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Theorising Gender 2 Reading List

Theorising Gender 2, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Jess Martin
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Topic 1: Activism (hierarchies and exclusions)

Essential reading:

Ishkanian, A. and Peña Saavedra, A. (2019) ‘The politics and practices of intersectional prefiguration in social movements: The case of Sisters Uncut’, The Sociological Review, 67(5), pp. 985–1001. doi:10.1177/0038026118822974 

 Alcoff, L. 1991. The problem of speaking for others. Cultural critique. ISSN: 0882-4371, 20, pp. 5-32  

 Emejulu, A & Bassel, L. (2015). Minority women, austerity and activism. Race and class. ISSN: 0306-3968, 57 (2), 86-95.  

Further reading:

Anzaldúa, G. 1999. Borderlands/La Frontera. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

Bassel, L. and Emejulu, A., 2017. Minority women and austerity : survival and resistance in France and Britain ISBN: 9781447327141 (pbk.) : £24.99 ISBN: 9781447327134 (hardcover); 1447327136 (hardcover). Policy Press. 

Borah, R. and Nandi, S. 2012. Reclaiming the feminist politics of ‘slutwalk’. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742 14 (3) pp. 415-421

Cohen, C. and Jackson, S. 2016. Ask a Feminist: a conversation with Cathy J. Cohen on Black Lives Matter, Feminism and contemporary activism. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 41 (4). pp. 775-790

Enke, A. 2007. Finding the movement : sexuality, contested space, and feminist activism ISBN: 9780822340836 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780822340621 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822340623 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822340836 (pbk. : alk. paper). Duke University press

Garlough, C. L. 2008. On the political uses of folklore: performance and grassroots feminist activism in India. Journal of American folklore. ISSN: 0021-8715 121 (480) pp. 167-191

Harris, A. (ed) 2008. Next wave cultures : feminism, subcultures, activism ISBN: 9780415957106 (pbk.) : £19.99; 0415957109 (pbk.) : £19.99; 9780415957090 (hbk.) : £70.00; 0415957095 (hbk.) : £70.00. London: Routledge

Hawkesworth, M. E. 2006. Globalization and feminist activism ISBN: 0742537838 (pbk.); 9780742537828 (hbk.); 074253782X (hbk.); 9780742537835 (pbk.). Rowman and Littlefield publishers

Hewitt, L. 2011. Framing across differences, building solidarities: lessons from women’s rights activism in transnational spaces. Interface. ISSN: 1742-5689; 1742-5662 3 (2) pp.65- 99.

Heywood, L. and Drake, J. 1997. Third wave agenda : being feminist, doing feminism ISBN: 0816630046 No price; 0816630054 (pbk.) : £14.95; 9780816630042; 9780816630059. Minneapolis and London: university of Minneapolis press.

Johnston, J. and Taylor, J. 2008. Feminist consumerism and fat activism: a comparative study of grassroots activism and the Dove real beauty campaign. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 33 (4) pp. 941-966

Napels, N. A. (ed) 1998. Community activism and feminist politics : organizing across race, class, and gender ISBN: 9780415916301 (pbk.); 9780415916295 (hbk.); 0415916291 (hbk.); 0415916305 (pbk.). New York and London: Routledge

Madhok, S. 2013. Action, agency, coercion: reformatting agency for oppressive contexts. In: S. Madhok, A. Phillips and K. Wilson (eds) The Palgrave Macmillan Gender, agency, and coercion ISBN: 9780230300323 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0230300324 (hbk.) : £55.00. Palgrave Macmillan

Molyneux, M. 1998. Analysing women’s movements. Development and change. ISSN: 0012-155x; 1467-7660, 29 (2) pp. 219-245

Phipps, A. 2016. Whose personal is more political? Experience in contemporary feminist politics. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 17 (3) pp.1-19.

Ryan, B. 1992. Feminism and the women's movement : dynamics of change in social movement, ideology and activism ISBN: 0415905990 (pbk); 0415905982. New York and London: Routledge

Skeggs, B. 1997. Formations of class and gender : becoming respectable ISBN: 0761955127 (pbk); 0761955119; 0585349797. London: Sage. Ch. ‘Ambivalent femininities’.

 Further reading on indigenous feminism:

 Bastian Duarte, A. I. 2012. From the margins of Latin American feminism: indigenous and lesbian feminisms. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 38 (1) pp. 153-178.

Castillo, A. H. 2010. The emergence of indigenous feminism in Latin America. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 35 (3)

Green, J. (ed.) 2007. Making space for indigenous feminism ISBN: 9781842779408 (Zed : pbk.); 9781552662205 (Fernwood); 9781842779293 (Zed : hbk.); 184277929X (Zed : hbk.); 1842779400 (Zed : pbk.). London and New York: Zed books

Guerrero, M. A. J. 2003. ‘Patriarchal colonialism’ and indigenism: implications for native feminist spirituality and native womanism. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367 18 (2) pp. 58-69

Hall, L. K. 2008. Strategies of erasure: U.S. colonialism and native Hawaiian Feminism. American Quarterly. ISSN: 0003-0678 60 (2) pp. 273-280

Klein, H. 2015. Compañeras : Zapatista women's stories ISBN: 9781609805876; 1609805879. New York: Seven stories press

Marcos, S. 2005. The borders within: the indigenous women’s movement and feminism in Mexico. In: M. Wallert and S. Macros (eds) Dialogue and difference : feminisms challenge globalization ISBN: 1403967644 (pbk) : £15.99; 1403967636. Palgrave Macmillan 

Mihesuah, D. A. 2000. A few cautions at the millennium on the merging of feminist studies with American Indian women’s studies. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 25 (4) pp. 1245-1251

Mihesuah, D. A. 2003. Indigenous American women : decolonization, empowerment, activism ISBN: 9780803282865 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0803232276 (alk. paper); 9780803232273 (alk. paper); 0803282869 (pbk. : alk. paper). Lincoln: University of Nebraska press

TallBear, K. 2013. Native American DNA : tribal belonging and the false promise of genetic science ISBN: 9780816665860 (pbk.); 9780816665853 (hbk.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota press

TallBear, K. 2014. Standing with and speaking as faith: a feminist-indigenous approach to inquiry. Journal of Research Practice ISSN: 1712-851X 10 (2)

Schaffer, K. 2007. Unruly spaces: gender, women’s writing and indigenous feminism in China. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236 16 (1) pp. 17-30

Shahrzad, M. 2001. Theorizing the politics of ‘Islamic feminism’ Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789 69 (1) pp. 124-146

Suzack, C., Huhndorf, S. M. Perreault, J. and Barman, J. (eds) 2010. Indigenous women and feminism : politics, activism, culture. Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press. Especially part 2 ‘activism’ 

Sturgeon, N. 1997. Ecofeminist natures : race, gender, feminist theory, and political action ISBN: 0415912504 (pbk); 0415912490. London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 4 ‘the nature of race: indigenous women and white goddesses’


 The Wicazo Sa Review ISSN: 0749-6427 journal is dedicated to indigenous American studies and contains many relevant articles. Search the journal for the key word ‘feminism’

 Further reading on ecofeminism:

 Adams, C. J. 1991. Ecofeminism and the eating of animals. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367, 6 (1) pp. 125-145

Adams, C. J. 1995. Neither man nor beast : feminism and the defense of animals. New York: Continuum

Adams, C. J. and Donovan, J. (eds) Animals and women : feminist theoretical explorations ISBN: 0822316676 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0822316552. Durham and London: Duke University Press

Alaimo, S. 2008. Ecofeminism without nature? Questioning the relation between feminism and environmentalism. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742 10 (3) pp. 299-304

Cook, J. 1998. The philosophical colonization of ecofeminism. Environmental ethics, 20 (3) 227-246 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  - Available online:

Gaard, G. (ed) 1993. Ecofeminism : women, animals, nature ISBN: 9780877229896 (paperback); 0877229899 (paperback). Philadelphia: Temple university press

Gaard, G. 2011. Ecofeminism revisited: rejecting essentialism and re-placing species in a material feminist environmentalism. Feminist formations ISSN: 2151-7363, 23 (2) pp. 26-53

Gane, N. and Haraway, D. 2006. When we have never been human, what is to be done? Interview with Donna Haraway. Theory, culture & society. ISSN: 0263-2764 23 (7-8)

Donovan, J. and Adams, C. J. (eds) 2007. The feminist care tradition in animal ethics : a reader ISBN: 9780231140393 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780231140386 (hbk. : alk. paper); 023114038X (hbk. : alk. paper); 0231140398 (pbk. : alk. paper). New York: Columbia University Press

Haraway, D. 2003. The companion species manifesto : dogs, people, and significant otherness. Chicago: Prickly paradigm press

Lahar, S. 1991. Ecofeminist theory and grassroots politics. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367, 6 (1) pp. 28-45

Moore, N. 2008. Eco-feminism, non-violence and the future of feminism. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742 10 (3) pp. 282-298

Pandey, A. 2013. Globalization and ecofeminism in the South: Keeping the ‘third world’ alive. Journal of global ethics ISSN: 1744-9626 9 (3) pp. 345-358

Sturgeon, N. 1997. Ecofeminist natures : race, gender, feminist theory, and political action ISBN: 0415912504 (pbk); 0415912490. London and New York: Routledge. 

