Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue
Geo 1000. Planet under threat. Reading list
PART 1. SCIENCE, BIO-PHYSICAL IMPACTS AND POLICY
IPCC (2014) Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Summary for Policymakers. https://archive.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/AR5_SYR_FINAL_SPM.pdf (esp AR5 Summary for Policymakers)
IPCC (2018) Summary for Policymakers of IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C https://www.ipcc.ch/2018/10/08/summary-for-policymakers-of-ipcc-special-report-on-global-warming-of-1-5c-approved-by-governments/
UN Climate Change https://www.un.org/en/global-issues/climate-change/
Spratt, D and Sutton, P (2008) Climate code red: the case for emergency action. Scribe Publications: New York.
Climate Change: Past, Present, and Future
Earth’s climate has always changed, but how do we disentangle natural signals from the impact of human activity?
Deep Time Walk free app (https://www.deeptimewalk.org/) – Follow Earth’s 4.6 billion year history in a 4.6 km walk!
Welcome to the Anthropocene
Human impact on the Earth system is clear, and we’ll explore the newest chapter of our planet’s long history – the Anthropocene.
Biodiversity and the biology of climate change
The term biodiversity is used a lot, but what does it actually mean, why is it important to the planet and what threatens it? We’ll look at the impacts of climate change on biological systems. Including biodiversity, phenology, genetics, distributions, dynamics, physiology, morphology and productivity.
Johnson et al. (2017). Biodiversity losses and conservation responses in the Anthropocene. Science: 270-275 https://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6335/270
How many species on Earth? Why that’s a simple question but hard to answer https://theconversation.com/how-many-species-on-earth-why-thats-a-simple-question-but-hard-to-answer-114909
PECL et al (2017). Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being SCIENCE https://science.sciencemag.org/content/355/6332/eaai9214.abstract
What happens to the natural world if all the insects disappear? https://theconversation.com/what-happens-to-the-natural-world-if-all-the-insects-disappear-111886
Aichi Biodiversity Targets https://www.cbd.int/sp/targets/
Peacock (2017). The biosphere. In: Holden, J. (ed) An introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment 4th Edition. Pearson. Particularly pp 253-256. Earlier editions of the book will content similar information but page numbers will be different
Campbell, N (2018) Biology 11th Edition, Pearson Education Limited, USA (9th edition or later is appropriate though the course specifically uses the 11th edition; there is no need to buy this book unless you wish to do so as the library has many copies). Unit 8 covers the Ecology of Life, so relevant sections from this unit.
Carson, R. (1962). Silent Spring. Pelican Books. The book Silent Spring inspired the modern environmental movement. Its importance is as relevant today as it was when it was written.
Fitter and Fitter (2002). Rapid Changes in Flowering Time in British Plants. Science 1689-1691. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/296/5573/1689
Grace, J. (2017). Vegetation and environmental change. In: Holden, J. (ed) An introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment 4th Edition. Pearson. Earlier editions of the book will content similar information
Hassall (2019). Animals will struggle to adapt fast enough to cope with climate change, study finds. https://theconversation.com/animals-will-struggle-to-adapt-fast-enough-to-cope-with-climate-change-study-finds-120857
Habitat destruction is one of the main threats to biodiversity on the planet and we’ll consider the impacts of it in this lecture.
The WWF Living Planet Report (2018) http://wwf.panda.org/knowledge_hub/all_publications/living_planet_report_2018/
Watson et al (2016). Half the world’s ecosystems at risk from habitat loss, and Australia is one of the worst. https://theconversation.com/half-the-worlds-ecosystems-at-risk-from-habitat-loss-and-australia-is-one-of-the-worst-64663
Lurgi (2019). Habitat loss doesn’t just affect species, it impacts networks of ecological relationshipshttps://theconversation.com/habitat-loss-doesnt-just-affect-species-it-impacts-networks-of-ecological-relationships-117687
Orgiazzi et al (2016). Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas
Peacock (2017). Ecosystem Processes. In: Holden, J. (ed) An introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment 4th Edition. Pearson. Particularly section 11.5 Human Impact. Earlier editions of the book will content similar information but page numbers will be different
Unpredictable Extremes and the Future of our Planet
Extreme weather events are becoming more intense, hitting more frequently, and impacting more people… but is climate change to blame? What’s in store for Earth over the next few decades, and what can we do to create a good Anthropocene?
Met Office (2019) Record breaking heat-wave July 2019. See report at this link.
