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Module Reading List

Black Europe, 2021/22, Semester 1, 2
Dr Jason Allen-Paisant
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Students are not expected to read all the items on this list, but rather to select from it items that are of particular interest to them. With that in mind, we have included a certain number of texts that are not available in English, for the benefit of those students with the requisite language skills. 

General module reading on Black Europe

Boulila, Stefanie C., Race in Post-racial Europe - An Intersectional Analysis, Rowman and Littlefield, 2019.

Clark Hine,Trica, Danielle Keaton, and Stephen Small, Black Europe and the African diaspora , Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2009  See especially Stephan Small's introduction.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 08/10/2021) 

Emejulu, Akwugo and Francesca Sobande, To Exist is to Resist - Black Feminism in Europe (London: Pluto Press, 2019) 

Hartman, Saidiya, Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments: Intimate Histories of Riotous Black Girls, Troublesome Women and Queer Radicals (Serpent's Tail, 2009) - See especially notes on method pp.viii to xvii  

Hondius, Dienke, Blackness in Western Europe : racial patterns of paternalism and exclusion , New York: Taylor and Francis, 2014  Please digitalise chapter 6 - Shoah and Empire: Race in Twentieth-Century Europe Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Martone, Eric et al. (eds), Encyclopedia of Blacks in European history and culture (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2009)

McEachrane, Michael, Afro-Nordic landscapes : equality and race in Northern Europe , New York: Routledge, 2014 - ebook

Otele, Olivette, African Europeans - An Untold Story, London: Hurst Publisher, 2020.  please purchase ebook  

Pitts, Johny, Afropean - Notes from Black Europe, Allen Lane, 2019.

Rosenhaft, Eve and Robbie Aitken, Africa in Europe : studies in transnational practice in the long twentieth century , Liverpool : Liverpool University Press, 2013 - ebook   

Saini, Angela, Superior: The return of race science, Fourth Estate, 2019.

Stephan Small, 20 questions and answers on Black Europe , The Hague, Amrit Publishers, 2017  Chapter 1 - What is Black Europe (today)? OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 

Stephan Small, Theorizing visibility and vulnerability in Black Europe and the African diaspora, Ethnic and racial studies., 41:6 (2018), 1182-1197

See Black Europe playlist on BoB - (log in with University username and password)

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Classical period

The Black Athena controversy and race in antiquity

Bernal, Martin. 1987. Black Athena, Vol.1: The fabrication of Ancient Greece, 1785-1985 . London: Free Association.

Bernal, Martin. 1991. Black Athena, Vol. 2: The archaeological and documentary evidence New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. 1991.

Bindman, D, Gates, H.L., Dalton, K.C.C. 2010. The image of the Black in Western Art. Houston

Diop, Cheikh Anta. Civilization or barbarism : an authentic anthropology . Tr. Yaa Lengi meema Ngemi. Edited by Harold J. Salemson and Marjolijn de Jager. New York: Lawrence Hill. 1991.

Hall, Jonathan M. 1997. Ethnic Identity in Greek Antiquity ISBN: 052158017X (pbk) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

James, George G.M. (2008): Stolen Legacy: Greek Philosophy is Stolen Egyptian Philosophy (Wilder Publications: Saint Paul)

Lefkowitz, Mary R. and Guy MacLean Rogers. (1996). Black Athena revisited . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Lefkowitz, Mary R. (2008) History Lesson: A Race Odyssey (Yale UP: New Haven)

Lefkowitz, Mary R. (1997) Not out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Issue (Basic Books; Rev. Edition)

Lincoln, Bruce. 1999. Theorizing myth: narrative, ideology and scholarship ISBN: 0226482022. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press.

McCoskey, Denise. Race: antiquity and its legacy ISBN: 1848851580 (pbk) London and New York: I. B. Tauris.

Moore, David Chioni (ed.). 2001. Black Athena writes back : Martin Bernal responds to his critics . Durham: Duke University Press.

Orrells, Daniel, Tessa Roynon and Gurminder Bhambra (ed.), 2011 African Athena: New Agendas ISBN: 0199595006. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Snowden, Frank M. Jr. 1970. Blacks in antiquity: Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman ExperienceISBN: 0674076257 (pbk) Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Snowden, Frank M. Jr. 1983. Before color prejudice : the ancient view of blacks . Cambridge MA.: Harvard University Press.

