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CLAS1100
Ancient Lives Reading List - your complete guide to reading material for this module.

Ancient Lives, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Fabio Sarranito
F.Sarranito@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General Reading

Below are some general texts that explore life writing and biography in the ancient world, and many of the themes we will be studying in this module. There is no required textbook for this module, because we will be examining a wide range of text and themes. Many of the core texts are also available online as eBooks. However, if you would like to buy something to support your work on this module, please contact the module leader for suggestions.

Ash, R., Mossman, J. and Titchener, F. eds. 2015. Fame and Infamy : Essays for Christopher Pelling on Characterization in Greek and Roman Biography and Historiography ISBN: 9780199662326 hardback; 0199662320. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Averintsev, S. 2002. From Biography to Hagiography: Some stable patterns in the Greek and Latin tradition of Lives, including Lives of the Saints. In: France, P. and St. Clair, W. eds. Mapping lives : the uses of biography ISBN: 9780197263181; 0197263186. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 19-36.   

Burridge, R.A. 2004. What are the Gospels? A comparison with Graeco-Roman biography. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans.

Cairns, F. and Luke, T. eds. 2018. Ancient biography : identity through Lives ISBN: 9780995461215 hardback; 099546121X hardback. Francis Cairns Publications.   

Cohn, D. 1999. The distinction of fiction ISBN: 9780801865220 (paperback); 9780801859427 (hardback); 0801859425 (hardback); 0801865220 (paperback). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Dorey, T. 1967. Latin biography. London: Routledge.

Edwards, M.J. and Swain, S. eds. 1997. Portraits : biographical representation in the Greek and Latin literature of the Roman Empire ISBN: 0198149379 (hc). Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Fletcher, R. and Hanink, J. eds. 2016. Creative lives in classical antiquity : poets, artists and biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  

Grant, M. 1995. Greek and Roman historians : information and misinformation ISBN: 0415117704 (pbk ; cased) : £10.99; 0415117690London: Routledge, esp. pp.80-85.

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity ISBN: 9781107016699 (hardback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  

Hägg, T. 2001. Recent Work on Ancient Biography I. Review Article. Symbolae Osloenses. ISSN: 0039-7679: Norwegian Journal of Greek and Latin Studies 76, pp. 191-200.

Hodkinson, O. 2010. Some Distinguishing Features of Deliberate Fictionality in Greek Biographical Narratives. Phrasis I, pp. 11-35. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 07/12/2020) 

Kraus, C. 2010. Historiography and Biography. In: Barchiesi, A. and Scheidel, W. eds. The Oxford handbook of Roman studies ISBN: 9780199211524 (hbk.) : £85.00; 0199211523 (hbk.) : £85.00. Oxford: Oxford University Press.   

Lefkowitz, M.R. 1983. Patterns of Fiction in Ancient Biography. The American scholar. ISSN: 0003-0937 52, pp. 205-218.

Mellor, R. 1999. The Roman historians ISBN: 0415117747 (pbk ; hbk); 0415117739. London: Routledge, ch.6 on 'Roman Biography'   

McGing, B. and Mossman, J. 2006. The limits of ancient biography ISBN: 1905125127; 9781905125128. Swansea: The Classical Press of Wales.

Momigliano, A. 1993. The development of Greek biography : four lectures ISBN: 0674200403. Harvard: Harvard University Press.

Pelling, C. 2009. Biography. In: Graziosi, B. et al. The Oxford handbook of Hellenic studies ISBN: 9780199286140 (hbk.); 0199286140 (hbk.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 608-616.    

Pelling, C. 1990. Characterization and individuality in Greek literature ISBN: 0198140584. Oxford: Oxford University Press, esp. chapter by Pelling on biography (childhood and personality).   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Pitcher, L. 2007. Characterization in Ancient Historiography. In: Marincola, J. ed. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 101-117.  

Russell, D.A. 2001. Plutarch. London: Bristol Classical Press.

Stadter, P. 2007. Biography and History. In: Marincola, J. ed. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 528-540.  

Temmerman, K. de. ed. 2020. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The introductory chapters to this text will provide useful preparatory reading for this module.   

Temmerman, K. de, and Demoen, K. eds. 2016. Writing biography in Greece and Rome : narrative technique and fictionalization ISBN: 9781107129122 (hardback); 9781316598863 (ebook). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, particularly Part I, esp. section on ‘Fiction and Biography’ from p.7, and Part 2 section on ‘Lives vs Bioi’ from p.26.  

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Reading Suggestions for those new to Classics, and the Greek and Roman Worlds

Some of you on this module might be completely new to the ancient Greek and Roman worlds. We have therefore put together a list of suggestions here of works that will help you to become more familiar with. Please do also contact the module leader and teaching team for more tips and support.

The most accessible general reference work for Classics is The Oxford classical dictionary (ed. 3, Oxford 1996). This contains encyclopedia articles on an enormous ranges of people, places and topics from the Classical world, and will also point you towards further bibliography. Along similar lines is Brill's New Pauly : encyclopaedia of the ancient world (2002 ff., eds. Hubert Cancik and Helmut Schneider). Both are available to read online via the links above.

You may also find it worth looking at M. Howatson (ed.) Oxford companion to classical literature. (ed. 3, Oxford 2011) for articles on particular Classical authors. Similarly, S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (Oxford, 1998) offers a very useful series of chapters on the ancient world, and covers literature and material culture as well as history.

Other useful works include:

Erskine, A. ed. 2009. A Companion to Ancient History. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Kinzl, K.H. ed. 2006. A Companion to the Classical Greek World. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Marincola, J. ed. 2007. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Potter, D.S. ed. 2006. A Companion to the Roman Empire. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Rosenstein, N. and Morstein-Marx, R. eds. 2006. A Companion to the Roman Republic. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

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Early Celebrities

Adrados, F. R. 1999. History of the Graeco-Latin fable , transl. by Ray, L.A., vol. I Introduction and from the origins to the Hellenistic Age (rev. and updated by van Dijk, G.J.) Mnemosyne Supplementum 201, Leiden.

Adrados, F. R. 1979. The Life of Aesop and the origins of novel in antiquity. Quaderni urbinati di cultura classica. 1 pp. 93–112.

Grazioso, B. 2007. Inventing Homer: The early reception of epic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. chapters 2 and 4.

