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Module Reading List

Behavioural Neuroscience, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Pam Birtill
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Reading List: Overview 


Core Textbook:


Neil R Carlson (2017) Physiology of Behavior, 12th Edition, Pearson Education Ltd.

(N.B. The 11th edition will suffice if you cannot get your hands on the 12th  but drug addiction is not covered in the 11th edn)


This is highly recommended as the best single textbook to introduce topics in the module. Furthermore, Chapters 1-5 provide good introductory reading on neuroscience techniques and research strategies.


However, even Carlson’s book is NOT sufficiently comprehensive or insightful to provide the introductory material to ALL topics covered. As such, you will need to supplement this by reading from papers listed below and/or cited in lectures. N.B. You are NOT expected to read all of these papers but, rather, to use their titles to guide your search for additional information on topics/angles of particular interest within the module.



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Pam Birtill


Relevant textbooks.

Pearce, J. (2008) Animal learning & Cognition: an introduction . 3rd edition, Psychology Press, Hove. 


Lecture 1: Pavlovian conditioning – more than dogs and doorbells

Essential reading

Pearce, J. (2008) Animal learning & Cognition: an introduction . 3rd edition, Psychology Press, Hove. Pp 35 – 42; 46 – 61. Core 

Recommended reading

Rescorla., R. A. (1988) Pavlovian Conditioning: It's not what you think it is. The American psychologist.ISSN: 0003-066x, 43(3), 151 - 160

Pickens CL, Holland PC. Conditioning and cognition. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews.ISSN: 0149-7634. 2004;28:651–661

Further reading


Mackintosh, N. J. (1976). Overshadowing and stimulus intensity. Animal Learning and Behavior.ISSN: 0090-4996, 4(2), 186-192

Rizley, R. C., & Rescorla, R. A. (1972). Associations in second order conditioning and sensory preconditioning. Journal of comparative and physiological psychology., 81, 1-11

Stockhorst, U., Hall, G., Enck, P., & Klosterhalfen, S.(2014). Effects of overshadowing on conditioned and unconditioned nausea in a rotation paradigm with humans. Experimental Brain Research.ISSN: 0014-4819, 232, 2651–2664


Lecture 2: Attention in Pavlovian conditioning

Essential reading

Pearce, J. (2008) Animal learning & Cognition: an introduction. 3rd edition, Psychology Press, Hove. Chapter 3 Core 

Pearce J. M. and Mackintosh, N. J. (2010) Two theories of attention: a review and a possible integration. In: Mitchell, Chris and Le Pelley, Michael Edward eds. Attention and associative learning : from brain to behaviourISBN: 9780199550531 (hbk.); 0199550530 (hbk.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 11-39. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 25/01/2022) 

Further reading

Le Pelley, ME, Beesley, T, Griffiths O. (2011). Overt attention and predictiveness in human contingency learning. Journal of experimental psychology. Animal behavior processes.ISSN: 0097-7403 37 (2), 220

Le Pelley, ME, Mitchell, CJ, Beesley, T, George DN et al (2016). Attention and associative learning in humans: An integrative review. Psychological bulletin.ISSN: 0033-2909, 2016

Hall, G., & Rodriguez, G. (2010). Attentional learning. In C. Mitchell & M. Le Pelley (Eds.), Attention and associative learning : from brain to behaviourISBN: 9780199550531 (hbk.); 0199550530 (hbk.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.pp. 41-70

Hogarth L, Dickinson A, Austin A, Brown C, Duka T. Attention and expectation in human predictive learning: The role of uncertainty The quarterly journal of experimental psychology.ISSN: 1747-0218 Vol 61, Issue 11, pp. 1658 - 1668


Lecture 3: Instrumental learning – habits and goals

Essential reading

Pearce, J. (2008) Animal learning & Cognition: an introduction. 3rd edition, Psychology Press, Hove. Chapter 4 Core 

de Wit, S., & Dickinson, A. (2009). Associative theories of goal-directed behaviour: a case for animal-human translational models., 73(4), 463-76.


Lecture 4: Time and Space

Essential reading

Pearce, J. (2008) Animal learning & Cognition: an introduction . 3rd edition, Psychology Press, Hove. Pp 236-242, 265-283.Core


Lecture 5: Affective Neuroscience: the emotional brain

Carlson (core text): Chapter 11 (Emotion) Core 

LeDoux JE (2000) Emotion circuits in the brain. Annual Review of Neuroscience 23: 155-184.

