. In: Nicholson, L. ed. The second wave : a reader in feminist theory . London: Routledge.

Crenshaw, K. 1989. Demarginalising the intersection of race and sex: a black feminist critique of anti-discrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum . 140, pp.139-167.

Davis, A. 1981. Women, race and class. New York: Vintage Books.

Davis, K. 2008. Intersectionality as buzzword: a sociology of science perspective on what makes a feminist theory successful. Feminist theory. . 9(1), pp.67-85.

Erevelles, N and Minear, A (2010) "Unspeakable offenses: untangling race and disability in discourses of intersectionality" Journal of Literary and Cultural Disability Studies 4(2): 127-146

Hancock, A. 2007. When multiplication doesn’t equal quick addition: examining intersectionality as a research paradigm. Perspectives on politics. . 5(1), pp.63–79.

Hill Collins, P. 1990. Black feminist thought: knowledge, consciousness and the politics of empowerment. London: Harper Collins.

Hill Collins, P. 1998. It’s all in the family: intersections of gender, race, and nation. Hypatia. . 13(3), pp.62–68.

Hill Collins, P. and Bilge, S. 2016. Intersectionality . Cambridge: Polity Press.

Hirschmann, NJ (2012) "Disability as a new frontier for feminist intersectionality research" Politics and Gender 8(3): 396-405

hooks, b. 1982. Ain’t I a woman: black women and feminism. London: Pluto Press.

hooks, b. 2000. Feminist theory: from margin to center. 2nd ed. Cambridge: South End.

Hulko, W. 2009. The time- and context-contingent nature of intersectionality and interlocking oppressions. Affilia . 24(1), pp.44-55.

Hull, G. T., Scott, B. P. and Smith, B. eds. 1982. All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave : Black women's studies . New York: The Feminist Press.

Knapp, G-A. 2005. Race, class, gender: reclaiming baggage in fast travelling theories. The European journal of women's studies. . 12(3), pp.249–265.

Lorde, A. 2007. Sister outsider : essays and speeches . Berkeley: Crossing Press. Especially ‘The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House’.

Lugones, M. and Spelman, E. W. 1983. Have we got a theory for you! Feminist theory, cultural imperialism, and the demand for ‘the woman’s voice’. Women's studies international forum. . 6(6), pp.573-81.

Lutz, H., Vivar, M. and Supik, L. eds. 2011. Framing intersectionality : debates on a multi-faceted concept in gender studies . London and New York: Routledge.

McCall, L. 2005. The complexity of intersectionality. Signs. . 30(3), pp.1771-1800.

Moraga, C., Anzaldua, G., Cade, T.B. eds. 1981. This bridge called my back : writings by radical women of color . Berkeley: Third Woman Press.

Narayan, U. 1988. Working together across differences: some considerations on emotions and political practice. Hypatia. . 3(2), pp.31-47.

Roberts, D and Jesudason, S (2013) "Movement intersectionality: the case of race, gender, disability and genetic technoogies" Du Bois Review 10(2): 313-328

Staunæs, D. 2003. Where have all the subjects gone? Bringing together the concepts of intersectionality and subjectification. NORA : Nordic journal of feminist and gender research. . 11(2), pp.101-110.

Taylor, Y, Hines, S. and Sasey, M. 2010. Theorizing intersectionality and sexuality . Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Verloo, M. 2006. Multiple inequalities, intersectionality and the European Union. The European journal of women's studies. . 13(3), pp.211-228.

Yuval-Davis, N. 2006. Intersectionality and feminist politics. The European journal of women's studies. . 13(3), pp.193-209.

Special issues:

Phoenix, A. and Pattynama, P. eds. 2006. Special issue: Intersectionality. The European journal of women's studies. . 13(3).

Cho, S., Crenshaw, K. and McCall, L. eds. 2013. Special issue: Intersectionality: Theorizing Power, Empowering Theory. Signs. . 38(4).


Top of page

Topic 4: the sex-gender distinction

Essential reading

Haraway, D. 1991. Simians, cyborgs and women: the reinvention of nature. London: Free Association Books. ‘“Gender” for a Marxist dictionary: the sexual politics of a word’.    

Lacqueur, T. 1990. Making sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ‘Of Language and the Flesh’.    

Rubin, G. 1975. ‘The traffic in women: notes on the ‘political economy’ of sex’. In: Reiter, R. ed. Toward an anthropology of women ISBN: 0853453721 : $15.00. New York: Monthly Review Press. pp. 157-210.

Further reading

Braidotti, R. 2002. The uses and abuses of the sex/gender distinction. In Griffin, G. and Braidotti, R. eds. Thinking differently : a reader in European women's studies ISBN: 9781842770030 (pbk); 1842770039 (pbk); 1842770020 London: Zed Books. 

Butler, J. 1986. Sex and gender in Simone de Beauvoir’s Second Sex. Yale French studies. ISSN: 0044-0078. 72, pp.35-49.

Butler, J. 1990. Gender trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. London and New York: Routledge. Especially ‘Subjects of sex/gender/desire’.

Butler, J. 1993. Bodies that matter : on the discursive limits of "sex" ISBN: 0415903661 (pbk); 0415903653 (cl. : alk. paper). London and New York: Routledge. Especially ‘Bodies that matter.

Carrera, M. de Palma, R. and Lameriras, M. 2012. Sex/gender identity: moving beyond fixed and ‘natural’ categories. Sexualities. ISSN: 1363-4607. 15(8), pp.995-1016.

Delphy, C. 1993. Rethinking sex and gender. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395. 16(1), pp.1-9.

Derger, A. 1998. Hermaphrodites and the medical invention of sex ISBN: 0674001893; 0674089278 : No price. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2000. Sexing the body : gender politics and the construction of sexuality ISBN: 0465077145 (pbk); 0465077137; 9780786724338 (ebook). New York: Basic Books.

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2002. The five sexes: why male and female are not enough. In: Williams, C. L. and Stein, A. eds. Sexuality and gender ISBN: 0631222723 (pbk); 0631222715 (hardback). Oxford: Blackwell.

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2005. The bare bones of sex: part I – sex and gender. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740. 30(2), pp.1491-1527. 