Griffin, J. 2014. The Emergence of Herodotus. Histos [electronic resource]. ISSN: x000-0699 8, pp. 1-24.

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity ISBN: 9781107016699 (hardback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. chs. 2 (‘Hellenistic Theory and Practice’) and 3 (‘Popular Heroes’). For this lecture, concentrate on pp.10-19, 77-84, 101-117 and 134-146  

Hanink, J. 2010. The Life of the Author in the Letters of ‘Euripides’. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. ISSN: 0017-3916 50, pp. 537-564.

Hendrickson, T. 2013. Poetry and Biography in the Athenaion Politeia: The Case of Solon. The Classical Journal. 109, pp. 1-19.

Johnson, M. 2007. Sappho . London: Bristol Classical Press.

Jouanno, C. 2009. Novelistic lives and historical biographies: The Life of Aesop and the Alexander Romance as fringe novels. In: Karla, G. ed. Fiction on the fringe : novelistic writing in the post-classical age . Mnemosyne Supplements 310, pp. 33-48.

Karla, G. 2016. Life of Aesop: Fictional Biography as Popular Literature? In: Temmerman, K. de, and Demoen, K. eds. Writing biography in Greece and Rome : narrative technique and fictionalization . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Karla, G. 2012. A Parody of the Odyssey in the Life of Aesop. The Cambridge classical journal. 57, pp. 55-69.

Keaney, J.J. and Lamberton, R. 1996. Essay on the life and poetry of Homer ISBN: 078850259X (alk. paper); 0788502603 (pbk. : alk. paper). Atlanta: Scholars Press.

Kivilo, M. 2010. Early Greek poets' lives : the shaping of the tradition ISBN: 9789004193284 (electronic bk.); 9004193286 (electronic bk.); 9789004186156 (hbk. ; alk. paper); 9004186158 (hbk. ; alk. paper). Leiden: Brill, esp. chapter 1, 2, 8 and 9.  

Lefkowitz, M.R. 2013. The lives of the Greek poets ISBN: 0715615904. London: Bloomsbury.   

Martin, R. 1993. The Seven Sages as performers of wisdom. In: Dougherty C. & Kurke, L. eds. Cultural poetics in archaic Greece. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.108-28.

Momigliano, A. 1993. The development of Greek biography : four lectures . Harvard: Harvard University Press, chapters 1-2.

Montanari, F., Rengakos, A. and Tsagalis, Ch. eds. 2009. The Brill Companion to Hesiod. Leiden: Brill, esp. Ch. Nagy ‘Hesiod and the Ancient Biographical Traditions’ pp. 271–311. Available online via this link.

McClure, L. ed. 2017. A companion to Euripides ISBN: 9781119257509 (Cloth); 1119257506 (Cloth); 9781119257523 (epub); 9781119257516 (ePDF). Oxford: Blackwell, esp. ch.3 ‘The Euripidean Biography’ by Mastronarde.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Patterson, A. 1991. Fables of power : Aesopian writing and political history . Durham & London: Duke University Press, esp. Ch.1. ‘Aesop’s Life’.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Plant, I. 2015. Thucydides, Timotheus and the Epitaph for Euripides. The Classical Journal. 110, pp. 385-396.

Schmidt, M. 2004. The first poets : lives of the ancient Greek poets/ Michael Schmidt. ISBN: 0297643940. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Temmerman, K. de. ed. 2020. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press - you may wish to dip into some of the chapters in Part III on 'Tracing Biographees'. This includes chapters on Homer, Statesmen, Sophists, Philosophers etc.

Williamson, M. 1998. Sappho's immortal daughters ISBN: 0674789121 (alk. paper). Harvard: Harvard University Press.

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Early Biography and Historiography (especially Xenophon)

Anderson, J.K. 2001. Xenophon. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Brickhouse, T.C. & Smith, N.D. 1994. The trial and execution of Socrates: sources and controversies. Oxford: OUP

Dillery, J. 1995. Xenophon and the history of his times. London: Routledge

Flower, M.A. ed. 2016. The Cambridge Companion to Xenophon ISBN: 9781107279308 (ebook); 9781107050068 (hardback); 9781107652156 (paperback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

Flower, M.A.2012. Xenophon’s Anabasis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gera, D. 1993. Xenophon's Cyropaedia : style, genre, and literary technique ISBN: 0198144776. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Grant, M. 1995. Greek and Roman historians : information and misinformation . London: Routledge.

Gray, V.J. 2011. Xenophon's mirror of princes : reading the reflections ISBN: 9780199563814 (hbk.) : £80.00; 0199563810 (hbk.) : £80.00. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gray, V.J. ed. 2010 Xenophon. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gray, V.J. 1998. The framing of Socrates : the literary interpretation of Xenophon's Memorabilia ISBN: 3515073132. Stuttgart: F. Steiner.

Gray, V.J. 1989. The character of Xenophon’s Hellenica. London: Duckworth

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity ISBN: 9781107016699 (hardback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. ch. 1 (‘In the beginning was Xenophon’). For this topic, focus on pp.16-66.  

Hobden & Tuplin. 2012. Xenophon : ethical principles and historical enquiry ISBN: 9789004234192 (e-book) ISBN: 9789004224377 (hbk.) : €221.00 / $307.00; 9004224378 (hbk.); 9789004234192 (e-book); 9004234195 (e-book). Brill.

Humble, N. 2020. Xenophon of Athens. In: Temmerman, K. de. ed. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press - chapter 9.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva    

Huitink, L. 2018. Xenophon. In: De Temmerman, K. and van Emde Boas, E. eds. Characterization in Ancient Greek Literature. Leiden: Brill. pp. 467-485.

Hutchinson, G. 2000. Xenophon and the art of command ISBN: 1853674176. London: Greenhill Books.

Konstan, D. and Walsh, R. 2016. Civic and Subversive Biography in Antiquity. In: Temmerman, K. de, and Demoen, K. eds. Writing biography in Greece and Rome : narrative technique and fictionalization ISBN: 9781107129122 (hardback); 9781316598863 (ebook). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. pp. 29-35.

Kraus, C. 2010. Historiography and Biography. In: Barchiesi, A. and Scheidel, W. eds. The Oxford handbook of Roman studies . Oxford: Oxford University Press.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 06/08/2018) 

Lane Fox, R.L. (ed.) 2004. The long march: Xenophon and the Ten Thousand. New Haven: Yale UP

Marincola, J. ed. 2007. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Blackwell, esp. Ch.54 by Stadter on ‘Biography and History’.

