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Foundations of Modern French Thought reading list

The Foundations of Modern French Thought, 2021/22, Semester 1, 2
Dr Andy Stafford/Dr Nigel Saint
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Set texts (puchase required)

Semester 1

Descartes, Discours de la méthode ISBN: 2080710915; 9782080710918, ed. L. Renault (GF-Flammarion, 2000)

Diderot, Supplément au voyage de Bougainville ISBN: 2070426254, ed. M. Delon (Folio, 2002)

Baudelaire, Le peintre de la vie moderne ISBN: 9782755505672; 2755505672 ISBN: 9782755505672; 2755505672ed. J. Solal (Mille et une nuits, 2010).

Semester 2

Sartre, L’Existentialisme est un humanisme (Gallimard, 1996)

Barthes, Mythologies (Seuil/Points Essais, 1970)

De Beauvoir, Le Deuxième Sexe*

Lyotard, La Condition postmoderne (Minuit, 1979)*

* Summer stayers only

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Concise Introductory Bibliography (purchase not required)

S. Bakewell, At the existentialist cafe : freedom, being and apricot cocktails with Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, Karl Jaspers, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and others ISBN: 0099554887 (paperback); 9780099554882 (paperback) (London: Vintage, 2017)

Alexander Bogdanov, The philosophy of living experience : popular outlines (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2018)

T. Honderich (ed.), The philosophers: introducing great western thinkers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995)

A. Kenny, A brief history of western philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)

— ( ed.), The Oxford Illustrated History of Western Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

B. Magee, The Great Philosophers: An Introduction to Western Philosophy (London: BBC Books, 1987).

—, Men of ideas: some creators of contemporary philosophy (London: BBC, 1978).

R. Porter, The Enlightenment (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990; 2nd ed., 2001)

Christopher Watkin, French philosophy today : new figures of the human in Badiou, Meillassoux, Malabou, Serres and Latour, Edinburgh UP 2016

R. Wicks, Modern French philosophy: from existentialism and postmodernism (London: Oneworld, 2003)

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17th Century: Descartes

On the background to seventeenth-century French thought:

R. Briggs, The scientific revolution of the seventeenth century (London: Longman, 1969)

J. Cottingham, The rationalists (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988)

L. Foisneau (ed.), The dictionary of seventeenth-century French philosophers, 2 vols (London: Continuum, 2008)

E. J. Kearns, Ideas in seventeenth-century France: the most important thinkers and the climate of ideas in which they worked (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1979)

A. Kenny, A brief history of western philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)

– (ed.), The Oxford Illustrated History of Western Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

M. Moriarty, Early Modern French Thought: The Age of Suspicion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)

-, Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006)

G. H. R. Parkinson (ed.), The Renaissance and seventeenth-century rationalism (London and New York: Routledge, 1993)

R. H. Popkin, The history of scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes. (Assen: Van Gorcum, 1960)

D. C. Potts, ‘French Thought in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’, in France: A Companion to French Studies, ed. by D.G. Charlton (London: Methuen, 1972), pp. 209-242

On Descartes and the Discours de la méthode:

F. Alquié, Descartes: l'homme et l'oeuvre (Paris: Hatier, 1969)

J. Broughton and J. Carriero (eds), A companion to Descartes (Oxford: Blackwell, 2011)

P.-A. Cahné, Un autre Descartes: le philosophe et son langage (Paris: Vrin, 1980)

J. Cottingham, Descartes (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986)

–, Descartes (London: Granta, 2008)

– (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Descartes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992)

E. M. Curley, Descartes Against the Skeptics (Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard University Press, 1978)

D. Curtis, Descartes, Discours de la méthode (London: Grant and Cutler, 1984)

G. Dicker, Descartes: an analytical and historical introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993)

W. J. Dickson, ‘Descartes: Language and Method’, Seventeenth-century French studies., 19 (1997), 61-72

Daniel Dumouchel, 'Descartes: Discours et méthode,' philosophiques 23: 2 (Autumn 1996), 373-387, esp. 380-387 [available at:]

P. France, ‘Descartes: la recherche de la vérité’, in Rhetoric and truth in France: Descartes to Diderot (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972), pp. 40-67

S. Gaukroger, Descartes: an intellectual biography (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995)

E. Gilby, ‘Descartes’s “morale par provision”: A Re-Evaluation’, French studies, 65 (2011), 444-58

A. C. Grayling, Descartes (London: Simon & Schuster, 2006)

H. Gouhier, La pensée métaphysique de Descartes (Paris: Vrin, 1962)

J. Helgeson, 'Early Modernity without the 'Self': Notes on anachronism and the first person', Seventeenth-century French studies 29: 1 (2007), 29-39.