Phelps EA (2006). Emotion and cognition: insights from studies of the human amygdala. Annual Review of Psychology 57: 27-53.

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Catherine Gibbons

Lecture 6: Behavioural Neuroscience: appetite & appetite suppression

Carlson core text: Chapter 12 (Ingestive Behavior)

Greenway FL, Whitehouse MJ, Guttadauria M, Anderson JW, Atkinson RL, Fujioka K et al (2009) Rational design of a combination medication for the treatment of obesity. Obesity 17: 30-39

Halford JCG, Boyland EJ, Blundell JE et al (2010) Pharmacological management of appetite expression in obesity. Nature Reviews Endocrinology 6: 255-269

Heal DJ, Gosden J, Smith SL (2012) What is the prognosis for new centrally-acting anti-obesity drugs? Neuropharmacology 63: 132-146

Kennett GA, Clifton PG (2010) New approaches to the pharmacological treatment of obesity: Can they break through the efficacy barrier? Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior. 97: 63-83

Padwal R (2009) Contrave, a bupropion and naltrexone combination therapy for the potential treatment of obesity. Current Opinion on Investigational Drugs 10: 1117-1125 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (AJ 17/02/2022) 

Patel D (2015). Pharmacotherapy for the management of obesity. Metabolism Clinical & Experimental 64: 1376-1385.

Rodgers RJ, Holch P, Tallett AJ (2010) Behavioural satiety sequence (BSS): Separating wheat from chaff in the behavioural pharmacology of appetite. Pharmacology, Biochemistry &  Behavior 97: 3-14

Rodgers RJ, Tschöep MH, Wilding JPH (2012) Anti-obesity drugs: past, present and future. Disease Models & Mechanisms 5: 621-626

Roth JD, Trevaskis JL, Turek VF, Parkes DG (2010) ‘Weighing in’ on synergy: preclinical research on neurohumoral anti-obesity combinations. Brain Research 1350: 86-94

Tallett AJ, Blundell JE, Rodgers RJ (2007) Grooming, scratching and feeding: role of response competition in acute anorectic response to rimonabant in male rats. Psychopharmacology 195: 27-39

Tallett AJ, Blundell JE, Rodgers R.J. (2008) Behaviourally-selective hypophagic effects of naloxone in non-deprived male rats presented with palatable food. Behavioral Brain Research 187: 417-427

World Health Organisation (2013) Obesity and overweight factsheet. No 311.

Wright FL, Rodgers RJ (2013) Low dose naloxone attenuates the pruritic but not anorectic response to rimonabant in male rats. Psychopharmacology 226: 415-431

Wright FL, Rodgers RJ (2013) Acute behavioural effects of bupropion and naltrexone, alone and in combination, in non-deprived male rats presented with palatable mash. Psychopharmacology 228: 291-307

Rodgers RJ (2017). Bench to bedside in appetite research: lost in translation? In Rodgers et al (editors), Special Issue of Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 76: 163-173.


Gonzalez-Muniesa P et al. (2017). Obesity. Nature Reviews Disease Primer 3, article 17034.


Wilding JPH (2017). Combination therapy for obesity. Journal of Psychopharmacology 31: 1503-1508.


Narayanaswami V, Dwoskin LP (2017). Obesity: current and potential pharmacotherapeutics and targets. Pharmacology & Therapeutics 170: 116-147.


Blundell J, Finlayson G, Axelsen M, Flint A, Gibbons C, Kvist T, Hjerpsted JB. (2017) Effects of once-weekly semaglutide on appetite, energy intake, control of eating, food preference and body weight in subjects with obesity. Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism 19(9):1242-1251.


Gibbons C, Blundell J, Tetens Hoff S, Dahl K, Bauer R, Bækdal T (2021) Effects of oral semaglutide on energy intake, food preference, appetite, control of eating and body weight in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism 23(2): 581-588.





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Lecture 7: Social Neuroscience: oxytocin & attachment

Carlson (core text): Chapter 10 Reproductive behaviour; Chapter 11 Emotion (just bits on aggression), & Chapter 17 Focus on Autistic disorder

Insel TR, Young LJ (2001). The neurobiology of attachment. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2: 129-136.

Bartels A, Zeki S |(2004). The neural correlates of maternal and romantic love. NeuroImage 21: 1156-1166.