Momigliano, A. 1993. The development of Greek biography : four lectures . Harvard: Harvard University Press, chapter 3.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Morrison, D.R. (ed.) 2011. The Cambridge companion to Socrates. Cambridge: CUP.

Pelling, C. 2000. Literary Texts and the Greek Historian. London: Routledge.

Pownall, F. 2004. Lessons from the past : the moral use of history in fourth-century prose ISBN: 0472113275. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, including in particular chapter 3.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Taylor, C.C.W. 2019. Socrates: a very short introduction (2nd edition) Oxford: OUP

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Collective Lives and Ethical Biography: Plutarch's Parallel Lives

To explore Plutarch's engagement with life writing, we will be looking at Plutarch's Lives of ALexander and Caesar in detail. You might therefore want to purchase your own copies of these texts, which are to be found in Plutarch Greek Lives, tr. R. Waterfield (Oxford World's Classics 2008), Plutarch Hellenistic Lives (Oxford World's Classics 2016) and Plutarch Roman Lives, tr. R. Waterfield (Oxford World's Classics 2008). However, translations are also available for free online - see the 'Class Readings' folder in 'Learning Resources' in the module Minerva space.  

Barrow, R.H. 1967. Plutarch and his times.. London: Chatto & Windus.

Beck, M. ed. 2013. A Companion to Plutarch ISBN: 9781405194310 (hardback); 1405194316 (hardback). Malden MA: Wiley Blackwell. Esp. Intro, Part I, and Chs. 20, 22, 24, 28.  

Edwards, M.J. 1991. Plutarch : the Lives of Pompey, Caesar and Cicero : a companion to the Penguin translation from "Fall of the Roman Republic" published in the Penguin Classics ISBN: 1853991287. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Duff, T.E. 1999. Plutarch's Lives : exploring virtue and vice ISBN: 0199252742; 019815058X. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Georgiadou, A. and Lucchesi, M.A. 2020. Plutarch's Parallel LivesIn: Temmerman, K. de. ed. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press - chapter 13.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Gossage, A. 1967. Plutarch. In: Dorey, T.A. ed. Latin biography. London, pp.45-77.

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity ISBN: 9781107016699 (hardback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. ch.6 (‘Plutarch and his Parallel Lives’).  

Humble, N. ed. 2010. Plutarch's lives : parallelism and purpose ISBN: 9781905125418; 1905125410. Swansea: Classical Press of Wales. 

Jones, C. 1971. Plutarch and Rome.. Oxford.

Lamberton, R. 2002. Plutarch ISBN: 0300088116 (pbk.) : £10.50; 0300088108. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.

Mossman, J. 1997. Plutarch and his intellectual world : essays on Plutarch ISBN: 0715627783 (cloth). London: Duckworth, including Pelling ‘Plutarch on Caesar’s Fall pp.215-232.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Mossman, J. 2018. Plutarch. In: De Temmerman, K. and van Emde Boas, E. eds. Characterization in Ancient Greek Literature. Leiden: Brill. pp. 486-502.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Pelling, C. 2002. Plutarch and history : eighteen studies ISBN: 0715631284; 9781905125531 (pbk). London: Duckworth, esp. chapters 1, 2, 4, 9, 11, 17.

Pelling, C. 1990. Truth and Fiction in Plutarch’s Lives. In: Russell, D.A. ed. Antonine literature ISBN: 0198140576. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 19- 52.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Russell, D.A. 2001. Plutarch. London: Bristol Classical Press.

Scardigli, B. ed. 1995. Essays on Plutarch's "Lives" ISBN: 0198140762. Oxford: Clarendon.

Stadter, P.A. ed. 1992. Plutarch and the historical tradition ISBN: 0415070074. London: Routledge.

Temmerman, K. de, and Demoen, K. eds. 2016. Writing Biography in Greece and Rome ISBN: 9781107129122 (hardback); 9781316598863 (ebook). Narrative Techniques and Fictionalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ch. 9 by De Pourq and Roskam.  

Wardman, A. 1974. Plutarch's Lives ISBN: 0236176226. London: Paul Elek Ltd.

Zadorojnyi, A. V. 2003. C. Pelling, Plutarch and History: Eighteen Studies (London 2002) and R. Lamberton, Plutarch (New Haven & London 2001). Review. The journal of Roman studies. ISSN: 0075-4358 93, pp. 392-394.

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Alexander the Great

Baynham, E. 1998. Alexander the Great: The Unique History of Quintus Curtius. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Bosworth, A. 2007. Arrian, Alexander and the Pursuit of Glory. In: Marincola, J. ed. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 447-453.

Bosworth, A. 1994. Alexander the Great Part 1: The events of the reign. In: Lewis et al. Cambridge Ancient History Vol. ISBN: 0521233488 VI: The Fourth Century BC. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ch.16 pp. 791-845.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Bosworth, A. 1988. From Arrian to Alexander : studies in historical interpretation ISBN: 0198148631. Oxford: Clarendon.

Bosworth, A. 1988. Conquest and Empire ISBN: 0521348234 (pbk ; cased) : £7.95; 0521343208Cambridge.

Bosworth, A. 1980-. A Historical Commentary on Arrian’s History of Alexander ISBN: 0198148283. Oxford.

Bosworth, A. and Baynham, E. 2000. Alexander the Great in fact and fiction ISBN: 0198152876. Oxford.

Brunt, P.A. Arrian ISBN: 0674992601; 0674992970 (v. 2): History of Alexander and Indica (2 vols., London/Cambridge MA 1976-83)

Carney, E. 2006. Olympias: mother of Alexander the Great ISBN: 0415333172. New York.

Engels, D. 1987. Alexander the Great and the logistics of the Macedonian army ISBN: 0520034333. Berkeley.

Ferrario, S. 2014. Historical agency and the 'great man' in classical Greece ISBN: 9781107037342 £65.00 (hardback); 9781316056370 (PDF ebook) : No price. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Green, P. 1992. Alexander the Great 356-323 BC : a historical biography. Berkeley.  

Hamilton, J. 1999. 2nd edition. Plutarch: Alexander; A Commentary. London: Bristol Classical Press.