S. James, 'Descartes: The Shape of a Life', Seventeenth-century French studies 18: 1 (1996), 21-31. 

S. V. Keeling, Descartes, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968)

V. Kelly, ‘Closed Chambers: Image and Order in the Discours de la méthode’, Papers on French Seventeenth Century Literature, 31 (1989), 419-29

A. Kenny, Descartes: A Study of his Philosophy (New York: Random House, 1968)

J. D. Lyons, ‘Subjectivity and Imitation in the Discours de la méthode ’, Neophilologus, 66 (1982), 508-24

D. Maingueneau, ‘ Ethoset argumentation philosophique: le cas du Discours de la méthode’, in Descartes et l'argumentation philosophique, ed. by F. Cossutta (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1996), pp. 85-110

G. Rodis-Lewis, L'oeuvre de Descartes, 2 vols (Paris: Vrin, 1971)

J. Skirry, Descartes: a guide for the perplexed (London: Continuum, 2008)

T. Sorell, Descartes: a very short introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000)

S. Voss, ed., Essays on the philosophy and science of René Descartes (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993)

B. Williams, Descartes: The Project of Pure Enquiry (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978)

M. Wilson, Descartes (London: Routledge, 1978)

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18th Century: Diderot

On the background to the Enlightenment and eighteenth-century French thought:

D. Edelstein, The Enlightenment: a genealogy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010)

D. Goodman and K. Wellman (eds), The Enlightenment (Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2004)

N. Hampson, The Enlightenment (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968)

A. Kenny, A brief history of western philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)

A. Kenny, ed., The Oxford Illustrated History of Western Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

O. Otele, African Europeans: An Untold History (C Hurst & Co, 2020)

D. Outram, The Enlightenment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995; 2nd ed., 2005)

G. Pollock, Avant-Garde Gambits: Gender and the Color of Art History (London: Thames & Hudson, 2013)

R. Porter, The Enlightenment (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990; 2nd ed., 2001)

D. C. Potts, ‘French Thought in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’, in France: A Companion to French Studies, ed. by D.G. Charlton (London: Methuen, 1972), pp. 209-242

R. Robertson, The Enlightenment: The Pursuit of Happiness, 1680-1790 (New York: Allen Lane, 2020)

On Diderot and the Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville:

D. J. Adams, ‘A Diderot Triptych Re-Examined’, The modern language review, 76 (1981), 47-59

S. Albertan-Coppola, Supplément au voyage de Bougainville ISBN: 2218742004 (Paris: Hatier, 2002)

D. Brewer, The discourse of enlightenment in eighteenth-century France : Diderot and the art of philosophizing (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

G. Bussac, Diderot : supplément au voyage de Bougainville (Charenton-le-Pont: Bréal, 2002)

A. Curran, ‘Logics of the Human in the Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville ’, in New essays on Diderot, ed. by J. Fowler (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), pp. 158-71

C. R. Donath, 'An Empire of Eros: Colonizing through desire in Diderot's Supplement to Bougainville's Voyage', History of Political Thought 37: 1 (2016), 127-151.

P. France, Diderot (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983)

P. N. Furbank, Diderot: A Critical Biography (London: Secker & Warburg, 1992)

D. L. Garraway, ‘Of Speaking Natives and Hybrid Philosophers: Lahontan, Diderot, and the French Enlightenment Critique of Colonialism’, in Postcolonial enlightenment : eighteenth-century colonialisms and postcolonial theory, ed. by D. Carey and L. Festa (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 207-39

D. Goodman, ‘The Structure of Political Argument in Diderot’s Supplément au voyage de Bougainville’, Diderot studies, 21 (1983), 123-137

P. D. Jimack, Diderot : supplément au voyage de Bougainville ISBN: 0729302970 ISBN: 0729302970 (London: Grant and Cutler, 1988)

J. C. Klausen, 'Empire and compulsory heterosexuality in Diderot's Supplement to Bougainville's Voyage', Political Theory 43: 1 (2015), 4-29.