IPCC (2018) Global Warming of 1.5˚C: An IPCC Special Report. Summary for Policymakers. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/2/2019/05/SR15_SPM_version_report_LR.pdf.
Climate Action Tracker (2019) Climate crisis demands more government action as emissions rise. p1-7. https://climateactiontracker.org/documents/537/CAT_2019-06-19_SB50_CAT_Update.pdf
The international policy response
This session will examine how the international community has responded to climate change.
Kuyper, J., Schroeder, H. & Linner, B. O. The Evolution of the UNFCCC. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol 43 43, 343-368, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-102017-030119 (2018).
Dirnitrov, R., Hovi, J., Sprinz, D. F., Saelen, H. & Underdal, A. Institutional and environmental effectiveness: Will the Paris Agreement work? Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews-Climate Change 10, https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.583 (2019).
Gupta J. (2011). A history of international climate change policy. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews-Climate Change. 2010;1(5):636-53
The UK national policy response
This session will examine how the UK has responded to climate change.
Nash, S., and Steurer, R. (2019). Taking stock of Climate Change Acts in Europe: living policy processes or symbolic gestures? Climate Policy 19 (8). Pg 1052-1065
Jude, S. R. et al. Delivering organisational adaptation through legislative mechanisms: Evidence from the Adaptation Reporting Power (Climate Change Act 2008). Science of the Total Environment 574, 858-871, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.104 (2017).
Lorenzoni, I. & Benson, D. Radical institutional change in environmental governance: Explaining the origins of the UK Climate Change Act 2008 through discursive and streams perspectives. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions 29, 10-21, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.07.011 (2014).
Climate change, the economy and green growth
This session is not running this year, but here's some readings in case you are interested. We will look at some of the debates and controversies about what kind of economy and economic growth. We need to create a sustainable planet and climate safe future.
Simms, A., Victoria Johnson and Peter Chowla (2010) Growth isn't Possible. Why we need a new economic direction. Earthscan: London. Downloadable at: https://neweconomics.org/2010/01/growth-isnt-possible
Dietz, R., O'Neill, D.W., 2013. Enough Is Enough: Building a Sustainable Economy in a World of Finite Resources. Routledge, London.
Raworth, K., 2013. What is economics? Online video presentation. http://www.kateraworth.com/2013/11/12/what-is-economics-anyway/
Spratt, S and Simms, A (2009) The Great Transition. New Economics Foundation. London. Downloadable at: https://neweconomics.org/2009/10/the-great-transition
Steffen, W., et al., 2015. Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet. Science 347 (6223), 1259855.
Stern, N., 2007. The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Urhammer, E., Røpke, I., 2013. Macroeconomic narratives in a world of crises: An analysis of stories about solving the system crisis. Ecological Economics 96, 62-70.
Victor, P.A., 2008. Managing without Growth: Slower by Design, Not Disaster. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Wiedmann, T.O., Schandl, H., Lenzen, M., Moran, D., Suh, S., West, J., Kanemoto, K., 2015. The material footprint of nations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112 (20), 6271-6276.
Climate change and the media and public discourse
This session is not running this year, but here's some readings in case you are interested. This session will examine how climate change is communicated to the public.
Moser, C. (2010). Communicating climate change: history, challenges, process and future directions. WIREs Climate Change (1) 31-53
Boykoff, M.T., and Boykoff, J.M. (2004). Balance as bias: global warming and the US prestige press. Global Environmental Change (14), 125-136.
Boykoff, M. (2013). Public Enemy No. 1? Understanding Media Representations of Outlier Views on Climate Change. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(6), 796-817.
Corner, A. & Groves, C. Breaking the climate change communication deadlock. Nature Climate Change 4, 743-745, (2014).
Chapman, D. A., Lickel, B. & Markowitz, E. M. Reassessing emotion in climate change communication. Nature Climate Change 7, 850-852, (2017).
Patt, A., and Weber, E.U. (2014). Perceptions and communication strategies for the many uncertainties relevant for climate policy. WIREs Climate Change 5(2), 219-232
PART 2. POLITICS, SOCIAL IMPACTS AND SOLUTIONS
Climate Change and Injustice
This session discusses the triple inequalities of responsibility, mitigation and adaptation associated with climate change
(just sample one of these books - for example the introduction plus one chapter that interests you)
O’Lear, S. and Dalby, S. (eds) Reframing Climate Change London: Routledge
Parenti, C. 2011: Tropic of Chaos: Climate Change and the New Geography of Violence New York: Nation Books.
