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IDEA1100
Module Reading List

Science & Society: An Ethical View, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Andrew Kirton
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Overview

Required

Kevin Elliott (2017) A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science. Chapter 1 'An Introduction to Values in Science'  

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Week 2: The Pharmaceutical Industry

Required: 

Ben Goldacre (2012) 'What doctors don't know about the drugs they prescribe'. (video) TEDMED2012. [online] https://www.ted.com/talks/ben_goldacre_what_doctors_don_t_know_about_the_drugs_they_prescribe  

Suggested:

Ben Goldacre (2012) Bad Pharma : How Drugs Companies Mislead Doctors and Harm Patients. Chapter 1 'Missing data' Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva . 

Ben Goldacre (2014) 'It's a scandal drug trial results are still being withheld'. The Guardian. [online] https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jan/05/scandal-drugs-trials-withheld-doctors-tamiflu 

Ben Goldacre (2014) 'What the Tamiflu saga tells us about drug trials and big pharma'. The Guardian. [online] https://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/apr/10/tamiflu-saga-drug-trials-big-pharma

Ben Goldacre (2014) 'Statins have no side effects? This is what our study really found...' The Guardian. [online] https://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2014/mar/14/statins-side-effects-study-placebo-ben-goldacre

Ben Goldacre (2013) 'Let's see a register of doctors' interests' The Guardian. [online] https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/18/doctors-gps-register-of-interests-pharmaceutical-industry-glaxosmithkline

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Week 3: What is Science?

Required:

James Ladyman (2002) Understanding Philosophy of Science. Introduction  

James Ladyman (2002) Understanding Philosophy of Science. Chapter 1  

Suggested:

Heather Douglas (2009) Science, Policy and the Value-Free Ideal. Chapter 1 'Introduction: Science Wars and Policy Wars'

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Week 4: What is Ethics?

Required:

Thomson, J. (1985). The trolley problem. (ethics of killing and letting die). Yale Law Journal, 94(6), 1395. https://doi.org/10.2307/796133  

Suggested:

David Enoch. 'Why I'm an objectivist about ethics (and why you are too)'. The ethical life. [online] http://www.academia.edu/4116101/Why_Im_an_Objectivist_about_Ethics_And_Why_You_Are_Too_

Saslow, E. (2016). The white flight of Derek Black. Washington Post. [online]. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/the-white-flight-of-derek-black/2016/10/15/ed5f906a-8f3b-11e6-a6a3-d50061aa9fae_story.html.

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Week 5: Mental Illness and Medicalisation

Required:

Carter, S. (2016). Could Moral Enhancement Interventions be Medically Indicated? Health Care Analysis, 25(4), 338–353. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-016-0320-8  - Read the following sections: pp. 343 - 345 (up to the section on Psychopathy) and pp. 347 - 351 (up to Consequences)

Suggested:

Ben Goldacre’s Bad Science, “Pill Solves Complex Social Problem” (esp. p152-153) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Fulford (1991) “The concept of Disease” in Bloch, S., Chodoff, P., & Green, S. (eds.). Psychiatric ethics (Third edition.). Oxford University Press.

Kevin Elliott (2017) A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science. Chapter 3 'How Should We Study It?'

Dupre, J. (2007). 'Fact and value'. In Value-free science? Ideals and illusions.

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Week 6: Merchants of Doubt

Required:

Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway, Merchants of Doubt, chapter 1  

Suggested:

Oreskes (2004) 'The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change'. Sciencehttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/306/5702/1686.full 

Cook, Oreskes et. al. (2016) 'Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on human-caused global warming'. Environmental Research Lettershttps://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/048002

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Week 7: Responsible Science & Covid-19 (1)

Required:

 Kevin Elliott (2017) A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science. Chapter 5 'What If We Are Uncertain?' 

Suggested:

Referenced in the short lecture video on interpreting evidence for life on Venus - not necessary you read it as it is long and technical, but if you choose to discuss this in your essay/presentation here is the reference:

 Greaves, J. S., et al (2020). Phosphine gas in the cloud decks of Venus. Nature Astronomy, 5(7), 655–664. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-020-1174-4

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Week 8: Responsible Science & Covid-19 (2)

Required:

Kevin Elliott (2017) A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science. Chapter 6 'How Should We Talk About It?'  

Suggested:

TBC

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Week 9: What questions should scientists investigate?

Required:

Kevin Elliott (2017) A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science. Chapter 2 'What Should We Study?'  

Suggested:

Douglas, H. (2017). The Bitter Aftertaste of Technical Sweetness. In Frankenstein. The MIT Press. https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262533287.003.0012

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Week 10: The future: Human enhancement

No required readings this week

In Vitro Gametogenesis:

Carter‐Walshaw, S. (2019). In vitro gametogenesis: The end of egg donation? Bioethics, 33(1), 60–67. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12499

Mertes, H., & Pennings, G. (2010). Ethical aspects of the use of stem cell derived gametes for reproduction. Health Care Analysis, 18(3), 267–278. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-009-0136-x

Suter, S. M. (2016). In vitro gametogenesis: just another way to have a baby? Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 3(1), 87–119. https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsv057

Enhancement:

See also the links to two further news articles on CRISPR under this week's Learning Resources folder

Glover, J. 'Questions about some uses of Genetic Engineering'. Chapter 17, pp. 177-188. in Kuhse, H., Schüklenk, U., & Singer, P. (2015). Bioethics: An Anthology (Vol. 40). John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.

Krutzinna, J. (2016). Can a Welfarist Approach be Used to Justify a Moral Duty to Cognitively Enhance Children? Bioethics, 30(7), 528–535. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12244

This list was last updated on 03/11/2021