Vlassopoulos, K. 2010. Greeks and barbarians . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Classical reception, myth, race, colonialism and imperialism and Black Europe

Baker-White, Robert. 1993. 'The Politics of Ritual in Wole Soyinka's Bacchae of Euripides'. Comparative Drama 27.3 (1993): 377-398. 

Bradley, Mark (ed.) 2010. Classics and imperialism in the British empire . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Evaristo, Bernardine. 2002. The Emperor's babe: a novel ISBN: 0140297812. London: Penguin.

Fraden, Rena. 2001. Imagining Medea : Rhodessa Jones and theater for incarcerated women. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Goff, Barbara. (ed.) 2005. Classics and Colonialism ISBN: 0715633112. London: Duckworth.

Goff, B. and M. Simpson. 2007. Crossroads in the black Aegean : Oedipus, Antigone, and dramas of the African diaspora . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Greenwood, Emily. 2010. Afro-Greeks: Dialogue Between Anglophone Caribbean Literature and Classics in the Twentieth CenturyISBN: 0199575244. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hardwick, Lorna and Carol Gillespie. 2007. Classics in Post-Colonial WorldsOxford: Oxford University Press.

McConnell, J. 2013. Black odysseys : the Homeric Odyssey in the African diaspora since 1939 . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McConnell, J. 2016. 'Crossing Borders: Bernardine Evaristo's The Emperor's Babe'. Callaloo39.1 (2016): 103-114.

Moyer, I, A. Lecznar and H. Morse eds. 2020. Classicisms in the Black Atlantic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Nouryeh, Andreah. 2001. 'Soyinka's Euripides: Postcolonial Resistance or Avant-Garde Adaptation?' Research in African Literatures. 32.4 (2001): 160-171. 

Okpewho, Isidore. 1999. 'Soyinka, Euripides, and the Anxiety of Empire'. Research in African Literatures. 30.4 (1999): 32-55. 

Roynon, Tessa. 2013. Toni Morrison & The Classical Tradition: Transforming American Culture ISBN: 0199698684. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Soyinka, Wole. 1973. The Bacchae of Euripides: A Communion Rite ISBN: 041330020X. London: Methuen.

Taplin, Oliver. 1994. “Derek Walcott’s Omeros and Derek Walcott’s Homer.” In Achilles : paradigms of the war hero from Homer to the middle ages . Edited by King, K. C. New York: Garland, pp. 311-23. 

Von Rosenberg, Ingrid. 2010. 'If ... Bernardine Evaristo's Gendered Reconstruction of Black European History'. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 58.4 (2010): 381-95. 

Walcott, Derek. 1990. Omeros . London: Faber and Faber.

Walcott, Derek. 1992. The Odyssey : a stage version . London: Faber and Faber.

Wetmore, Kevin J. Jr. 2001. The Athenian sun in an African sky : modern African adaptations of classical Greek tragedyJefferson: McFarland.

Wetmore, Kevin J. Jr. 2003. Black Dionysus : Greek tragedy and African American theatre . Jefferson, N. Carolina and London: McFarland and Co.

Wetmore, Kevin J. Jr. 2013. Black Medea : adaptations for modern plays . Cambria Studies in Contemporary Global Performing Arts.

Weyenberg, Astrid van. 2013. The politics of adaptation: contemporary African drama and Greek tragedy ISBN: 9042037007. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi.

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General readings on Black Germany

Aitken, Robbie and Eve Rosenhaft, eds (2013), Africa in Europe: Studies in Transnational Practice in the Long Twentieth Century, Liverpool University Press.

Aitken, Robbie, Stroh, S., & Ellerbe, C., eds. (2018), Black Diaspora and Germany: Deutschland und die Schwarze Diaspora, Munster: edition assemblage.

Barkin, K. (2009), 'African Americans, Afro-Germans, White Americans, and Germans', Journal of African American History. 94:2, 253-265.

Day, Lara and Oliver Haag, eds (2017), The persistence of race : continuity and change in Germany from the Wilhelmine Empire to National Socialism, Berghahn Books.

Diedrich, Maria, Jürgen Heinrichs, eds. (2011), From Black to Schwarz: Cultural Crossovers Between African America and Germany, Michigan State UP.

Ege, M., & Andrew Wright Hurley. (2015). Survey Essay 1. Periodizing and Historicizing German Afro-Americanophilia: From Antebellum to Postwar (1850-1965). PORTAL: Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies12(2).

Ege, M., & Hurley, A. (2015). Survey Essay 2. Periodizing and Historicizing German Afro-Americanophilia: From Counterculture to Post-soul (1968-2005). Portal12(2).