Warren, K. 1996. Ecological feminist philosophies: an overview of the issue. In: K. Warren (ed) Ecological feminist philosophies ISBN: 0253210291 (pa : alk. paper); 0253329663 (cl : alk. paper). Indiana University Press

Warren. K. (ed) 1997. Ecofeminism : women, culture, nature ISBN: 9780253210579 (pbk.); 9780253330314 (hbk.); 0253330319 (hbk.); 0253210577 (pbk.). Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University press

Weisberg, Z. 2009. The broken promise of monsters: Haraway, animals and the humanist legacy. Journal of critical animal studies 7 (2) pp. 22-62 - Available online:

 Websites - an example of the very kinds of intersectional BME-women led activism under discussion in this session. – a collection of relevant pieces.


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Topic 2: Feminism and the academy

Essential readings:

Ahmed, S. 2017Living a feminist life . Durham and London: Duke University Press. Introduction: Bringing feminist theory home.  

Hemmings, C. 2005. Telling feminist stories. Feminist theory. 6 (2) pp. 115-139  

 Skeggs, B. (2008). The dirty history of feminism and sociology: Or the war of conceptual attrition. The Sociological Review, 56(4), 670–690.  

Further readings:

Ahmed, S. 2000. Whose counting? Feminist theory. 1(1) pp. 97-103

Ballaster, R. 2012. Women’s studies, gender studies, feminist studies? Designing and delivering a course in gender at postgraduate level. In: A. Ferrebe (ed) Teaching gender . Palgrave McMillan

Bird, E. 2002. The academic arm of the women’s liberation movement: Women’s studies 1969-1999 in North America and the United kingdom. Women's studies international forum. 25(1) pp. 139-149 

Braithaite, A., Heald, S., Luhmann, S. and Rosenberg, S. 2004. Troubling women's studies : pasts, presents, and possibilities . Toronto: Sumach Press

Butler, J. 1994. Against proper objects. Differences 6 (2) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  - Available online:

Brown, W. 1997. The impossibility of women’s studies. Differences, 9 (3) pp. 79-101 - Available online:   

Brown, W. 2003. Gender in counterpoint. Feminist theory. 4(3) pp. 365-368

Davis, K. 2007. The making of Our bodies, ourselves : how feminism travels across borders . Durham and London: Duke University Press

Davis, K. and Evans, E. (eds) 2011. Transatlantic conversations : feminism as travelling theory . Ashgate

do Mar Pereira, M. 2012. Feminist theory is proper knowledge, but…’: the status of feminist scholarship in the academy. Feminist theory. . 13(3), pp.283-303.

Elam, D. and Wiegman, R. (eds) 1995. Feminism beside itself . New York and London: Routledge

Evans, M. 1990. The problem of gender for women’s studies. Women's studies international forum. 13(5) pp. 457-462 

Evans, M. 2011. Doing gender: gender and women’s studies in the twenty first century. Women's studies international forum. 34. pp. 63-610 

Felski, R. 1997. The doxa of difference. Signs. 23 (1) pp. 1021

Griffin, G. 2005. The institutionalization of women’s studies in Europe. In: Griffin G., ed. Doing women's studies : employment opportunities, personal impacts and social consequences . London: Zed Books.

Hemmings, C. 2006. The life and times of academic feminism. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies . London: Sage.

Hemmings, C. 2011. Why stories matter : the political grammar of feminist theory . Durham: Duke University Press.

Hull, A. (G. T.) and Smith, B. 1982. Introduction: the politics of Black women’s studies. In: (G. T.), Scott, B. P., Hull, B. Smith (eds) All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave : Black women's studies ,. New York: The Feminist Press

Messer-Davidow, E. 2002. Disciplining Feminism : From Social Activism to Academic Discourse . Durham and London: Duke University Press

Reay, D. 1998. Surviving in dangerous places: working-class women, women’s studies and higher education. Women's studies international forum. , 21 (1) pp. 11-19

Scott, J. 1986. Gender: a useful category for historical analysis. The American historical review. , 91(5), pp. 1053-1075 

Scott, J. (ed) 2008. Women's Studies on the Edge . Durham and London: Duke University Press

Simmons, F. N. 1992. Difference, power and knowledge: Black women in academia. In: H. Hinds, A. Phoenix and J. Stacey (eds) Working out : new directions for women's studies . London and Washington: The Falmer Press

Spivak, G. C. 1992. The politics of translation. In: M. Barrett and A. Phillips (eds) Destabilizing theory : contemporary feminist debates. Stanford: Stanford University Press

Stacey J. 1997. Feminist theory: capital F, capital T. In: V. Robinson and D. Richardson (eds) Introducing women’s studies. London: Palgrave

Stanley, L. and Wise, S. 2000. But the empress has no clothes! Some awkward questions about the ‘missing revolution’ in feminist theory. Feminist theory. 1(3)

Weston, K. 2002. Gender in real time : power and transcience in a visual age. New York: Routledge. Ch. 1 ‘What the cat dragged in: gender studies today—an elegy and an introduction’ pp. 1-24

Wiegman, R. 1999. Feminism, institutionalism, and the idiom of failure. Differences. 11(3) 107-13

Wiegman, R. 2000. Feminisms’ apocalyptic futures. New literary history. , 3. pp. 805-825

Wiegman, R. (ed) 2002. Women's Studies on Its Own : A Next Wave Reader in Institutional Change. Durham and London: Duke University Press

Wiegman, R. 2002. Academic feminism against itself. NWSA journal : a publication of the National Women's Studies Association. 14(2) pp. 18-37

Wiegman, R. 2012. Object lessons. Durham and London: Duke University Press

 Special issues:

 Special issue ‘Spaces of possibility: education, intersectionality and social change’ in Journal of Feminist Scholarships, fall 2014/spring 2015, 7/8, edited by L Wanggren and M. Milatovic - Available online:   


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Topic 3: Violence

Essential readings:

Boyle, K. 2016. Sexist coverage of Jimmy Savile story is hiding in plain sight – just like he did. The Conversation. [Online]. (For the full journal article drawing on Boyle’s research see below)  

Burkett, M. and Hamilton, K. 2012. Postfeminist sexual agency: young women’s negotiations of sexual consent. Sexualities. ISSN: 1363-4607. 15(7), pp.815-833.  

Javaid, A. 2016. Feminism, masculinity and male rape: bringing male rape 'out of the closet'. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236. 25(3), pp.283-293.  

Kelly, L. 1987. The continuum of sexual violence. In: Hanmer, J. and Maynard, M. (eds) Women, violence and social control. Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp.46-60.  

You may wish to also reflect on the work of Crenshaw considered in semester 1 (and listed again below)


Further reading

Allen, S. 2002 Male victims of rape: responses to a perceived threat to masculinity. In: C. Hoyle and R. Young (eds) New visions of crime victims ISBN: 1841132802. Oxford: Hart Publishing. Anderson, K.L. and Umberson, D. 2001. Gendering violence: masculinity and power in men’s accounts of domestic violence. Gender & society. 15(3), pp.358-380.

Barton, M. 2012. Wrestling with imperial patriarchy. Feminist theology. ISSN: 0966-7350. 21(1), pp.7-25.

Bourdieu, P. 1990[1980]. The logic of practice ISBN: 0745610153 (pbk); 0745605974. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Ch. 8 ‘Modes of domination’.