Hammond, N. 1997. The genius of Alexander the Great ISBN: 0715627538; 0715626922. London.

Hammond, N. 1993. Sources for Alexander the Great : an analysis of Plutarch's "Life" and Arrian's "Anabasis Alexandrou" ISBN: 0521432642. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

Hammond, N. 1989. 2nd edition. Alexander the Great: King, Commander and Statesman. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Hammond, N. 1983. Three Historians of Alexander the Great: the So-called Vulgate authors, Diodorus, Justin and Curtius. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harding, P. 1985. From the end of the Peloponnesian War to the battle of Ipsus ISBN: 0521299497 (pbk) : £7.95; 0521234352 (translated documents of Greece and Rome). Cambridge, esp. nos.102-122.

Harl, K. 1997. Alexander’s cavalry battle at the Granicus. In: C. D. Hamilton & P. Krentz. eds. Polis and Polemos ISBN: 094169075X (pbk. : alk. paper); 0941690768 (cloth : alk. paper). Claremont, CA, pp. 302-26.

Heckell, W. and Tritle, L. eds. 2007. Alexander the Great : a new history ISBN: 1405130822 (pbk.) : £17.99; 9781405130813 (hbk.) : £55.00; 1405130814 (hbk.) : £55.00; 9781405130820 (pbk.) : £17.99. Oxford.   

Heckell, W. and Yardley, J.C. eds. 2004. Alexander the Great : historical sources in translation ISBN: 0631228217 (alk. paper); 0631228209. Oxford: Blackwell.   

Heckel, W. and Yardley, J.C. 1997. Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus / Justin vol. I: Books 11-12, Alexander the Great. Oxford: Clarendon.

Heckel, W. 1992. The marshals of Alexander's empire ISBN: 0415050537. London.

Konstan, D. and Walsh, R. 2016. Civic and Subversive Biography in Antiquity. In: Temmerman, K. de, and Demoen, K. eds. Writing biography in Greece and Rome : narrative technique and fictionalization ISBN: 9781107129122 (hardback); 9781316598863 (ebook). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. pp. 36-38.

Jones, C. 1971. Plutarch and Rome.. Oxford: Clarendon.

Lane Fox, R.J. ed. 2011. Brill’s Companion to Ancient Macedon ISBN: 9789004282858 (pbk.); 9789004206502 (hbk.). Leiden: Brill.

Lane Fox, R. 1973. Alexander the Great ISBN: 071390500X. London.

Mossman, J. 1988. Tragedy and epic in Plutarch’s Alexander. The journal of Hellenic studies. ISSN: 0075-4269 108, pp. 83-93.

Naiden, F.S. 2019. Soldier, Priest and God: A Life of Alexander the Great. New York: Oxford University Press.

Pearson, L. 2004. The Lost Histories of Alexander the Great. Chicago: Ares. 

Rice, E. 1997. Alexander the Great ISBN: 0750937645. Stroud.

Roisman, J. ed. 2003. Brill's companion to Alexander the Great ISBN: 9004124632. Leiden: Brill.  

Sansone, D. 1980. Plutarch, Alexander and the discovery of naphtha. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. ISSN: 0017-3916 21, pp. 63-74.

Stadter, P.A. 1980. Arrian of Nicomedia ISBN: 0807813648. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Stoneman, R. 2004. Alexander the great. London. 

Whitmarsh, T. 2002. Alexander’s Hellenism and Plutarch’s Textualism. The Classical quarterly. ISSN: 0009-8388 52, pp. 174-192.

Worthington, I. ed. 2003. Alexander the Great : a reader ISBN: 0415291879 (pbk); 0415291860. London: Routledge.

Zambrini, A. 2007. The Historians of Alexander the Great. In: Marincola, J. ed. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 210-220.  

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Biographical Narratives (including the Alexander Romance)

Arthur-Montagne, J. 2014. Persuasion, Emotion, and the Letters of the Alexander RomanceAncient narrative. 11, pp. 159-89. Available online

Borghart, P. and De Temmerman, K. eds. 2010. Biography and Fictionality in the Greek Literary Tradition, Ghent ( = Special issue of the journal Phrasis: 51.1).  

Garstad, B. 2016. Alexander’s Return to Greece in the Alexander Romance. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. 56, pp. 679-695.

Hägg, T. 1983. The Novel in Antiquity. Oxford: Blackwell. [Ch.5 on AR and its later developments and King Apollonius of Tyre; Ch.6 on Hagiographies (Saints’ lives) and Paul and Thecla]

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Ch.3 for Alexander Romance 

Hodkinson, O., Rosenmeyer, P. et al. eds. 2013. Epistolary narratives in ancient Greek literature (Mnemosyne Supplements, 359). Leiden: Brill.

Hodkinson, O. 2010. Some Distinguishing Features of Deliberate Fictionality in Greek Biographical Narratives. Phrasis 51, pp. 11-35 [author provided pdf in course readings folder]

Holzberg, N. 1995. The ancient novel : an introduction . Trans. C. Jackson Holzberg. London: Routledge.

Jouanno, C. 2020. The Alexander Romancen: Temmerman, K. de. ed. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press - chapter 16.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Jouanno, C. 2009. Novelistic lives and historical biographies: The Life of Aesop and the Alexander Romance as fringe novels. In: Karla, G. ed. Fiction on the fringe : novelistic writing in the post-classical age . Mnemosyne Supplements 310, pp. 33-48.

Karla, G. 2012. Folk Narrative Techniques in the Alexander Romance. Mnemosyne. 65, pp. 636-655.

Karla, G. 2009. Fictional Biography vis-à-vis romance: affinity and differentiation. In: Karla, G. ed. Fiction on the fringe : novelistic writing in the post-classical age . Mnemosyne Supplements 310, pp. 13-32.

Konstan, D. 1998. The Alexander Romance: The cunning of the open text. Lexis 16, pp. 123-138 [available in course readings folder]

Konstan, D. and Walsh, R. 2016. Civic and subversive biography in antiquity. In Demoen, K. and de Temmerman, K. eds. Writing Biography in Greece and Rome: Narrative technique and fictionalization, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 26-43.  

McInerney, J. 2007. Arrian and the Greek Alexander Romance. The classical world. 100, pp. 424-430.  