Faymonville, Carmen (2003), 'Black Germans and Transnational Identification', Callaloo, 26:2.

Florvil, Tiffany N. and Vanessa D. Plumly, eds (2018), Rethinking Black German Studies: Approaches, Interventions and Histories, Frankfurt: Peter Lang.

Honeck, Mischa, Martin Klimke, and Anne Kuhlmann, eds (2013), Germany and the black diaspora : points of contact, 1250-1914, Berghahn.

Kundrus, Birthe (2008), 'Blind Spots: Empire, Colonies and Ethnic Identities in Modern German History' in Karen Hagemann and Jean H. Quataert, eds, Gendering modern German history: rewriting historiography, Berghahn Books, 86-106.

Lennox, Sara, ed (2016). Remapping Black Germany. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mazon, Patricia and Reinhild Steingrover (eds), Not so plain as black and white : Afro-German culture and history, 1890-2000 (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2009). 

Nenno, N. P. (2016). Reading the “Schwarz” in the “Schwarz-Rot-Gold”: Black German Studies in the 21st Century. Transit10(2)

Nganang, P. (2005). Autobiographies of Blackness in Germany. In E. Ames, M. Klotz, & L. Wildenthal (Eds.), Germany's colonial pasts (pp. 227–239). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska, Lincoln  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Roos, J. (2016). An Afro-German Microhistory: Gender, Religion, and the Challenges of Diasporic Dwelling. Central European History, 49(2), 240-260.

Rosenhaft, Eve and Robbie Aitken (2013). Black Germany. The Making and Unmaking of a Diaspora Community, 1884-1960, Cambridge University Press.

Rosenhaft, Eve (2008). ‘Black Germans’, in: P. Poddar, R. Patke and L. Jensen, eds, A Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures: Continental Europe and its Empires, Edinburgh University Press.

German colonialism

Baer, Elizabeth R. (2017), Genocidal Gaze. From German Southwest Africa to the Third Reich, Detroit: Wayne State UP.

Berger, Stefan (2015), 'Building the Nation among Visions of German Empire', in: Stefan Berger and Alexei Miller, eds, Nationalizing empires , Central European University Press, 247-308.    

Berghahn, Volker (2017), 'German Colonialism and Imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler', German Studies Review 40:1, 147-162.

Berman, Nina Klaus Mühlhahn, and Patrice Nganang, eds (2014), German colonialism revisited : African, Asian, and Oceanic experiences, University of Michigan Press.

Boonstra, John (2015), 'Women’s Honour and the Black Shame: Coloured Frenchmen and Respectable Comportment in the Post-World War I Occupied Rhineland', German History 33:4, 546–569

Bowersox, Jeff (2020), 'Seeing Black: Foote’s Afro-American Company and the Performance of Racial Uplift in Imperial Germany in 1891', German History, 38:3, 387–413

Ciarlo, David (2010), Advertising Empire. Race and Visual Culture in Imperial Germany, Harvard University Press.

Collar, Peter (2013), The Propaganda War in the Rhineland: Weimar Germany, Race and Occupation After World War I, London: IB Tauris.

Conrad, Sebastian (2013), ‘Rethinking German Colonialism in a Global Age’, The journal of imperial and commonwealth history., 41:4, 543-566.

Conrad, Sebastian (2012), German colonialism : a short history, Cambridge UP.

Dreesbach, Anne: Colonial Exhibitions, 'Völkerschauen' and the Display of the 'Other', in: European History Online (EGO), published by the Leibniz Institute of European History (IEG), Mainz 2012-05-03. URL:

Galen, Dick van with Ralf Futselaar (2016), Black Shame: African Soldiers in Europe, 1914-1922, London: Bloomsbury.

Gerwarth, Robert (2018), '1918 and the End of Europe's Land Empires', in: Martin Thomas and Andrew S. Thompson, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the Ends of Empire, Oxford Uuniversity Press.

Gissibl, Bernhard (2011), ‘Imagination and beyond: cultures and geographies of imperialism in Germany, 1848-1918’, in: John MacKenzie (ed): European empires and the people : popular responses to imperialism in France, Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Italy, Manchester University Press, 158-187.

Grimmer-Solem, Erik (2019), Learning empire: globalization and the German quest for world status, 1875-1919, Cambridge UP.

Kreienbaum, Jonas (2019), A sad fiasco : colonial concentration camps in southern Africa, 1900-1908, Berghahn Books.