Boyle, K. 2005. Media and violence : gendering the debates ISBN: 1412903793 (pbk) : £18.99; 1412903785. London: Sage.

Boyle K. 2017. Hiding in Plain Sight: Gender, Sexism & Press Coverage of the Jimmy Savile Case. Journalism studies. ISSN: 1461-670x, online.

Boyle K. Forthcoming. What's in a name? Theorising the inter-relationships of gender and violence. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001, 20 (2). Available from   

Brison, S. 2000. Aftermath : violence and the remaking of a self. Princeton.

Brown, L., Brooks, O. 2011. 'Guys! stop doing it!': young women's adoption and rejection of safety advice when socializing in bars, pubs and clubs. British journal of criminology. ISSN: 0007-0955. 51(4), pp.635-651.

Brownmiller, S. 1993. Against our will: men, women and rape. New York: Fawcett Columbine.

Burman. M. and Jamieson, L. 1993. Sex crimes on trial : the use of sexual evidence in Scottish courts ISBN: 0748604081. Edinburgh University Press.

Buss, D. 2009. Rethinking ‘rape as a weapon of war’. Feminist legal studies. ISSN: 0966-3622; 1572-8455 17, pp. 145-163.

Cahill, A. J. 2001. Rethinking rape ISBN: 9780801487187 (pbk.); 0801437946 (cloth : acid-free paper); 9780801437946 (cloth : acid-free paper); 0801487188 (pbk.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 

Chan, K.L., Tiwari, A., Fong, D.Y., Leung, W.C., Brownridge, D.A. and Ho, P.C. 2009. Correlates of in-law conflict and intimate partner violence against Chinese pregnant women in Hong Kong. Journal of interpersonal violence. ISSN: 0886-2605. 24(1), pp.97-110.

Clark, L. and Lewis, D. 1977. Rape : the price of coercive sexuality. Toronto: Women's Press.

Crenshaw, K. 1991. Mapping the margins: intersectionality, identity politics and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review. ISSN: 0038-9765 43(6), pp.1241-1299.

Crenshaw, K. 1997. Beyond racism and misogyny: black feminism and 2 Live Crew. In: Meyers, D.T. ed. Feminist social thought : a reader ISBN: 0415915376 (pbk.); 0415915368 (hbk.). Abingdon: Routledge, pp.246-263.

Dobash, R. E. and Dobash, R. 1980 Violence against wives: the case against the patriarchy. London: Open Books.

Dobash, R. Emerson, and Russell, P. Dobash (eds) 1998. Rethinking violence against women ISBN: 0761911871 (pbk. : acid free paper ; cloth : acid free paper); 0761911863. Sage.

Edwards, A. 1996. Gender and sexuality in the social construction of rape and consensual sex: a study of process and outcome in six recent rape trials. In: J. Holland and L. Adkins (eds) Sex, sensibility and the gendered body ISBN: 0333650026 (pbk); 0333650018. London: Macmillan.

Einspahr, J. 2010. Structural domination and structural freedom: a feminist perspective. Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789. 94(1), pp.1-19.

Fernandez, M. 1997. Domestic violence by extended family members in India: Interplay of gender and generation. Journal of interpersonal violence. ISSN: 0886-2605. 12(3), pp.433-455.

Gear, S. 2007. Behind the bars of masculinity: male rape and homophobia in and about South African men's prisons. Sexualities. ISSN: 1363-4607. 10(2), pp.209-227.

Girshick, L. B. 2002. No sugar, no spice: reflections on research on woman-to-woman sexual violence. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012 8(12).

Graham, K., Bernards, S., Abbey, A., Dumas, T.M. and Wells, S. 2017. When women do not want it: young female bargoers’ experiences with and responses to sexual harassment in social drinking contexts. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012 23(12), pp.1419-1441.

Grewal, I. 2013. Outsourcing patriarchy. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742. 15(1), pp.1-19.

Griffin, S. 2015. Rape : The Politics of Consciousness ISBN: 9781504012171 (e-book). San Francisco: Harper and Row. Especially ‘Rape: the all-American Crime’.

Hanmer, J. 1978. Violence and the social control of women. In: G. Littlejohn (ed.) Power and the state ISBN: 0856646644; 0856646636. London: Croom Helm.

Hanmer, J. and Saunders, S. 1984. Well-founded fear : a community study of violence to women . London: Hutchinson.

Hanmer, J. and Maynard, M. eds. 1987. Women, violence and social control. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Harris, S.E. 2007. Military male rape and the development of male homophobia in Judaeo-Christian culture. Journal of bisexuality ISSN: 1529-9716. 6(4), pp.87-120.

Hearn, J. 1994. The organization(s) of violence: men, gender relations, organizations, and violences. Human relations. ISSN: 0018-7267. 47(6), pp.731-754.

Hearn, J. 2012. A multifaceted power analysis of men's violence to known women: from hegemonic masculinity to the hegemony of men. The sociological review. ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X. 60(4), pp.589-610.

Heidensohn, F. 2000. Sexual politics and social control ISBN: 0335206697; 0335206700 (hb) Open University Press.

Helliwell, C. 2000. ‘It’s only a penis’: rape, feminism and difference. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740, 25(3), pp.789-816.

Horvath. M. and Brown, J. (eds) 2009. Rape : challenging contemporary thinking ISBN: 9781843925200 (pbk.) : £25.00; 9781843925194 (hbk.) : £55.00; 1843925192 (hbk.) : £55.00; 1843925206 (pbk.) : £25.00. Willan Publishing.

Hunnicutt, G. 2009. Varieties of patriarchy and violence against women: resurrecting “patriarchy” as a theoretical tool. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012. 15(5), pp.553-573.

Jackson, Stevi. and S. Scott (eds) 1996. Feminism and sexuality : a reader ISBN: 074860622X; 070280832X. Columbia university press. Part 4.

Jackson, Sue. 2001. Happily never after: young women’s stories of abuse in heterosexual love relationships. Feminism & psychology. ISSN: 0959-3535. 11(3), pp.305-321.

Javaid, A. 2015. The dark side of men: the nature of masculinity and its uneasy relationship with male rape. Journal of Men's Studies ISSN: 1060-8265. 23(3), pp.271-292. - Available online:

Kavanaugh, P.R. 2013. The continuum of sexual violence: women's accounts of victimization in urban nightlife. Feminist Criminology. 8(1), pp.20-39.

Kelly, L. 1988. Surviving sexual violence ISBN: 0745604633 (pbk ; cased) : £8.95; 0745604625; 9780745677583 ebk. Cambridge: Polity.

Kelly L., Burton, S. and Regan, L. 1996. Beyond victim and survivor: sexual violence, identity and feminist theory and practice'. In: L. Adkins and V. Merchant (eds) Sexualizing the social : power and the organization of sexuality ISBN: 033365000X (pbk) : No price; 0333649990. London: Macmillan.

Kelly, L. 2015. Violence against women. In: Robinson, V. and Richardson, D. eds. Introducing gender and women’s studies. 4th ed. London: Palgrave, pp.114-131.

Kelly, L. and Rehman, Y. 2016. Moving in the shadows : violence in the lives of minority women and children ISBN: 9781138255982 (pbk.) : £34.99. Taylor & Francis.

Kirby, P. 2013. How is rape a weapon of war? Feminist international relations, modes of critical explanation and the study of wartime sexual violence. European journal of international relations. ISSN: 1354-0661 19 (4).

Lees, S. 1996. Ruling passions : sexual violence, reputation, and the law ISBN: 0335196136 (pbk) : No price; 0335196144. Philadelphia, Buckingham: Open University Press.

Lees, S. 1996. Carnal knowledge: rape on trial. London: Hamish Hamilton.

Leatherman, J. 2011. Sexual violence and armed conflict ISBN: 9780745641881 (pbk.); 9780745641874 (hbk.); 0745641873 (hbk.); 0745641881 (pbk.). Cambridge: Polity Press.

McCarry, M. 2007. Masculinity studies and male violence: Critique or collusion? Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395. 30(5), pp.404-415.

McIntosh, M. 1996. Feminist debates on prostitution. In: L. Adkins and V. Merchant (eds) Sexualizing the social : power and the organization of sexuality ISBN: 033365000X (pbk) : No price; 0333649990. London: Macmillan.