Young LJ, Wang Z (2004). The neurobiology of pair bonding. Nature Neuroscience 57:1069-1074.

Kosfeld M, Heinrichs M, Zak PJ, Fischbacher U, Fehr E.( 2005). Oxytocin increases trust in humans. Nature 435: 673-6.

Lee HJ et al (2009) Oxytocin: the great facilitator of life. Progress in Neurobiology. 88: 127-151.

Ross HE, Young LJ (2009). Oxytocin and the neural mechanisms regulating social cognition and affiliative behavior. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. 30(4):534-47 .

Meyer-Lindenberg A, Domes, G, Kirsch P and Heinrichs M (2011). Oxytocin and vasopressin in the human brain: social neuropeptides for translational medicine. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 12: 524-538.

Lukas M, Toth I, Reber SO, Slattery DA, Veenema AH, and Neumann ID (2011). The neuropeptide oxytocin facilitates pro-social behavior and prevents social avoidance in rats and mice. Neuropsychopharmacology 36: 2159-2168.

Burkett JP and Young LJ (2012). The behavioral, anatomical and pharmacological parallels between social attachment, love and addiction. Psychopharmacology 224: 1-26.

Young LJ, Alexander (2013) The Chemistry between Us. Current, Penguin Group USA

Bale KL, Perkeybile AM, Conley OG, Lee MH, Guoynes CD, Downing GM, Yun CR, Solomon M, Jacob S, Mendoza SP (2013). Chronic intranasal oxytocin causes long-term impairments in partner preference formation in male prairie voles. Biological Psychiatry 74: 180-188.

Scheele D et al. (2013). Oxytocin enhances brain reward system responses in men viewing the face of their female partner. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 20308-20313,

Domes G et al (2014). Oxytocin promotes facial emotion recognition and amygdala reactivity in adults with Asperger Syndrom. Neuropsychopharmacology 30: 698-707.

McQuaid RJ et al (2014). Making room for oxytocin in understanding depression. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 45: 305-322.

Rilling JK, Young LJ (2014). The biology of mammalian parenting and its effect on offspring social development. Science 345: 771-776.

Gorka SM et al (2015). Oxytocin modulation of amygdala functional connectivity to fearful faces in generalized social anxiety disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology 40: 278-286.

Burkett JP et al. (2016). Oxytocin-dependent consolation behavior in rodents. Science 351: 375-378.

Kosaki Y, Yehuda S (2016).Conditioned social preference, but not place preference, produced by intrnasal oxytocin in female mice. Behavioral Neuroscience 130: 182-195.

Walum H et al. (2016). Statistical and methodological considerations for the interpretation of intranasal oxytocin studies. Biological Psychiatry 79: 251-257.

Johnson ZV & Young L (2017). Oxytocin and vasopressin neural networks: implications for social behavior diversity and translational neuroscience. In Rodgers et al (editors), Special Issue of Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 76: 87-98.

Van Zuiden M et al. (2017). Intranasal oxytocin to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: a randomized controlled trial in emergency department patients. Biological Psychiatry 81: 1030-1040.

Benner S, Yamasue H (2018) Clinical potential of oxytocin in autism spectrum disorder: current issues and future perspectives. Behavioural Pharmacology 29: 1-12.




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tbc: Drug Addiction

Core textbook: Chapter 18 Introduces Drug Addiction


Lectures 8-9: Drug Addiction: Additional references will be provided in the lectures.

Helpful book but do not buy, small parts used for these lectures: Koob, G.F. & Le Moal, M. (2006) The Neurobiology of Addiction. Academic Press.

American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders., 5th Edition. Arlington, VA, American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

United nations Office on Drugs and Crime: World Drug Report 2019

Drug reinforcement:

Pierce, C.R., Kumaresan, V. (2006) The mesolimbic dopamine systems: The final common pathway for the reinforcing effect of drugs of abuse? Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, 30, 215-238

Addiction as a brain disease:

Leshner AI (1997) Addiction is brain disease, and it matters. Science. ISSN: 0036-8075; 1095-9203 278: 45-47

Nestler, E.J. Aghajanian, G.K. (1997) Molecular and cellular basis of addiction. Science. ISSN: 0036-8075; 1095-9203, 278,58-63.

Volkow ND; Koob GF; McLellan AT. (2016)  Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction. New England Journal of Medicine. 374(4):363-71, 2016 Jan 28.


