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PHIL2405 Reading List 2021/22

Introduction to Epistemology, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Lea Salje
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: The analysis of knowledge

Sections 1,3,4,5 of Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Matthew Steup, ‘The Analysis of Knowledge’ in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2018 edn), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), (2018)  

Background reading: Edmund Gettier (1963) 'Is justified true belief knowledge?', Analysis

Background reading: Linda Zagzebski (2017) ‘The Lesson of Gettier’, Ch. 10 of Explaining Knowledge: New Essays on the Gettier Problem

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Week 2: The structure of justification

Catherine Z. Elgin, ‘Non-Foundationalist Epistemology: holism, coherence and tenability’ in Contemporary Debates in Epistemology, ed. Matthias Steup and Ernest Sosa. Boston: Blackwell (2005)  

Background reading: BonJour (1978) ‘Can Empirical Knowledge Have a Foundation?’, American Philosophical Quarterly -

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Week 3: knowledge of value

McGrath, Sarah, ‘Moral Knowledge and Experience’ in Russ Shafer-Landau Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6 OUP (2011)

Background reading: Stratton-Lake, Philip, "Intuitionism in Ethics", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2020 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <>.

Background reading: Daniels, Norman, "Reflective Equilibrium", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2020 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <>.

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Week 4: Aesthetic Testimony

Jon Robson, ‘Aesthetic Testimony’, in Philosophy Compass, 7:1 (2012)  

Background reading: A. Meskin, 'Aesthetic Testimony: What Can We Learn From Others About Beauty and Art?' in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69.1 (2004)

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Week 5: Imaginative knowledge

Amy Kind, ‘How imagination gives rise to knowledge’ in Perceptual Imagination and Perceptual Memory, Fiona Macpherson and Fabian Dorsch (eds), Oxford: OUP, (2018)  

Background reading: Magdelena Balcerak Jackson, 'Justification by Imagination' in Perceptual Imagination and Perceptual Memory, Fiona Macpherson and Fabian Dorsch (eds), Oxford: OUP, (2018)

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Week 6: Knowledge first approaches 

Jonathan Jenkins-Ichikawa and C.S.I. Jenkins, ‘On Putting Knowledge First’, Knowledge First: approaches to epistemology and mind, Oxford: OUP (2017)  

Background reading: J. Adam Carter, Emma C. Gordon, and Benjamin W. Jarvis, 'Knowledge First: an introduction' in Knowledge First: approaches in epistemology and mind, Oxford: OUP (2017)

Background reading: Timothy Williamson, 'Introduction' to Knowledge and its Limits, Oxford: OUP (2002)

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Week 7: Understanding

Linda Zagzebski, ‘Recovering Understanding’, In M. Steup (ed.) Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue. Oxford University Press (2001)  

Background reading: Stephen R. Grimm, ‘Is Understanding A Species of Knowledge?’, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 57: 515-535 (2006)

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Week 8: Naturalised epistemology

Jaegwon Kim, ‘What is “Naturalized Epistemology”?, in Philosophical Perspectives, 2:381-405, (1988)  

Background reading: Patricia Smith Churchland, 'Epistemology in the Age of Neuroscience', The Journal of Philosophy, 84:10 (1987)

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Week 9: Virtue epistemology 

Vrinda Dalmiya, ‘Why should a knower care?’, in Hypatia, 17:1, (2002)  

Background reading: Heather Battaly, 'Virtue Epistemology' in Philosophy Compass, 3/4 (2008)

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Week 10: Social epistemology

Alessandra Tanesini ‘“Calm Down, Dear”: intellectual arrogance, silencing and ignorance’, in the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume, XC, (2016)  

Background reading: Sanford Goldberg, 'Arrogance, Silence and Silencing', in the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume, XC, (2016)

This list was last updated on 08/09/2021