McKinnon, C. 1989 Toward a feminist theory of the state ISBN: 0674896467 (pbk ; alk. paper); 0674896459. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press. Ch. 7 ‘Sexuality’ pp. 126-154 and Ch. 9 ‘Rape: On coercion and consent’ pp. 171-183.

McKinnon, C. 1994. Rape, genocide and women’s human rights. In: A. Stiglmayer (ed) Mass rape : the war against women in Bosnia-Herzegovina ISBN: 0803292295. University of Nebraska Press, pp.5-15.

McPhail, B.A., Busch, N.B., Kulkarni, S. and Rice, G. 2007. An integrative feminist model: The evolving feminist perspective on intimate partner violence. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012. 13(8), pp.817-841.

Messerschmidt, J. W. 2000. Becoming ‘real men’: adolescent masculinity challenges and sexual violence. Men and masculinities. ISSN: 1097-184x 2(3).

Nettleton, P.H. 2011. Domestic violence in men's and women's magazines: women are guilty of choosing the wrong men, men are not guilty of hitting women. Women's studies in communication. ISSN: 0749-1409; 2152-999X. 34(2), pp.139-160.

Naffine, N. 1997. Feminism and criminology ISBN: 0745611648 (pbk) : No price; 074561163x. Cambridge: Polity Press.

O’Connell Davidson, J. 2006. Will the real sex slave please stand up? Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789, 83(4-22).

Outshoorn, J. 2005. The political debates on prostitution and trafficking of women. Social politics. ISSN: 1072-4745 12(1), pp.141-155.

Patil, V and Purkayastha, B. 2015. Sexual violence, race and media (in)visibility: intersectional complexities in a transnational frame. Societies 5: 598-617

Perry, B and Dyke, DR. 2014. ‘I don’t know where is safe’: trans women’s experiences of violence. Critical Criminology 22: 49-63

Phipps, A. 2009. Rape and respectability: ideas about sexual violence and social class. Sociology. , 43(4), pp.667-683

 Projansky, S. 2001. Watching rape : film and television in postfeminist culture. New York: New York University Press.

Purohit, H., Banerjee, T., Hampton, A., Shalin, V.L., Bhandutia, N. and Sheth, A. 2016. Gender-based violence in 140 characters or fewer: A #BigData case study of Twitter. First Monday [electronic resource]. ISSN: 1396-0466. 21(1-4).

Raj, A., Livramento, K.N., Santana, M.C., Gupta, J. and Silverman, J.G. 2006. Victims of intimate partner violence more likely to report abuse from in-laws. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012. 12(10), pp.936-949.

Rebollo-Gil, G. and Moras, A. 2012. Black women and black men in hip hop music: misogyny, violence and the negotiation of (white-owned) space. Journal of popular culture. ISSN: 0022-3840 45(1), pp.118-132.

Renold, E. 2017. 'Feel what I feel': making da(r)ta with teen girls for creative activisms on how sexual violence matters. Journal of gender studies. online, pp.1-19.

Rianon, N.J. and Shelton, A. 2003. Perception of spousal abuse expressed by married Bangladeshi immigrant women in Houston, Texas, USA. Journal of immigrant health. ISSN: 1096-4045. 5(1), pp.37-44.

Sandberg, L. 2013. Backward, dumb, and violent hillbillies? Rural geographies and intersectional studies on intimate partner violence. Affilia ISSN: 0886-1099. 28(4), pp.350-365.

Scully, D. 1990 Understanding sexual violence: a study of convicted rapists. New York and London: Routledge

Seifert, R. 1996. The second front: the logic of sexual violence in wars. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395 19(1-2), pp.35-43.

Skjelsbaek, I. 2001. Sexual violence and war: mapping out a complex relationship. European journal of international relations. ISSN: 1354-0661, 7(2), pp.211–237.

Sokoloff, N. J. and Dupont, I. 2005 Domestic violence at the intersections of race, class, and gender: challenges and contributions to understanding violence against marginalized women in diverse communities. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012 11(1), pp.38‐64.

Stark, E. 2009. Coercive control : the entrapment of women in personal life ISBN: 9780195384048 (pbk); 0195384040 (pbk). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Throsby, K and Alexander, F (eds). 2004. Gender and Interpersonal Violence: Language, Action and Representation. Houndmills: Palgrave

Ticktin, M. 2008. Sexual violence as the language of border control: where French feminist and anti‐immigrant rhetoric meet. Signs. 3(4), pp.863-889.

Walby, S. and Myhil, A. 2004. Domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking : findings from the British Crime Survey. London: Home Office.

Walby, S., Towers, J. and Francis, B. 2016. Is violent crime increasing or decreasing? A new methodology to measure repeat attacks making visible the significance of gender and domestic relations. British journal of criminology. ISSN: 0007-0955. 56(6), pp.1 203-1234.

West, C. 2004. Black women and intimate partner violence: new directions for research. Journal of interpersonal violence. ISSN: 0886-2605, 19 (12), pp.1487-1493.

Whitehead, A. 2005. Man to man violence: how masculinity may work as a dynamic risk factor. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. ISSN: 0265-5527. 44(4), pp.411-422.


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Topic 4: Sexuality and Queer Theory

Essential readings:

Foucault, M. 1979. The repressive hypothesis. In: The history of sexuality. Vol.1, An introduction (trans.Hurley), Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp.15-49. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Butler, J. 1994. Gender as performance. Radical philosophy. 67 (reprinted in P. Osborne 1996) A critical sense. London: Routledge)  

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2002. The five sexes: why male and female are not enough. In: Christine Williams and Arlene Stein (eds.) Sexuality and gender , Oxford: Blackwell. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

 Further readings:

Abelove, H., Barale, M. A. and Halperin, D. M. (eds) 2012. The lesbian and gay studies reader . London and New York: Routledge

Anzaldúa, G. 1999/ Borderlands = La frontera. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

Beauvoir, S. 1949. The second sex. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Butler, J. 1990. Gender trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1991. Imitation and gender insubordination. In: D. Fuss Inside/out : lesbian theories, gay theories . New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1993. Bodies that matter : on the discursive limits of "sex" . New York: Routledge. Especially Ch. ‘critically queer’ pp. 232-242

Epstein, J. and Straub, K. (eds.) 1991. Body guards : the cultural politics of gender ambiguity . London: Routledge.

Fausto-Sterling, A. 1992. Myths of gender: biological theories about men and women. New York: Basic Books.

Foucault, M. 1981. The history of sexuality. Vol.1, An introduction New York: Vintage Books.

Halberstam, J. 2005. In a queer time and place : transgender bodies, subcultural lives . New York: New York University Press 

Hawley, J.C. (ed) 2001. Postcolonial and queer theories : intersections and essays . New York: State University of New York Press. 

Heyes, C. J. 2003. Feminist solidarity after queer theory: the case of transgender. Signs. 28 (4) 1019-1120

Jackson, S. and Scott, S. (eds) 1996. Feminism and sexuality : a reader . New York: Columbia University Press

Jackson, S. 2006. Gender, sexuality and heterosexuality: the complexity (and limits) of heteronormativity. Feminist theory. , 7(1) pp. 105-121 

Jagose, A. 1996. Queer theory : an introduction . University of Melbourne Press 

Johnson, E. P. and Henderson, M (eds) 2005Black queer studies : a critical anthology  Durham: Duke University Press 

Kessler, S. 1994. The medical construction of gender: case management of intersexed infants. In: A. Herrmann and A. Stewart (eds.) Theorizing feminism: parallel trends in the humanities and social sciences, Boulder: Westview

Levine, P. 2000. Orientalist sociology and the creation of colonial sexualities. Feminist review. , 65. Pp. 5-21 

Lacquer, T. 1990. Making sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Munt, S. (ed.) 1998. Butch/femme : inside lesbian gender . London: Cassell.

Nestle, J. (ed.) 1992. The Persistent desire : a femme-butch reader. Boston MA: Alyson Publications.

Rich, A. 1980. Compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence. In: Stimpson and Person (eds) Women : sex and sexuality . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Richardson, Diane (2000) Rethinking sexuality . London: Sage.

Rubin, G. 1975. Thinking sex: notes for a radical theory of the politics of sexuality. In Abelove, H., Barale, M.A. and Halperin, D. (eds) 1993. The lesbian and gay studies reader . New York: Routledge. 

