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Module Reading List

Gender and Slavery in Latin America, 1580-1888, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Danielle Terrazas Williams
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


Supplemental Reading List

HIST 3XXX: Gender and Slavery in Latin America

Introductory and Orienting Texts

María Elena Martinez, “The Black Blood of New Spain: Limpieza de Sangre, Racial Violence, and Gendered Power in Early Colonial Mexico,” pp. 479-520.

Nicholas R. Jones, “ ‘They’re Chatterboxes with their Feet’: Black Dances in Early Modern Spain,” pp. 1-6 

Herbert S. Klein and Ben Vinson, III, African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean

Primary Source: “The Enslavement Process in the Portuguese Dominions of King Philip III of Spain the Early Seventeenth Century”

Primary Source: “A Portuguese Doctor Describes the Suffering of Black Slaves in African and on the Atlantic Voyage” (1793)

Primary Source: “ ‘It Was the Same as Pigs in a Sty’: A Young African’s Account of Life on a Slave Ship”

Herbert S. Klein and Francisco Vidal Luna, “Origins of the African Slavery in Brazil” in Slavery in Brazil

Herbert S. Klein and Francisco Vidal Luna, “The Establishment of African Slavery in Brazil in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries” in Slavery in Brazil

Primary Source: “A Royal Decree on the Feeding of Slaves and Their Days Off” (1701)

Primary Source: “Slave Life on a Plantation in the Province of Rio de Janeiro in the Late Nineteenth Century”

Primary Source: “A Medical Report on Slaves on Five Coffee Plantations in the Province of Rio de Janeiro” (1853)

Gendered Experiences of Labour

Marisa J. Fuentes, Dispossessed Lives: Enslaved Women, Violence, and the Archive

Lynne Guitar, “Boiling it Down: Slavery on the First Commercial Sugarcane Ingenios in the Americas” in Slaves, Subjects, and Subversives: Blacks in Colonial Latin America

Herbert S. Klein and Francisco Vidal Luna, “The Economies of Slavery” in Slavery in Brazil

Kathleen J. Higgins, “Licentious Liberty” in a Brazilian Gold-Mining Region: Slavery, Gender, and Social Control in Eighteenth-Century Sabará, Mina Gerais

Family Life

Aviva Ben-Ur, “Relative Property: Close-kin Ownership in America Slave Societies,” pp. 1-29

Sarah L. Franklin, Women and Slavery in Nineteenth-century Colonial Cuba

Jennifer L. Morgan, Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery

Sandra Lauderdale Graham, Caetana Says No: Women’s Stories from a Brazilian Slave Society

Legal Culture

Alejandro de la Fuente and Ariela Gross, “Comparative Studies of Law, Slavery, and Race in the Americas

Michelle A. McKinley, “Litigating Liberty” in Fractional Freedoms: Slavery, Intimacy, and Legal Mobilization in Colonial Lima, 1600–1700

Primary Source: Civil case of Juana Socarrás who charges that her mother and son are unjustly enslaved - Havana, November 6, 1866

Danielle Terrazas Williams, “Finer Things: African-Descended Women, Sumptuary Laws, and Governance in Early Spanish America

Michelle A. McKinley, “Fractional Freedoms: Slavery Legal Activism, and Ecclesiastical Courts in Colonial Lima, 1593-1689

Ricardo R. Salazar-Rey, “Paper trail: Slavery and Governance in the Spanish Empire

Brian Owensby, “Slave Litigants and the Processes of Liberty in Seventeenth-Century New Spain,” in “Slavery, Citizenship, and the State in Classical Antiquity and the Modern Americas,” Special Issue of The European Review of History/Revue Europeene d'Histoire, spring 2009.

