Skip to main content

Module Reading List

Theories and Concepts in Global Political Economy, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Charlie Dannreuther
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Core text books:

David N. Balaam & Bradford Dillman. 2018 Introduction to International Political Economy, 7th Edition Routledge - (this book is useful for those not familiar with some of the basic concepts and key terms used in political economy and GPE).  

Ravenhill, John. 2020 Global Political Economy
Sixth Edition – (Ravenhill is a standard textbook used in the teaching of GPE, and is slightly higher level that Balaam and Dillman).  

Erik Andersson. 2020 Reconstructing the Global Political Economy An Analytical Guide
 Bristol UP (This book is geared to addressing how theories and concepts in GPE can be mobilised to understand and address the key challenges facing the world, such as climate change and inequality, taking an uo-to-date and intersectional approach to GPE).  



see further various GPE books:

Dunn, Bill (2009) Global political economy: a Marxist critique

O'Brien and Williams (2020) Global Political Economy, 6th edition   

Upadhyay& Singh (2021) Global Political Economy A Critique of Contemporary Capitalism   

Cohn & Hira (2021) Global Political Economy: Theory and Practice, 8th edition

Randall Germain, ed. (2016) Susan Strange and the Future of Global Political Economy Power, Control and Transformation

Ravenhill (2020) Global Political Economy, Sixth Edition    

 Alan Cafruny, Leila Simona, Talani Gonzalo, Pozo Martin eds (2016) The Palgrave Handbook of Critical International Political Economy

Timothy M. ShawLaura C. Mahrenbach eds (2019) The Palgrave Handbook of Contemporary International Political Economy

and further relevant parts here:

Veltmeyer & Bowles eds (2021) The Essential Guide to Critical Development Studies    

See furthermore for general use during your studies these concept and introductory books: 

Andrew Heywood, Key concepts in politics

Andrew Heywood, Politics

Ken Roberts, Key concepts in sociology

Andrew Levine, Political keywords : a guide for students, activists, and everyone else

Thomas Diez et al., Key concepts in international relations

Martin Griffiths et al., International relations theory for the twenty-first century : an introduction

Robert Leach, The politics companion

The concise Oxford dictionary of politics

A dictionary of sociology [electronic resource]

A dictionary of critical theory

The Penguin dictionary of international relations

The Penguin dictionary of critical theory

Berenskoetter (2016) Concepts in World Politics

David A. Baldwin ed. (1996) Key concepts in International Political Economy    

Week one (all tutors):

Top of page

Global Challenges and Crises: How did we Get Here?

What is GPE?

  • Susan Strange, States and Markets (second edition, Blackwell 1988), prologue and chapter one (Canvas).

  • Panitch, Leo, and Sam Gindin. "The making of global capitalism." In Power and Inequality, pp. 237-244. Routledge, 2021.

How does GPE conceive of capitalism and crisis?

  • Stuart Hall and Doreen Massey, ‘Interpreting the crisis’, Soundings, no. 44, Spring 2010, pp. 57–71.

  • Mazzucato, Mariana. "Capitalism’s triple crisis." Project Syndicate 30, no. 3 (2020): 2020.

Why take the long view?

To what degree is the ecological crisis the product of political economic relations?

How does capitalism produce and exploit nature? How is the modern ecological crisis intertwined with the history of capitalism? What is the ‘Capitalocene” and how can it help us to frame the socio-economic structures of climate change?

How can we conceive of a world beyond capitalism?

Top of page

Week two (Ian & Jorg):

Top of page

History and Capitalism: The Development of the World System: Colonialism, Violence and Extraction

Top of page

Please refer to guidance from your lecturers

Polanyi, Karl, and Robert Morrison MacIver. The great transformation. Vol. 2. Boston: Beacon press, 1944.

Carr, Edward Hallett. The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919-1939: Reissued with a new preface from Michael Cox. Springer, 2016.

Wood, E. W. (2017). The origin of capitalism: a longer view. London: Verso.

Linebaugh, P. (2014). Stop, thief!: the commons, enclosures, and resistance. Oakland: PM Press. 