C. Moscovici, ‘An Ethics of Cultural Exchange: Diderot’s Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville ’, Clio: a journal of literature, history, and the philosophy of history, 30 (2001), 289-307

A. Parker, ‘Did/erotica: Diderot’s Contribution to the History of Sexuality’, Diderot studies, 22 (1986), 89-106

S. Pinette, ‘Diderot’s Dialogic Difference’, The French Review, 81 (2007), 339-50

W. E. Rex, ‘Contrariety in the Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville’, in Diderot's counterpoints: the dynamics of contrariety in his major works (Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, 1998) [ Studies on Voltaire and the eighteenth century. ISSN: 0435-2866, 363], pp. 41-59

G. Stenger, Diderot: le combattant de la liberté (Paris: Perrin, 2013)

R. Trousson, Denis Diderot, ou le vrai Prométhée (Paris: Tallandier, 2005)

G. Van Den Abbeele, ‘Utopian Sexuality and its Discontents: Exoticism and Colonialism in the Supplément’, L'esprit créateur., 24 (1984), 43-52

S. Werner, ‘Diderot’s Supplémentand Late Enlightenment Thought’, Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, 86 (1971), 229-292

A. M. Wilson, Diderot (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972)

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19th Century: Baudelaire

Other texts by Baudelaire:

Fleurs du mal. [1855/1861], Corti, 1968. And widely available in paperback editions.

Petits poèmes en prose [1857/1861], Corti, 1969. Also widely available in paperback editions.

Criticism, books:

Benjamin, Walter, Charles Baudelaire: A Lyric Poet in the Era of High Capitalism, Verso, 1983.

-, The writer of modern life : essays on Charles Baudelaire ISBN: 9780674022874 (alk. paper); 0674022874 (alk. paper), Harvard UP, 2006.

-, The Arcades Project, trans. Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin (The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2002)

Burton, Richard D. E., Baudelaire and the Second Republic : writing and revolution ISBN: 0198154690, 1991. 

Burton, Richard D.E., The Flâneur and his City: Patterns of Daily Life in Paris 1815-1851, University of Durham, 1994.

Calasso, Robert, La folie Baudelaire ISBN: 9781846142901 (alk. paper); 1846142903 (alk. paper), trans from Italian, Allen Lane, 2012.

Delacroix, Eugène, Journal, 2 tomes, ed. Michèle Hannoosh (José Corti, 2009).

Gogröf-Voorhees, Andrea, Defining Modernism : Baudelaire and Nietzsche on Romanticism, modernity, decadence, and Wagner1999

Grøtta, Marit, Baudelaire's Media Aesthetics: the Gaze of the Flâneur and 19th-century MediaBloomsbury, 2015.

Hannoosh, Michele, Baudelaire and caricature : from the comic to an art of modernity ISBN: 0271008040 (alk. paper) : $29.95, Pennsylvania UP, 1992.

Hiddleston, J.A., Baudelaire and Le spleen de Paris ISBN: 0198158394; 0198158459 (pbk) : 15.00, 1987.

HIddleston, J.A., Baudelaire and the art of memory, Clarendon Press, 1999.

Hobbs, Richard (ed.), Impressions of French modernity : art and literature in France, 1850-1900 ISBN: 0719048958, MUP, 1998.

Homem, Rui Carvalho (ed.), Writing and seeing : essays on word and image, Rodopi, 2006. 

Howells, Bernard, Baudelaire : individualism, dandyism and the philosophy of history ISBN: 1900755017, 1998

Kopp, Robert, Baudelaire : le soleil noir de la modernité ISBN: 2070314146; 9782070314140, Gallimard, 2004.

Laforgue, Pierre, Ut pictura poesis : Baudelaire la peinture et le romantisme ISBN: 2729706569, Presses universitaires de Lyon, 2000.

Lloyd, Rosemary (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Baudelaire, CUP, 2006.

Meltzer, Françoise, Seeing double : Baudelaire's modernity ISBN: 9780226519883 (cloth : alk. paper); 0226519880 (cloth : alk. paper), 2011.

Murphy, Steve (ed.), Lectures de Baudelaire : Les fleurs du mal ISBN: 2868477410, PU de Rennes, 2002.

Murphy, Steve, Logiques du dernier Baudelaire : lectures du "Spleen de Paris" ISBN: 9782745315809, Honoré Champion, 2003.

Nadar, Charles Baudelaire intime : le poète vierge : Déposition -- documents -- notes -- anecdotes -- correspondances -- autographes et dessins -- le cénacle -- la fin., A. Blaizot, 1911. Available at :

Pichois, Claude (ed.), Album Baudelaire, Gallimard,

Pollock, Griselda, Differencing the canon : feminist desire and the writing of art's histories (London: Routledge, 1999); see final chapter, 'A Tale of Three Women'.

-, Vision and Difference: Feminism, Femininities and the Histories of Art (1988; classic edition with new preface, London: Routledge, 2003).

Prendergast, Christopher, Paris and the nineteenth century ISBN: 0631157883, Blackwell, 1992. 

Sartre, Jean-Paul, Baudelaire, Gallimard, 1947.