Alejandro de la Fuente, “Slaves and the Creation of Legal Rights in Cuba: Coartación and Papel

Robinson A. Herrera, “Por que no sabemos firmar: Black Slaves in Early Guatemala,” pp. 247-267

Tamara J. Walker, “Legal Status, Gender, and Self-Fashioning” in Exquisite Slaves: Race, Clothing, and Status in Colonial Lima

The Catholic Church/Inquisition

Kathryn Joy McKnight, “Blasphemy as Resistance: An African Slave Woman before the Mexican Inquisition”

Joan Cameron Bristol, “ ‘I Renounce God and His Saints’: Renouncing Authority at the Inquisition,” in Christians, Blasphemers, and Witches: Afro-Mexican Ritual Practice in the Seventeenth Century

Martha Few, Women Who Live Evil Lives: Gender, Religion, and the Politics of Power in Colonial Guatemala

Nicole Von Germeten, “Cartagena’s Most Notorious Sorceress” in Violent Delights, Violent Ends: Sex, Race, and Honor in Colonial Cartagena de Indias

Surveillance and Crime

Tamara J. Walker, “ ‘He outfitted his family in notable decency’: Slavery, Honour, and Dress in Eighteenth-Century Lima, Peru

Rachel Price, “Getting locked up to get free in colonial Cuba

Jill Lepore, “The Invention of the Police”

*Indigenous Encounters

Renée Soulodre-La France, Beyond Black and Red, Chapter 5, “ ‘Whites and Mulattos, Our Enemies’: Race Relations and Popular Political Culture in Nueva Granada,” pp.

Kris Lane, Beyond Black and Red, Chapter 6, “Africans and Natives in the Mines of Spanish America,” pp.159-180

Norma Angélica Castillo Palma and Susan Kellogg, “Conflict and Cohabitation between African-Mexicans and Nahuas in Central Mexico” in Beyond Black and Red: African-Native Relations in Colonial Latin Americas

Rachel S. O’Toole, “In a War Against the Spanish: Andean Protection and African Resistance on the Northern Peruvian Coast”

Free People

Júnia Ferreira Furtado, Chica Da Silva: A Brazilian Slave of the Eighteenth Century

David Barry Gaspar and Darlene Clark Hine, eds. Beyond Bondage: Free Women of Color in the Americas

Lyman L. Johnson, “Manumission in Colonial Buenos Aires, 1776-1810

Douglas Cole Libby, “Notarized and Baptismal Manumissions in the Parish of São José do Rio das Mortes, Minas Gerais (c. 1750-1850)

Primary Source: Quantitative History - Manumission Trends in Colonial Veracruz

Karl Monsma and Valéria Dorneles Fernandes, “Fragile Liberty: The Enslavement of Free People in the Borderlands of Brazil and Uruguay, 1846-1866

Jane G. Landers, “Cimarron and Citizen: African ethnicity, corporate identity, and the evolution of free black towns in the Spanish circum-Caribbean” in Slaves, Subjects, and Subversives: Blacks in Colonial Latin America

Michele Reid-Vazquez, The Year of the Lash: Free People of Color in Cuba and the Nineteenth-Century Atlantic World

Rebellion and Maroon Communities

Robert Nelson Anderson, “The Quilombo of Palmares

R.K. Kent, “Palmares: An African State in Brazil” in Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the America

Edgar J. Love, “Negro Resistance to Spanish Rule in Colonial Mexico

Herbert S. Klein and Ben Vinson, III, “Slave Resistance and Rebellion” in African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean

Kenneth Fletcher, “Colombia Dispatch 4: Palenque: An Afro-Colombian Community” in Smithsonian Magazine,

“Palenque San Basilio, Bolivar, Maroon Community in Colombia,”

Michele Reid-Vazquez, “Formidable Rebels: Slave and Free Women of Color in Cuba’s Conspiracy of La Escalera, 1843-1844”

Primary Source: “Slaves of Minas Gerais Plot Revolt”

Stuart Schwartz, “The Mocambo: Slave Resistance in Colonial Bahia” in Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the America

Roger Bastide, “The Other Quilombos” in Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the America

Primary Source: “ ‘The Armadillo’s Hole’: A Predatory Quilombo Near Bahia” (1763)

Primary Source: “ ‘All the Huts Were Burned’: The Destruction of Quilombos Near Rio De Janeiro” (1876)

Primary Source: “The Destruction of Quilombos in Maranhão” (1853)

Primary Source: “A Slave Revolt at Sea and Brutal Reprisals” (1845)

Primary Source: “A Slave Revolt at a Carmelite Estate in Pará” (1865)

Primary Source: “The Province of Rio de Janeiro Restricts the Activities of Slaves, Free Africans, and Other Foreigners to Reduce the Threat of Slave Rebellion” (1836)