Moyd, Michelle R. (2014), Violent intermediaries: African soldiers, conquest, and everyday colonialism in German East Africa, Ohio University Press.

Mühlhahn, Klaus, eds (2017), The cultural legacy of German colonial rule, Berlin: de Gruyter.

Naranch, Bradley and Geoff Eley, eds (2014), German colonialism in a global age, Duke University Press.

Perraudin, Michael and Jürgen Zimmerer, eds (2010), German colonialism and national identity, London: Routledge.

Roos, Julia (2013), ‘Racist Hysteria to Pragmatic Rapprochement? The German Debate about Rhenish “Occupation Children”, 1920-1930’, Contemporary European History 22:2, 155-180.

Roos, Julia (2012), ‘Nationalism, Racism, and Propaganda in Early Weimar Germany: Contradictions in the Campaign against the “Black Horror on the Rhine”’, German History 30:1, 45-74.

Schilling, Britta (2014), Postcolonial Germany: Memories of Empire in a Decolonized Nation, Oxford University Press.

Short, John (2012), Magic lantern empire : colonialism and society in Germany, Cornell UP.

‘Forum: The German Colonial Imagination’, German history. 26:2 (2008), 251-271.

Unangst, Matthew (2017), ‘Men of Science and Action: The Celebrity of Explorers and German National Identity, 1870–1895’, Central European history. 50:3, 305-327.

Walther, Daniel J. (2017), 'Race, Space and Toilets: ‘Civilization’ and ‘Dirt’ in the German Colonial Order, 1890s–1914', German history. 35:4, 551-567.

Walther, Daniel (2010), 'Sex, Race and Empire: White Male Sexuality and the "Other" in Germany's Colonies, 1894-1914', German Studies Review, 33:1, 45-71

Zimmerer, Jürgen (2015), ‘Colonialism and Genocide’, in: Matthew Jefferies, ed, The Ashgate research companion to imperial Germany, Ashgate, 433-453.

Zimmerer, Jürgen (2008), ‘War, Concentration Camps and Genocide in South-West Africa: The First German Genocide’, in: Jürgen Zimmerer and Joachim Zeller, eds, Genocide in German South-West Africa : the Colonial War (1904-1908) in Namibia and its aftermath, Monmouth: Merlin Press, 41-63.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Zimmerman, Andrew (2012), 'Race and World Politics: Germany in the Age of Imperialism, 1878–1914', in: Helmut Walser Smith, ed, The Oxford Handbook of Modern German History, Oxford UP.

Wigger, Iris (2010), ‘”Black Shame” – the campaign against “racial degeneration” and female degradation in interwar Europe’, Race and Class 51:3, 33-46.

Wigger, Iris (2009), 'The Interconnections of Discrimination. Gender, Class, Nation and Race and the "Black Shame" on the Rhine', European Societies, 11(4), 553-582.

Wigger, Iris (2017), The 'Black Horror on the Rhine': Intersections of race, nation, gender and class in 1920s Germany, Palgrave Macmillan.

Black German experience in Nazi Germany

Aitken, Robbie (2018). 'Embracing Germany: interwar German society and Black Germans through the eyes of African-American reporters', Journal of American Studies, 52 (2), 447-473

Aitken, R. (2010). 'Surviving in the Metropole: The struggle for work and belonging amongst African colonial migrants in Weimar Germany'. Immigrants & minorities. , 28(2-3), 203-223

al-Samarai, N. (2004). Neither foreigners nor aliens: the interwoven stories of Sinti and Roma and Black Germans. In Women in German Yearbook (Vol. 20). University of Nebraska Press.

Ayim, M., Oguntoye, K., & Schultz, D. (1992). Showing our colors : Afro-German women speak out . Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Campt, T. (2003). Converging Spectres of an Other within: Race and Gender in Prewar Afro-German History. Callaloo. , 26(2), 322-341

Campt, T. Campt (2004), Other Germans : black Germans and the politics of race, gender, and memory in the Third Reich (University of Michigan, 2004)

El-Tayeb, Fatima (2003). 'If You Cannot Pronounce My Name, You Can Just Call Me Pride' Afro-German Activism, Gender, and Hip Hop" Gender & History 15/3, 459-485

Florvil, T. (2018). Rethinking black German studies : approaches, interventions and histories . Oxford: Peter Lang.

Friedman, Ina R. (1990), “No Blacks Allowed,” in The Other Victims: First-Person Stories of Non-Jews Persecuted by the Nazis, Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Hodges, C. (2001). The Color of Blood: Black German Writers and Racial Integration. Synthesis. : An Interdisciplinary Journal6, 51–64.

