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Recommended critical and historical reading

Turks, Moors, and Jews: Race and Identity in English Renaissance Drama, 2021/22, Semester 2
Professor Martin Butler
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


Suggested critical and historical reading


Jack D'Amico,The Moor in English Renaissance drama (1991)

Kenneth Austin, The Jews and the Reformation (2020)

Richmond Barbour, Before orientalism : London's theatre of the East 1576-1626 (2003)

A. G. Barthelemy, Black face, maligned race : the representation of blacks in English drama from Shakespeare to Southerne ISBN: 0807124850; 080711331X (1987)

Dean Phillip Bell, Jews in the early modern world ISBN: 9780742545182 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780742545175 (alk. paper); 0742545172 (alk. paper); 0742545180 (pbk. : alk. paper) (2008)

Jerry Brotton, Trading territories : mapping the early modern world (1998)

Jerry Brotton, This Orient Isle: Elizabethan England and the Islamic World (2016)

Natalie Zemon Davies, Trickster travels : a sixteenth-century Muslim between worlds (2005)

Matthew Dimmock, New Turkes : dramatizing Islam and the Ottomans in early modern England (2005)

Barbara Fuchs, Mimesis and empire : the New World, Islam, and European identities (2001)

Eldred Jones, Othello's countrymen : the African in English Renaissance drama (1965)

Andrew Hadfield, Amazons, savages, and Machiavels : travel and colonial writing in English, 1550-1630 ; an anthology (2001)

Kim F. Hall, Things of darkness : economies of race and gender in early modern England (1995)

Albert S. Lindemann and Richard S. Levy, Antisemitism : a history (2010)

Joan Pong Linton, The romance of the New World : gender and the literary formations of English colonialism (1998)

Ania Loomba, Gender, Race, Renaissance Drama (1989)

Ania Loomba, Shakespeare, race, and colonialism (2002)

Gerald Maclean, Re-orienting the Renaissance : cultural exchanges with the East (2005)

Gerald Maclean and Nabil Matar, Britain and the Islamic World (2011)

Jean-Pierre Macherlot and Michele Willems, eds., Travel and Drama in Shakespeare’s Time(1996)

Nabil Matar, Islam in Britain, 1558-1685 (1998)

Nabil Matar, Turks, Moors and Englishmen in the age of discovery (1999)

Nabil Matar, Britain and Barbary, 1589-1689 (2005)

Laurence Publicover, Dramatic geography : romance, intertheatricality, and cultural encounter in Early Modern Mediterranean drama (2017)

Jyotsna Singh, ed., A companion to the global renaissance (2013)

Ayanna Thompson, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare and Race (2021)

Daniel Vitkus, ed., Piracy, slavery, and redemption : Barbary captivity narratives from early modern England(2001)

Daniel Vitkus, Turning Turk : English theater and the multicultural Mediterranean, 1570-1630 1570-1630 (2003)

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John Michael Archer, 'Islam and Tamburlaine's world picture', in Jyotsna Singh, ed., A Companion to the Global Renaissance (2013), 67-81

Emily Bartels, Spectacles of strangeness : imperialism, alienation, and Marlowe (1993)

Jonathan Burton, Traffic and Turning : Islam and English Drama, 1579-1624 ISBN: 9780845346181 (e-book) (2005)

Jonathan Burton, ‘Anglo-Ottoman relations and the image of the Turk in Tamburlaine’, The journal of medieval and early modern studies., 30 (2000), 125-56

Matthew Dimmock, New Turkes : dramatizing Islam and the Ottomans in early modern England (2005) This book is coming up in the catalogue as lost: can it be replaced?

Stephen Greenblatt, ‘Marlowe, Marx, and Anti-Semitism’, Critical inquiry., 5 (1978), 40-58; reworked in Greenblatt, Renaissance Self-Fashioning (1980)

Jane Grogan, The Persian Empire in English Renaissance writing, 1549-1622 (2014)

G. K. Hunter, ‘The theology of Marlowe’s Jew of Malta’, in Hunter, Dramatic identities and cultural tradition : studies in Shakespeare and his contemporaries : critical essays(1978), 60-102

Debra Johanyak and Walter S. H. Lim, eds., The English renaissance, orientalism, and the idea of Asia (2009)

Robert Logan, ed., The Jew of Malta (2013)

David McInnis, ed., Tamburlaine: A Critical Reader (2020)

Linda McJannet, The sultan speaks : dialogue in English plays and histories about the Ottoman Turks (2006)