Primary Source: “Insubordination, Assassinations, Rebellions, Conspiracies, and Runaways: A Report of the Minister of Justice” (1854)

Primary Source: “Slaves Rebel in the Captaincy of Bahia” (1814)

Primary Source: “Soldiers and Africans Clash in Bahia’s Streets” (1835)

Primary Source: “The Great Seventeenth-Century Quilombo of Palmares: A Chronicle of War and Peace”

Yuko Miki, “Fleeing into Slavery: The Insurgent Geographies of Brazilian Quilombolas (Maroons), 1880–1881

Primary Source: “On Slavery in Brazil,” Thomas Ewbank (1856)

Primary Source: “ ‘The Slaves’ View of Slavery’: A Plantation Rebellion Near Ilheus, Bahia, and the Rebels’ Written Demands for a Settlement”

Stuart B. Schwartz, “Cantos and Quilombos: A Hausa Rebellion in Bahia, 1814” in Slaves, Subjects, and Subversives: Blacks in Colonial Latin America

Flávio dos Santos Gomes, “Peasants, Maroons, and the Frontiers of Liberation in Maranhão

Primary Source: “ ‘A Sort of Enchanted Land’: Quilombo of the Amazon Valley in the 1850s”

Capturing Slavery: Art and Photography

Magali M. Carrera, “Locating Race in Late Colonial Mexico,” pp. 36-45

Magali M. Carrera, Imagining Identity in New Spain: Race, Lineage, and the Colonial Body in Portraiture and Casta Paintings

Ilona Katzew, Casta Paintings  

Lulu Garcia-Navarro, “Photos Reveal Harsh Detail Of Brazil’s History With Slavery,”


Kim D. Butler, “Slavery in the Age of Emancipation: Victims and Rebels in Brazil’s Late 19th-Century Domestic Trade

Peter Blanchard, Under the Flags of Freedom, Chapter 1: A Historical Tradition,” pp. 1-16

Peter Blanchard, “Serving the King in Venezuela and New Granada” in Under the Flags of Freedom: Slave Soldiers and the Wars of Independence in Spanish South America

Christopher Schmidt-Nowara, Slavery, Freedom, and Abolition in Latin America and the Atlantic World

Sidney Chalhoub, “The Politics of Ambiguity: Conditional Manumission, Labor Contracts, and Slave Emancipation in Brazil (1850s–1888)

Camilla Cowling, Conceiving Freedom: Women of Color, Gender, and the Abolition of Slavery in Havana and Rio de Janeiro

Marcela Echeverri, “Slaves in Defense of Popayán: War, Royalism, and Freedom (1809-1819)” in Indian and Slave Royalists in the Age of Revolution

Christopher Schmidt-Nowara, “Empires against Emancipation: Spain, Brazil, and the Abolition of Slavery

Primary Source: “ ‘Hours of Bitterness and Terror’: A Planter’s Account of the Ending of the Slavery in São Paulo” (March 19, 1888)

David Sartorius, Ever FaithfulRace, Loyalty, and the Ends of Empire in Spanish Cuba;jsessionid=65C2190DB2004B7C04EBE7CC0D5E4483?sequence=1

Camilia Cowling, Conceiving Freedom: Women of Color, Gender, and Abolition of Slavery in Havana and Rio de Janeiro, Chapter 2 - “The Law is Final, Excellent Sir: Slave Law, Gender and Gradual Emancipation”

Primary Source: “Slavery is Declared Abolished” (May 13, 1888)

***There are also a variety of Spanish-language and English-language newspapers that documented the final abolition of slavery in Brazil and the Spanish colonies

* Contemporary Considerations

Slavery Tourism? The dangers of re-commodification

Cecilia Olliveira, “Tourists Visit Plantation in Brazil and are Served by Black ‘Slaves,”

Pamela Scully and Diana Paton, Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World

Primary Source: The Golden Law (1888) - Brazil

Adam Bledsoe, “Marronage as a Past and Present Geography in the Americas

Ana Lucia Araujo, Slavery in the Age of Memory: Engaging the Past - Chapter 3: “Battles of Public Memory”

In Brazil the wounds of slavery will not heal

This list was last updated on 17/01/2022