Kesting, Robert (1998), 'Blacks Under the Swastika: A Research Note', Journal of Negro History 83.1, 84-99.

Kraft, M. (Eds.). (2019). Children of the Liberation. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang UK.

Lennox, Sara (2016). Remapping Black Germany. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. (Especially chps 6, 7, 9, 10 on the Nazi period)

Lindhout, A. E. (2006). Hans J. Massaquoi’s Destined to Witness as an Autobiographical Act of Identity Formation. COPAS : Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies , 7

Lusane, Clarence, Hitler's black victims : the historical experiences of Afro-Germans, European Blacks, Africans, and African Americans in the Nazi era (Routledge, 2003)

Martone, Eric et al. (eds), Encyclopedia of Blacks in European history and culture (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2009)

*Massaquoi, Hans Jürgen , Destined to witness : growing up black in Nazi Germany (HarperCollins, 2001)  

Michael, Theodor (2017), Black German: An Afro-German Life in the Twentieth Century. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Mehring, F. (2009). "Bigger in Nazi Germany": Transcultural confrontations of Richard Wright and Hans Jürgen Massaquoi. Black scholar. , 39(1-2), 63-71

Rosenhaft, Eve (2011), 'Blacks and Gypsies in Nazi Germany: the Limits of the ‘Racial State’. History Workshop Journal, 72.

Rotaru, A. (2017). May Ayim and Diasporic Poetics. The Germanic Review: Literature, Culture, Theory, 92(1), 86–107.

Wright, M. (2003). Others-from-within from without: Afro-German Subject Formation and the Challenge of a Counter-Discourse. Callaloo. , 26(2), 296-305.

Post-1945 accounts by Black Germans (mostly in German)

Alberto, Ibraimo (2014), Ich wollte leben wie die Götter. Was in Deutschland aus meinen afrikanischen Träumen wurde, Cologne: Kiepenheuer & Witsch.

Aukongo, Stefanie-Lahya (2009), Laungas Kind: Wie die DDR mein Leben rettet, Hamburg: Rowohlt.

Ayim, M., Oguntoye, K., & Schultz, D. (1992). Showing our colors : Afro-German women speak out . Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Ayim, May (2002), Grenzenlos und unverschämt. Essays, Frankfurt: Fischer.

Baganz, Andre (2011), Endstation Bautzen II: Zehn Jahre lebenslänglich, Halle: Mitteldeutscher Verlag.

Hasters, Alice (2019), Was weiße Menschen nicht über Rassismus hören wollen aber wissen sollten, Munich: Hanserblau

Hügel, Ika et al, eds, (1993), Entfernte Verbindungen. Rassismus, Antisemitismus, Klassenunterdrückung, Berlin: Orlanda Frauenverlag.

Hügel, Ika (2012), Daheim unterwegs - ein deutsches Leben, Münster: Unrast-Verlag.

Hügel-Marshall (2008), Invisible woman: growing up Black in Germany, Peter Lang.

Kraft, Marion, eds (2020), Children of the Liberation: Transatlantic Experiences and Perspectives of Black Germans of the Post-war Generation,

Mayonga, David aka Roger Rekless (2019), "Ein Neger darf nicht neben mir sitzen". Eine deutsche Geschichte, Munich: Komplett-Media.

Mukande, Thomy J. (2019), Das letzte Jahr. Als Afrikaner im DDR-Eliteinternat.  

Ogette, Tupoka (2017), exit RACISM. rassismuskritisch denken lernen, Münster: Unrast

Oguntoye, Katharina, May Opitz and Dagmar Schultz (1992 [1984]), Farbe bekennen: Afro-deutsche Frauen auf den Spuren ihrer Geschichte, Frankfurt: Fischer.

Opitz, May, Katharina Oguntoye, Dagmar Schultz (1992), Showing our Colours: Afro-German Women Speak Out, London: Open Letters.

Sow, Noah (2018), deutschland schwarz weiss, Books on Demand.

Terkessidis, Mark (2019), Wessen Erinnerung zählt? Koloniale Vergangenheit und Rassismus heute, Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe.

Thomae, Jackie (2019), Brüder, Berlin: Hanser.

Wenzel, Olivia (2020), 1000 Serpentinen Angst, Frankfurt: Fischer.

Post-1945 Germany (secondary readings)

Chin, Rita, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, and Atina Grossmann, eds (2009), After the Nazi racial state : difference and democracy in Germany and Europe, University if Michigan Press.