Foucault, M. 1980. Introduction. In: Barbin, H. Herculine Barbin. Being the recently discovered memoirs of a nineteenth-century French hermaphrodite. New York: Pantheon Books.

Gatens, M. 1996. Imaginary bodies : ethics, power, and corporeality ISBN: 0415082102 (pbk); 0415082099. London and New York: Routledge. ‘A critique of the sex/gender distinction’.

Harrison, C. H. and Hood-Williams, J. 2002. Beyond sex and gender ISBN: 076195600X (pbk.) : £17.99; 0761955992. London: SAGE. Especially ‘The Texture of the World’.

Harrison, W. H. 2006. The shadow and the substance: the sex/gender debate. In: Davis, K., Evans, M. and Lorber, J. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies ISBN: 0761943900 (hardcover). London: Sage.

Hird, M. J. 2000. Gender’s nature: intersexuals, transsexuals and the ‘sex’/’gender’ binary. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 1(2), pp.347-364.

Hird, M. and Germon, J. 2000. The intersexual body and the medical regulation of gender. In: Backett-Milburn, K. and McKie, L. eds. Constructing gendered bodies ISBN: 0333774620 (pbk); 0333774612. New York: Palgrave.

Hird, M. 2002. Re(pro)ducing sexual difference. Parallax. ISSN: 1353-4645. 8(4), pp.94-107.

Keller, E. F. 1987. The gender/science system: Or, is sex to gender as nature is to science? Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367. 2(3), pp.37-49.

Kimball, M. 2007. Adding gender to the mix: a commentary on ‘toward a redefinition of sex and gender. Feminism & psychology. ISSN: 0959-3535 17(4), pp.453-458.

Lacqueur, T. 1990. Making sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Lacqueur, T. 2000. Amor veneris, vel dulcedo appeletur. In: Schiebinger, L. ed. Feminism and the body ISBN: 0198731914. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lane, R. 2009. Trans as bodily becoming: rethinking the biological as diversity, not dichotomy. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367. 24(3), pp.136-157.

Lugones, M. 2007. Heterosexualism and the colonial/modern gender system. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367. 22(1), pp.186-209.

Moi, T. 1999. What is a woman?: and other essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ‘What is a woman? sex, gender and the body in feminist theory’.

Moore, H. 1994. A passion for difference : essays in anthropology and gender ISBN: 074561308X (pbk); 0745613071. Cambridge: Polity Press. ‘The divisions within sex, gender and sexual difference’.

Moore, H. 1994. Divided we stand’: sex, gender and sexual difference. Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789. 47(1), pp. 78-95.

Nicholson, L. 1994. Interpreting gender. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740. 20(1), pp.79-105.

Oakley, A. 2005. The Ann Oakley reader : gender, women and social science ISBN: 1861346913 (pbk.); 1861346921 (hbk.). Bristol: Policy Press. Part 1 ‘Sex and gender’.

Riley, D. 1988. "Am I that name?" : feminism and the category of "women" in history ISBN: 0816617309; 0816617317 (pbk) : 12.95. Basingstoke and London: McMillan Press. ‘Does sex have a history?’.

Schienbinger, L. 2000. Skeletons in the closet: the first illustrations of the female skeleton in eighteenth-century anatomy. In: Schienberg, L. ed. Feminism and the body ISBN: 0198731914. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Stryker, S. 2007. Transgender feminism: queering the woman question. In: Gillis, S., Howie, G. and Munford, R. eds. Third wave feminism : a critical exploration ISBN: 9780230521742; 0230521746 (pbk.). 2nd ed. Palgrave McMillan.

van Ommen, C. and van Deventer, V. 2012 Goldberg’s brain and the sex/gender Distinction. Feminism & psychology. ISSN: 0959-3535. 22(2), pp.145-161.

Widerberg, K. 1998. Translating gender. NORA : Nordic journal of feminist and gender research. ISSN: 0803-8740 6(2), pp.133-138.


Top of page

Topic 5: Foucault, gender and power

Essential reading

Bartky, S. 1988. Feminism, Foucault and the modernisation of patriarchal power. In: Diamond, I. and Quinby, L. eds. Feminism & Foucault : reflections on resistance ISBN: 155553032X; 1555530338 (pbk). Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Bordo, S. 1989. The body and the reproduction of femininity. In: Jaggar, A. and Bordo, S. eds. Gender/body/knowledge : feminist reconstructions of being and knowing ISBN: 0813513790 (pbk ; cased) : £13.95; 0813513782. London and New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Foucault, M (1977) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison London: Penguin (Part 3, Chapter 1: Docile Bodies). Available in hard copy in the library, on online at: . If possible, you should also read, Part 3, Ch. 3: Panopticism.  

Further reading

Braidotti, R. 1991. Patterns of dissonance : a study of women in contemporary philosophy ISBN: 0745609120 (pbk ; hbk). New York: Routledge. ‘Foucault and the others’. 

Bordo, S. 1992. The body and the reproduction of femininity: a feminist appropriation of Foucault. In: Jaggar, A. and Bordo, S. eds. Gender/body/knowledge : feminist reconstructions of being and knowing ISBN: 0813513790 (pbk ; cased) : £13.95; 0813513782. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Bordo, S. 1993. Unbearable weight: feminism, Western culture, and the body. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Butler, J. 1992. Gender trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1997. The psychic life of power : theories in subjection ISBN: 0804728127 (pbk.) : £9.95; 0804728119. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ‘Subjection, resistance, resignification: between Freud and Foucault’.

Deveaux, M. 1994. Feminism and empowerment: a critical reading of Foucault. Feminist Studies. ISSN: 0046-3663. 20(2), pp.223-247.

Diamond, I. and Quinby, L. 1988. Feminism & Foucault : reflections on resistance ISBN: 155553032X; 1555530338 (pbk). Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Foucault, M. 1975. Discipline and punish: the birth of the prison. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Foucault, M. 1976. The history of sexuality vol. 1: an introduction. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Foucault, M. 1982. The subject and the power. In: Dreyfus, H. and Rabinow, P. eds. Beyond structuralism and hermeneutics. Brighton: Harvester.