James Marino, 'Stranger to profit: waste, loss and sacrifice in The Jew of Malta', English Lliterary Renaissance, 51 (2021), 243-69

Chloe Preedy, Marlowe's Literary Scepticism (2012)

James Shapiro, Shakespeare and the Jews (1996)

Garrett A. Sullivan, ‘Space, measurement and stalking Tamburlaine’, Renaissance drama., n.s. 28 (1997), 3-27

David H. Thurn, ‘Sights of power in Tamburlaine’, English literary renaissance., 19 (1989), 3-21

Richard Wilson, ‘Visible bullets: Tamburlaine the Great and Ivan the Terrible’, ELH., 62 (1995), 47-68; reprinted in Wilson, ed., Christopher Marlowe (1999)

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Janet Adelman, Blood Relations: Christian and Jew in The Merchant of Venice (2008)  

Charles Edelman, 'Which is the Jew that Shakespeare knew?', Shakespeare survey., 52 (1999), 99-106.

Michelle Ephraim, Reading the Jewish woman on the Elizabethan stage ISBN: 9780754658153 (alk. paper); 0754658155 (alk. paper) (2008)

Jay Halio, ‘Shylock: Shakespeare's Bad Jew’, in Evelyn Gajowski, ed., Re-visions of Shakespeare : essays in honor of Robert Ornstein, (2004), 57-65.

Sarah Hatchuel and Nathalie Vienne-Guerrin, eds., The Merchant of Venice: A Critical Reader (2020)

M. Lindsay Kaplan, ed., The Merchant of Venice: The State of Play (2020)

Aaron Kitch, ‘Shylock's Sacred Nation’ Shakespeare quarterly., 59 (2008), 131-155

Lisa Lampert, Gender and Jewish difference from Paul to Shakespeare ISBN: 0812237757 (acid-free paper) (2004)

Ian MacInnes, 'Ill luck, ill luck? Risk and hazard in The Merchant of Venice', in Global Traffic: Discourses and Practices of Trade in English Literature and Culture, 1550-1700, eds. Barbara Sebek and Stephen Deng (2008), 39-56

Mary J. Metzger, '"Now by my hood, a gentle and no Jew": Jessica, The Merchant of Venice, and the discourse of early modern English identity', PMLA. ISSN: 0030-8129, 113 (1998), 52-63

P. Milward, Shakespeare's religious background. (1973)

James O'Rourke, ‘Racism and homophobia in The Merchant of Venice’, ELH., 70 (2003), 375-97

Orgel, Stephen, ‘Shylock's Tribe’, in Tom Clayton et al., eds, Shakespeare and the Mediterranean : the selected proceedings of the International Shakespeare Association World Congress, Valencia, 2001 (2004), 38-53.

James Shapiro, Shakespeare and the Jews (1996)

E. A Spiller, 'From imagination to miscegenation: race and romance in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice’, Renaissance drama., 29 (1998) 137-64

Laura Tosi and Shaul Bassi, eds., Visions of Venice in Shakespeare (2011)

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Debra Johanyak, ‘“Turning Turk”, early modern English orientalism, and Shakespeare’s Othello’, in The English renaissance, orientalism, and the idea of Asia, eds. Debra Johanyak and Walter S. H. Lim (2009)

Karen Newman, "'And wash the Ethiop white": femininity and the monstrous in Othello ', in Jean Howard, Shakespeare Reproduced: The Text in History and Ideology, and Newman, Fashioning femininity and English Renaissance drama

Martin Orkin, 'Othello and the "Plain Face" of Racism', Shakespeare quarterly., 38 (1987), 166-88

Lena Cowen Orlin, Othello : the state of play (2014)

Patricia Parker, ‘Fantasies of "race" and "gender": Africa, Othello and bringing to light’, in Parker and Margo Hendricks, eds,. Women, "race," and writing in the early modern period (1994), 84-100

Ian Smith, 'Othello's black handkerchief', Shakespeare quarterly. ISSN: 0037-3222, 62 (2013), 1-25

Ian Smith, 'We are Othello: speaking of race in early modern studies', Shakespeare Quarterly, 67 (2016), 104-24

Virginia Mason Vaughan, Othello : a contextual history (1994)

Daniel Vitkus, ‘Turning Turk in Othello: the conversion and damnation of the Moor’, Shakespeare quarterly., 48 (1997), 145-76

Daniel Vitkus, “Othello, Islam, and the Noble Moor: Spiritual Identity and the Performance of Blackness on the Early Modern Stage  in The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare and Religion, ed. Hannibal Hamlin (2019), 218-33.