Scott, Maria, Baudelaire's Le spleen de Paris : shifting perspectives ISBN: 0754651118 (hbk.) : £47.50, Ashgate, 2005.

Starobinski, Jean, La mélancolie au miroir : trois lectures de Baudelaire ISBN: 226001481X, Julliard, 1997

Ward, Patricia and James Patty (eds.), Baudelaire and the poetics of modernity ISBN: 0826513778 (alk. paper), 2001.

Criticism, articles/parts of books:

Borso, Vittoria, ‘Baudelaire, Benjamin et la/les modernités’, L'année Baudelaire. no 8, 2004, pp. 149-172.

Bowlby, Rachel, ‘ “Half Art” : Baudelaire’s Le Peintre de la vie moderne’, Paragraph : the journal of the Modern Critical Theory Group. ISSN: 0264-8334; 1750-0176, vol 34 : 1, 2011.    

Burt, E.S., ‘A Cadaver in Clothes: Autobiography and the Dandy in Baudelaire’, The Romanic review. ISSN: 0035-8118, vol 96, no 1, January 2005.

Carrier, David, ‘Baudelaire’s Philosophical Theory of Beauty’, Nineteenth-century French studies., vol 23, nos 3-4, Spring-Summer 1995, pp. 382-402.

Chambers, Ross, ‘Baudelaire’s Paris’, in Lloyd, Rosemary (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Baudelaire, CUP, 2006.

Chambers, Ross, ‘The Flaneur as Hero’, Australian Journal of French Studies. ISSN: 0004-9468, vol 28 no 2, May –August 1991, pp. 142-53.

Chatterjee, Ronjaunee, ‘Baudelaire and Feminine Singularity,’ French studies. ISSN: 0016-1128; 1468-2931 LXX: 1 (January 2016), pp. 17-32.

Coblence, Françoise, ‘Baudelaire, sociologue de la modernité’, L'année Baudelaire. no 7, 2003, pp. 11-36.

Dolan, Therese, ‘Skirting the Issue: Manet’s Portrait of Baudelaire’s Mistress Reclining,’ The art bulletin. ISSN: 0004-3079; 1559-6478 79: 4 (December 1997), pp. 611-629.

Draguet, Michel, ‘Présentation’, in C Baudelaire, Au-delà du romantisme : écrits sur l'art, Flammarion, 1998, pp. 7-68.

Entries in Hollier, Denis, A new history of French literature, relevant to /discussing Baudelaire: ‘1848 Class Struggles in France’, ‘1851 2 December Literature Deterritorialised’, ‘1852 2 December Bonapartism’, ‘1853 French Poe’, ‘ 1857 ‘Two Trials’, ‘1859 Exile from Within, Exile from Without’, ‘1874 Haute Couture and Haute Culture’.

Hadlock, Philip, ‘The Other Other: Baudelaire, Melancholia and the Dandy’, Nineteenth-century French studies., vol 30, no 1., September 2001.

Hahn, HH, ‘the Flaneur, the Tourist, the Global Flaneur, and Magazine Reading as Flanerie’, Dix-neuf [electronic resource]. ISSN: 1478-7318, vol 16, no 2, July 2012.

Lauster, Martina, ‘Walter Benjamin’s Myth of the Flaneur’, The modern language review. ISSN: 0026-7937, vol 102, no 1, Jan 2007, pp. 139-56.

Mills, Kathryn Oliver, ‘Painting Modern Life: Baudelaire and Crime Fiction’, Nineteenth Century Studies, vol 22, 2008, pp. 31-40. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 09/10/2017) 

Mills, KO, ‘Le ‘Peintre de la vie moderne’ reconsidered: the albatross takes flight’, Romance quarterly. ISSN: 0883-1157, vol 47 : 1, 2000.

Simpson, Juliet, ‘Re-reading Baudelaire’s “Peintre de la vie moderne”: Guys, Modernity, and Baudelaire’s Spiritual Art’, in Critical Insights: The Poetry of Baudelaire, ed. by Tom Hubbard (Ipswich, MA: Salem Press, 2014), 166–178.    

Smith, Paul, ‘Le Peintre de la vie moderne and La Peinture de la vie ancienne’, in Hobbs, Richard (ed.), Impressions of French modernity : art and literature in France, 1850-1900, MUP, 1998, pp. 76-96.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Stephens, S., ‘Esquisse d’incomplétude: Baudelaire, Guys and Modern Beauty, Neophilologus. ISSN: 0028-2677, 2005, vol 89. Pp. 527-538

-, ‘Sex and Spleen: Fetish in Baudelaire’s “Les Bijoux”’, South Central Review 29: 3 (Fall 2012), pp. 63-79.