Roberts, R. T. and Parks, B.C. 2007: A climate of injustice: global inequality, north-south politics and climate policy MIT Press, Boston, MA
Parks B, Roberts JT. 2010: Climate change, social theory and justice. Theory Cult Soc 27:134-166.
Eriksen, Siri, Katrina Brown, and Mick Kelly. 2005. The dynamics of vulnerability: Locating coping strategies in Kenya and Tanzania. Geographical Journal 171 (4): 287–305.
Check out Our Future Leeds, a new civic group in the city, will outline their vision for a liveable and green Leeds as a response to the climate emergency. https://ourfutureleeds.org/
Climate and Resource conflicts
This session discusses resources conflicts associated with extractive capitalism and climate change.
Readings (just dip into selected books, no need to read them all)
Gedicks, A. 1993: The New Resource Wars: Native and Environmental Struggles against MNCs. Boston: South End Press.
---. 2001: Resource Rebels. Boston: South End Press. Chapters 2 & 3. R
Klare, M. 2001: Resource Wars. New York: Metropolitan
The entire issue of Geopolitics 9,1, (2004) Special issue on resources and conflict, including:
Philippe Le Billon (2004) The Geopolitical economy of ‘resource wars’, Geopolitics, 9:1, 1-28, DOI: 10.1080/14650040412331307812
Special issues: articles in Political Geography on Climate Change and Conflict 26, 6, 627-736 (August 2007), including:
Barnet, J. & Adger, W. N. 2007: ‘Climate Change, human security and violent conflict’ Political Geography, 26, 639-655.
Climate Justice Movements
This session discusses the climate justice concept and the movements inspired by it.
Readings (just dip into selected books, no need to read them all)
Antipode on Environmental Justice Volume 41 Issue 4 , Pages 591 - 843 (September 2009)
Angus, I. (ed) 2009: The Global Fight for Climate Justice London: Resistance Books.
Klein, N. 2014: This Changes Everything: capitalism vs. the climate Penguin Books.
Building Bridges Collective, 2010: Space for Movement: reflections from Bolivia on climate justice, social movements and the state Footprint Worker’s Co-op: Leeds.
Chatterton, P. Featherstone, D. & Routledge, P. (2014) ‘Articulating Climate Justice in Copenhagen: antagonism, the commons and solidarity’ Antipode.
Agyeman, J & Evans, B. 2004: ‘‘Just sustainability’: the emerging discourse of environmental justice in Britain?’ The Geographical Journal 170, 2, 155-164.
Bali Principles of Climate Justice, 2002: See http://www.ejnet.org/ej/bali.pdf. Accessed 18.01.10..
Bond, P. 2010: ‘Climate Justice Politics Across Space and Scale’ Human Geography. 3, 2, 49-62.
Routledge, P. 2011: ‘Translocal Climate Justice Solidarities’ in John Dryzek, J., and Richard Norgaard, R, and Schlosberg, D. (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society. Oxford: OUP. pp. 384-398.
White, A. 2009: ‘The Movement of Movements: from Resistance to Climate Justice https://www.sharing.org/information-centre/blogs/movement-movements-resistance-climate-justice
Check out Extinction Rebellion and the #Youthstrike https://www.facebook.com/extinctionrleeds/ and https://www.facebook.com/LeedsYS4C/?eid=ARCfGTaAOl9ECYx3SZpFOsVSTpWREHXU37XhmvmyVHMUUrqKluZ3XVtOhmnRSr-l1jhxEL-AlR87NimJ
The Food Crisis and Food Movements
This session discusses the food crisis associated with climate change and the movements practising food soveeignty.
Sample one articles from special issues of:
Desmarais, A. 2007: La Via Campesina: globalization and the power of peasants London: Pluto Press.
Patel, R. 2009: ‘What does food sovereignty look like?’ The Journal of Peasant Studies 36, 3, 663-673.
Windfuhr. M and Jonsen, J. 2005: Food Sovereignty: towards democracy in localised food systems Rugby, Warwickshire: ITDG Publishing.
Wittman, H. 2009: ‘Reworking the metabolic rift: La Via Campesina, agrarian citizenship, and food sovereignty’ The Journal of Peasant Studies 36, 4, 805-826
Boyer, J. 2010: ‘Food security, food sovereignty, and local challenges for transnational agrarian movements: the Honduras case’ The Journal of Peasant Studies 37, 2, 319-351.