Sedgwick, E. K. 1990. The epistemology of the closetBerkeley: University of California Press. 

Walters, S. D. 1996. From here to queer: radical feminism, postmodernism and the lesbian menace. Signs. 21 (4)

Weed, E. and Schor, N. (eds) 1997. Feminism meets queer theory . Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Wiegman, R. 2006. Heteronormativity and the desire for gender. Feminist theory. 7(1) pp. 98-103


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Topic 5: Transgender

Essential readings:

Stryker, S. 1994. My Words to Victor Frankenstein Above of the Village of Chamounix: Performing Transgender Rage. GLQ 1(3) 237-254.  

Patel, N. 2017. Violent cistems: Trans experiences of bathroom space. Agenda 31(1) 51-63  

Jones, C and Slater, J (2020) “The toilet debate: stalling trans possibilities and defending ‘women’s protected spaces” The Sociological Review 68(4): 834-851  

Gupta, K. 2018. Response and responsibility: Mainstream media and Lucy Meadows in a post-Leveson context. Sexualities OnlineFirst.  

 Further readings:


Aizura, A. 2017. Unrecognizable: On Trans Recognition in 2017. South Atlantic Quarterly 116 (3) pp. 606-611

Bernotaite, A. et al. 2018. Chinese Trans Advocates Organize Nationally: A Conference Report. TSQ 5 (3) pp. 473-486.

Bhanji, N. 2013. Trans/criptions: Homing desires, (trans)sexual citizenship and racialized bodies. In: Stryker, S, Aizura, AZ (eds) The Transgender Studies Reader 2, New York: Routledge, pp. 512–526

Boellstorff, T. et al. 2014. Decolonizing transgender: a roundtable discussion. TSQ 1 (3) pp.


Bornstein, K. 1994. Gender outlaw: on men, women, and the rest of us. London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 2002. Performative subversions. In: S. Jackson and S. Scott (eds) Gender: a sociological reader. London: Routledge

Butler, J. 2004. Undiagnosing gender. In: Undoing Gender. London: Routledge.

Califia, P. 1997. Sex changes: the politics of transgenderism. San Francisco: Cleis Press.

Chiang, H. 2012. Transgender China. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cromwell, J. 1999. Transmen and FTMs: identities, bodies, genders, and sexualities.

University of Illinois Press

Davy, Z. and Toze, M. 2018. What is Gender Dysphoria? A Critical Systemic Narrative Review. Transgender Health 3 (1) pp. 159-169

De Vries, K. M. 2014. Transgender people of colour at the centre: conceptualising a new

intersectional model. Ethnicities pp. 1-25

Ekins, R., King, D. 2006. The transgender phenomenon. London: Sage

Enke, A.F. 2012. The education of little cis: Cisgender and the discipline of opposing bodies. In: Enke, A.F. (ed) Transfeminist perspectives in and beyond transgender and gender studies. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp.60-77.

Halberstam, J. 1998. Female Masculinity. London: Duke University Press.

Halberstam, J. 2005. In a queer time and place: transgender bodies, subcultural Lives. New York and London: New York University Press

Heyes, C. J. 2003. Feminist solidarity after queer theory: the case of transgender. Signs 28 (4)

  1. 1019-1120

Hines, S. 2005. I am a feminist but…: transgender, men, women and feminism. In: Reger, J.

(ed) Different wavelengths: studies of the contemporary women's movement.  New York and London: Routledge

Hines, S. 2006. Intimate transitions: transgender practices of partnering and parenting.

Sociology 40 (2) Available online

Hines, S. 2007. Social/cultural change and transgender citizenship. Sociological Research Online 12 (1)

Hines, S. 2007. Transgendering care: practices of care within transgender communities. Critical Social Policy, 27 (4)

Hines, S. 2008. Tran(s)sexualities: negotiating sexual identity, desire and practice through gender transition. In: Beckett, C, Heathcote, O. and Macey, M. (eds) Negotiating boundaries? Identities, sexualities, diversities. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholarly Press.

Hines, S. 2009. (Trans) gendered fabrications: exploring surgery debates in transgender theory and trans narratives. In: Klaver, E. (ed) Fabricating the body. SUNY Press   

Hines, S. 2009. Riding the waves: feminism, lesbian and gay politics, and the transgender debates. In: G. Bhambra and I. Demir (eds) 1968 in retrospect: history, theory, alterity. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

Hines, S. 2010. Recognising Diversity? Transgender citizenship and the gender recognition

act. In: Hines, S and Sanger, T.(eds) Transgender identities: towards a social analysis of gender diversity. Routledge.

Hines, S. 2010. Sexing gender/gendering sex: towards an intersectional analysis of

transgender. In: Taylor, Y., Hines, S. and Casey M. (eds.) Theorizing intersectionality and sexuality. Palgrave Macmillan.

Hines, S. 2010. A pathway to diversity?: human rights, citizenship and politics of

transgender. In: K. Kollman and M. Waites (eds.) The global politics of LGBT human rights. Routledge.   

Hines, S. 2012. Stirring it up- again: a politics of difference in the new millennium. In: Hines,

  1. and Taylor, Y. (eds) Sexualities: reflections and futures. Palgrave MacMillan

Hird, M. J. 2000. Gender’s nature: Intersexuals, Transsexuals and the ‘sex’/’gender’ binary.

Feminist theory 1(2) pp. 347-364

Hird, M. J. 2002. For a sociology of transsexualism. Sociology 36(3) pp. 557-595 Available online

Kessler, S. and McKenna, W. 2000. Who put the ‘trans’ in transgender? Gender theory and everyday Available online 

Life. The International Journal of Transgenderism, 4 (3)

Koyama, E. 2003. Transfeminist Manifesto. In: Dicker, R. and Piepmeier, A. (eds) Catching a wave: reclaiming feminism for the 21st century. Northeastern Press

Koyama, E. 2006. Whose Feminism Is It Anyway? The Unspoken Racism of the Trans Inclusion Debate.  In: Stryker, S. and Whittle, S. (eds) The Transgender Studies Reader. New York and Abingdon: Routledge.

Monro, S. 2005. Gender politics: citizenship, activism and sexual diversity, London: Pluto


More, K and Whittle, S (eds.) 1999. Reclaiming genders: transsexual grammars at the Fin de Siècle. London: Cassell.

Munt, S. 1997. Butch/femme: inside lesbian gender. London: Continuum

Namaste, V. 2009. Undoing theory: the ‘transgender question’ and the epistemic violence of

Anglo-American feminist theory. Hypatia 24 (3) pp. 11-32

Pearce, R. 2018. Understanding Trans Health: Discourse, Power and Possibility. Bristol: Policy Press:

Pearce, R. and Lohman, K. 2018. De/constructing DIY identities in a trans music scene. Sexualities OnlineFirst.

Pearce, R. et al. 2018. Introduction: The emergence of ‘trans’. Sexualities OnlineFirst.

Pyle, K. 2018. Naming and Claiming: Recovering Ojibwe and Plains Cree Two-Spirit Language. TSQ 5 (4) pp. 574-588

Prosser, J. 1998. Second skins: the body narratives of transsexuality. New York: Columbia.

Roen, K. 2001.Transgender theory and embodiment: the risk of racial marginalisation.

Journal of Gender Studies 10 (3) pp. 253-263

Stone, S. 1991. The empire strikes back: a post-transsexual manifesto. In: J. Epstein and K.

Straub (eds.) 1991. Body guards: the cultural politics of gender ambiguity, Routledge.

Stryker, S. and Whittle, S. 2006. The Transgender Studies Reader. New York and Abingdon:


Whittle, S. 2001. The trans-cyberian mail way. In: R. Holliday and J. Hassard (eds.) Contested bodies. London: Routledge.