Morgan, J.R. and Stoneman, R. 1994. Greek Fiction: the Greek novel in context. London: Routledge. [Two chapters on Alexander Romance, by Stoneman and Rosenmeyer; chapter on Xenophon's Cyropaidia as proto-novel by Tatum; several chapters on Egyptian, Jewish and Christian narratives incl. Saints’ lives / hagiographies.]  

Nawotka, K. 2017. The Alexander romance by Ps.-Callisthenes : a historical commentary . (Mnemosyne Supplements, 399) Leiden: Brill.

Rosenmeyer, P.A. 2001. Ancient Epistolary Fictions. The letter in Greek literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [ch.7 on Alexander Romance.]

Stoneman, R., Erickson, K., and Netton, I.R. eds. 2012. Alexander romance in Persia and the East (Ancient Narrative Supplementum 15). Groningen: Barkhuis.

Stoneman, R. (trans.) 1991. The Greek Alexander romance . London: Penguin Books.    Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Stoneman, R. 2010. Alexander the Great: A life in Legend. New Haven, Yale UP. Introduction and Chapter 1.

Stoneman, R.  2018. Introduction: on using literature for history. In: The Alexander Romance: History and Literature (Ancient Narrative Supplement 25), Groningen: Barkhuis. pp.vii-xv [download introduction free here https://ugp.rug.nl/AN/issue/view/4445]

Whitmarsh, T. 2013. Addressing power: Fictional letters between Alexander and Darius. In: Hodkinson, O., Rosenmeyer, P. et al. eds. Epistolary narratives in ancient Greek literature (Mnemosyne Supplements, 359). Leiden: Brill, pp. 169-186 [available in course readings folder]

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Julius Caesar

Beard, M. and Crawford, M. 1985. Rome in the Late Republic. London.

Beneker, J. 2002/3. J. No Time for Love: Plutarch’s Chaste Caesar. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. ISSN: 0017-3916 43, pp. 13-29.

Cairns, F. and Fantham, E. eds. 2003. Caesar against liberty? : perspectives on his autocracy ISBN: 0905205391. Cambridge.

Canfora, L. 2007. Julius Caesar : the people's dictator ISBN: 0748619364. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 

Dillon, M. and Garland, L. eds. 2005 Ancient Rome : from the early Republic to the assassination of Julius Caesar.London.

Flower, H.I. 2004. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman RepublicCambridge. esp. chapters 2 and 4  

Griffin, M. ed. 2009. A Companion to Julius Caesar. Oxford: Blackwell.  

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. ch. 5 (‘Political Biography at Rome’)  

Kamm, A. 2006. Julius Caesar: A Life. London: Routledge.

Meier, C. 1995. Caesar. London.

Mellor, R. 1998. The Roman historians . London: Routledge.

Morgan, L. 1997. 'Levi Quidem de re...': Julius Caesar as Tyrant and Pedant. The journal of Roman studies. ISSN: 0075-4358 87, pp. 23-40.

Pelling, C. 2011. Plutarch Caesar : translated with an introduction and commentary ISBN: 9780198149040. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

Pelling, C. 2002. Plutarch's Caesar: A Caesar for the Caesar's? In: Stadter, P and Van der Stockt, L. eds. Sage and Emperor: Plutarch, Greek Intellectuals, and Roman Power in the Time of Trajan ISBN: 9058672395 (98 - 117 AD). Leuven. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Potter, D. 1999. Literary Texts and the Roman Historian. London: Routledge.

Power, T. and Gibson, R. K. eds. 2014. Suetonius the biographer : studies in Roman lives . Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

Riggsby, A. 2006. Caesar in Gaul and Rome : war in words ISBN: 9780292713031 ((cl.) ; alk. paper); 9780292726178 (pbk.); 0292713037. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Rosenstein, N. and Morstein-Marx, R. eds. 2006. A Companion to the Roman RepublicOxford. esp. chapters 8 and 9  

Southern, P. 2001. Julius Caesar ISBN: 0752414437Stroud.

Swain, H. and Everson Davies, M. 2010. Aspects of Roman history, 82 BC-AD 14 : a source-based approach .London.  

Toynbee, J.M.C. 1957. Portraits of Julius Caesar. Greece and Rome. ISSN: 0017-3835 4, pp. 2-9.

Wallace-Hadrill, A. 1983. Suetonius : the scholar and his Caesars . London: Duckworth.

Welch, K. and Powell, A. 1998. Julius Caesar as artful reporter : the war commentaries as political instruments ISBN: 0715628593. London: Duckworth.

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Writing about a Friend: Cornelius Nepos' Life of Atticus

Beneker, J. 2010. Nepos’ Biographical Method in the Lives of Foreign Generals. The Classical Journal. 105, pp. 109-121.

Geiger, J. 1985. Cornelius Nepos and ancient political biography ISBN: 3515044140. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden.

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity ISBN: 9781107016699 (hardback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. ch. 5 (‘Political Biography at Rome’) 

Mellor, R. 1998. The Roman historians . London: Routledge.

Millar, F. 1988. Cornelius Nepos, ‘Atticus’ and the Roman Revolution. Greece and Rome. ISSN: 0017-3835 35, pp. 40-55.

Potter, D. 1999. Literary Texts and the Roman Historian. London: Routledge.

Pryzwansky, M. 2010. Cornelius Nepos: Key Issues and Critical Approaches. The Classical Journal. 105, pp. 97-108.  

Stem, R. 2012. The political biographies of Cornelius Nepos ISBN: 9780472118380 (cloth ; acid-free paper); 0472118382 (cloth ; acid-free paper). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Stem, R. 2020. Nepos' Life of Atticus, Nicolaus' Life of Caesar and the Genre of Political Biography in the Age of Augustus. In: Temmerman, K. de. ed. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press - chapter 11.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Stem, R. 2010. Shared Virtues and the Limits of Relativism in Nepos' Epaminondas And Atticus. The Classical Journal, 105, pp. 123-136 

Titchener, F. 2003. Cornelius Nepos and the Biographical Tradition. Greece and Rome. ISSN: 0017-3835 50, pp. 85-99.  

Welch, K. 1996. T. Pomponius Atticus: A Banker in Politics? Historia: Zeitschrift Für Alte Geschichte, 45, pp. 450-471.  