Counteradaptation/ Opponent-process Theory: There are many review articles published by Koob and LeMoal below: you are not expected to read all of these but if you are interested in this theory  you can see the evolution of the theory through time in these articles.

Ahmed, R.S. & Koob, G.F. (1998) Transition from moderate to excessive drug intake: Change in hedonic set point. Science. ISSN: 0036-8075; 1095-9203 282: 298-300

Koob, G.F. (1992) Drugs of abuse: anatomy, Pharmacology, and function of reward pathways. Trends in pharmacological sciences. ISSN: 0165-6147 13, 177-184.

Koob GF (1996) Drug addiction: the yin and yang of hedonic homeostasis. Neuron. ISSN: 0896-6273 16: 893-896

Koob GF, Le Moal M (1997) Drug Abuse: Hedonic homeostatic dysregulation. Science. ISSN: 0036-8075; 1095-9203 278: 52-58

Koob GF, Le Moal M (2001) Drug Addiction, dysregulation of reward, and allostasis. Neuropsychopharmacology ISSN: 0893-133X 24: 97-129

Koob, G.F. et al. (2004) Neurobiological mechanisms in the transition from drug use to drug dependence. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews 27, 739-749. - Available online:

Koob, G.F. and LeMoal, M. (2005) Plasticity of reward neurocircuitry and the ‘dark side’ of drug addiction. Nature neuroscience. ISSN: 1097-6256, 8, 1442-1444

Le Moal, M, Koob GF, (2007) Drug Addiction: Pathways to the disease and pathophysiological perspectives. European neuropsychopharmacology. ISSN: 0924-977x, 17, 377-393

Koob GF, Le Moal M (2008) Addiction and the Antireward System. Annual review of psychology. ISSN: 0066-4308 59: 29-53.

Koob GF, Le Moal M (2008) Neurobiological mechanisms for opponent motivational processes in addiction. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. B. ISSN: 0264-3839 363, 3113-3123

Koob GF (2009) Neurobiological substrates for the dark side of compulsivity in addiction. Neuropharmacology. ISSN: 0028-3908, 56, 18-31

Koob GF, Sanna PP, Bloom FE (1998) Neuroscience of addiction. Neuron. ISSN: 0896-6273 21: 467-476. Psychology.ISSN: 2152-7180; 2152-7199, 59, 29-53

Koob GF. (2015) The dark side of emotion: the addiction perspective. Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 April 15; 753: 73–87


Koob GF, D Volkow ND. (2016) Neurobiology of addiction: a neurocircuitry analysis. Lancet Psychiatry. 2016 August ; 3(8): 760–773. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (AJ 17/02/2022) 


Incentive-salience sensitisation Theory: There are many review articles published by Robinson and Berridge below: you are not expected to read all of these but if you are interested in this theory  you can see the evolution of the theory through time in these articles.

Self DW, Nestler EJ (1998) Relapse to drug-seeking: neural and molecular mechanisms. Drug and alcohol dependence. ISSN: 0376-8716 51: 49-60

Berridge KC, Robinson TE, (1998) What is the role of dopamine in reward: hedonic impact, reward learning or incentive salience? Brain research. ISSN: 0006-8993, 28, 309-369

Berridge, K.C. & Robinson, T.E. (2003) Parsing reward. Trends in neurosciences. ISSN: 0166-2236, 26 (9): 507-513

Robinson TE, Berridge KC (1993) The neural basis of drug craving: An incentive-sensitization theory of addiction. Brain research : Brain research reviews. ISSN: 0165-0173, 18, 247-291.

Robinson, TE, Berridge, KC (2000) The psychology and neurobiology of addiction: an incentive-sensitization view. Addiction. ISSN: 0965-2140 95, (Suppl.2) S91-117

Robinson TE, Berridge KC (2001) Mechanisms of action of addictive stimuli: Incentive-sensitization and addiction. Addiction. ISSN: 0965-2140 96: 103-114

Robinson TE, Berridge KC (2003) Addiction. Annual review of psychology. ISSN: 0066-4308 54, 25-53

Robinson TE, Berridge KC (2008) The incentive sensitization theory of addiction: some current issues. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences. ISSN: 0080-4622, 363, (1507) 3137-3146

Berridge, K.C. & Robinson, T.E. (2016) Liking, Wanting and the Incentive-Sensitization Theory of Addiction. Am Psychol. 2016 November ; 71(8): 670–679.



Lecture 10: Review lecture







This list was last updated on 24/01/2022