Weingarden, Lauren, ‘Reflections on Baudelaire’s Paris: Photography, Modernity and Memory’, in Homem, Rui Carvalho (ed.), Writing and seeing : essays on word and image ISBN: 9789042016989 (hardback); 9042016981 (hardback), Rodopi, 2006, pp. 145-53.

Wettlaufer, Alexandra K., ‘Absent Presence: Reading Other Artists in Baudelaire’s Critical Essays’, in Baudelaire and Other People, special issue, L’Esprit Créateur, 58.1 (2018), ed. by M. Scott and A. Wettlaufer, pp. 114–29.

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20th Century


*= main reading

D. Achard, Marxism and existentialism : the political philosophy of Sartre and Merleau-Ponty (Belfast: Blackstaff Press, 1980). BL Philosophy E-14 SAR

*R. Appignanesi, What do existentialists believe? (London: Granta, 2006) EBL

*R. Bernasconi, How to read Sartre (London: Granta, 2006) EBL

*S. Bilemdjian, Premières leçons sur L'Existentialisme est un humanisme de Jean-Paul Sartre (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2000) EBL9/13 French N-60 SAR/B

M.-A. Burnier, Les Existentialistes et la politique. (Paris : Gallimard, 1966) EBL French N-03 BUR

A. Cohen-Solal, Sartre (Paris: Gallimard, 1985) – excellent bibliog. BL Fren N-80 SAR/C

S. Coombes, The early Sartre and Marxism (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2008) BL/EBL

T. Davies, Humanism ISBN: 0415110521 (pbk.) : £6.99; 0415134781 (London: Routledge, 1997) BL / EBL Gen. Lit. A-1 DAV

N. Farrel Fox, The new Sartre : explorations in postmodernism (London: Continuum, 2003) BL/EBL

P. Foulquié, L'existentialisme (Paris : Presses universitaires de France, 1974)

N.N. Greene, Jean-Paul Sartre: the existentialist ethic (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1960) EBL Philosophy E-14 SAR/G

*C. Howells, Sartre : the necessity of freedom (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009) EBL/BL

P. Gumplowicz and J.C. Klein, Paris 1944-1954 : artistes, intellectuels, publics : la culture comme enjeu (Paris: Autrement, 1995) BL/EBL French N-0.06 GUM

R. Hayman, Writing against : a biography of Sartre (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1986) BL/EBL French N-80 SAR/H

*D. Huisman, Histoire de l'existentialisme ([France]: Nathan, 1997) EBL9/13 + BL Philosophy A 0.06 HUI

W. Kaufman, ed., Existentialism : from Dostoevsky to Sartre (New York: Meridian, 1995) EBL Philosophy E-19 KAU

E. Kern, ed., Sartre : a collection of critical essays. (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, [1962]) BL/EBL French N-80/SAR/K

E.N. Lee and M. Mandelbaux, Phenomenology and existentialism (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1967) BL Philosophy A0.03 LEE (see chapter by James Edie).

*J. Macquarrie, Existentialism (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973) EBL /Philosophy E-10 MAC

E. Matthews, Twentieth-century French philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996) BL / EBL Philo E-14 MAT.

*G. McCulloch, Using Sartre : an analytical introduction to early Sartrean themes (London; New York: Routledge, 1994) EBL / BL Philosophy E-14 SAR/M

*G. Myerson, Sartre's Existentialism and humanism : a beginner's guide (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 2002) EBL9

D. D. Palmer, Sartre for beginners (New York: Writers and Readers Publishing, 1995) EBL13/9 French N-80 SAR/P

M. Poster, Existential Marxism in postwar France : from Sartre to Althusser (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975) BL Politics C-6.5 POS

*A. Tomes, L'existentialisme est un humanisme, Sartre (Paris: Ellipses, 1999) EBL9 / 13 French N-80 SAR/T.

J. Wahl, Petite histoire de l’existentialisme (English trans.) (New York: Philosophical Library, 1949) EBL/BL Philosophy E-10 WAH

T. Wartenberg, Existentialism : a beginner's guide, (London: One World, 2008) EBL


L. Althusser, ‘Idéologie et appareils idéologiques d’état’, in Positions, 1964-1975 (Paris: Editions Sociales 1970)

R. Barthes, Le bleu est à la mode cette année, et autres articles., (Paris : Editions de l’Institut Français de la Mode, 2001)

—, ‘Enfants-copies’ [1955], in Œuvres complètes, vol. 1 (Paris : Seuil, 1993), 461-62.

—, Sur Racine (Paris: Seuil, 1963)

—, ‘L’activité structuraliste’, in Essais critiques. (Paris: Seuil, 1964)

—, Elements of semiology (Paris: Seuil, 1965).