Foucault, M. 1991. Governmentality. In: Burchell, G., Gordon, C. and Miller, P. eds. The Foucault effect: studies in governmentality. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Foucault, M. 2003. Abnormal : lectures at the Collège de France, 1974-1975 ISBN: 0312203349 (hbk.); 0312424051 (pbk.).
London: Verso.

Fraser, N. 1989. Unruly practices : power, discourse and gender in contemporary social theory ISBN: 0745603912 (pbk) : £7.95; 0745603904. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. ‘Foucault on modern power: empirical insights and normative confusions’.

Gordon, C. ed. 1980. Power-knowledge: selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977. Brighton: Harvester Press. Especially ‘Truth and power’.

Grosz, E. 2003. Histories of the present and the future: feminism, power, bodies. In: Cohen, J. J. and Weiss, G. eds. Thinking the limits of the body. Albany: SUNY Press. - Available online:

Hartsock, N. 1990. Foucault and power: a theory for women? In: Nicholson, L. ed. Feminism/Postmodernism. New York and London: Routledge.

Hekman, S. ed. 1996. Feminist interpretations of Michel Foucault ISBN: 0271015853 (pbk. : alk. paper ; cloth : alk. paper); 0271015845. Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press.

Heyes, C. J. 2007. Self-transformations : Foucault, ethics, and normalized bodies ISBN: 9780195310542 (pbk.); 9780195310535 (hbk.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Especially ‘Foucault goes to weight watchers’.

King, A. 2004. The prisoner of gender: Foucault and the disciplining of the female body. Journal of international women's studies [electronic resource]. ISSN: 1539-8706. 5(2), pp.29-39.

Markula, P. 2003. The technologies of the self: sport, feminism and Foucault. Sociology of Sport Journal. 20(2), pp. 87-107. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

McLaren, M. 1997. Foucault and the subject of feminism. Social Theory and Practice. 23(1), pp.109-128. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

McLaren, M. 2002 Feminism, Foucault, and embodied subjectivity ISBN: 0791455149 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0791455130 (alk. paper). New York: State University of New York Press.

McNay, L. 1992. Foucault and feminism : power, gender and the self ISBN: 0745609392 (pbk); 0745609384 Cambridge: Polity.

Nola, R 1998. Knowledge, discourse, power and genealogy in Foucault. In: Nola, R. ed. Foucault ISBN: 9780714644691 (pbk); 0714649155 (cased) : No price; 0714644692 (pbk.) : No price. Ilford: Frank Cass.

Paechter, C. 2003. Power/knowledge, gender and curriculum change. Journal of educational change. ISSN: 1389-2843; 1573-1812. 4(2), pp.129-148.

Plummer, K. 1995. Telling sexual stories : power, change, and social worlds ISBN: 0415102960 (pbk); 0415102952 (hbk). London: Routledge. 

Probyn, E. 1997. Michel Foucault and the uses of sexuality. In: Medhurst, A. and Munt, S. R. eds. Lesbian and gay studies : a critical introduction ISBN: 0304338826 (pbk) : No price; 0304338818. London: Cassell. 

Ramazanoglu, C. ed. 1993. Up against Foucault : explorations of some tensions between Foucault and feminism ISBN: 0415050111; 0415050103. London and New York: Routledge.

Sawicki, J. 1991. Disciplining Foucault : feminism, power, and the body ISBN: 0415901871 (cased); 041590188X (pbk) : No price. New York: Routledge. Especially ‘Disciplining mothers: feminism and the new reproductive technologies’.

Sawicki, J. 2005. Queering Foucault and the subject of feminism. In: Gutting, G. ed. The Cambridge companion to Foucault. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stoler, A. L. 1995. Race and the education of desire : Foucault's History of sexuality and the colonial order of things ISBN: 0822316900 (pa : alk. paper); 0822316781. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Taylor, D. and Vintges, K. eds. Feminism and the final Foucault ISBN: 0252071824 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0252029275 (alk. paper). Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.


BBC Radio 4. Thinking allowed: Michel Foucault.


Top of page

Topic 6: Psychoanalysis

Essential reading

Chodorow, N (1997) ‘The Psychodynamics of the Family’ in Linda Nicholson (ed.) The second wave : a reader in feminist theory ISBN: 0415917611 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0415917603 , London: Routledge.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Irigaray, L (1985) This Sex Which Is Not One (trans. Catherine Porter with Carolyn Burke), Ithica, NY: Cornell University Press (see extract from Ch. 2 in Linda Nicholson (ed.) (1997) The second wave : a reader in feminist theory ISBN: 0415917611 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0415917603 , London: Routledge).The full version of the chapter (Chapter 2) is available at:

Freud, S (1995 [1905]) ‘Dora: An analysis of a Case of Hysteria’ in Peter Gay (ed.) The Freud reader ISBN: 0099577119 (pbk) , London Vintage, 172-239.    Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Further reading

Braidotti, R. 1994. Radical philosophies of sexual difference: Luce Irigaray. In: The Polity reader in gender studies. ISBN: 0745612105 (pbk); 0745612091. Cambridge: Polity.

Brennan, T. 1992. The interpretation of the flesh : Freud and femininity ISBN: 0415074487; 0415074495. London: Routledge. Especially ‘The riddle of femininity’.

Butler, J. 1990. Gender trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1997. The psychic life of power : theories in subjection ISBN: 0804728127 (pbk.) : £9.95; 0804728119 Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Chodorow, N. 1989. Feminism and psychoanalytic theory ISBN: 0300044178 (pbk); 0300051166 (pbk). London: Yale.

Chodorow, N. 1997. The psychodynamics of the family. In: Nicholson, L. ed. The second wave : a reader in feminist theory ISBN: 0415917611 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0415917603. London: Routledge

Cixous, H. 1979. The laugh of the medusa. In: Marks, E. and de Courtivron, I. eds. New French feminisms : an anthology ISBN: 0710803540 (pbk). Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

De Lauretis, T. 1994. The practice of love : lesbian sexuality and perverse desire ISBN: 0253208785 (pbk. : alk. paper ; cloth : alk. paper); 0253316812. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Frosh, S. 1997. Psychoanlytic agendas: gender, homosexuality and racism.For and against psychoanalysis ISBN: 1583917799 (pbk); 1583917780. London: Routledge.

