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IDEA5301M
Module Reading List

Reason, Virtues and Obligation, 2021/22, Semester 1
Professor Chris Megone
c.b.megone@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Module Leader Chris Megone

c.b.megone@leeds.ac.uk

Reading List

The main readings for this module are mainly articles (listed below as required readings) from Vice & virtue in everyday life : introductory readings in ethics ISBN: 0534605346; 0534605370 (instructor's ed), (6th ed.), eds. Christina Sommers and Fred Sommers, Wadsworth Publishers, 2004 (hereafter, VV). We recommend that you buy a copy of this book, which should be available from the Leeds branch of Blackwells, or online. There are also copies in the University library. Aside from the required readings this collection contains a number of very relevant pieces for this module, and will be helpful when you come to write your assessments. However if you do not manage to get hold of a copy of this book we have provided electronic versions of each required reading from alternative sources. 

We have also provided a list of further readings, which includes suggestions for supplementary reading or more general reading around the subject. These further readings might be useful to you when you are working on your essay topic. 

You should become accustomed to seeking out additional useful reading material in the libraries. It is worthwhile to make a habit of looking at recent journals in the field such as the Journal of medical ethics., the Hastings Center report. , Bioethics. , and the Journal of applied philosophy. You may also wish to consider the journals Ethics. and Philosophy & public affairs. which often have interesting discussions on relevant topics.

If you have difficulty finding helpful readings on a topic do seek advice from your tutors.

Required Reading

Below is a list of the required readings for this module. 

Unit 1.1b:

The first reading is two extracts from Plato's Republic. Plato's work is freely available online but can be difficult to navigate. We have provided you with links to the extracts, taken from the Perseus Digital Library:

We would also like you to read an extract from Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment. This novel is also freely available online. We have provided links to one source, but if you have a copy of the novel, feel free to read your own version. Please note that the translation here is not the best, but is sufficient for our purposes.

Plato, (1945) Part 2, Chapter 5. FROM: Plato, The Republic of Plato. pp.41-53. London: Oxford University Press.    

Unit 1.1a:

Louis P. Pojman, Chapter 2: ‘Ethical Relativism’ from Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong, 5th Edition, (Belmont: Thomson, 2006).    

Unit 1.2b:

 

Aristotle, Extracts from Nicomachean Ethics, in Sommers, Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life, (6th Edition), pp. 279-295. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  Note that for this unit you only need to read pages 279-295.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

 

Unit 1.3a:

Aristotle, Extracts from Nicomachean Ethics, in Sommers, Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life, (6th Edition), pp. 570-579. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  Available as an Online Course Reading. Note that for this unit you only need to read pages 570-579.  

Unit 1.4a:

David Hume, Extracts from Treatise of Human Nature:  

  • Book II (Of the Passions), Part III (Of the Will and Direct Passions), Section 3 (Of the Influencing Motives of the Will).  
  • Book III (Of Morals) Part I (of Virtue and Vice in General), Sections 1 and 2.  
  • Book III, Part II (Of Justice and Injustice), Sections 1 and 2.    

Unit 1.3b:

John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, Section 2.    

Bernard Williams, ‘A Critique of Utilitarianism’, in Nigel Warbuton, Philosophy : basic readings, (London: Routledge, 2005). Available as an eBook through the Library.    

Williams, Bernard, (1993) Chapter 10: Utilitarianism. FROM: Williams, Bernard, Morality : an introduction to ethics. pp.82-98. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.    

Unit 1.5a:

Immanuel Kant, Extracts from Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals   

Unit 1.5b:

Module review: There is no required reading for this unit.

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Further Reading

Below is a list of further reading. These will be helpful for you when you are working on your essay. We have provided links to those that are available online, but for many of them you will need to visit a library. Some of the books may be available to view on Google Books, so it is worth checking there.

General

Baron, M., Pettit, P., and Slote, M. Three methods of ethics : a debate (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997).

Becker, L. and Becker, C. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics, (Garland, 1992).

Benn, Piers, Ethics, (UCL Press, 1998).

Chadwick, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of applied ethics, (San Diego, Academic Press, 1997).

Darwall, Stephen L. ‘Theories of Ethics’, in Frey, R.G. and Wellman, Christopher Heath, (eds.) A companion to applied ethics, (Malden, MA.: Blackwell, 2003).    

Irwin, Terence, The Development of Ethics, The Development of Ethics Volume 1, The Development of Ethics Volume 2, and The Development of Ethics Volume 3, (Oxford University Press, 2011)

Morgan, Michael L. (ed.), Classics of Moral and Political Theory, (Hackett: 2001).