—, S/Z (Paris: Seuil, 1970)

A. Brown, Roland Barthes : the figures of writing (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992)

A. Callinicos, Making history : agency, structure, and change in social theory, 2nd edn (Leiden: Brill, 2004)

L.-J. Calvet, Roland Barthes : un regard politique sur le signe. (Paris : Payot, 1973)

E. Cobast, Mythologies de Roland Barthes : premières leçons (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2002)

J. Culler, Barthes (Glasgow; London: Fontana, 1983) Chapter 3 (brief outline).

—, Structuralist poetics : structuralism, linguistics and the study of literature (London: Routledge, 1975)

F. Dosse, Histoire du structuralisme, 2 vols (Paris: La Découverte, 1991)

T. Eagleton, Literary Theory: An Introduction (Oxford: Blackwell, 1983)

A. Ernaux, Place (Paris: Gallimard, 1983)

Esprit : revue internationale., Special Edition on ‘Structuralism’, May 1967

J.-B. Fages, Comprendre le structuralisme. (Toulouse: Privat, 1967)

C. François-Denève, Roland Barthes Mythologies (Paris : Bréal, 2002)

S. Hall, ‘Culture, the Media and the “Ideological Effect”’, in Mass communication and society ed. by J. Curran, M. Gurevitch and J. Woollacott (London: Edward Arnold, 1977), pp.315-48

T. Hawkes, Structuralism and Semiotics (London: Methuen, 1977)

M. Kelly, ‘Everyday Marxism: The convergent analyses of Roland Barthes and Henri Lefebvre’, in Making connections : essays in French culture and society in honour of Philip Thody, ed. by J. Dolamore (Bern: Peter Lang, 1999), pp. 135-146

D. Knight, Barthes and Utopia : space, travel, writing (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

M. Lane, ed., Structuralism : a reader (London: Jonathan Cape, 1970)

I. Langlet, ‘Inactualité de Mythologies? ’, in Barthes, au lieu du roman, ed. by M. Macé & A. Gefen (Paris: Desjonquères/Nota Bene, 2002)

A. Lavers, Roland Barthes : structuralism and after (London: Methuen 1982)

A. Leak, Barthes, Mythologies (London: Grant & Cutler, 1994)

H. Lefebvre, Au-delà du structuralisme. (Paris: Anthropos 1971)

A. Macdonald, ‘ Ce qui va de soi: The Agonistics of Motility in Barthes’s Mythologies ’, Nottingham French studies., 42: 2 (Autumn 2003), 54-66

J. Marceau, Class and status in France : economic change and social immobility 1945-1975 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977) Chapters 3 and 4

M. Moriarty, Roland Barthes (Cambridge: Polity, 1991) esp. Part 1 (introductory/political).

E. Morin, Les stars (Paris: Seuil, 1957)

Nottingham French studies., ‘ Mythologies at 50: Barthes and Popular Culture’, Summer 2008

A. Robbe-Grillet, Pour un nouveau roman (Paris: Gallimard, 1963)

K. Ross, Fast Cars, Clean Bodies. Decolonization and the Reordering of French Culture (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1995)

N. Sarraute, L’ère du soupcon (Paris: Gallimard, 1956)

D. Sperber, Le structuralisme en anthropologie (Paris: Seuil, 1968)

A. Stafford, Roland Barthes, phenomenon and myth : an intellectual biography (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1998) Chapter 1 (historical background/political)

S. Ungar, ‘From Event to Memory Site: Thoughts on Re-Reading Mythologies’, Nottingham French studies., 36: 1 (Spring 1997), 24-33

De Beauvoir

(On) Feminism:

E. Abel and E. K. Abel, The Signs reader : women, gender & scholarship (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983)

E. Abel (ed.), Writing and sexual difference (Brighton: Harvester, 1982)

M. Allison (ed.), Women's space and identity, Women Teaching French papers no 2, Department of Modern Languages, Bradford, n.d. [1993]

I. Armstrong, New Feminist Discourses: Critical Essays on Theories and Texts (London: Routledge, 1992)

M. Atack and P. Powrie (eds), Contemporary French fiction by women : feminist perspectives, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1991)

M. Atack, 'Aux Armes, Citoyennes!' Textual liberation : European feminist writing in the twentieth century, (London: Routledge, 1991)

S. Benstock, Feminist issues in literary scholarship(Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987)

J. Butler, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity (New York; London: Routledge, 1990)

—, Bodies that matter : on the discursive limits of "sex" (New York; London: Routledge, 1993)