Fehrenbach, Heide (2007), Race after Hitler : black occupation children in postwar Germany and America, Princeton University Press

Fehrenbach, Heide (1998), ‘Rehabilitating Fatherland: Race and German Remasculimization’, Signs24, 107-127.

Florvil, Tiffany (2020), Mobilizing Black Germany : Afro-German women and the making of a transnational movement, University of Illinois Press.

Höhn, Maria and Martin Klimke, eds (2010), A breath of freedom : the civil rights struggle, African American GIs, and Germany, Palgrave.

Gerund, K. (2008), 'Sisterly (Inter)Actions: Audre Lorde and the Development of Afro-German Women's Communities', Gender Forum, 22.

Hopkins, L. T. (1995), 'Speak, so I Might See You! Afro-German Literature', World Literature Today, 69:3.

Hubbard, R. R. and S.O. Utsey (2015), 'A Qualitative Study of Biracial Identity Among Afro-Germans Living in Germany', Identity 15:2, 89-112.

Kraft, M. (Eds.). (2019). Children of the Liberation. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang UK.

Lee, Sabine (2011). 'A Forgotten Legacy of the Second World War: GI children in post-war Britain and Germany', Contemporary European History20(2), 157–181.

Poikâne-Daumke, Aija (2006), African Diasporas: Afro-German Literature in the Context of the African American Experience, Berlin: Lit.

Roos, Julia (2019), 'The Race to Forget? Bi-racial Descendants of the First Rhineland Occupation in 1950s West German Debates about the Children of African American GIs', German History 37:4, 517–539

Schenk, Marcia (2016), ‘From Luanda and Maputo to Berlin: Uncovering Angolan and Mozambican migrants’ motives to move to the German Democratic Republic (1979-1990), African Economic History 44.

Schenk, Marcia (2019), ‘Negotiating the German Democratic Republic: Angolan Student Migration during the Cold War 1976-90’, Africa 89:1, 144-166.

Slobodian, Quinn, ed (2015), Comrades of Color: East Germany in the Cold War World, Berghahn.

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Ait Ben Lmadani Fatima and Moujoud Nasima (2012), “Peut-on faire de l’intersectionnalité sans les ex-colonisé-e-s ?,” Mouvements, n°72, vol.4. Available online

Arora, Anupama, and Sandrine Sanos. 2020. "Ouvrir La Voix (Speak Up/Make Your Way): A Conversation with Amandine Gay." Journal of Feminist Scholarship 16 (Fall): 17-38. 10.23860/jfs.2019.16.02.

Baril Alexandre (2017), “Intersectionality, Lost in Translation? (Re)thinking Inter-sections between Anglophone and Francophone Intersectionality”, Atlantis, 38-1, p. 125-137. Available online

Bass, L. (2014). African Immigrant Families in Another France. (Palgrave Macmillan)

Bassel, Leah and Akwugo Emejulu, Minority Women and Austerity: Survival and Resistance in France and Britain (Bristol: Policy Press, 2017)

Beaman, Jean, ‘Are French People White?: Towards an Understanding of Whiteness in Republican France’, Identities (2018), DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2018.1543831.

Beriss, David, Black Skins, French Voices: Caribbean Ethnicity and Activism in Urban France (Boulder, CO: Westview, 2004)

Boittin Jennifer, Colonial Metropolis. The Urban Grounds of Anti-Imperialism and Feminism in Interwar Paris (Lincoln & Londres, University of Nebraska Press, 2010)

Bucur, Christine, A mould-breaking cabinet? changes and continuities in the formation of the 2017 french government. French politics. 15(3), 2017, 340-359. doi:

Constant, F, ‘Black France’ and the national identity debate: how best to be black and French. In: Keaton, TD, Sharpley-Whiting, TD, Stovall, T (eds) Black France / France noire : the history and politics of blackness . Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012, 123–44.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Delphy Christine, Un universalisme si particulier. Féminisme et exception française, 1980-2010 (Paris, Éditions Syllepse, 2010)

Ouvrir la voix/ Speak up (Amandine Gay, 2017)     

Garrett, Amanda. An easy concession or meaningful representation? Minority women in french politics. French politics. , 15(2), 2017, 166-186. doi: 

Germain, Félix, Decolonizing the Republic: African and Caribbean in Postwar Paris, 1946-1974 (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2016)

Germain, Felix, Black French women and the struggle for equality, 1848-2016 . Durham, NC: University of Nebraska Press, 2018.  The End of Silence: On the Revival of Afrofeminism in Contemporary France - Silyane Larcher Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Gueye, Abdoulaye, The labyrinth to blackness: On naming and leadership in the black associative space in France, French cultural studies. , Vol 24, Issue 2, pp. 196 - 207

Gueye, A, Breaking the Silence: The Emergence of a Black Collective Voice in France. Du Bois review : social science research on race. ,7(1), 2010, 81-102. 