Freud, S. 1931. The Standard Edition of the The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud : early psycho-analytic publications. Vol. 21, 1927-1931, The future of an illusion, Civilization and its discontents and other works ISBN: 0099426765 (pbk.). London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-analysis. ‘Female Sexuality’.

Grosz, E. 1991. Jacques Lacan : a feminist introduction ISBN: 0203133536 (electronic book); 041501400X. London: Routledge.

Irigaray, L. 1985. Speculum of the other woman ISBN: 0801416639; 0801493307 (pbk). New York: Cornell University Press.

Irigary, L. 1973. This sex which is not one ISBN: 0801493315 (pbk); 0801415462. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Kristeva, J. 1982. Powers of horror : an essay on abjection ISBN: 0231053479 (pbk ; pbk.); 0231053460. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lacan, J. 1991. The four fundamental concepts of psycho-analysis. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Minsky, R. ed. 1996. Psychoanalysis and gender : an introductory reader ISBN: 0415092213 (pbk); 0415092205 London: Routledge.

Mitchell, J. C. W. 2000. Psychoanalysis and feminism ISBN: 0140217703. London: Allen Lane.

Rose, J. 1989. Sexuality in the field of vision ISBN: 0860911489 (hbk); 0860918610 (pbk). London: Verso. ‘Femininity and its discontents’.

Whitford, M. 1991. Luce Irigaray : philosophy in the feminine ISBN: 0415059690 (pbk) : £9.99; 0415059682 (cased). London: Routledge.

Whitford, M. ed. 1992. The Irigaray reader ISBN: 0631170421; 063117043X (pbk). Oxford: Blackwell.

Wittig, M. 1992. The straight mind and other essays ISBN: 0745012779; 0745012787 (pbk). New York: Beacon.


Top of page

Topic 7: Judith Butler

Essential reading

Butler, J. 1990. Gender trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge. Please read: Section 1.1 “Women” as the subject of feminism (pp.2-8); Section 1.2 “The compulsory order of sex/gender/desire (pp.8-17); Section 2.5 “Reformulating prohibition as power” (in particular pp. 97-105 which is a reading of Gayle Rubin); Section 3.4 “Bodily inscriptions, performative inspections” (in particular pp.183-193 “from interiority to gender performances"). (Pages refer to the Routledge Classics (2006) edition.)    

Butler, J. 1993. Bodies that matter : on the discursive limits of "sex" ISBN: 0415903661 (pbk); 0415903653 (cl. : alk. paper). New York: Routledge. Please read: Introduction (in particular pp. xi-xx, up to but not including the section "performativity as citationality"); Section 1 "bodies that matter" (pp.3-6, up to but not including the section "matters of femininity".) (Pages refer to the Routledge Classics (2011) edition.)    

Barad, K. 1998. Getting real: Technoscientific practices and the materialization of reality. Differences. ISSN: 1040-7391: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies. 10(2), pp.87–128. Please read: With a particular focus upon Barad’s reading/critique of Butler.  

Further reading

Barad, K. 2007. Meeting the universe halfway : quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning ISBN: 082233917X (pbk. : acid-free paper); 9780822339014 (acid-free paper); 0822339013 (acid-free paper); 9780822339175 (pbk. : acid-free paper). Durham and London: Duke University Press ‘Getting real: technoscientific practices and the materialization of reality’.

Benhabib, S. 1995. Feminism and postmodernism: an uneasy alliance. In: Benhabib, S., Butler, J. Cornell, D. and Fraser, N. eds. Feminist contentions : a philosophical exchange ISBN: 0415910862 (pbk). New York and London: Routledge.

Brickell, C. 2003. Performativity or performance? Clarifications in the sociology of gender. New Zealand Sociology. 18(1), pp.158-178. - Available online:

Bordo, S. 1992. Postmodern subjects, postmodern bodies. Feminist Studies. ISSN: 0046-3663. 18(1), pp.159-175.

Butler, J. 1988. Performative acts and gender constitution: an essay in phenomenology and feminist theory. Theatre journal. ISSN: 0192-2882. 40(4), pp.519-531.

Butler, J. 1993. Bodies that matter : on the discursive limits of "sex" ISBN: 0415903661 (pbk); 0415903653 (cl. : alk. paper). New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1994 Gender as performance : an interview with Judith Butler. Radical philosophy. 67(Summer). 

Butler, J. 1995. Contingent foundations: feminism and the question of ‘postmodernism’. In: Benhabib, S., Butler, J. Cornell, D. and Fraser, N. eds. Feminist contentions : a philosophical exchange ISBN: 0415910862 (pbk). New York and London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1997. Excitable speech : a politics of the performative ISBN: 0415915880 (pbk ; cased); 9781135239800 (ebook); 0415915872. New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. 2002. Performative subversions. In: Jackson, S. and Scott, S. eds. Gender : a sociological reader ISBN: 0415201802 (pbk.) : £16.99; 0415201799. London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 2004. Undoing gender ISBN: 0415969239 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0415969220 (alk. paper). New York: Routledge.

Cheah, P. 1996. Mattering. Diacritics. 26(1), pp.108-39.

Duggan, L. 1998. The theory wars, or, who’s afraid of Judith Butler? Journal of women's history. ISSN: 1042-7961. 10(1), pp.9-19.

Fraser, N. 1995. False antithesis: a response to Seyla Benhabib and Judith Butler. In: Benhabib, S., Butler, J. Cornell, D. and Fraser, N. eds. Feminist contentions : a philosophical exchange ISBN: 0415910862 (pbk) New York and London: Routledge.

Fraser, N. 1997. Heterosexism, misrecognition and capitalism: a response to Judith Butler. Social text. ISSN: 0164-2472. 52/3, pp. 279-289.

Hood-Williams, J. and Cealey Harrison, W. 1998. Trouble with gender. The sociological review. ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X 46(1), pp.73-94 .

Jagger, G. 2008. Judith Butler : sexual politics, social change and the power of the performative ISBN: 0415219752 (pbk.) : £16.99; 0415219744. London and New York: Routledge. ‘Gender as performance and performative’.

Kirby, V. 2006. Judith Butler [electronic resource] : live theory ISBN: 1441162798; 9781441162793. London and New York: Continuum.