Norman, Richard, The Moral Philosophers, (Clarendon Press, 1983).

Nussbaum, Martha, The Fragility of Goodness, (Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics, (Blackwell, 1991).

Singer, Peter (ed.), Ethics, (Oxford University Press, 1994).

White, James E. (ed.), Contemporary Moral Problems, (West, 1993).

On what kind of life to live

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Books I and X.

Annas, J., The Morality of Happiness, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993). Ch. 1    

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 1, (Oxford University Press, 2007), Chapters 5-9.    

Kenny, Anthony, ‘Happiness’, in Joel Feinberg (ed.), Moral concepts, (Oxford University Press, 1969). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 19/10/2021)    OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

Kraut, R., ‘Two Conceptions of Happiness’, Philosophical review., Vol. 88, No. 2, (1979), pp. 167-197.

Singer, Peter, How are we to live? : ethics in an age of self-interest, (Mandarin, 1994), especially Chapters 1 and 8-11.

Whiting, Jennifer, “Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense”, Ancient Philosophy 8 (1988), (1):33-48. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 19/10/2021)    OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

Aristotle and Virtue Ethics

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book I, and Books II-IV.

Annas, J., The Morality of Happiness, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993). Ch. 1    

Burnyeat, M., "Aristotle on Learning to Be Good", in A. Rorty (ed.) Essays on Aristotle's Ethics (UCLA Press, 1980)  

Crisp, Roger (ed.), How should one live? : essays on the virtues, (Oxford University Press, 1996).

Geach, Peter, The virtues, (Cambridge University Press, 1977), especially Chapter 1. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 19/10/2021)    OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

Hursthouse, Rosalind, Beginning lives, (Blackwell, 1987), Chapter 6, Section 2. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 19/10/2021)    OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

Hursthourse, Rosalind, On virtue ethics, (Oxford University Press, 2000).

Hursthouse, Rosalind, ‘Virtue Ethics’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Spring 2009 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 1, (Oxford University Press, 2007), Chapters 6-9.    

Kraut, Richard, ‘Aristotle's Ethics’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Summer 2010 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Macintyre, Alasdair, After Virtue, (Duckworth, 1982).

Rorty, Amelia (ed.), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics, (University of California Press, 1981)

Wallace, J.D., Virtues and vices, (Cornell University Press, 1978).

Whiting, Jennifer, “Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense”, Ancient Philosophy 8 (1988), (1):33-48. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 19/10/2021)    OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

Utilitarianism

Brink, David, ‘Mill's Moral and Political Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2008 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Ewing, A.C., Ethics (New York: Free Press, 1965), Chapter 3.    

Pettit, P., ‘Consequentialism’, in Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics, (Blackwell, 1991).    

Quinton, A., Utilitarian Ethics, (Open Court, 1989).

Scheffler, S., The Rejection of Consequentialism, (Oxford University Press, 1992).

Sen, A., and Williams, B., Utilitarianism and beyond, (Cambridge University Press, 1982).

Smart, J.J.C., and Williams, B., Utilitarianism : for and against, (Cambridge University Press, 1973).

Williams, B., Morality: An Introduction to Ethics, (Cambridge University Press), Chapter 10.    

Hume

Cohon, Rachel, ‘Hume's Moral Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2010 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 2, (Oxford University Press, 2008), Chapters 55-59.    

Kant and Deontology

Bird, Graham, ‘Part III: The Moral Philosophy’, in Graham Bird, (ed), A companion to Kant, (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009).    

Davis, N., ‘Contemporary Deontology’, in Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics, (Blackwell, 1991).    

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 3, (Oxford University Press, 2011), esp Chapters 66-68.    

Johnson, Robert, ‘Kant's Moral Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Summer 2010 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Korsgaard, C., Creating the kingdom of ends, (Cambridge University Press, 1996). Some of the chapters of this book were previously published as journal articles and are available freely online:

Kant's Formula of Universal Law’, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 66/1-2 (1985): 24-47.;

Creating the Kingdom of Ends: Reciprocity and Responsibility in Personal Relationships’, Philosophical Perspectives, 6 (1992): 305-332.

O'Neill, O., Constructions of reason : explorations of Kant's practical philosophy, (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Ross, W.D., The Right and the Good, (Oxford University Press, 1930), Chapter 2.    

This list was last updated on 16/09/2021