Patel, R. 2009: ‘What does food sovereignty look like?’ The Journal of Peasant Studies 36, 3, 663-673.
Rosset, P.M. 2003: ‘Food sovereignty: global rally cry for farmer movements’ Food First Backgrounder 9, 4, 1-4. https://foodfirst.org/food-sovereignty-global-rallying-cry-of-farmer-movements/
Guest session. Racial Justice Network
In this session members of the Racial Justice network will discuss with us their work promote racial and climate justice
Sustainable cities and the climate emergency
This session will introduce students to the basic elements of a sustainable city and the broader challenge of the climate emergency for cities.
P Chatterton A Civic Plan for a climate emergency. http://unlockingsustainablecities.org/climate-emergency.html
P Chatterton. 2018 Unlocking sustainable cities. A manifesto for real change. Pluto press: London (available to purchase From Geog reception £9)
Simon, D (2017) Rethinking sustainable cities. Accessible, green and fair. Policy press, University Bristol
Bulkeley, H., Castan-Broto, V., Hodson, M. & Marvin, S. 2010. Cities and low carbon transitions, Routledge.
H Girardet 1999 Creating sustainable cities Schumacher briefing.
John Flint and Mike Raco.2012 (eds.) The future of sustainable cities : critical reflections. Bristol: Policy Press
William E. Rees (1997) Is ‘sustainable city’ an Oxymoron?, Local Environment, 2:3, 303-310
Graham Haughton 1999 Environmental Justice and the Sustainable City Journal of planning education and research, Volume: 18 issue: 3, page(s): 233-243
Giradet H et al (2008) Surviving the century. Earthscan Books.
Satterthwaite, D (ed) (1999) The Earthscan reader in sustainable cities. London: Earthscan.
Also see the Journal Sustainable cities and Society: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/sustainable-cities-and-society
Leeds Climate Commission carbon roadmap https://www.leedsclimate.org.uk/leeds-carbon-roadmap
Leeds Citizens Jury omn Climate Change https://www.leedsclimate.org.uk/leeds-citizens-jury-recommendations-published
The Car free city
This session will look at the origins principles and future possibilities for a city beyond the car
Chapter 1: P Chatterton. 2018 Unlocking sustainable cities. A manifesto for real change. Pluto press: London (chapter on car free city)
Wollen and J. Kerr (eds), Autopia: Cars and Culture (London: Reaktion Books, 2002)
Mullen and G. Marsden, 'Mobility justice in low carbon energy transitions', Energy Research & Social Science 18 (2016), 109-11
Sager and S. Bergmann The Ethics of Mobilities: Rethinking Place, Exclusion, Freedom and Environment (London: Routledge, 2008
Foletta and J. Henderson, Low Car(bon) Communities: Inspiring Car-free and Car-lite Urban Futures (Oxon: Routledge, 2016
Sadik-Khan and S. Solomonow, Streetfight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution (New York: Viking, 2016
Whitelegg, Mobility: A New Urban Design and Transport Planning Philosophy for a Sustainable Future (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2016
Newman and J Kenworthy. The end of automobile dependence. Island press, 2015
The post carbon city
In this session students will be introduced ideas of energy in the city and how cities can make a rapid transition to zero carbon.
Chapter 2: P Chatterton. 2018 Unlocking sustainable cities. A manifesto for real change. Pluto press: London (chapter on post carbon city)
R Heinberg, The party’s over. Oil war and the fate of industrial societies (Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 2005
Lerch, 'Post Carbon Cities: Planning for Energy and Climate Uncertainty', guidebook, Post Carbon Institute, 2007, available at: http://www.postcarbon.org/publications/post-carbon-cities/ (Accessed 23 February 2018
Heinberg and D. Lerch (eds), The Post Carbon Reader (Healdsburg, CA: Watershed Media, 2010
Desai and P. King, One Planet Living: A Guide To Enjoying Life On Our One Planet (London: Alaistair Sawday, 2006)
Heinberg, Power Down: Options and Actions for Post-Carbon World, (Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 2004
Holmgren, Future Scenarios: How Communities Can Adapt to Peak Oil and Climate Change, (White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green, 2009
Rifkin, The Third Industrial Revolution: How Lateral Power is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World, (New York: St Martin's Press, 2011
Laybourn-Langton, 'Community and Local Energy: Challenges and Opportunities', report, Institute for Public Policy Research, 2016, available at: www.ippr.org/files/publications/pdf/community-energy_June2016.pdf (Accessed 23 February 2017
Kemp (ed), 'Zero Carbon Britain 2030: A new energy strategy', report, Zero Carbon Britain research project, Centre for Alternative Technology, 2010, available at: http://www.zerocarbonbritain.org/en/zcb-publications
C40 Cities and Arup, 'Deadline 2020: How cities will get the job done', available at: www.c40.org/other/deadline_2020 (Accessed 23 February 2018)
In this session students will be introduced to the green city agenda and how to enhance transform and nurture nature in the city.