Lloyd, M. 1999. Performativity, parody, politics. Theory, culture & society. ISSN: 0263-2764. 16(2), pp. 195-213.

McNay, L. 1999. Subject, psyche and agency: the work of Judith Butler. Theory, culture & society. ISSN: 0263-2764. 16(2), pp.175-193.

Mills, C. 2003. Contesting the political: Butler and Foucault on power and resistance. The journal of political philosophy. ISSN: 0963-8016. 11(3), pp.253-272.

Namaste, V. 2009. Undoing theory: the ‘transgender question’ and the epistemic violence of Anglo-American feminist theory. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367. 24(3), pp.11-32.

Nelson, L. 1999. Bodies (and spaces) do matter: the limits of performativity. Gender, place and culture : a journal of feminist geography. ISSN: 0966-369x 6(4), pp.331-353.

Nussbaum, M. 1999. The Professor of Parody: The hip, defeatist feminism of Judith Butler. New republic. ISSN: 0028-6583. 220(8). Available at:

Prosser, J. 1998. Second skins : the body narratives of transsexuality ISBN: 0231109350 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0231109342 New York: Columbia University Press. ‘Judith Butler: queer feminism, transgender, and the transubstantiation of sex’.

Salih, S. 2002. Judith Butler. London and New York: Routledge.

Schep, D. 2012. The limits of performativity: a critique of hegemony in gender theory. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367. 27(4), pp.864-880.

Serano, J. 2013. Excluded : making feminist and queer movements more inclusive ISBN: 9781580055048; 1580055044. Berkley: Seal Press. ‘Performance piece’.

Stryker, S. 1994. My words to Victor Frankenstein above the village of Chamounix: performing transgender rage. GLQ. 1(3), pp.237-25.

Webster, F. 2000. The politics of sex and gender: Benhabib and Butler debate subjectivity. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367. 15(1), pp.1-22.

West, C. and Zimmerman, D. 1987. Doing gender. Gender & society. ISSN: 0891-2432. 1(2), pp.125-151.


Top of page

Topic 8: Production - Reproduction

Essential reading

Delphy, C. 1984. Close to home: a materialist analysis of women’s oppression. London: Hutchinson. ‘The Main Enemy’.     

Hartmann, H. 1981. The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism. In: Sargent, L. ed. Women and revolution: a discussion of the unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism. Montreal: Black Rose Books.  Available at:

Federici, S. 1975. Wages against housework. Power of Women Collective and Falling Wall Press.  


Further reading

Barrett, M. 1992. Words and things: materialism and method in contemporary feminist analysis. In: Barrett, M. and Phillips, A. eds. Destabilizing theory: contemporary feminist debates. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Barrett, M. 2014. Women’s oppression today: the Marxist/feminist encounter. 3rd edition. London and New York: Verso.

Barrett, M. and McIntosh, M. 1979. Christine Delphy: towards a materialist feminism? Feminist Review 1(1), pp.95–106.

Barrett, M. and McIntosh, M. 2015. The anti-social family. London and New York: Verso.

Bhattacharya, T. (2019) Social Reproduction Theory. London: Verso books.

Binnie, J. 2014. Neoliberalism, class, gender and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer politics in Poland. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society. 27(2), pp.241-257.

Butler, J. 1997. Merely cultural. Social Text. 52/53, pp.265–278.

Cain, M., Kahnam, S. R. and Nahar, S. 1979. Class, patriarchy, and women’s work in Bangladesh. Population and Development Review. 5(3), pp.405-438.

Cockburn, C. 1990. The material of male power. In: Lovell T. ed British feminist thought. Oxford: Blackwell.

Daly, M. 1979. Gyn/ecology: the metaethics of radical feminism. Boston: Beacon Press.

Delphy, C. 1984. Close to home: a materialist analysis of women’s oppression. London: Hutchinson. Especially ‘The Main Enemy’ and ‘A Materialist Feminism is Possible’.

Delphy, C. and Leonard, D. 1992. Familiar exploitation: new analysis of marriage in contemporary Western societies. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Eisenstein, Z. R. ed. 1979. Capitalist patriarchy and the case for socialist feminism. New York: Monthly Review Press. Especially essays by Hartmann and Eisenstein.

Engels, F. 1978 [1884]. The origin of the family, private property, and the state. In: Tucker, R.C. ed. The Marx-Engels reader. New York and London: W. W. Norton and Company.

Firestone, S. 1974. The dialectic of sex: the case for feminist revolution. New York: Morrow.

Fraser, N. 1997. Heterosexism, misrecognition and capitalism: a response to Judith Butler. Social Text. 52/53, pp.279–289.

Gill, R. and Scharff, C. 2011. New femininities: postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hartsock, N. 1983. Money, sex, and power: toward a feminist historical materialism. New York: Longman.

Hartsock, N. 1987. The feminist standpoint: developing the ground for a specifically feminist historical materialism. In: Harding, S. ed. Feminism and methodology. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Hennessy, R. 1993. Materialist feminism and the politics of discourse. New York and London: Routledge.

Hennessy, R. and Ingraham, C. eds. 1997. Materialist feminism: a reader in class, difference, and women’s lives. New York and London: Routledge.

Howie, G. 2010. Between feminism and materialism: a question of method. New York: Palgrave. ‘Production’.

Ingraham, C. 1994. The heterosexual imaginary: feminist sociology and theories of gender. Sociological Theory. 12(2), pp.203-219.

Jackson, S. 1992. Towards a historical sociology of housework: a materialist feminist analysis. Women’s Studies International Forum. 15(2), pp.153-172.

Jackson, S. 1996. Christine Delphy. London: Sage.

Jackson, S. 2001. Why a materialist feminism is (still) possible – and necessary. Women’s Studies International Forum. 42(3/4), pp.283-293.

Jackson, S. and Scott, S. 2002. Gender: a sociological reader. London: Routledge.

Kuhn, A. and Wolpe A. eds. 1978. Feminism and materialism: women and modes of production. London and New York: Routledge.

Landry, D., and MacLean, G. 1993. Materialist feminisms. Oxford: Blackwell.

McRobbie, A.  (2020) Feminism and the Politics of Resilience: Essays on Gender, Media and the End of Welfare. Polity.