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Writing your own Life in the Augustan era

Brunt, P.A. and Moore, J.M. eds. 1967. Res gestae divi Augusti : the achievements of the divine Augustus. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cooley, A. 2009. Res gestae divi Augusti : text, translation, and commentary ISBN: 9780521601283 (pbk.); 9780521841528 (hc.); 0521841526 (hc.); 0521601282 (pbk.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Eck, W. 2007. 2nd edition. The Age of Augustus. Malden, MA: Blackwell, including Chapter 1 ‘Augustus’ Career in Overview: the res gestae’.   Available online   

Fairweather, J. 1987. Ovid's Autobiographical Poem, Tristia 4.10. The Classical Quarterly, 37.1, pp. 181-196.

Hallett, J. 2003. Centering from the Periphery in the Augustan Roman World: Ovid’s Autobiography in Tristia 4.10 and Cornelius Nepos’s Biography of Atticus. Arethusa. ISSN: 0004-0975 36.3, pp. 345-359.  

Hardie, P. ed. 2002. The Cambridge Companion to Ovid. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Galinksy, K. 2012. Augustus: Introduction to the Life of an Emperor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Knox, P. 2013. A companion to Ovid ISBN: 9781118451342. Oxford: Blackwell.

Knox, P.E. ed. 2006. Oxford readings in Ovid ISBN: 0199281165 (alk. paper); 9780199281169 (alk. paper); 9780199281152 (alk. paper); 0199281157 (alk. paper). Oxford: Oxford University Press, esp. Ch.2 Holzberg ‘Playing with his Life: Ovid's Autobiographical References’   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Levick, B. 2010. Augustus: Image and Substance. Harlow: Longman.

Lewis, R.G. 1993. Imperial Autobiography, Augustus to Hadrian. In: Haase, W. ed. Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt 34.1, pp. 629–706, esp. pp. 652–8.

Ridley, R.T. 2003. The Emperor's retrospect : Augustus' Res gestae in epigraphy, historiography and commentary ISBN: 9042913479. Leuven: Peeters.

Riggsby, A. 2007. Memoir and Autobiography in Republican Rome. In: Marincola, J. ed. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 266-274.  

Smith, C. and Powell, A. eds. 2009. The lost memoirs of Augustus : and the development of Roman autobiography ISBN: 9781905125258 (hbk.); 1905125259 (hbk.). Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, esp. Pelling (Was there an ancient genre of ‘autobiography’?), pp. 41-64.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva    

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Creating Biographies by Writing Letters

Biraud, M. and Zucker, A. eds. 2019. The Letters of Alciphron: A Unified Literary Work? Leiden: Brill.

Ceccarelli, P. 2013. Ancient Greek letter writing : a cultural history (600 BC-150 BC) . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Christy, J.P. 2016. Chion of Heraclea: Letters and the life of a tyrannicide. In: Demoen, K. and K. de Temmerman, K. eds. Writing biography in Greece and Rome : narrative technique and fictionalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Pres, pp.259-277.

Gibson, R. 2012. On the Nature of Ancient Letter Collections. The journal of Roman studies. 102, pp. 56-78.  

Glaser, T. 2014. Liaisons Dangereuses: Epistolary Novels in Antiquity. In: Cueva, E.P. and Byrne, S.N. eds., A Companion to the Ancient Novel, Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 244-256.   

Hanink, J. 2010. The Life of the author in the letters of “Euripides”. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 50: pp. 537-564.

Hodkinson, O. 2013. Introduction. In: Hodkinson, O. and Rosenmeyer, P.A. eds. Epistolary Narratives in Ancient Greek Literature. Leiden: Brill. pp. 1-36. [Author supplied PDF in course readings folder]  

Jenkins, T.E. 2006. Intercepted letters: epistolarity and narrative in Greek and Roman literature. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Lampe, K. 2016. The life of Aristippus in the Socratic Epistles: three interpretations. In: Fletcher, R. and Hanink, J. eds. Creative Lives in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 198-218.

Morales, H. 2011. Greek Fiction. London: Penguin Classics [For a translation with introduction and notes of the Chion epistolary novel.]

Morello, R. and Morrison, A. eds. 2007. Ancient letters : classical and late antique epistolography . Oxford: Oxford University Press. [See especially chapters on Alciphron by Hodkinson and König, the latter comparing fictional/literary letters with real papyrus letters; chapter on M. Aurelius and Fronto by Freisenbruch]

Muir, J. 2009. Life and letters in the ancient Greek world . London: Routledge.

Penwill, J. 2010. Evolution of an assassin: the letters of Chion of Heraclea. Ramus 39.1: 24-52. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Rosenmeyer, P.A. 2001. Ancient Epistolary Fictions. The letter in Greek literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Chapters on Pseudonymous letter collections, Chion of Heraclea, and Alciphron.]

Rosenmeyer, P.A. 2006. Ancient Greek Literary Letters. London: Routledge [A translation of selected Greek letters with introductions to each author or type of letter; includes complete text of the Chion epistolary novel, some letters of Plato, Socratics, Alciphron.]    

Sarri, A. 2018. Material Aspects of Letter Writing in the Graeco-Roman World, c. 500 BC - AD 300. De Gruyter.

Trapp, M.B. 2003.Greek and Latin Letters: An Anthology with Translation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Trapp, M.B. 2006. Biography in letters; biography and letters. In: J. Mossman and B. McGing (eds.) The Limits of Ancient Biography. Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, pp.335-350.   

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Writing about Relatives: Tacitus and Pliny

Ash, R. ed. 2012. Oxford Readings in Classical Studies: Tacitus. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ash, R. 2006. Tacitus. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Birley, A. 2010. The Agricola. In: Woodman, J. ed. The Cambridge Companion to Tacitus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 47-58. [see also in same volume chapters 10 by Pelling (‘Tacitus’ personal voice’) and 11 by Griffin (‘Tacitus as a historian’)]  

Eco, U. 1990. A portrait of the Elder as a young Pliny. In: Eco, U. The limits of interpretation. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, pp. 123–136.    

Gibson, R. and Morello, R. 2012. Reading the letters of Pliny the Younger : an introduction ISBN: 9780521603799. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hägg, T. 2012. The art of biography in antiquity ISBN: 9781107016699 (hardback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. ch. 5 (‘Political Biography at Rome’)  

Henderson, J. 2002. Pliny's statue : the Letters, self-portraiture & classical art ISBN: 0859897206. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Henderson, J. 2002. Knowing Someone through their Books: Pliny on Uncle Pliny (“Epistles” 3.5). Classical Philology. ISSN: 0009-837X 97, pp. 256-284.  