D. Berry and A. Hargreaves (eds), Women in 20th century French history and culture : papers in memory of Andrea Cady (Loughborough: Loughborough University, 1993)

M. Cardinal, Autrement dit, postface d’Annie Leclerc (Paris: Grasset, 1977)

M. A. Caws, ed., Ecritures de femmes : nouvelles cartographies (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996)

H. Cixous and C. Clément, The Newly Born Woman, trans. by Betsy Wing (London: Tauris: 1996)

H. Cixous, M. Gagnon and A. Leclerc, La venue à l'écriture (Paris: Union générale d’éditions, 1977)

J. Dejoan and N.K. Miller, Displacements : women, tradition, literatures in French, (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991) BL French A 0-3 DEJ

C. Duchen (ed.), French connections : voices from the women's movement in France (London: Hutchinson, 1987)

C. Duchen, Women's rights and women's lives in France, 1944-1968 (London: Routledge, 1994)

E. Fallaize, French women's writing : recent fiction (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993)

N. Fraser and S. L. Bartky, Revaluing French feminism : critical essays on difference, agency, and culture (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992)

J. Gallop, “French Feminism”, in A New History of French Literature, ed. by D. Hollier (Cambridge Mass.; London: Harvard University Press, 1989), pp. 1045-1049.

D. Holmes, French women's writing, 1848-1994 (London: Athlone, 1996)

A. Hughes, 'Gender', in French culture since 1945, ed. by M. Cook (London: Longman, 1993)

M. Jacobus (ed.), Women Writing and Writing About Women(London: Croom Helm, 1979)

A. Jardine, Gynesis : configurations of woman and modernity (Ithaca: Cornell, 1985)

A. Jardine and A. M. Minke, Shifting scenes : interviews on women, writing and politics in post-68 France (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991)

G. Lloyd, The man of reason : 'male' and 'female' in Western philosophy (London: Methuen, 1984)

E. Marks and I. de Courtivron, New French Feminisms(Brighton: Harvester, 1981)

T. Moi (ed.), French feminist thought : a reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 1987)

T. Moi, Sexual/Textual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory (London: Methuen, 1985)

M. Morris, The pirate's fiancée : feminism, reading, postmodernism (London: Verso, 1988)

L. Nicholson (ed.), Feminism/Postmodernism (New York; London: Routledge, 1990)

R. Parker and G. Pollock, Old Mistresses: Women, Art and Ideology (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981)

E. M. Sartori and D. W. Zimmerman (eds), French Women Writers (Lincoln Neb.; London: University of Nebraska Press, 1994)

E. Showalter, A literature of their own : British women novelists from Brontë to Lessing, rev. ed. (London: Virago, 1984)

—, The New feminist criticism : essays on women, literature, and theory (London: Virago, 1985)

C. Weedon, Feminist Practice and Poststructuralist Theory (Oxford: Blackwell, 1987)

De Beauvoir, Le Deuxième Sexe 

(see Yale French studies., no.72, 1986: Simone de Beauvoir: Witness to a Century. JSTOR i.e. available from the library electronically)

Bair, D.: Simone de Beauvoir: A Biography (Summit Books, 1990).

Evans, M. : Simone de Beauvoir : a feminist mandarin (Tavistock, 1985).

Evans, R. (ed.): Simone de Beauvoir's The second sex : new interdisciplinary essays, (Manchester UP, 1998).

Fallaize, E.: Simone de Beauvoir : a critical reader (Blackwell, 1997).

Fullbrook, E. and K.: Simone de Beauvoir : a critical introduction (Polity, 1998).

Jeanson, Francis: Simone de Beauvoir : ou, l'entreprise de vivre : Suivi de deux entretiens avec Simone de Beauvoir.(Seuil, 1996).

Kaiserman, C. (Ph. D thesis, Leeds): Matters of life and death : a study of the language and themes of nature and culture in the works of Simone de Beauvoir, with special reference to representations of the body, 1995.

*Keefe T., and E. Smyth: Autobiography and the existential self : studies in modern French writing ( Liverpool University Press, 1995).

Keefe, T.: Simone de Beauvoir (Macmillan Modern Novelists, 1998).

Keefe, T.: Simone de Beauvoir : a study of her writings (Harrap, 1983).

Lundgren-Gothlin, E.: Sex and existence : Simone de Beauvoir's The second sex (University Press of New England, 1996).

Mahon, Joseph, Existentialism, feminism, and Simone de Beauvoir (Macmillan, 1997).

Moi, T.: Feminist theory & Simone de Beauvoir (Blackwell, 1990).

Moi, T.: Simone de Beauvoir : the making of an intellectual woman (Blackwell, 1994).