Joseph-Gabriel, Annette K., Reimagining Liberation - How Black Women transformed citizenship in the French Empire. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2019.  

Keaton, TD, Sharpley-Whiting, TD, Stovall, T (eds) Black France / France noire : the history and politics of blackness . Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

Maiga, Aissa, Noire n'est pas mon métier. Paris:Seuil, 2018

Mitchell, Robin. Venus noire: black women and colonial fantasies in nineteenth-century France. Athens, GA : The University of Georgia Press, 2019.   

Murphy, David, The Emergence of a Black France, 1985–2015: History, Race and Identity, Nottingham French studies. , 2/2015, Volume 54, Issue 3

Murray, Rainbow, The Political Representation of Ethnic Minority Women in France, Parliamentary affairs. , Volume 69, Issue 3, 1 July 2016, Pages 586–602

Mariannes noires (Mame-Fatou Niang & Kaytie Nielsen, 2016) - 

Musil-Church, Emily, In search of Seven Sisters. A Biography of the Nardal Sisters of Martinique (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2013) Callaloo. , Volume 36, number 2, 2013 

Pavard,Bibia and Florence Rocheford, Ne nous libérez pas, on s'en charge : une histoire des féminismes de 1789 à nos jours (Paris : La Découverte, 2020)

Simon, P (2008) The choice of ignorance: the debate on ethnic and racial statistics in France. French politics, culture & society. 26(1): 7–31

Sabbagh, D, Peer, S (2008) French color blindness in perspective: the controversy over statistiques ethniquesFrench politics, culture & society. 26(1): 1–6.

Thomas, Dominic, Black France : colonialism, immigration, and transnationalism , Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2007.  Introduction : Black France in transcolonial contexts Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Verges, Francoise, A Decolonial Feminism, London: Pluto Press, 2001   

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Ballesteros, Isolina (2005) Screening African Immigration to Spain: Las cartas de Alou and Bwana. Chasqui. , 34(2): 48-61. 

Berger, Verena, Winkler, Daniel (2012) Mediterranean Perspectives: Early Spanish and Italian Contributions to the Cinema of Irregular Migration (Giordana, Marra, Soler, Uribe). Cinemas (Montreal) , 22(2-3): 159-77.

Carrasco Carpio, Concepción (2017) Immigration and Economic Crisis: An Analysis of the Impact in Spain (2007-2013). Critical sociology. , 43(7-8): 1161-77.

Elena, Alberto and Ana Martín Morán (2010), ‘Transnational Contours and Representation Models in Recent Films about Immigration in Spain’, in Global Genres, Local Films: The Transnational Dimension of Spanish Cinema, ed. Elena Oliete-Aldea, Beatriz Oria and Juan A. Tarancón (London: Bloomsbury), pp. 215-30.    

Faszer-McMahon, Debra, Ketz, Victoria L. (eds) African immigrants in contemporary Spanish texts : crossing the strait , London: Routledge, 2016.

Green, Stuart (2011) (Re)Casting the Spanish Nation: The "Othering" of Emilio Buale. Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies , 12(2): 197-215.

Green, Stuart (2013) The Musical Routes of the Spanish Black Atlantic: The Performance of Identities in the Rap of Frank T and El Chojin. Popular music and society. , 36(4): 505-22.

Reher, David, Requena, Miguel (2009) The National Immigrant Survey of Spain: A New Data Source for Migration Studies. Demographic research [electronic resource]. , 20: 253-78.

Santaolalla, Isabel, Ethnic and Racial Configurations in Contemporary Spanish Culture. In Labanyi, Jo (ed.) Constructing identity in contemporary Spain : theoretical debates and cultural practice . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 55-71.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Zannou, Santiago (2008), El truco del manco.     

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Black Muslims in Britain

Andrews, K. (2018) Back to black : retelling black radicalism for the 21st century . London: Zed Books.

Taylor, K. (2016) From #BlackLivesMatter to Black liberation . Chicago: Haymart Books.

Hill Collins, P (2000) Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment. London: Routledge.

Fanon, F. (2004) The Wretched of the EarthNew York: Grove Press.