Keeline, T. 20178. Model or Anti-Model?: Pliny on Uncle Pliny. TAPA 148, pp. 173-203. Available online

Mellor, R. 1993. Tacitus. New York & London: Routledge.

Ogilvie, R.M. & Richmond, I.A. eds. 1967. Tacitus: Agricola ISBN: 0198144385. Oxford: Clarendon.

Turner, A. 1997. Approaches to Tacitus’ “Agricola”. Latomus. ISSN: 0023-8856 56, pp. 582-593.

Whitmarsh, T. 2006. “This In-Between Book”: Language, Politics and Genre in the Agricola. In: McGing, B. and Mossman, J. eds. The limits of ancient biography ISBN: 1905125127; 9781905125128. Swansea: The Classical Press of Wales, pp. 305-333.

Whitton, C. 2020. Biography and Praise in Trajanic Rome: Tacitus' Agricola and Pliny's Panegyricusn: Temmerman, K. de. ed. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press - chapter 12.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

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The Lives of Women

Text of the Laudatio Turiae    

Barrett, A. 2002. Livia : first lady of Imperial Rome ISBN: 0300091966 New Haven: Yale University Press. 

Barrett, A.A. 1999. Agrippina: Sex, Power and Politics in the Early Empire. London: Routledge, esp. ch.9 – sources.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva    

Bartman, E. 1998. Portraits of Livia : imaging the imperial woman in Augustan Rome ISBN: 0521583942 (hb). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bauman, R.A. 1992. Women and politics in ancient Rome ISBN: 0415115221 (pbk); 0415057779. London: Routledge.

Beard, M. 2017. Women & power : a manifesto ISBN: 9781788160605; 1788160606. London: Profile Books.

Blundell, S. 1995. Women in ancient Greece ISBN: 071412219X; 0714112968. London: British Museum.

Blundell, S. 1998. Women in classical Athens ISBN: 1853995436 (pbk). Bristol: BCP.

Bodel, J. ed. 2001. Epigraphic evidence : ancient history from inscriptions ISBN: 0415116244; 0415116236. London: Routledge, esp. chapter by Saller (Family and Society).   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva    

Brulé, P. 2003. Women of ancient Greece ISBN: 0748616438 (hbk). Edinburgh: EUP.

Burns, J. 2007. Great women of Imperial Rome : mothers and wives of the Caesars ISBN: 0415408989 (pbk.) : No price; 9780415408974 (hbk.) : £85.00; 0415408970 (hbk.) : £85.00; 9780415408981 (pbk.) : No price; 9780203967071 (e-book) : No price; 0203967077 (e-book). London: Routledge. 

Carey, C. (trans.) 1992. Apollodoros against Neaira : (Demosthenes) 59 ISBN: 0856685267 (limp ; cloth); 0856685259. Warminster: Aris & Phillips.

Chrystal, P. 2015. Roman women : the women who influenced the history of Rome ISBN: 9781781552872 (pbk.); 1781552878 (pbk.). Stroud: Fonthill Media. 

Connelly, J.B. 2009. Portrait of a priestess : women and ritual in ancient Greece ISBN: 0691127468 (hardcover : alk. paper). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Davidson, J. N. 1997. Courtesans and Fishcakes: the consuming passions of Classical Athens. London: Harper Collins.

Dixon, S. 2000. Reading Roman women ISBN: 0715629816 (pbk). London: Duckworth.

Fantham, E. 2006. Julia Augusti : the emperor's daughter ISBN: 0415331463 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0415331455 (hardback : alk. paper): Women in the Ancient World. New York: Routledge.

Fantham, E. et al. 1994. Women in the Classical World: Image and Text. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gingras, M.T. 1992. Annalistic Format, Tacitean Themes and the Obituaries of ‘Annals’ 3. The Classical Journal. 87, pp. 241–256.

Ginsburg, J. 2006. Representing Agrippina: Constructions of Female Power in the Early Roman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Glazebrook, A. 2005. The Making of a Prostitute: Apollodorus’ Portrait of Neaira. Arethusa. ISSN: 0004-0975 38, pp. 161-187.  

Gowing, A.M. 1992. Lepidus, the Proscriptions and the Laudatio Turiae. Historia. 41, pp. 283-96.

Hamel, D. 2005. Trying Neaira : the true story of a courtesan's scandalous life in ancient Greece ISBN: 0300107633. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. 

Hemelrijk, E. 2004. Masculinity and Feminity in the Laudatio Turiae. The Classical quarterly. ISSN: 0009-8388 54, pp. 185-197.  

James, S.L. and Dillon, S. eds. 2015. A companion to women in the ancient world ISBN: 9781119025542 (paperback); 1119025540 (paperback); 9781405192842 (hardback); 1405192844 (hardback). Oxford: Blackwell.

Just, R. 1989. Women in Athenian law and life ISBN: 0415058414; 0415003466. London: Routledge.

Keegan, P. 2008. Turia, Lepidus and Rome’s Epigraphic Environment. Studia Humaniora Tartuensia ISSN: 1406-6203 9, pp. 1-7. Available online

L’Hoir, F.S. 1994. Tacitus and Women’s Usurpation of Power. The classical world. ISSN: 0009-8418 88, pp.5-25.

Lefkowitz, M.R. and Fant, M.B. 2016. 4th edition. Women’s Life in Greece and Rome: A Source Book in Translation. London: Bloomsbury.

Levick, B. 2013. Agrippina. In: Cornell, T.J. ed. The fragments of the Roman historians ISBN: 9780199277056 (set); 9780199277032 (volume 1); 9780199277049 (volume 2); 9780199679065 (volume 3). Oxford: Oxford University Press, Vol. 1, pp. 515–17 (plus vols 2 and 3 for translation and commentary)

McAuslan, I. and Walcot, P. eds. 1996. Women in Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Milnor, K. 2009. Women in Roman Historiography. In: Feldherr, A. ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 276-27  

Milnor, K. 2006. Gender, Domesticity and the Age of Augustus: Inventing Private Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Osgood, J. 2014. Turia : a Roman woman's Civil War ISBN: 9780199832354 (pbk.) : £18.99; 9780199832347 (hbk.) : £64.00. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Richlin, A. 2009. Writing Women into History. In: Erskine, A. ed. A Companion to Ancient History. Oxford: Blackwell.  