Wolford, W. (2021). The Plantationocene: a lusotropical contribution to the theory. Annals of the American Association of Geographers,

McMichael (2017) Development and social change: a global perspective, chapter 2: ‘Instituting the development project’ (I also recommend chapter 1)

Bernstein 2000, ch.11. ‘Colonialism, capitalism, development’, in Allen & Thomas, eds. Poverty and Development into the 21st Century

Hoogvelt 2001 Globalization and the Postcolonial World: The New Political Economy of Development, ch.1 ‘The history of capitalist expansion’

Isbister 2003 Promises not kept: poverty and the betrayal of Third World development, ‘ch.4: Imperialism’

Stavrianos (1981) Global Rift: The Third World Comes of Age, 'ch.1: Introduction'  

Waites, B. (1999) Europe and the Third World, ch.1 'Introduction and Overview'

Whyte (2013) A Global History of the Developing World, ‘Introduction’

Capps, G. (2001) 'World Development: Globalisation in Historical Perspective', in P. Panayiotopoulos and G. Capps (eds.) World development: an introduction

Webster A. (1990) Introduction to the Sociology of Development, ch.4.3 'The exploitation of the Third World: an account of merchant capitalism, colonialism and neo-colonialism'

Kiely, R. (2007) The new political economy of development: Globalization, imperialism, hegemony, ‘chapter 2: Capitalist Expansion and Imperialism’

Dunn, Bill (2009) Global political economy: a Marxist critique, 'chapter 6: The making of the global economy'

O'Brien and Williams (2010) Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, chapters 3 & 4

Wood (2003) Empire of capital, chs.2 & 5 

Galeano, E. (1973) Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent, part 1.1 'Lust for gold, lust for silver'

Rodney, W. (1972) How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, ch.1 'Some questions on development'

Eric Williams (1944) Capitalism and Slavery

James Parisot (2019) The Real History of Imperialism: A Comment on Recent Debates

See also

 Ian Shaw and Marv Waterstone. (2019). Wageless Life: A Manifesto for a Future Beyond Capitalism. Minneapolis: Univeristy of Minnesota Press.    

Further readings re capitalism

Wood (2012) 'Capitalism', in Fine and Saad-Filho, eds. The Elgar companion to Marxist economics

Wallerstein (1983) Historical capitalism, ch. 'The commodification of everything: production of capital'

Fulcher Capitalism: a very short introduction

Heilbroner, Robert L. ‘capitalism’ in Durlauf and Blume, eds. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

Ha-Joon Chang 23 Things They Don't Tell You About Capitalism

Top of page

Week Three : History and Capitalism (Ian and Christine): US Hegemony and Globalisation of the North and South .   

The reading below are from three different perspectives. According to each, what has been the balance of coercion versus consent in sustaining U.S. hegemony? To what extent do these authors focus on U.S. relations with the countries of the North? To what extent do they adequately reflect the experience of the South? To what extent do these authors consider the United States to be key to the operation of global capitalism? To what extent do they consider the U.S. to be imperial? Which perspective do you find most convincing and why?

  • Marxist: Harvey, D. (2005). The New Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available online through the university library. Chapter 2
  • Liberal: Joseph S. Nye, Jr, The rise and fall of American hegemony from Wilson to Trump, International Affairs, Volume 95, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages 63–80
  • Realist: Mastanduno, M. (2009). System Maker and Privilege Taker: U.S. Power and the International Political Economy. World Politics, 61(1), 121-154. doi:10.1017/S0043887109000057

How can we understand the logics of U.S. imperialism and its relationship to capitalism?

Historical Materialism, War and Capitalism, and Manhunting (Ian)

How should we understand the role of U.S. warfare in relation to capital accumulation? How might the idea of pacification unite war, police, and capital accumulation?

  • Neocleous, M. (2013). The dream of pacification: accumulation, class war, and the hunt. Socialist Studies 9(2): 7-31.  

Top of page

Week Four Owain & Christine: Viewing GPE and Present Challenges: Realism to Neomercantilism.

One of the most enduring concepts in politics is the idea of the nation state. This week we explore the state as an actor in the global political economy, from its traditional significance in economic theory through to contemporary debates about the role of national economic development strategies in the global political economy. We look at three of the major state-centric approaches – Realism, Mercantilism and Neomercantilism to give you an understanding of the power of the state as an actor in GPE and the theories that see it as the central force in shaping political economy. 

Q1: How do state-centric theories view that state as an actor in political economy? 

Q2: What are the key shifts involved in changes from Mercantilism to Neomercantilism? 