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Topic 6: Feminist technoscience

Essential readings:

Hamrie, A and Fritsch, K (2019) “Crip technoscience manifesto” Catalyst: Feminist, Theory, Technoscience 5(1): 1-34 [see whole special issue]

Haraway, D.J., 1997. Modest_Witness@Second_Millennium.FemaleMan_Meets_OncoMouse : feminism and technoscience. Psychology Press. Chapter 2: FemaleMan©­_Meets_­OncoMouseTM. Ch. Mice into wormholes: A technoscience fugue in two parts. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

M’charek, A. 2010. Fragile differences, relational effects: stories about the materialities of race and sex. European Journal of Women’s Studies 17(4): 307-322

Weber, J. 2006. From science and technology to feminist technoscience. In Davis, K, Evans, M, Lorber, J (eds). Handbook of Gender and Women’s Studies. London: Sage. pp. 397-314

Further readings:

Åsberg, C and Birke, L (2010) “Biology is a feminist issue: interview with Lynda Birke” European Journal of Women’s Studies 17(4): 413 - 423

Barad, K., 2003. Posthumanist performativity: Toward an understanding of how matter comes to matter. Signs. : Journal of women in culture and society28(3), pp.801-831.

Barad, K., 2007. Meeting the universe halfway : quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning. Duke University Press.

Cockburn, C. (1985) Machinery of Dominance: women, men and technical know-how London; Pluto

de la Bellacasa, M.P., 2011. Matters of care in technoscience: Assembling neglected things. Social studies of science. , 41(1), pp.85-106.

Fausto-Sterling, A. (2000) Sexing the body : gender politics and the construction of sexuality . New York: Basic Books.

Fausto-Sterling, A (2002) The five sexes: why male and female are not enough’. In C. L. Williams and A. Stein (eds.) Sexuality and gender . Oxford: Blackwell.

Fausto-Sterling, A. (2005) The bare bones of sex: part I – sex and gender’,
 Signs. 30(2) pp.1491-1527. 

Haraway, D.J., 1989. Primate visions: gender, race, and nature in the world of modern science. Psychology Press.

Haraway, D. (1991) A cyborg manifesto: science, technology, and socialist-feminism in the late twentieth century. In: Simians, cyborgs, and women: the reinvention of nature. London: Free Association Books.

Haraway, D.J., (2004). The Haraway reader . Psychology Press. See in particular: ‘The promises of monsters: a regenerative politics for inappropriate/d others.

Harding, S.G., 1986. The science question in feminism. Cornell University Press.

Hird, M (2004) Sex, Gender and Science London: Palgrave

Kenney, M. and Müller, R., 2017. Of rats and women: narratives of motherhood in environmental epigenetics. BioSocieties12(1), pp.23-46. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Latour, B., 1987. Science in action: how to follow scientists and engineers through society. Harvard university press.

Latour, B., 2005. Reassembling the social: an introduction to actor-network-theory. Oxford university press.

Latour, B., 1993. We have never been modern . Harvard University Press. Chapter 1: Crisis.

Martin, E., 1991. The egg and the sperm: how science has constructed a romance based on stereotypical male-female roles. Signs. : Journal of Women in Culture and Society16(3), pp.485-501.

McNeil, M (2007) Feminist Cultural Studies of Science and Technology London: Routledge

Mol, A., 1999. Ontological politics. A word and some questions. The sociological review. , 47(1_suppl), pp.74-89.

Mol, A., 2002. The body multiple : ontology in medical practice . Duke University Press.

Murphy, M., 2004. Uncertain exposures and the privilege of imperception: activist scientists and race at the US Environmental Protection Agency. Osiris 19, pp.266-282. - Available online:

Murphy, M., 2012. Seizing the means of reproduction : entanglements of feminism, health, and technoscience. Duke University Press.

Oudshoorn, N.E.J. 2001. 'On Feminisms, Bodies and Technologies' In Schiebinger,L. (ed) Feminism in 20th-Century Science, Technology, and Medicine. Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press

Oudshoorn, N (2003) The Male Pill: a Biography of a Technology in the Making. Durham: Duke University Press

Pollock, A and Subramaniam, B (2016) “Special issue: Resisting Power, Retooling Justice: Promises of Feminist Postcolonial Technosciences” Science, Technology and Human Values 41(6):  951-966 [this is the introduction to a special issue on this theme]

Roberts, C (2008) “Relating simply? Feminist encounters with technoscience in the early 21st century” Australian Feminist Studies 23(55): 75-86

Star, S.L., 1990. Power, technology and the phenomenology of conventions: on being allergic

to onions. The Sociological Review38(S1), pp.26-56.

Sundberg, J., 2014. Decolonizing posthumanist geographies. Cultural geographies. , 21(1), pp.33-47.

Takeshita, C (2010) “The IUD in me: on embodying feminist technoscience studies” Science as Culture 19 (1): 37 – 60 [this is part of an excellent special issue on “Embodying STS: Identity, Narrative and the Interdisciplinary Body”]

TallBear, K., 2013. Native American DNA : tribal belonging and the false promise of genetic science . University of Minnesota Press.

Visperas, C, Brown, JK and Sexton, J (2016) “Introduction: Nothing / More: Black Studies and Feminist Technoscience” Catalyst: Feminism, Theory, Technoscience 2(2): 1-12 [this is the introduction to a special issue on this theme]

Wajcman, J (2004) Technofeminism Milton Keynes: Open University Press

Willey, A., 2016. A world of materialisms: postcolonial feminist science studies and the new natural. Science, technology, & human values41(6), pp.991-1014. - Available online:

 Special issues:

 Martin, A., Myers, N., & Viseu, A. 2015. The politics of care in technoscience. Social studies of science. , 45 (5).


 Donna Haraway has a series of wonderful youtube videos which are worth browsing. Among the best:

 Donna Haraway reads The National Geographic on Primates: – A series of frankly amazing videos of Haraway working through primatology as it appears in the National Geographic.

Donna Haraway: “Staying with the trouble: Making kin in the Cthulucene.”:

 Other resources

 New materialism, Morethan-, and post-human perspectives (including much of Haraway’s more recent work) is considered in more depth in the module Contested Bodies. The contested bodies handbook will be made available on the VLE.


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Topic 7: Popular culture and post-feminism

Essential Readings:

Banet-Weiser, S. 2018, Empowered: Popular Feminism and Popular Misogyny. New York:  Duke University Press. (Chapter 1: Introduction). *N.B. We will continue to engage with Banet-Weiser’s work in the next session on popular misogyny.  

Gill, R. 2017. The affective, cultural and psychic life of postfeminism: A postfeminist sensibility 10 years on. European Journal of Cultural Studies . 20(6) pp. 606 - 626  

McRobbie, A. 2004. Postfeminism and popular culture. Feminist Media Studies 4(3) pp. 255-264  

 *If possible please also read :

Banet-Weiser, S, Gill, R., and Rottenberg, C. 2019.  ‘Postfeminism, popular feminism and neoliberal feminism? Sarah Banet-Weiser, Rosalind Gill and Catherine Rottenberg in conversation’, Feminist Theory21(1)  

 Further readings:

 Allen, K., Mendick, H., Harvey, L. and Ahmad, A. 2015. Welfare queens, thrifty housewives, and do-it-all mums: celebrity motherhood and the cultural politics of austerity. Feminist Media Studies , 15 (6) pp. 907-925.

Arthurs, J. 2003. Sex and the city and consumer culture: remediating postfeminist drama. Feminist Media Studies 3 (1) pp. 83-98

Brooks, A. 1997. Postfeminisms : feminism, cultural theory, and cultural forms. London: Routledge

Budgeon, S. 2011. The contradictions of successful femininity: Third-wave feminism, post-feminism and ‘new’ femininities. In R. Gill & C. Scharff (Eds.), New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity (pp. 1–17). Basingstoke: PalgraveMacmillan.

Budgeon, S. 2015. Individualized femininity and feminist politics of choice. The European journal of women's studies. . 22(3), pp.303-318.

Clancy, L. & Yelin, H. 2018: ‘Meghan’s Manifesto’: Meghan Markle and the Co-option of Feminism, Celebrity Studies, Online first.

Cobb S. 2015. Is this what a feminist looks like? Male celebrity feminists and the postfeminist politics of ‘equality’, Celebrity studies. , 6(1), 136-139

Dosekun, S. 2015. For Western Girls Only? Post-feminism as Transnational Culture. Feminist Media Studies 15(6) pp. 96-975

Driscoll, C. 2002. Girls : feminine adolescence in popular culture and cultural theory . New York: Columbia University Press.

Evans, A. and Riley, S. 2013. Immaculate consumption: negotiating the sex symbol in postfeminist celebrity culture. Journal of gender studies. 22 (3): pp. 268-281.