Chapter 3: P Chatterton. 2018 Unlocking sustainable cities. A manifesto for real change. Pluto press: London (chapter on the bio city)
Norman, Sustainable Pathways for our Cities and Regions: Planning within Planetary Boundaries (Oxon: Routledge, 2018
McGregor, D. Simon, and D. Thompson (eds), The Peri-Urban Interface: Approaches to Sustainable Natural and Human Resource Use (London: Earthscan, 2006)
United Nations, 'Goal 11: Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable', Sustainable Development Goals web site, available at: www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/cities
Kabisch, H. Korn, J. Stadler and A. Bonn (eds), Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas: Linkages between Science, Policy and Practice (Cham: Springer International, 2017
Mercer, C. Scott, K. Pringle et al, 'A Brief Guide ot the Benefits of Urban Green Spaces', joint publication of Leeds Ecosystem, Atmosphere and Forest (LEAF) centre, United Bank of Carbon (UBoC), and University of Leeds Sustainable Cities Group, available at: www.leaf.leeds.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/LEAF_benefits_of_urban_green_space_2015_upd.pdf
Newman, T. Beatley and H. Boyer, Resilient Cities: Responding to Peak Oil and Climate Change (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2009)
Hawken (ed), Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming (London: Penguin, 2018)
Browning, C. Ryan and J. Clancy, '14 Patterns of Biophilic Design: Improving Health & Well-Being in the Built Environment', report, Terrapin Bright Green LLC (2014), available at: www.terrapinbrightgreen.com/report/14-patterns/
Hemenway, The Permaculture City: Regenerative Design for Urban, Suburban, and Town Resilience (White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2015)
Beatley, Handbook of Biophilic City Planning & Design (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2017)
Donovan, Feral Cities: Adventures with Animals in the Urban Jungle (Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2015)
The common city
In this session students will be introduced to the idea of the common city and how to rebuild civic democracy and local economies to meet the challenges of the climate ecological and social emergencies.
Chapter 4: P Chatterton. 2018 Unlocking sustainable cities. A manifesto for real change. Pluto press: London (chapter on the common city)
Davidson and K. Ward (eds), Cities under Austerity: Restructuring the US Metropolis (New York: SUNY Press, 2018)
Harvey, A Brief History of Neoliberalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007)
Lees, T. Slater, E. Wyly, Gentrification (London: Routledge, 2007)
Mayer, C. Thörn and H. Thörn (eds), Urban Uprisings. Challenging Neoliberal Urbanism in Europe (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016)
Kallis, Degrowth (New York: Columbia University Press, 2018)
D'Alisa, F. Demaria and G. Kallis (eds), Degrowth: A Vocabulary for a New Era (London: Routledge, 2015)
Jackson, Prosperity without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet (London: Earthscan, 2011)
Schor, Plenitude: The New Economics of True Wealth (London: Penguin, 2010)
Raworth, Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist (London: Random House Business, 2018)
North and M. Scott Cato (eds.) Towards just and sustainable economies. The social and solidarity economy North and South (Bristol, Policy Press, 2016)
We will be using the UN Millennium Ecosystem Assessment to map ecosystems across the University campus
Campus fieldtrip. Monitoring air quality
Climate Cinema I
Climate Change the facts (David Attenborough, BBC). Via: Box of Broadcasts (BoB)
Jones JPG, Thomas‐Walters L, Rust NA, Veríssimo D. Nature documentaries and saving nature: Reflections on the new Netflix series Our Planet. People Nat. 2019;00:1–6. https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10052
Climate Change Cinema II.
The great global warming swindle (2007) Martin Durkin
Climate Change Cinema III. The age of stupid (2009, Franny Armstrong)
Climate Cinema IV Demain (Tomorrow, 2015)
This list was last updated on 14/09/2021