Q3: How is the state and the hegemonic state used in Realist theories of GPE? 

Present Challenges to economic nationalism

  • Paul Bowles (2020) The developmental state and the study of globalizations, Globalizations, 17:8, 1421-1438, DOI: 10.1080/14747731.2020.1724245
  • Selwyn, B. (2009). An Historical Materialist Appraisal of Friedrich List and his Modern-Day Followers. New Political Economy, 14(2), 157–180.
  • Lin, J., & Chang, H.-J. (2009). Should Industrial Policy in Developing Countries Conform to Comparative Advantage or Defy it? A Debate Between Justin Lin and Ha-Joon Chang. Development Policy Review, 27(5), 483–502
  • Belesky, P., & Lawrence, G. (2019). Chinese state capitalism and neomercantilism in the contemporary food regime: contradictions, continuity and change. The Journal of Peasant Studies,46(6), 1119-1141.

History of Economic Nationalism  

  • Taylor, m. (2014). Conservative political economy and the problem of colonial slavery, 1823–1833. The Historical Journal, 57(4), 973-995. doi:10.1017/S0018246X14000089
  • Harlen, Christine (1999) 'A Reappraisal of Classical Economic Nationalism and Economic Liberalism,' International studies quarterly 43 (December): 733-744
  • Kindleberger, The World in Depression 1929–1939; Michael C. Webb and Stephen D. Krasner, “Hegemonic Stability Theory: An Empirical Assessment,” Review of International Studies 15, no. 2 (April 1989): 183–98.

Top of page

Week Five Owain Viewing GPE and Present Challenges: Liberalism/Neoliberalism and the Rise of Global Markets and Neoliberal Capitalism

The epoch of “global” capitalism that replaced the Cold War is often referred to as “neo liberal” with a point of transition from the liberal world and political economy of the post-war era of American hegemony. Here we examine what the term means, why it is different to traditional forms of liberalism, which it arguably replaced, and how it came to be such a powerful tool for restructuring societies, markets and the power relations around the world into a new world order. We also explore how stable it is and discuss the likelihood of its demise.

Q1: What defines approaches to the political economy of the liberal world order?

Q2: What defines neoliberalism as a set of ideas, policies and outcomes – is neoliberalism dominant if the organisation and governance of GPE?

Q3: Are there signals that the neoliberal world order and global political economy might be transformed, and to what?

Q1: What defines approaches to the political economy of the liberal world order?

  • Ruggie, John Gerard. "International regimes, transactions, and change: embedded liberalism in the postwar economic order." International organization 36, no. 2 (1982): 379-415.
  • Chang, Ha‐Joon. "Breaking the mould: an institutionalist political economy alternative to the neo‐liberal theory of the market and the state." Cambridge Journal of Economics26, no. 5 (2002): 539-559.

Q2: What defines neoliberalism as a set of ideas, policies and outcomes – is neoliberalism dominant if the organisation and governance of GPE?

  • Gill, Stephen. "Globalisation, market civilisation, and disciplinary neoliberalism." Millennium24, no. 3 (1995): 399-423.
  • Connell, Raewyn, and Nour Dados. "Where in the world does neoliberalism come from?." Theory and Society 43, no. 2 (2014): 117-138.
  • Slobodian, Quinn. Globalists. Harvard University Press, 2018
  • Brenner, Neil, Jamie Peck, and Nik Theodore. "Variegated neoliberalization: geographies, modalities, pathways." Global networks 10, no. 2 (2010): 182-222.
  • Venugopal, Rajesh. "Neoliberalism as concept." Economy and Society44, no. 2 (2015): 165-187.

Q3: Are there signals that the neoliberal world order and global political economy might be transformed, and to what?

  • Bregman, Rutger. "The neoliberal era is ending. What comes next?." The Correspondent14 (2020).
  • Saad-Filho, Alfredo. "From COVID-19 to the End of Neoliberalism." El trimestre económico87, no. 348 (2020): 1211-1229.
  • Jessop, Bob. "Authoritarian neoliberalism: Periodization and critique." South Atlantic Quarterly118, no. 2 (2019): 343-361.