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Jerry Brotton, ‘“This Tunis, sir, was Carthage”: contesting colonialism in The Tempest’, in Post-colonial Shakespeares, eds. Ania Loomba and Martin Orkin (1998), 23-42

Paul Brown, ‘“This thing of darkness I acknowledge mine”: The Tempest and the discourse of colonialism’, in Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, eds., Political Shakespeare : essays in cultural materialism, 2nd edn 1994, pp. 48–71

Mark Thornton Burnett, Constructing 'monsters' in Shakespearean drama and early modern culture (2003)

Barbara Fuchs, ‘Conquering islands: contextualizing The Tempest’, Shakespeare quarterly., 48 (1997), pp. 45– 62

Stephen Greenblatt, Learning to curse : essays in early modern culture (1990), pp. 16–39

Jonathan Gil Harris, Marvellous repossessions : The tempest, globalization, and the waking dream of paradise (2012)

John Gillies, Shakespeare and the geography of difference (1994)

Jonathan Goldberg, Tempest in the Caribbean (2004)

Trevor R. Griffiths, ‘“This island’s mine”: Caliban and colonialism’, The yearbook of English studies., 13 (1983), 159-80

Peter Hulme and William H. Sherman, eds. The Tempest and its travels (2000)

David Scott Kastan, Shakespeare after theory (1999)

Jeffrey Knapp, An empire nowhere : England, America, and literature from Utopia to The tempest (1992)

Nadia Lie and Theo D’haen, Constellation Caliban : figurations of a character (1997)

Marjorie Raley, ‘Claribel’s husband’, in Race, ethnicity, and power in the Renaissance, ed. Joyce Green Macdonald (1997), 95-119

Meredith Anne Skura, ‘Discourse and the individual: the case of colonialism in The Tempest’, Shakespeare quarterly., 40 (1989), 42–69

V. M. Vaughan and A. T. Vaughan, Shakespeare's Caliban : a cultural history (1991)

Richard Wilson, Secret Shakespeare : studies in theatre, religion and resistance (2004)

Chantal Zabus, Tempests after Shakespeare (2002)

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Hardin Aasand, ‘To blanch an Ethiop, and revive a corse': Queen Anne and The Masque of Blackness’, Studies in English literature, 1500-1900., 32 (1992), 271-85

Richmond Barbour, ‘Britain and the great beyond: The Masque of Blackness at Whitehall’, in John Gillies and Virginia Mason Vaughan, eds., Playing the globe : genre and geography in English Renaissance drama(1998), 129-53

Martin Butler, ‘The Masque of Blackness and Stuart court culture’, in Sullivan, Garrett A. Sullivan, Patrick Cheney and Andrew Hadfield (eds.), Early modern English drama : a critical companion (2006), 152-63

Janet Clare, Drama of the English Republic 1649-60(2002)

Patricia Crouch, ‘Patronage and competing visions of Virginia in George Chapman's The Memorable Masque’, English literary renaissance., 40 (2010), 393-426

Mary Floyd-Wilson, ‘Temperature, temperance, and racial difference in Ben Jonson's The Masque of Blackness’, English literary renaissance., 28 (1998), 183-209

Richard Frohock, ‘Sir William Davenant’s American operas’, The modern language review., 96 (2001), 323-33

John Gillies, ‘Shakespeare's Virginian masque’, ELH., 53 (1986), 673-707

Kim F. Hall, ‘Sexual politics and cultural identity in The Masque of Blackness’, in Sue-Ellen Case and Janelle Reinelt (eds.), The Performance of power : theatrical discourse and politics (1991), 3-18

Gavin Hollis, The absence of America : the London stage, 1576-1642 ISBN: 9780198734321 (hbk.) : £55.00 (2015)

James Knowles, ‘The faction of the flesh: orientalism and the Caroline masque’, in Ian Atherton and Julie Sanders, eds., The 1630s : interdisciplinary essays on culture and politics in the Caroline era(2006)

David Lindley, ‘Courtly play: the politics of Chapman’s The Memorable Masque’, in Evelyn Cruickshanks (ed.), The Stuart courts (2009)

Amrita Sen, ‘Playing an Indian queen: neoplatonism, ethnography, and The Temple of Love’, in Jonathan Gil Harris and Jyotsna Singh, eds., Indography : writing the "Indian" in early modern England (2012), 209-22