O’Brien, M. 1981. The politics of reproduction. London: Routledge.

Penny, L. 2011. Meat market: female flesh under capitalism. Winchester: Zero Books.

Pollert, A. 1996. Gender and class revisited; or, the poverty of ‘patriarchy’. Sociology. 30(4), pp.639-660.

Rahman, M. and Witz, A. 2003. What really matters? The elusive quality of the material in feminist thought. Feminist Theory. 4(3), pp.243-261.

Rowbotham, S. 1972. Women, resistance and revolution. London: Allen Lane.

Rowbotham, S. 1973. Hidden from history: 300 years of women's oppression and the fight against it. London: Pluto Press Ltd.

Rowbotham, S., Segal, L. and Wainwright, H. 2013. Beyond the fragments: feminism and the making of socialism. Pontypool: The Merlin Press Ltd.

Sargent, L. ed. 1981. Women and revolution: a discussion of the unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism. Montreal: Black Rose Book.

van Hooff, J.H. 2011. Rationalising inequality: heterosexual couples' explanations and justifications for the division of housework along traditionally gendered lines. Journal of Gender Studies. 20(1), pp.19-30.

Vogel, L. 1995. Woman questions: essays for a materialist feminism. London: Routledge.

Wittig, M. 1993. One is not born a woman. In: Abelove, H., Barale, M. A. and Halperin, D. M. eds. The lesbian and gay studies reader. London and New York: Routledge.


Top of page

Topic 9: The Postcolonial

Essential reading 

McClintock, A. 1995. Imperial leather. London: Routledge. ‘Introduction: postcolonialism and the angel of progress’  

Stoler, A. L. 2002. Carnal knowledge and imperial power: race and the intimate in colonial rule. Berkley: University of California Press. ‘Carnal knowledge and imperial power: gender and morality in the making of race’.  

Mohanty, C. T. 1988. Under Western eyes: feminist scholarship and colonial discourses. Feminist Review. 30, pp.61-88.

  Optional further reading: - Mohanty C. T. 2003. ‘Under Western eyes’ revisited: feminist solidarity through anticapitalist struggles. Signs. 28(2), pp.499-535.

Further reading

Ang, I. 1995. ‘I'm a Feminist but....: "Other" women and postnational feminism. In Caine, B. and Pringle, R. eds. Transitions: new Australian feminisms. London: Allen & Unwin.

Ahmed, S. 2000. Strange encounters: embodied Others in post-coloniality. London and New York: Routledge.

Amos, V. and Parmar, P. 1984 Challenging imperial feminism. Feminist Review. 80, pp. 44-63.

Anzaldúa, G. 1999. Borderlands/La frontera. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

Appiah, K. A. 1991. Is the post- in postmodernism the post- in postcolonial? Critical Inquiry. 17(2), pp.336-357.

Bhattacharya, T. (2019) Social Reproduction Theory. London: Verso books.

Bulbeck, C. 1998. Re-orienting Western feminisms: women’s diversity in a postcolonial world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chaudhuri, N. and Strobel, M. eds. 1992. Western women and imperialism: complicity and resistance. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Chow, R. 1994. Where have all the natives gone? In Bammer, A. ed. Displacements: cultural identities in question. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Davis, A. 1983. Women, race and class. New York: Random House: Vintage Books.

Hall, S. 1996. When was the ‘post-colonial’? Thinking at the limit. In: Chambers, I. and Curti, L. eds. The post-colonial question: common skies, divided horizons. London: Routledge.

Klor de Alva, J. J. 1995. The postcolonization of the (Latin) American experience: a reconsideration of ‘colonialism,’ ‘postcolonialism,’ and ‘Mestizaje’. In: Prakash, G. ed. After colonialism: imperial histories and postcolonial displacements. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Lewis, R. and Mills, S. eds. 2003. Feminist postcolonial theory: a reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Lugones, M. 2010. Towards a decolonial feminism. Hypatia. 25(4), pp.724-759.

Mahmood, S. 2001. Feminist theory, embodiment, and the docile agent: some reflections on the Egyptian Islamic revival. Cultural Anthropology. 16(2), pp.202-236.

Mani, L. 1989. Contentious traditions: the debate on Sati in colonial India. In: Sangari, K. and Vaid, S. eds. Recasting women: essays in colonial history. New Delhi: Kali for Women.

Mishra, V. and Hodge, B. 1991. What is post(-)colonialism? Textual Practice. 5(3), pp.933-414.

Midgley, C. ed. 1998. Gender and imperialism. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Mugabane, Z 2001. Which bodies matter? Feminism, poststructuralism, race and the curious theoretical odyssey of the ‘Hottentot Venus’. Gender & Society. 15(6), pp.816-834.

Mugabane, Z. 2003. Bringing the empire home. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

McClintock, A. 1994. The angel of progress: pitfalls of the term ‘post- colonialism. In: Williams, P. and Chrisman, L. eds. Colonial discourse and post-colonial theory. New York: Columbia University Press.

McClintock, A. 1995. Imperial leather: race, gender and sexuality in the colonial contest. New York: Routledge.

McClintock, A., Mufti, A. Shohat, E. eds. 1997. Dangerous liaisons: gender, nation, and postcolonial perspectives. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.

Mohanty, C. T. 1988. Under Western eyes: feminist scholarship and colonial discourses. Feminist Review. 30, pp.61-88.

Mohanty C. T. 2003. ‘Under Western eyes’ revisited: feminist solidarity through anticapitalist struggles. Signs. 28(2), pp.499-535.

Mohanty, C. T. 2003. Feminism without borders: decolonizing theory, practising solidarity. Durham: Duke University Press.

Narayan, U. and Harding, S. eds. 2000. Decentering the center: philosophy for a multicultural, postcolonial, and feminist world. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Narayan, U. 2013. Dislocating cultures: identities, traditions, and Third World feminism. New York: Routledge.

Sharpe, J. 1993. Allegories of empire: the figure of woman in the colonial text. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.

Sinha, M. 1995. Colonial masculinity: the ‘manly Englishman’ and the ‘effeminate Bengali’ in the late nineteenth century. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press. ‘Introduction’.