Lecture 6 Viewing GPE and Present Challenges: Marxism/Neo-Gramscians, Historical Sociology/Institutionalism - Owain

Marxist and Neo-Gramscian approaches were central to developing many elements of critical political economy. In this week we will explore ideas of hegemony and world order from Marxian perspectives, including historical materialist accounts of the relations between states and firms, regulation and institutions Institutions, such as markets, governments, firms and unions, are central to the way economies work. They defend property rights, manage markets and exploit power relations that they are designed to defend.

Q1: What are the basic building blocks and features of Marxian analysis of GPE?

Q2: What is involved in Neo-Gramscian perspectives on political economy and why id hegemony so important?

Q3: Why and how do institutions mater?

Q1: What are the basic building blocks and features of Marxian analysis of GPE?

Burnham, Peter. "Marx, international political economy and globalisation." Capital & Class25, no. 3 (2001): 103-112.

 Helleiner, Eric. "Globalising the classical foundations of IPE thought." Contexto Internacional37 (2015): 975-1010.

 Drainville, André C. "International political economy in the age of open Marxism." Review of International Political Economy1, no. 1 (1994): 105-132.

 Ravenhill, John, ed. Global political economy. Oxford University Press, 2017.

 El-Ojeili, Chamsy. "Reflections on Wallerstein: The modern world-system, four decades on." Critical Sociology 41, no. 4-5 (2015): 679-700.

Cox, Robert, Power and Production. "World Order." New York(1987).

Q2: What is involved in Neo-Gramscian perspectives on political economy and why id hegemony so important?

 Bieler, Andreas, and Adam David Morton. "A critical theory route to hegemony, world order and historical change: neo-Gramscian perspectives in International Relations." Capital & class 28, no. 1 (2004): 85-113.

Shields S., Bruff I., Macartney H. (2011) Introduction: ‘Critical’ and ‘International Political Economy’. In: Shields S., Bruff I., Macartney H. (eds) Critical International Political Economy. International Political Economy Series. Palgrave Macmillan, London.

 Gill, Stephen. "Historical materialism, Gramsci, and international political economy." In The New International Political Economy, pp. 51-75. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 1991.

Cox, Robert W. "Gramsci, hegemony and international relations: an essay in method." Millennium 12, no. 2 (1983): 162-175.

 Overbeek, Henk. "Transnational historical materialism:‘neo-Gramscian’theories of class formation and world order." In Global Political Economy, pp. 180-194. Routledge, 2013.

Why institutions matter

Hall, P. A., & Soskice, D. W. (2001). Varieties of capitalism the institutional foundations of comparative advantage . Oxford University Press.

Iversen, Torben, and David Soskice. Democracy and Prosperity : Reinventing Capitalism Through a Turbulent Century, Princeton University Press, 2019.ProQuest Ebook Central,

Williamson, O.E., 1979. Transaction-cost economics: the governance of contractual relations. The journal of Law and Economics22(2), pp.233-261.

Busemeyer, M., & Thelen, K. (2020). Institutional Sources of Business Power. World Politics, 72(3), 448-480. doi:10.1017/S004388712000009X

Fioretos, K. O., Falleti, T. G., & Sheingate, A. D. (2016). The Oxford handbook of historical institutionalism . Oxford University Press, particularly Karen J. Alter ‘The Limits of Institutional Reform in the United States and the Global Trade Regime’ and Judith Goldstein and Robert Gulotty ‘Incremental Origins of Bretton Woods’.

Property rights as institutions

Douglass C. North and Barry r. Weingast Constitutions and Commitment: The Evolution of Institutions Governing Public Choice in Seventeenth-Century England THE JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY VOLUME XLIX DECEMBER 1989 NUMBER4

Geoffrey Hodgson 2017 1688 and all that: property rights, the Glorious Revolution and the rise of British capitalism Journal of Institutional Economics (2017), 13: 1, 79–107

Fordism and post Fordism

Amin, A. ed., 2011. Post-Fordism: a reader. John Wiley & Sons.

Hirst, P. and Zeitlin, J., 1989. Flexible specialisation and the competitive failure of UK manufacturingThe Political Quarterly, 60(2), pp.164-178.

Iversen, T. and Soskice, D., 2010. Real exchange rates and competitiveness: The political economy of skill formation, wage compression, and electoral systems. American Political Science Review104(3), pp.601-623.

Innovation and Institutions

 Nelson, R.R. and Nelson, K., 2002. Technology, institutions, and innovation systems. Research policy31(2), pp.265-272.