Gamble, S. (ed) 2006. The Routledge companion to feminism and postfeminism . London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 4‘postfeminism’ and Ch. 9 ‘feminism and popular culture’

Genz, S. 2006. Third Way/ve: the politics of postfeminism. Feminist theory. 7(3) 333-354

Genz, S. 2009. Postfemininities in popular culture . New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Genz, S. and Brabon, B. A. 2009. Postfeminism : cultural texts and theories . Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Gill, R. and Scharff, C. (eds) 2011. New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity Palgrave McMillan

Gill, R. and Donaghue, N. 2013. As if postfeminism had come true: the turn to agency in cultural studies of ‘sexualisation. In: S. Madhok, A. Phillips and Wilson, K. (eds) Gender, agency, and coercion : thinking gender in transnational times. Palgrave McMillan

Gill, R. 2007. Gender and the media . Cambridge: Polity.

Gill, R. 2007. Postfeminist media culture: elements of a sensibility. European Journal of Cultural Studies . 10(2), pp.147-166.

Gill, R. 2008. Empowerment/sexism: figuring female sexual agency in contemporary advertising. Feminism & psychology. . 18(1), pp.35-60.

Gill, R. 2016. Post-feminism?: new feminist visibilities in postfeminist times. Feminist Media Studies 16 (4) pp. 610-630

Harris, A. 2004. Future girl : young women in the twenty-first century. New York, NY: Routledge.

Hamad, H., Taylor, A. 2015. Introduction: Feminism and contemporary celebrity culture, Celebrity studies. 6 (1) pp. 124-12

Holliday, R. 2015. Media and popular culture. In: V. Robinson and D. Richardson (eds) Introducing gender and women’s studies. 4th ed. Palgrave McMillan.

Jackson, S., Vares, T. and Gill, R. 2013. ‘The whole playboy mansion image’: girls’ fashioning and fashioned selves within a postfeminist culture. Feminism & psychology. 3 (2)

Jensen, T. and Ringrose, J. 2014. Sluts that choose vs doormat gypsies: exploring affect in the postfeminist, visual moral economy of My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding. Feminist Media Studies . 14(3), pp.369-387.

Joseph, R. L. 2009. ‘Tyra Banks is fat’: reading (post) racism and (post) feminism in the new millennium. Critical studies in media communication 26 (3) pp. 237-254

Keller J & Ringrose J. 2015. But then feminism goes out the window!’: exploring teenage girls’ critical response to celebrity feminism, Celebrity studies. , 6:1, pp 132-135

McRobbie, A. 2008. Young women and consumer culture. Cultural studies. 22 (5) pp. 531-550

McRobbie A. 2005. Notes on ‘what not to wear’ and post-feminist symbolic violence. The sociological review. 52(2): 97–109

McRobbie, A. 2007. Top girls? Young women and the post-feminist sexual contract. Cultural studies. , 21, 718–737.

McRobbie, A. 2009. The aftermath of feminism : gender, culture and social change. London: SAGE. Especially Ch. 1 ‘Post-feminism and popular culture: Bridget Jones and the new gender regime’

Modleski, T. 1991. Feminism without women : culture and criticism in a "postfeminist" age. London and New York: Routledge.

Negra, D. 2008. What a girl wants : fantasizing the reclamation of self in postfeminismOxon and New York: Routledge,

Negra, D. and Tasker, Y. 2014. Gendering the recession : media and culture in an age of austerity , Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ringrose, J. 2007. Successful girls? Complicating post-feminist, neoliberal discourses of educational achievement and gender equality. Gender and education. , 19, 471–489.

Ringrose, J. 2012. Postfeminist education? : girls and the sexual politics of schooling. London: Routledge.

Rottenberg, C. 2013. The rise of neoliberal feminism. Cultural studies. 28(3): 418‐437.

Rottenberg, C. ‘How neoliberalism colonised feminism – and what you can do about it’, The Conversation, May 2018:

Rottenberg, C. 2018. The rise of neoliberal feminism. Oxford University PressScharff, C. 2011. Disarticulating feminism: Individualization, neoliberalism and the othering of ‘Muslim women’.” The European journal of women's studies. 18(2): 119-134.

 Scharff, C. 2011. The new German feminisms: of wetlands and alpha-girls. In R. Gill and C Scharff (eds) New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivityBasingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.

Scharff, C. 2012. Repudiating feminism : young women in a neoliberal world. Farnham, Ashgate.

Savigny, H. and Sleight, S. 2015. Postfeminism and heavy metal in the United Kingdom: sexy or sexist? Metal music studies. . 1(3), pp.341-357.

Skeggs, B. 1997. Formations of class and gender : becoming respectable . London: Sage.

Springer, K. 2008. Divas, evil Black bitches, and bitter Black women: African-American women in postfeminism and post-civil rights popular culture. In: C. Brunsdon and L. Spigel (eds) Feminist television criticism: a reader. 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press

Tasker, Y. and Negra, N. (eds) 2007. Interrogating postfeminism : gender and the politics of popular culture. Durham: Duke University Press

Taylor, A. 2012. Single women in popular culture : the limits of postfeminism . Palgrave McMillan

Walkerdine, V. 2003. Reclassifying upward mobility: femininity and the neo-liberal subject. Gender and education. . 15(3), pp.237-248

Weidhase, N. 2015 ‘Beyoncé feminism’ and the contestation of the black feminist body, Celebrity studies. , 6:1, pp.128-131

 Media texts/ blogs:


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Essential readings:

Banet-Weiser, S. (2018), Empowered: Popular Feminism and Popular Misogyny. New York:  Duke University Press. Chapter 1: ‘The Funhouse Mirror’, pp.41-64.  

García-Favaro, L. & Gill, R. (2016) “Emasculation nation has arrived”: sexism rearticulated in online responses to Lose the Lads’ Mags campaign, Feminist Media Studies, 16:3, pp.379-397  

**Then please read the Introduction (Ging and Siapera) AND one article from this special issue on online misogyny (*we may decide how to allocate these in Week 9)

Ging, D., Siapera, E. (2018). “Special Issue on Online Misogyny (Introduction)”. Feminist Media Studies, 18:4, pp.515–24.

And either:

  1. Marwick, A.E. & Caplan, R. (2018) Drinking male tears: language, the manosphere, and networked harassment, Feminist Media Studies, 18:4, pp.543-559
  2. Ringrose, R. & Lawrence, E. (2018) Remixing misandry, manspreading, and dick pics: networked feminist humour on Tumblr, Feminist Media Studies, 18:4, pp. 686-704
  3. Massanari, A. & Chess, S. (2018) Attack of the 50-foot social justice warrior: the discursive construction of SJW memes as the monstrous feminine, Feminist Media Studies, 18:4, pp.525-542

Further readings:

Banet-Weiser, S. & Miltner, K.M. (2016) #MasculinitySoFragile: culture, structure, and networked misogyny, Feminist Media Studies, 16:1, pp. 171-174

Ging, D. (2019). Bros v. Hos: Postfeminism, Anti-feminism and the Toxic Turn in Digital Gender Politics, in Ging, D. and  Siapera, E. (eds), Gender Hate Online, Palgrave, pp.45-67.

 Jane, EA. (2014). “Your a Ugly, Whorish, Slut’ Understanding E-bile.” Feminist Media Studies, 14:4, pp. 531–546.

 Jane, E. A. (2016). Online Misogyny and Feminist Digilantism. Continuum, 30:3, pp.284–297.

 Koulouris, T. (2018). Online misogyny and the alternative right: debating the undebatable. Feminist Media Studies, 18:4, pp.750-761.

Mantilla, K. (2013). Gendertrolling: Misogyny Adapts to New Media. Feminist Studies, 39:2, pp.563–570.

 O’Neill, R. (2018). Seduction: Men, Masculinity and Mediated Intimacy. Medford, MA: Polity.

 Vickery, J.R., and Everbach, T. (eds). (2018). Mediating Misogyny: Gender, Technology, and Harassment. Palgrave Macmillan


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Topic 9: Gender and Multiculturalism

Essential readings:

 Abu-Lughod, L. 2002. Do Muslim women really need saving? Anthropological reflections on cultural relativism and its others. American anthropologist. ISSN: 0002-7294; 1548-1433, 104 (3) pp. 783-790 

Bhabha, HK. 1999. Liberalism’s sacred cow. In: J. Cohen, M. Howard and M. Nussbaum (eds) 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? Princeton: Princeton University Press 

Okin, S. M. 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? In: J. Cohen, M. Howard and M. Nussbaum (eds) 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? ISBN: 0691004323 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0691004315 Princeton: Princeton University Press.   