Spivak, G.C. 1988. Can the subaltern speak? In: Nelson, C. and Grossberg, L. eds. Marxism and the interpretation of culture. Basingstoke: Macmillan Education.

Spivak, G. and Harasym, S. 1990. The post-colonial critic: interviews, strategies, dialogues. London: Routledge.

Spivak, G. 1999. A critique of postcolonial reason: toward a history of the vanishing present. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press.

Stoler, A. 1989. Making empire respectable: the politics of race and sexual morality in 20th century colonial cultures. American Ethnologist. 16(4), pp.634-660.

Stoler, A. L. 2002. Carnal knowledge and imperial power: race and the intimate in colonial rule. Berkley: University of California Pres.

Trinh, T. M. 1989. Woman, native, other: writing postcoloniality and feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Rajan, R. S. 2003. Real and imagined women: gender, culture and postcolonialism. London and New York: Routledge.


Top of page

Topic 10: Masculinities

Essential reading

Connell, R. W. 2005. Masculinities. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Polity Press. Ch. 3 ‘The social    

organisation of masculinity’ pp. 67-86.  

Hearn, J. 2004. “From Hegemonic Masculinity to the Hegemony of Men.” Feminist Theory 5:49–72  

Nichols, K. (2019) Learning from Love Island? Diversification of the Hegemonic Man. Frontiers in Sociology. 4(72), pp.1-12. Available online:  

Essential watching

Grayson Perry: All Man. 2016. Crombie, N. and Cary, A. dir.: Channel 4. Available on Box of Broadcasts ( )

 *Please watch at least one episode of the three in this series.

Further reading

Aavik, K. 2015. 'The most important decisions are made in the sauna': the role of social capital in creating intersectional privilege in the career narratives of Estonian male managers. NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies. 10(1), pp.39-54.

Allen, K., Mendick, H. and Harvey, L. (2015), ‘“Justin Bieber sounds girlie”’: young people’s celebrity talk and contemporary masculinities’, Sociological Research Online, 20(3),12.

Amar, P. 2011. Middle East masculinity studies: discourses of ‘men in crisis’, industries of gender in revolution. Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 7(3), pp.36-70.

Anderson, K.L. and Umberson, D. 2001. Gendering violence: masculinity and power in men's accounts of domestic violence. Gender & Society. 15(3), pp.358-380.

Barnes, L.W. and Munsch, C.L. 2015. The paradoxical privilege of men and masculinity in institutional review boards. Feminist Studies. 41(3), pp.594-622.

Barrett, F. J. 1996. The organizational construction of hegemonic masculinity: the case of the U.S. navy. Gender, Work and Organization 3(3), pp.129-142.

Beasley, C. 2008. Rethinking hegemonic masculinity in a globalizing world. Men and Masculinities 11, pp.86-103.

Beasley, C. 2013. Mind the gap? Masculinity studies and contemporary gender/sexuality thinking. Australian Feminist Studies 28 (75) pp. 108-124.

Buchbinder, D. 2013. Studying men and masculinities. London and New York: Routledge.

Cameron, D. 1997. Performing gender identity: young men's talk and the construction of heterosexual masculinity. In: Jaworski, A. and Coupland, N. eds. The discourse reader. London: Routledge.

Calhoun, L.R. 2005. "Will the Real Slim Shady please stand up?": masking whiteness, encoding hegemonic masculinity in Eminem's Marshall Mathers LP. Howard Journal of Communications. 16(4), pp.267-294.

Carby, H.V. 1998. Race men. London: Harvard University Press.

Clifford-Napoleone, A. 2015. Queerness in heavy metal music: metal bent. Abingdon: Routledge.

Cohn, C. 1993. Wars, wimps and women: talking gender and thinking war. In: Cooke, M. ed. Gendering war talk.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp.227-246.

Connell, R.W. 1990. The state, gender, and sexual politics. Theory and Society. 19(Oct 90), pp.507-544.

Connell, R.W. 1995. Masculinities. Cambridge: Polity.

Connell, R. W. 1998. Masculinities and globalization. Men and Masculinities 1 (1).

Connell, R.W. 1997. Hegemonic masculinity and emphasized femininity. In: Richardson, L., et al. eds. Feminist frontiers IV.  New York: McGraw-Hill, pp.22-25.

Connell, R.W. 2003. Masculinities, change, and conflict in global society: thinking about the future of men’s studies. Journal of Men's Studies. 11(3), pp.249-266.

Connell, R.W. and Messerschmidt, J. 2005. Hegemonic masculinity: rethinking the concept.

Gender and Society 19(6), pp. 829-859.

Cooper, B. 2002. Boys don't cry and female masculinity: reclaiming a life and dismantling the politics of normative heterosexuality. Critical Studies in Media Communication 19(1), pp.44-63.

Coston, B.M. and Kimmel, M. 2012. Seeing privilege where it isn’t: marginalized masculinities and the intersectionality of privilege. Journal of Social Issues. 68(1), pp.97-111.

Currier, D.M. 2013. Strategic ambiguity: protecting emphasized femininity and hegemonic masculinity in the hookup culture. Gender & Society. 27(5), pp.704-727.

Davis, J.E. 2001. Transgressing the masculine: African American boys and the failure of schools. In: Martino, W. and Meyen, B. eds. What about the boys: issues of masculinity in schools. Buckingham: Open University Press, pp.140-153.

de Boise, S. 2014. Cheer up emo kid: rethinking the 'crisis of masculinity' in emo. Popular Music. 33(2), pp.225-242.

de Boise, S. 2015. Men, masculinity, music and emotions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Demetriou, D. Z. 2001. Connell’s concept of hegemonic masculinity: a critique. Theory and Society 30(3), pp.337-361.

Edwards, T. 2006. Cultures of masculinity. London: Routledge.

Fanon, F. 1967. Black skins, white masks. C. L. Markman (trans) New York: Grove Press. Especially Ch. 3 ‘The man of colour and the white woman’.

Flood, M. 2007. Men, sex, and homosociality: how bonds between men shape their sexual relations with women. Men and Masculinities 10(3), pp.339-359

Frosh, S., Phoenix, A. and Pattman, R. 2001. Young masculinities: understanding boys in contemporary society. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Gardiner, J.K. 2013. Masculinity studies and feminist theory: new directions. Columbia University Press.