Simons, Margaret (ed.): Feminist interpretations of Simone de Beauvoir (Penn State University Press, 1995).

Tidd, Ursula: Simone de Beauvoir : gender and testimony (Cambridge UP, 1999).

Trèves N., and M. Bishop, Simone de Beauvoir et les féminismes contemporains : essais-témoignages-inédits, Dalhousie French studies., vol. 13, fall/winter 1987.

Wenzel, H (ed.), Simone de Beauvoir: Witness to a Century, Yale French studies. no72, 1986.


Works by Lyotard:

—, La condition postmoderne : rapport sur le savoir (Paris: Minuit, 1979), especially ‘Réponse à la question: Qu’est-ce que le postmoderne? ’

—, The inhuman : reflections on time [ L’Inhumain: Causeries sur le temps. Paris: Galilée, 1988], trans. by G. Bennington and R. Bowlby (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991)

—, The postmodern explained to children : correspondence, 1982-1985 [ Le Postmoderne expliqué aux enfants: Correspondance, 1982–1985. Paris: Galilée, 1986], trans. ed. by J. Pefanis and M. Thomas ( London: Turnaround, 1992)

—, Tombeau de l'intellectuel : et autres papiers (Paris: Galilée, 1984)


G. Adair, The postmodernist always rings twice : reflections on culture in the 90s (London: Fourth Estate, 1992)

J. Baudrillard, The Gulf War did not take place, trans. with an introduction by P. Patton ( Sydney: Power Publications, 2004 )

C. Belsey, Post-structuralism : a very short introduction ISBN: 0192801805 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002)

A. Benjamin, ed., Judging Lyotard (London: Routledge, 1992)

G. Bennington, Lyotard : writing the event (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988)

H. Bertens, The idea of the postmodern : a history (London: Routledge, 1995) An excellent survey

S. Best and D. Kellner, Postmodern theory : critical interrogations (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1991) An interesting critical view of Lyotard and the postmodern

M. Bronsky, ed., On signs (Oxford: Blackwell, 1985) An entertaining anthology

G. K. Browning, Lyotard and the end of grand narratives (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2000) Challenging - see chapter 2

C. Butler, Postmodernism : a very short introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

A. Callinicos, Against postmodernism : a Marxist critique (Cambridge: Polity, 1989)

J. Culler, Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

T. Docherty, ed., Postmodernism : a reader (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993)

P.A. Dhillon and P. Standish, eds, Lyotard : just education (London: Routledge, 2000)

R. Fasold, Sociolinguistics of language (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990) ch. 5, p. 119-146

F. Fukuyama, The end of history and the last man (London: Penguin, 1992)

H. P. Grice, ‘Logic and Conversation’, in Studies in the way of words (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 1989).

C. Harrison and P. Wood, eds, Art in theory, 1900-1990 : an anthology of changing ideas, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992)

D. Harvey, The condition of postmodernity : an enquiry into the origins of cultural change (Oxford: Blackwell, 1980)

R. Harvey and M.S. Roberts, eds, Toward the postmodern (New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1993)

R. Harvey and L. Schehr, eds, ‘ Jean-François Lyotard: Time and Judgment’ , Yale French studies. 99 (2001) [ available online ].

L. Hutcheon, A poetics of postmodernism : history, theory, fiction (London: Routledge, 1988)

D. Macey, The Penguin dictionary of critical theory (London: Penguin, 2000) A useful resource

B. Magee, Men of ideas : some creators of contemporary philosophy (London: BBC Books, 1978) See the discussion about Wittgenstein

S. Malpas, Jean-Francois Lyotard (London and New York: Routledge, 2003)

K. Marx and F. Engels, The Communist Manifesto (London: Penguin, 2002)

E. Matthews, Twentieth-century French philosophy (Oxford: OUP, 1996)

I. Murdoch, Sartre: Romantic Rationalist (London: Chatto & Windus, 1987 [1953])

—, Under the net : a novel by Iris Murdoch. (London: Chatto & Windus, 1954) A novel exploring new ideas about language

M. Silverman, Facing postmodernity : contemporary French thought on culture and society (London: Routledge, 1999)

S. Sim, ed., The Routledge companion to postmodernism, 2nd edn (New York; London: Routledge, 2005)

A. Sokal and J. Bricmont, Intellectual Impostures (London: Profile, 1998)

P. Waugh, ed., Postmodernism : a reader (London: Edward Arnold, 1992)

J. Williams, Lyotard : towards a postmodern philosophy (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1998) Chapter 3 provides a summary of the main points in CPM.

This list was last updated on 14/09/2021