Yumna Siddiqi, ‘Dark incontinents: the discourse of race and gender in three Renaissance masques, Renaissance drama., 23 (1992), 139-63

Axel Stahler, ‘Between tiger and unicorn: The Temple of Love’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes., 61 (1998), 176-97

Andrea Stevens, ‘Mastering blackness: Jonson's Masque of Blackness, the Windsor Text of The Gypsies Metamorphosed, and Brome's The English Moor’, English literary renaissance., 39 (2009), 396-426

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Jonathan Burton, Traffic and turning : Islam and English drama, 1579-1624 (2005)

Laurie Ellinghausen, Pirates, traitors, and apostates : renegade identities in early modern English writing ISBN: 9781487515782 (2018)

Mark Hutchings, 'Converting A Christian Turned Turk', in Claire Jowitt (ed.), Pirates? : the politics of plunder, 1550-1650 ISBN: 0230003273 (2007), 90-104

Joshua Mabie. ‘The problem of the prodigal in The Fair Maid of the West, A Christian Turned Turk, and The Renegado’, Renascence., 64 (2012), 298-319

Gerald Maclean, Looking East : English writing and the Ottoman Empire before 1800 ISBN: 9780230019676 (hbk.); 0230019676 (hbk.) (2007)

Benjamin Vanwagoner, 'Pirate economics in Robert Daborne's A Christian turned Turk', Studies in English Literature 1500-1900, 59 (2019), 305-24

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Jonathan Burton, Traffic and turning : Islam and English drama, 1579-1624 (2005)

Jane Hwang Degenhardt, Islamic conversion and Christian resistance on the early modern stage (2010)

Jane Hwang Degenhardt, ‘Catholic prophylactics and Islam's sexual threat: preventing and undoing sexual defilement in The Renegado’, Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies, 9 (2009), 62-92

Jonathan Gil Harris, Sick economies : drama, mercantilism, and disease in Shakespeare's England (2004)

Judy Hayden, '"Turkish dames" and '"English mastiffs": the "Turk" and the female body in Massinger's The Renegado', The seventeenth century. ISSN: 0268-117X; 2050-4616, 28 (2013), 349-361

Claire Jowitt, ‘Massinger's The Renegado(1624) and the Spanish Marriage’, Cahiers Elisabéthains, 65 (Spring 2004) 45-53 - Available online: 

Benedict Robinson, ‘The “Turks”, Caroline politics, and Massinger’s The Renegado’, in Adam Zucker and Alan B. Farmer, eds., Localizing Caroline drama : politics and economics of the early modern, 1625-1642 (2006), 213-37

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Jean E. Feerick, ‘Tragicomic transformations: passion, politics, and the 'art to turn' in Fletcher's The Island Princess’, Early modern literary studies., Special Issue 19 (2009), 1-19

Claire Jowitt, ‘The Island Princess and race’, in Garrett A. Sullivan, P. Cheney and A. Hadfield, eds., Early modern English drama : a critical companion (2006), 287-97

Claire Jowitt, Voyage drama and gender politics, 1589-1642 : real and imagined worlds (2003)

Ania Loomba, ‘“Break her will, and bruise no bone sir”: colonial and sexual mastery in Fletcher's The Island Princess’, Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies, 2(1) (2002), 68-108 - Available online:

Michael Neill, 'Material flames: the space of mercantile fantasy in John Fletcher's The Island Princess’, Renaissance drama., 28 (1997), 99-131; reprinted in Neill, Putting history to the question : power, politics, and society in English Renaissance drama (2000), 311-39

Carmen Nocentelli, ‘Spice race: The Island Princess and the politics of transnational appropriation’, PMLA., 125 (2010), 572-88

Shankar Raman, ‘Imagining islands: staging the east’, Renaissance drama., 26 (1995), 131-61

Shankar Raman, Framing 'India' : the colonial imaginary in early modern culture ISBN: 0804739706 (2002)

Andrea Remi Solomon, ‘A wild shambles of strange gods: the conversion of Quisara in Fletcher's The Island Princess’, in John C. Hawley, (ed.), Christian encounters with the other ISBN: 0814735681 (clothbound); 081473569X (paperbound); CIP entry (1998), 17-32

Jeanette N. Tran, ‘Does this become you, princess?: East Indian ethnopoetics in John Fletcher's The Island Princess’, in Jonathan Gil Harris and Jyotsna Singh, eds., Indography : writing the "Indian" in early modern England (2012), 197-207

This list was last updated on 28/01/2022