Garlick, S. 2003. What is a man?: heterosexuality and the technology of masculinity. Men and Masculinities. 6(2), pp.156-172.

Halberstam, J. 1998 Female masculinity. Durham: Duke University Press.

Hearn J. 1999. A crisis in masculinity, or new agendas for men? In: Walby S. (ed) New agendas for women. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hearn, J. 2004. A multi-faceted power analysis of men’s violence to known women: from hegemonic masculinity to the hegemony of men. Feminist Theory 5(1), pp.49-72.

Hearn, J. and Kimmel, M.S. 2006. Changing studies on men and masculinities. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of gender and women’s studies.  London: Sage, pp.53-71.

Hearn, J. and Morgan, D.H.J. 2015. Men, masculinities & social theory. London: Routledge.

Hidaka, T. 2010. Salaryman Masculinity: the continuity of and change in the hegemonic masculinity in Japan Leiden: Koninklijke Brill

Higate, P. R. 2003. Military masculinities: identity and the state. London: Praeger.

Higate, P. R. and Henry, M. 2004. Engendering (in)security in peace support operations. Security Dialogue 35 (4) pp. 481-498

Houston, T.M. 2012. The homosocial construction of alternative masculinities: men in indie rock bands. The Journal of Men's Studies. 20(2), pp.158-175.

Jackson, P., Stevenson, N. and Brooks, K. 2001. Making sense of men's magazines. Malden, Mass: Polity Press.

Kehily, M.J. and Nayak, A. 1997. "Lads and laughter": humour and the production of heterosexual hierarchies. Gender and Education. 9(1), pp.69-88.

Kenway, J. and Fitzclarence, L. 1997. Masculinity, violence and schooling: challenging 'poisonous pedagogies'. Gender and Education. 9(1), pp.117-134.

Kimmel, M.S., Hearn, J. and Connell, R.W. 2004. Handbook of studies on men and masculinities. London: Sage.

Kimmel, M. S. Messner, M. (eds) 2007. Men’s Lives. 7th ed. London: Pearson.

Louie, K. 2002. Theorising Chinese masculinity: society and gender in China Cambridge: CUP

Louie, K. and Low, M. (eds) 2003. Asian masculinities: the meaning and practice of manhood in China and Japan London: RoutledgeCurzon

Mac an Ghaill, M. 1994. (In)visibility: sexuality, race and masculinity in the school context. In: Epstein, D. ed. Challenging lesbian and gay inequalities in education.  Buckingham: Open University Press, pp.152-176.

Mac An Ghaill, M. 1996. 'What about the boys?': schooling, class and crisis masculinity. Sociological Review. 44(3), pp.381-397.

Martin, P. Y. 1998. “Why Can’t a Man Be More Like a Woman? Reflections on Connell’s Masculinities.” Gender and Society 12:472–74

McCarry, M. 2007. Masculinity studies and male violence: Critique or collusion? Women's Studies International Forum. 30(5), pp.404-415.

Messerschmidt JW. The Salience of “Hegemonic Masculinity.” Men and Masculinities. 2019;22(1):85-91

Messerschmidt, J. W. 2012. Engendering gendered knowledge: assessing the academic appropriation of hegemonic masculinity. Men and Masculinities 15 (1).

Morgan, D. 1992. Discovering men. London: Routledge.

Nayak, A. 2006. Displaced masculinities: chavs, youth and class in the post-industrial city. Sociology. 40(5), pp.813-831.

Neal, M.A. 2013. Looking for Leroy: illegible black masculinities. New York: New York University Press.

Nguyen, A. 2008. Patriarchy, power, and female masculinity. Journal of Homosexuality 55(4).

Overell, R. 2016. Brutal masculinity in Osaka's extreme metal scene. In: Heesch, F. and Scott, N. eds. Heavy metal, gender and sexuality: interdisciplinary approaches.  London: Routledge, pp.245-257.

Pascoe, C. J. 2007. Dude, you’re a fag: masculinity and sexuality in high school. Berkley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press. Especially Ch. 3 ‘Dude you’re a fag: adolescent male homophobia’ pp. 52-83.

Pringle, R. and Markula, P. 2005. No pain is sane after all: a Foucauldian analysis of masculinities and men’s experiences in rugby. Sociology of Sport Journal 22. pp. 472-497.  

Rachel, A. and Savran, D. 2002 The masculinity studies reader. Oxford: Blackwell.

Roberts, S.,  (ed) 2014, Debating Modern Masculinities: Change, continuity, crisis?  Hampshire UK: Palgrave Macmillan

Rogers, A. 2005. Chaos to control: men's magazines and the mastering of intimacy. Men and Masculinities. 8(2), pp.175-194.

Robinson, V. 2008. Everyday masculinities and extreme sport: male identity and rock climbing. Oxford: Berg.

Sasson-Levy, O. 2002. Constructing identities at the margins: masculinities and citizenship in the Israeli Army. Sociological Quarterly 43(3), pp.357-383.

Sasson-levy, O. 2003. Military, masculinity, and citizenship: tensions and contradictions in the experience of blue-collar soldiers. Identities 10, pp.319-345.

Sedgwick, E. K. 2016. Between men: English literature and male homosocial desire. 2nd ed. New York: Columbia University Press. ‘Introduction’ pp. 1-20.

Seidler, V.J. 2006. Transforming masculinities: men, cultures, bodies, power, sex, and love. London: Routledge.

Sinha, M. 1995. Colonial masculinity: the ‘manly Englishman’ and the ‘effeminate Bengali’ in the late nineteenth century. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press. ‘Introduction’ pp. 1-32.

Waling, A. 2014. Heroes, retros and metros: narratives of conflicting masculinities within contemporary Australian media. Outskirts. 30.

Wedgwood, N. 2009. Connell’s theory of masculinity – its origins and influences on the study of gender. Journal of Gender Studies 18(4), pp.329-339.

Whitehead, S. 2002. Men and masculinities. Cambridge: Polity.

Whitehead, A. 2005. Man to man violence: how masculinity may work as a dynamic risk factor. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 44(4), pp.411-422.



This list was last updated on 26/10/2021