Further readings:

Abusharaf, R. M. 2006. (ed) Female circumcision : multicultural perspectives ISBN: 9780812201024 (e-book). Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. 

Anthias, F. and Yuval-Davis, N. 1992. Racialized boundaries : race, nation, gender, colour and class and the anti-racist struggle. London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 6 ‘Resisting racism: multi-culturalism, equal opportunities and the politics of the ‘community’.  

Bannerji, H. (ed) 2000. The dark side of the nation : essays on multiculturalism, nationalism, and gender ISBN: 9781551301723; 1551301725. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Beckett, C. and Macey, M. 2001. Race, gender and sexuality: the oppression of multiculturalism. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395, 24 (3-4) pp. 309-319

Chambers, C. 2004. Are breast implants better than female genital mutilation? Autonomy, gender equality and Nussbaum’s political liberalism. Critical review of international social and political philosophy. ISSN: 1369-8230; 1743-8772, 7 (3) pp. 1-33.

Cohen, J., Howard, M. and Nussbaum, M. (eds) (ed) 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? ISBN: 0691004323 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0691004315 Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Crosby, C. 1992. Dealing with Differences. In: J. Butler and J. Scott (eds.) Feminists theorize the political ISBN: 0415902746 (pbk); 0415902738. London: Routledge.

Du Bois, W.E.B. 1903. ‘Of Our Spiritual Strivings’ from The souls of Black folk, New York: Dover.

Dustin, M. and Phillips, A. 2008. Whose agenda is it? Abuses of women and abuses of ‘culture’ in Britain. Ethnicities ISSN: 1468-7968, 8 (3) pp. 405-424

Eisenberg, A. 2010. Multiculturalism, gender and justice. In: D. Ivison (ed) The Ashgate research companion to multiculturalism ISBN: 9780815386063. Ashgate Publishing. Pp. 119-140

Fisher, L. 2004. State of the art: multiculturalism, gender and cultural identities. The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068, 11 (1) pp. 1350-5068

Gedalof, I. 1999. Against purity : rethinking identity with Indian and Western feminisms. London and New York: Routledge

Hirschmann, N. 1998. Western feminism, eastern veiling, and the question of free agency. Constellations. ISSN: 1351-0487, 5 (3) pp. 345 – 368

James, S. M. and Robertson, C. C. (eds) 2002. Genital cutting and transnational sisterhood : disputing U.S. polemics. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press

Korteweg, A. and Yurdakul, G. 2009. Islam, gender and immigrant integration: boundary drawing in discourses on honour killing in the Netherlands and Germany. Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, 32 (2) pp. 218-238 

Mahmood, S. 2005. Politics of piety : the Islamic revival and the feminist subject. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Ch. 1 ‘On the subject of freedom’

Meeto, V. and Mizra, H. S. 2007. ‘There is nothing honourable about honour killings’: gender, violence and the limits of multiculturalism. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395, 30 (3) pp. 187-200

Meyers, D. 2000. Feminism and women’s autonomy: the challenge of female genital cutting. Metaphilosophy. ISSN: 0026-1068, 31 (5) pp. 469 – 491

Narayan, U. 1997. Contesting cultures: ‘westernization,’ respect for cultures and third world feminists. In: L. Nicholson (ed.) The second wave : a reader in feminist theory ISBN: 0415917611 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0415917603. London: Routledge.

Narayan, U. and Harding, S. (eds) 2000. Decentering the center : philosophy for a multicultural, postcolonial, and feminist world ISBN: 0253213843 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0253337372 (cloth : alk. paper). Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Okin, S. M. 1998. Feminism and Multiculturalism: Some Tensions. Ethics. ISSN: 0014-1704, 108 pp. 661–84

Pedwell, C. 2007. Theorising ‘African’ female genital cutting and ‘western’ body modification: a critique of the continuum and analogue approaches. Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789.  86 pp. 45–66.

Pedwell, C. 2010. Feminism, culture and embodied practice : the rhetorics of comparison ISBN: 9780415497909 (hbk.) : £75.00; 0415497906 (hbk.) : £75.00; 9780203877531 (ebk.); 0203877535 (ebk.). London: Routledge.

Pedwell, C. 2011. The limits of cross-cultural analogy: Muslim veiling and ‘western’ fashion and beauty practices. In: R. Gill and C. Scharff (eds) New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity ISBN: 9780230223349 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0230223346 (hbk.) : £55.00. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Phillips, A. 2007. Multiculturalism without culture ISBN: 0691129444 (alk. paper); 9780691129440 (alk. paper). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Read, J. G. and Bartkowski, J. P. 2000. To veil or not to veil? A case study of identity negotiation among Muslim women in Austin, Texas. Gender & society. ISSN: 0891-2432, 14 (3) pp. 395-417

Saghal, G. and Yuval-Davis, N. (eds) 1992. Refusing holy orders : women and fundamentalism in Britain. London: Virago

Saharso, S. 2003. Feminist ethics, autonomy and the politics of multiculturalism. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 4:2, pp. 199-215

Scharff, C. 2011. Disarticulating feminism: individualization, neoliberalism and the othering of ‘Muslim women’. The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068. 18(2), pp.119-134.

Shachar, A. 2001. Multicultural jurisdictions : cultural differences and women's rights ISBN: 0521776740 (pbk); 0521772095; 0511049668 (electronic book). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Song, S. 2007. Justice, gender, and the politics of multiculturalism ISBN: 9780521874878; 0521874874; 9780521697590 (pbk.); 052169759X (pbk.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Spivak, G. C. 1988. Can the subaltern speak? In: C. Nelson and L. Grossberg (eds) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press

Volpp, L 2001. Feminism versus multiculturalism. Columbia Law Review. ISSN: 0010-1958, 101: 5. pp. 1181 – 1218.

Wade, L. 2011. The politics of acculturation: female genital cutting and the challenge of building multicultural democracies. Social problems. ISSN: 0037-7791, 58 (1) pp. 518-537

 Special issue:

 Special issue ‘the rights of women and crisis in multiculturalism’ in Ethnicities ISSN: 1468-7968, 8 (3) edited by A. Phillips and S. Saharso

Topic 5: Sexuality and queer theory



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Topic 10: Queer resistance in a contemporary context: Bolsonaro’s Brazil

Essential readings:

Holman, Rachel. 2019. “Jean Wyllys, a Brazilian congressman in exile”, France 24, 20/03/2019:

Jakobsen, Janet R. 1998. “Queer Is? Queer Does? Normativity and the Problem of Resistance”, GLQ, Vol. 4, Issue 4, Oct. 1998, pp.511-536.

McNamara, Catherine. 2019. “How LGBTQ people are resisting Bolsonaro’s Brazil through art”, The Conversation, 02/05/2019:

Modestin, Yvette; Nascimento, Valdecir; Inofuentes, Paola Yáñez; Gammie Lidice Chavez. 2020. “Presente! We are all Marielle Franco!”, Transition, No. 129, pp.231-245.

Tyburczy, Jennifer. 2017. “Queer Resistance”, QED: A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking, Vol. 4, No. 2, Summer 2017, pp.51-55.


Further readings:

Corrales, Javier. 2015. “The Politics of LGBT Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean: Research Agendas”, European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, No. 100, Dec. 2015, pp.53-62.

Foucault, Michel. 1976. The History of Sexuality, Vol. 1, Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage.

Henriksson, Andreas. 2017. “Norm-critical rationality: emotions and the institutional influence of queer resistance”, Journal of Political Power, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp.149-165.

Mendes, Wallace Goés; Silva, Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da. 2020. “Homicide of Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Travestis, Transexuals, and Transgender people (LGBT) in Brazil: a Spatial Analysis”, Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 25(5), pp.1709-1722.

Nancy, Nicol (Ed.). 2018. Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights: (Neo)colonialism, Neoliberalism, Resistance and Hope. London: University of London Press.

Scott, James C. 1990. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.





This list was last updated on 18/01/2022