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Individual Differences reading list

Joint Hons/Intercalated Programme Individual Differences, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Martin Farrell
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


Maltby, J., Day, L., & Macaskill, A. (2017). Personality, individual differences and intelligence. Pearson Education. 

Haslam, N., Smillie, L., & Song, J. (2017). An introduction to personality, individual differences and intelligence. SAGE.

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Lecture 1: Freud and Psychoanalysis

Farrell, M. (2014). Historical and philosophical foundations of psychology. Cambridge University Press. Chapter 10. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MH 26/08/2021)   

Solms, M. (2004). Freud returns. Scientific American290(5), 82-89.

Maltby, J., Day, L., & Macaskill, A. (2017). Personality, individual differences and intelligence. Pearson Education. Chapter 2

Haslam, N., Smillie, L., & Song, J. (2017). An introduction to personality, individual differences and intelligence. SAGE. Chapter 4

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Jung and humanistic approaches

Harding, M. E. (1962). Jung's influence on contemporary thought. Journal of Religion and Health1(3), 247-259.

Maslow, A. (1965). Self-actualization and beyond.(available at:

Rogers, C. R. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist2(9), 358.

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Trait approaches to personality

Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2007). Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 150-166.

Campbell, J. B., & Hawley, C. B. (1982). Study Habits and Eysenck’s Theory of Extraversion-Introversion. Journal of Research in Personality, 16, 139-146

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52, 509-516

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Personality and creativity

Dollinger, S. J., Urban, K. K., & James, T. A. (2004). Creativity and openness: Further validation of two creative product measures. Creativity Research Journal16(1), 35-47. 

MacKinnon, D. W. (1965). Personality and the realization of creative potential. American Psychologist20(4), 273. 

Stavridou, A., & Furnham, A. (1996). The relationship between psychoticism, trait-creativity and the attentional mechanism of cognitive inhibition. Personality and Individual Differences21(1), 143-153.

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Gardner, H. (2005, May). Multiple lenses on the mind. In ExpoGestion Conference, Bogota, ColumbiaAvailable online

Sternberg, Robert J., and James C. Kaufman. "Human abilities." Annual review of psychology 49, no. 1 (1998): 479-502.

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Personality and Politics

Carney, D. R., Jost, J. T., Gosling, S. D., & Potter, J. (2008). The secret lives of liberals and conservatives: Personality profiles, interaction styles, and the things they leave behind. Political Psychology29(6), 807-840.

Tritt, S. M., Peterson, J. B., Page-Gould, E., & Inzlicht, M. (2016). Ideological reactivity: Political conservatism and brain responsivity to emotional and neutral stimuli. Emotion16(8), 1172. 

Xu, X., Mar, R. A., & Peterson, J. B. (2013). Does cultural exposure partially explain the association between personality and political orientation?. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin39(11), 1497-1517. 

Visser, B. A., Book, A. S., & Volk, A. A. (2017). Is Hillary dishonest and Donald narcissistic? A HEXACO analysis of the presidential candidates' public personas. Personality and Individual Differences106, 281-286 


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Week 7: Multiculturalism, personality and intelligence

Essential readings: 

Chen, S. X., & Bond, M. H. (2010). Two languages, two personalities? Examining language effects on the expression of personality in a bilingual context. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(11), 1514-1528.  

Poarch, G. J., & Krott, A. (2019). A bilingual advantage? An appeal for a change in perspective and recommendations for future research. Behavioral Sciences, 9 (9), 95.  

Recommended readings:

Bialystok, E., Craik, F. I. M., & Freedman, M. (2006). Bilingualism as a protection against the onset of symptoms of dementia. Neuropsychologia, 45(2), 459-464.

Benet-Martínez, V. (2012). Multiculturalism: Cultural, social and personality processes. Oxford Handbooks Online, pp. 1-54. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (CRH 22/09/2021)

Triandis, H. C. (2001). Individualism-collectivism and personality. Journal of Personality, 69(6), 907–924.

Zhang, S., Morris, M. W., Cheng, C.-Y., & Yapa, A. J. (2013). Heritage-culture images disrupt immigrants’ second-language processing through triggering first-language interference. PNAS, 110(28), 11272-11277.



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Week 8: Sex differences in intelligence

Essential readings:

Baron-Cohen, S. (2002). The extreme male brain theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6 (6), 248-254.  

van der Linden, D., Dunkel, C. S., & Madison, G. (2017). Sex differences in brain size and general intelligence (g). Intelligence, 63, 78-88.  

Recommended readings:

Maltby, J., Day, L., & Macaskill, A. (2017). Personality, individual differences and intelligence (4th ed.). Person Education Limited: Harlow, UK.

§ Chapters 13 and 14 (sections on heritability of intelligence and sex differences in intelligence)

Greenberg, D. M., Warrier, V., Allison, C., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2018). Testing the Empathizing-Systemizing theory of sex differences and the Extreme Male Brain theory of autism in half a million people. PNAS, 115 (48), 12152-12157.

Ridley, R. (2019). Some difficulties behind the concept of the ‘Extreme male brain’ in autism research. A theoretical review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 57, 19-27.

This list was last updated on 01/11/2021