Lundvall, B.Å., Johnson, B., Andersen, E.S. and Dalum, B., 2002. National systems of production, innovation and competence building. Research policy31(2), pp.213-231.

The problems of institutional analysis

Bruff, I. and Ebenau, M., 2014. Critical political economy and the critique of comparative capitalisms scholarship on capitalist diversity. Capital & Class38(1), pp.3-15.

Bruff, I., 2021. The politics of comparing capitalisms. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, p.0308518X21997125.

Belfrage, C. and Kallifatides, M., 2018. Financialisation and the new Swedish model. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 42(4), pp.875-900.

Exercise – what is Eurocentric about this collection?

Charles Edquist, ‘Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges,’ The Oxford Handbook of Innovation, Chapter 7, Edited by Jan Fagerberg and David C. Mowery. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Week Seven Charlie and Jorg Decolonising  the Canon - Theory and Practice. (via Feminist and Racial Capitalism Critique of IPE and capitalism).  

On Eurocentrism in GPE:

Williams. David 2020 Progress Pluralism and Politics – Liberalism and Colonialism Past and Present  McQill -Queens U Press

Khondker, Habibul Haque (2021). Eurasian globalization: past and present, Globalizations, 18:5, 707-719, DOI: 10.1080/14747731.2020.1842085

Gurminder K. Bhambra ( 2021) Colonial global economy: towards a theoretical reorientation of political economy, Review of International Political Economy, 28:2, 307-322, DOI: 10.1080/09692290.2020.1830831

Hobson  JM (2012a) Part 1 — revealing the Eurocentric foundations of IPE: A critical historiography of the discipline from the classical to the modern era. Review of International Political Economy 20(5): 1024–1054.

Hobson, J. (2013). Part 2 - Reconstructing the non-Eurocentric foundations of IPE: From Eurocentric “open economy politics” to inter-civilizational political economy. Review of International Political Economy : RIPE, 20(5), 1055–1081

Monika Thakur, Navigating Multiple Identities: Decentering International Relations, International Studies Review, Volume 23, Issue 2, June 2021, Pages 409–433,

Racism & IR/dev studies:

Olivia U. Rutazibwa 2020 "Hidden in Plain Sight: Coloniality, Capitalism and Race/ism as Far as the Eye Can See" Millennium, vol. 48, 2: pp. 221-241

Meera Sabaratnam (2020) Is IR Theory White? Racialised Subject-Positioning in Three Canonical Texts Volume: 49 issue: 1, page(s): 3-31

Eiman O. Zein-Elabdin, Economics, postcolonial theory and the problem of culture: institutional analysis and hybridity, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Volume 33, Issue 6, November 2009, Pages 1153–1167,

Meera Sabaratnam IR in Dialogue… but can we change the subjects? A typology of decolonising strategies for the study of world politics1Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 39:3, 781-803

L Robtel Neajai Pailey (2019) De-centring the ‘White Gaze’ of Development, Development and change

Blog group read: Why Is Mainstream International Relations Blind to Racism?

How are GPE concepts eurocentric?

Leander, A. (2009) Why we need multiple stories about the global political economy, Review of International Political Economy , 16:2, 321-328, DOI: 10.1080/09692290902718486

Lisa Tilley and Robbie Shilliam (eds.), 2018"Special Issue: Raced Markets", New Political Economy 23 (5),

Dannreuther, C. and Kessler, O., 2017. Racialised futures: On risk, race and finance. Millennium45(3), pp.356-379.

Gender and GPE

P Singh (2020): Race, culture, and economics: an example from North-South trade relations, Review of International Political Economy, DOI: 10.1080/09692290.2020.1771612

eg his book whiteness

“Come to Africa: A Hermeneutic of Race in International Theory,” Alternatives, vol.26, no.4 (December 2001), pp.425-448.

she is also a voice in this debate

Marshall, J. (2020) Postcolonial paradoxes, ambiguities of self-determination and Adom Getachew’s Worldmaking After Empire. Millennium: Journal of International Studies. First Online


Top of page

Week Eight

Finance/infrastructure/cities/real estate

Business class, labour, entrepreneurship, middle class




Top of page

Week Nine Lecture 9 The Body, Place, Risk and Enterprise – Charlie

This session explores the shift to post industrial capitalism and the associated emergence of interest in the body, space, identity politics and class in GPE. Locating the body as a site of political economy has opened up insights into how societies are reproduced, how policies reinterpret structural power into everyday life (eg through debt, social reproduction, resilience), and how places offer resources to develop new forms of collective agency. The session discusses why such strategies have tended to lapse into right wing populist fascism after the financial crisis, rather than socialist alternatives.