Hirsch, A. (2018) Brit(ish) : on race, identity and belonging . London: Vintage Books.

Bhattacharyya, G. (2008) Dangerous Brown Men: Exploiting Sex, Violence and Feminism in the War on TerrorLondon: Zed Books.

Reddie, R. Black Muslims in Britain : Why Are a Growing Number of Young Black People Converting to Islam? Oxford: Lion Book.

Sayyid, S. & Vakil, A (edits) (2010) Thinking through Islamophobia : global perspectives . London: Hurst & Company

Black Britain

Akala, Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire, Two roads, 2018.

Boakye, Jeffrey, Black listed: Black British Culture explored, Dialogue Books, 2019.

Gilroy, Paul, There Ain't no Black in the Union Jack, Routledge, 2002.

Herbert, Emily. (2018). Black British Women Filmmakers in the Digital Era: New Production Strategies and Re-Presentations of Black Womanhood, Open Cultural Studies2(1), 191-202. doi:

Olusoga, David, Black and British : a forgotten history (London: Pan Books, 2017)  please digitalise Chapter 14 - 'Swamped' Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Palmer, Lisa and Kehinde Andrews, Blackness in Britain (London: Routledge, 2016) -ebook.

Barbara Korte, Eva Ulrike Pirker, Black history, white history : Britain's historical programme between Windrush and Wilberforce (Piscataway, NJ : Transaction, c2011).   

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Black Italy

Giuliani, Gaia, Race, Nation and Gender in Modern Italy: Intersectional Representations in Visual Culture (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019)

Lowe, Kate. 2013. “Visible Lives: Black Gondoliers and Other Black Africans in Renaissance Venice.” Renaissance Quarterly 66 (2): 412–52.

Merrill, Heather. 2014. “Postcolonial Borderlands: Black Life Worlds and Relational Place in Turin, Italy.” ACME 13(2): 263–294.


Stratton, Jon, When music migrates : crossing British and European racial faultlines, 1945-2010 (Burlington, VT : Ashgate, 2014)

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Blackness, Nature & the Environmental Fracture

Ferdinand, Malcom. 2019. Une écologie décoloniale : Penser l’écologie depuis le monde caribéen. Paris : Seuil.

Césaire, Aimé. 2000. Discourse on Colonialism. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Walton, Samantha. 2017. “Race Equality and Nature: What’s Happening in Bristol”. 7 February 2017. AHRC: Cultures of Nature and Wellbeing: Connecting Health and the Environment through Literature.

Walton, Samantha. “Social Difference and Nature”. 11 June 2018. AHRC: Cultures of Nature and Wellbeing: Connecting Health and the Environment through Literature.

Bruni, Catherine. “Toward a Wider View of ‘Nature Writing’”. Los Angeles Review of Books. 10 January 2016.

McCarthy Woolf, Karen. [s.d.] “Green Roots, Brown Shoots”. Website of the Ginko Prize.  

Leach, Anna. 2018. “Improving children’s access to nature starts with addressing inequality”. The Guardian. 1 March 2018.

Diverse Natures. WWT Slimbridge and Ujima Radio. Thursday 2 February 2017. 

Neal, Sarah. ‘Rural Landscapes, Representations And Racism: Examining Multicultural Citizenship And Policy-Making In The English Countryside.’ Ethnic & Racial Studies 25.3 (2002): 442-461.SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 2 Feb. 2017. p.443.

Olusoga, David. 2016. Black and British: A Forgotten History. London: Macmillan.

Maufort, Jessica. 2014. “‘Man-as-Environment’: Spatialising Racial and Natural Otherness in Caryl Phillips’s A Distant Shore and In the Falling Snow.” Ecozon@.

Primary texts (novels, poetry, visual art)

Chamoiseau, Patrick. 1997. Texaco. New York : Pantheon.

Gilroy, Beryl. 1994. Black Teacher. London: Bogle-Louverture Press.

Gilroy, Beryl. 2001. The Green Grass Tango. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press.

Agard, John. 2013. Travel Light Travel Dark. Bloodaxe Books.

Burnett, Elizabeth-Jane. 2019. The Grassling. London: Allen Lane.

Miller, Kei. 2014. The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion. Manchester: Carcanet.

McCarthy Woolf, Karen. 2017. Seasonal Disturbances. Manchester: Carcanet.

Pollard, Ingrid. 2004. Postcards Home: An Autograph Book. London: Chris Boot.

This list was last updated on 09/05/2022