Rutland, L.W. 1978. Women as Makers of Kings in Tacitus’ Annals. The classical world. ISSN: 0009-8418 72, pp. 15-29.

Spatharas, D. 2011. Kinky Stories from the rostrum: storytelling in Apollodorus’ Against Neaira. Ancient narrative. ISSN: 1568-3540 9, pp. 99-120.  Available online

Thea, L. 2014. The Laudatio Turiae: A Source for Roman Political and Social History.https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2123r4bs

Watson, P. A. 1995. Ancient stepmothers : myth, misogyny and reality ISBN: 9004101764. Leiden: Brill.

Wood, S. 2000. Imperial women : a study in public images, 40 BC - AD 68 ISBN: 9004119507. Leiden: Brill.

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Unwritten Lives and Material Biographies

Alcock, S. and Osborne, R. 2007. Classical Archaeology. Oxford: Blackwell, esp. chs. 6, 8 and 9.  

Allison, P. 2004. Pompeian Households: An Analysis of Material Culture. Los Angeles.

Berry, J. 2007. The Complete Pompeii. London: Thames & Hudson. 

Bodel, J. ed. 2001. Epigraphic evidence : ancient history from inscriptions ISBN: 0415116244; 0415116236. London: Routledge, esp. chapter by Bodel (Epigraphy and the ancient historian).

Camp, J. 2001. The Archaeology of Athens. Yale University Press.

Carroll, M. and Rempel, J. eds. 2011. Living through the dead : burial and commemoration in the classical world ISBN: 9781842175576 (e-book). Oxford: Oxbow.  

Carroll, M. 2006. Spirits of the dead : Roman funerary commemoration in Western Europe ISBN: 9780199291076 (hbk.) : £70.00; 0199291071 (hbk.) : £70.00. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clarke, J. 2006. Art in the lives of ordinary Romans : visual representation and non-elite viewers in Italy, 100 B.C. -A.D. 315 ISBN: 0520248155 (pbk.) : £15.95; 0520232461 (hbk.). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Connolly, P. and Dodge, H. 1998. The Ancient City: Life in Classical Athens and Rome. Oxford: Oxford University Press. esp. chapters 4 and 6  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva    

Cooley, A. 2012. The Cambridge handbook to Latin epigraphy ISBN: 9780521840262 (hard back). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, esp. chapter on personal inscriptions.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Dobbins, J. and Foss, P. eds. 2007. The World of Pompeii. London: Routledge.

Dyson, S. 2010. Rome: A Living Portrait of an Ancient City. Johns Hopkins.

Erasmo, M. ed. 2017. A Cultural History of Death in Antiquity. Bloomsbury.     

Erskine, A. ed. 2009. A Companion to Ancient History. Oxford: Blackwell, esp. Part V.

Garland, R. 2008. Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks. 2nd edn. Indianapolis. 

Harvey, B. 2016. Daily Life in Ancient Rome: A Sourcebook. Indianapolis. 

Hodder, I. 1986. Reading the Past. Current Approaches to Interpretation in Archaeology. Cambridge: CUP.

Hope, V. and Huskinson, J. eds. 2011. Memory and mourning : studies on Roman death ISBN: 9781842175514 (e-book). Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Hope, V. 1997. Constructing Roman Identity: Funerary monuments and social structure in the Roman world. Mortality. ISSN: 1357-6275 2, pp. 103-121.

Horsfall, N. 2003. The Culture of the Roman Plebs. London.

Hunt, P. 2018. Ancient Greek and Roman slavery ISBN: 9781405188050 hardback; 1405188057 hardback; 9781405188067 paperback; 1405188065 paperback. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Kleiner, D. and Matheson, S. eds. 1996. I, Claudia : women in ancient Rome ISBN: 0894670751. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery.

Knapp, R. 2011. Invisible Romans : prostitutes, outlaws, slaves, gladiators, ordinary men and women -- the Romans that history forgot ISBN: 9781846684012 (hbk.) : £20.00; 1846684013 (hbk.) : £20.00; 9781847654472 (ebook) : No price; 1847654479 (ebook) : No price. London: Profile.     

Mee, C. 2011. Greek Archaeology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 

Nevett, L. 1999. House and Society in the Ancient Greek World. Cambridge.

Nilsson Stutz, L. and Tarlow, S. eds. 2013. The Oxford handbook of the archaeology of death and burial ISBN: 9780199569069. Oxford: Oxford University Press, esp. chapter by Carroll on ‘Ethnicity and Gender in Roman Funerary Commemorations’.

Peña, J. 2007. Roman Pottery in the Archaeological Record. Cambridge.

Renfrew, C. and Bahn, P. 2016. 7th edition. Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. London.

Temmerman, K. de. ed. 2020. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press - the chapters in Part V on 'Media' will accompany this topic very well. These include chapters on biographical monuments and biographical material in epigraphic sources (i.e. inscriptions).

Wallace-Hadrill, A. 1994. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. Princeton. 

For an overview on housing and death in the ancient world, see: Nevett, L. Housing pp.368-380 and Noy, D. Death pp.414-426 in Erskine, A. ed. 2009. A Companion to Ancient History. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.  

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Seminar 1 - Xenophon and Early Biography

All of the reading you need to complete for this seminar is available in the Seminar 1 folder (see the 'Learning Resources' area of the module Minerva space).

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Seminar 2 - Writing Obituaries (Coursework Preparation)

All of the reading you need to complete for this seminar is available in the Seminar 2 folder (see the 'Learning Resources' area of the module Minerva space).

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Seminar 3 - The Assassination of Caesar: Comparing Sources

All of the reading you need to complete for this seminar is available on the Seminar 3 worksheet (see the 'Learning Resources' area of the module Minerva space).

Supporting Reading:

Pelling, C. 1997. Plutarch on Caesar’s fall. In: Mossman, J. ed. Plutarch and his Intellectual World . London, pp. 215-32

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Seminar 4 - Comparing Lives and Life Writing

All of the reading you need to complete for this seminar is available on the Seminar 4 worksheet (see the 'Learning Resources' area of the module Minerva space).

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Seminar 5 - Writing Lives: Common Themes (Comparative Essay Preparation)

See the Seminar 5 worksheet in the 'Learning Resources' area of the module Minerva space.

This list was last updated on 11/05/2022