Main Questions

What is corporeal capitalism and what does it bring to our understanding of the GPE?

How has globalisation changed work?

Who is enterprise policy for?

What are the uncosted costs of capitalism?

Why is risk such a powerful concept in GPE?

What do places tell us about power?

What is corporeal capitalism and what does it bring to our understanding of the GPE?

 How has globalisation changed work?

Who is enterprise policy for?

  • Dannreuther, C., 2007. A Zeal for a Zeal? SME Policy and the Political Economy of the EU. Comparative European Politics5(4), pp.377-399.
  • Perren, L. and Jennings, P.L., 2005. Government discourses on entrepreneurship: Issues of legitimization, subjugation, and power. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice29(2), pp.173-184.
  • Coad, Alex and Nightingale, Paul (2014) Muppets and gazelles: political and methodological biases in entrepreneurship research. Industrial and Corporate Change, 23 (1). pp. 113-143.

What are the uncosted costs of capitalism?

  • Bakker I, Gill S. Rethinking power, production, and social reproduction: Toward variegated social reproduction. Capital & Class. 2019;43(4):503-523
  • Bakker, I., 2007. Social reproduction and the constitution of a gendered political economy. New Political Economy12(4), pp.541-556.
  • Shirin M. Rai, Catherine Hoskyns & Dania Thomas (2014) Depletion, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 16:1, 86-105

Why is risk such a powerful concept in GPE? 

What do places tell us about power?

Top of page

Week Ten Lecture 10: Health, Planet and Climate Change (Ian and Owain).

In this week we will problematise the political economy of health, the planet and climate change under capitalism. We engage with theories and the outcomes of capitalist production, consumption and markets on health, its governance and inequalities. These are important as capitalism determines the life chances of all populations and individuals. We will critically interrogate how capitalism produces and exploits nature, moving between contemporary theories around the Anthropocene, Capitalocene, and Necrocene. We will also reflect on the history of slavery and plantations as necessary conditions for our contemporary ecological crisis.

Capitalism’s War Against the Earth

How do we understand the capitalist roots of our ecological crises?

The Plantation History of our Ecological Crisis

How did the slavery plantation figure in colonialism? How might understanding the “plot” and autonomous geographies guide us to more equitable futures? How might we consider resistance?

  • Carney, J. A. (2020). Subsistence in the Plantationocene: dooryard gardens, agrobiodiversity, and the subaltern economies of slavery. Journal of Peasant Studies 48(5): 1075-1099.
  • Davis, J. et al. 2019. Anthropocene, Capitalocene, ... Plantationocene?: A manifesto for ecological justice in an age of global crises. Geography Compass 13: 1–15.

There are a series of great essays here to consult: “The Plantationocene Series

How does capitalism shape and structure health? 

  • Sell, Susan K. "What COVID-19 Reveals About Twenty-First Century Capitalism: Adversity and Opportunity." Development  63, no. 2 (2020): 150-156. 
  • Sparke, Matthew. "Neoliberal regime change and the remaking of global health: from rollback disinvestment to rollout reinvestment and reterritorialization." Review of International Political Economy 27, no. 1 (2020): 48-74. 


Lecture 11 Uncertain Times: Challenges, Resistance and Transformation


 This session will be a summary of the module and in particular a chance to discuss themes and debates that you the students choose. What kind of themes would you like to see developed more? Are there topics you would like to have seen more on? Have you noticed any areas of disagreement that you want to highlight between your module tutors J? Most importantly this is a chance for you to clarify any themes or links that you missed or forgot. We all benefit from such discussions and look forward to hearing you identify real gaps in the literature and new research questions for us all to consider.

 There is no reading list for this week, just a couple of prompts for you beneath. However we would like you to prepare a series of questions that link to discussions held during the course of the module. Think about who you want to ask and how your question links to the literature presented in the reading list or to references you have found yourself.

This list was last updated on 05/12/2021