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GERM1050
Seminar Reading List (Semester 1)

From Unification to Reunification: Introduction to German History 1870-1990, 2017/18, Semester 1, 2
Dr Stephan Petzold
s.petzold@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Core module textbook:

Mary Fulbrook (2015), A history of Germany, 1918-2008 : the divided nation, 4th edition, Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.  

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SEMESTER 1: GERMANY 1870-1945

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Week 1: Introduction

Required reading

Neil MacGregor (2014), Germany : memories of a nation, London: Allen Lane, introduction. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Week 2: The creation of a German nation-state, 1815-1871

Lecture research tasks

What were the main decisions of the Congress of Vienna and how did it affect Germany?

What was the Hambach festival and why did it matter?

Why did revolution break out in 1848 and what is the revolution’s historical significance?

Seminar questions

How did German unification come about?

What role did the national movement play in the making of unification?

Was unification the result of Bismarck’s and Prussia’s drive for power?

Required reading

John Breuilly (2001), ‘Revolution to unification’, in: John Breuilly, ed, Nineteenth-century Germany : politics, culture, and society 1780-1918, London: Bloomsbury, 138-158. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Further reading

Stefan Berger (2004), Germany: Inventing the Nation, London: Arnold, ch. 2, 47-76.  

Andreas Biefang (2017), 'The German National Association 1859-1867: Rise and Fall of a Proto-Party', in: Henk te Velde and Maartje Janse, eds, Organizing democracy : reflections on the rise of political organizations in the nineteenth century, Palgrave, 165-184.   

David Blackbourn (2003), History of Germany, 1780-1918 : the long nineteenth century, Oxford: Blackwell, 171-194.

Berit Elisabeth Dencker (2001), ‘Popular gymnastics and the military spirit in Germany, 1848-1871’, Central European history. ISSN: 0008-9389 34:4, 503-530.

Dieter Düding (1987), ‘The Nineteenth-Century German Nationalist Movement as a Movement of Societies’, in: Hagen Schulze, ed, Nation-building in Central Europe, Oxford: Berg, 19-50.

Abigail Green (2004), ‘Political and diplomatic movements, 1850-1870. National movement, liberal movement, great-power struggles and the creation of the German Empire’, in: Jonathan Sperber, ed, Germany, 1800-1870 ISBN: 0199258376 (alk. paper); 0199258384 (pbk. : alk. paper), Oxford UP, 69-90. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

William Hagen (2012), German history in modern times : four lives of the nation, Cambridge University Press, ch. 8, 129-152.

Mark Hewitson (2010), ‘”The Old Forms Are Breaking Up,… Our New Germany Is Rebuilding Itself”: Constitutionalism, Nationalism and the Creation of a German Polity during the Revolutions of 1848-49’, English historical review 125, 1173-1214.

Matthew Jefferies (2008), Contesting the German Empire, 1871-1918, Blackwell, 51-61.

Gordon Mork (1971), ‘Bismarck and the “Capitulation” of German Liberalism’, The journal of modern history. 43:1, 59-75.

Frank Lorenz Müller (2007), ‘The spectre of a people in arms: The Prussian government and the militarisation of German nationalism, 1859-1864’, English historical review. ISSN: 0013-8266 122, 82–103.

James Retallack (2017), ‘After the “German civil war” of 1866: building the state, embracing the nation’, in: Ute Planert and James Retallack, eds, Decades of reconstruction : postwar societies, state-building, and international relations from the Seven Years' War to the Cold War ISBN: 9781107165748 (hardback); 1107165741 (hardback); 9781316617083 (paperback); 1316617084 (paperback), Oxford UP.

Hans-Ulrich Wehler (1985), The German Empire 1871-1918, Oxford: Berg, ch. 1.

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Week 3: Imperial Germany: an authoritarian or a democratic political culture?

Lecture research tasks

What were the key institutions and characteristics of the constitution of 1871?

Who appointed the Reich Chancellor? Who is represented in the Bundestag?

What were the main parties in the Reichstag and who did they represent?

Seminar questions

How authoritarian/democratic was the constitution of 1871?

How did the new Germany seek to unify the new nation?

How did the political culture of Imperial Germany change between 1870 and 1900?

Required reading

Thomas Kühne (2008), ‘Political Culture and Democratization’, in: James Retallack, ed, Imperial Germany, 1871-1918, Oxford University Press, 174-19. 

Further reading

Margaret Lavinia Anderson (1993), ‘Voter, Junker, Landrat, Priest: The Old Authorities and the New Franchise in Imperial Germany’, The American historical review. 98:5, 1448-1474.

Stefan Berger (2004), Germany: Inventing the Nation, London: Arnold, ch. 3.

David Blackbourn (2003), History of Germany, 1780-1918 : the long nineteenth century, Oxford: Blackwell, ch. 5, 195-203.

James Brophy (2016), '“The Modernity of Tradition”: Popular Culture and Protest in Nineteenth-Century Germany', in: Ilaria Favretto and Xabier Itcaina, eds, Protest, Popular Culture and Tradition in Modern and Contemporary Western Europe, Palgrave.   

Marcus Kreuzer (2003), ‘Parliamentarization and the Question of German Exceptionalism: 1867–1918’, Central European history. ISSN: 0008-9389 36:3, 327-357.

Thomas Kühne (2015), 'From Electoral Campaigning to the Politics of Togetherness: Localism and Democracy', in: David Blackbourn and James Retallack, eds, Localism, Landscape and the Ambiguities of Place: German-Speaking Central Europe, 1860-1930, University of Toronto Press, 101–123.   

Katherine Lerman (2001), ‘Bismarckian Germany and the structure of the German Empire’, in: John Breuilly, ed, Nineteenth-century Germany : politics, culture, and society 1780-1918, London: Bloomsbury, 163-184.

Wolfgang J. Mommsen (1995), ‘A Delaying Compromise? The Division of Authority in the German Constitution of 1871’, in: Imperial Germany 1867-1918 : politics, culture, and society in an authoritarian state, London: Arnold, 20-40. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

James Retallack (2016), 'Mapping the Red Threat: The Politics of Exclusion in Leipzig before 1914', Central European history. ISSN: 0008-9389 49:3-4, 341-382.

James Retallack (2015), Germany's Second Reich : portraits and pathways, University of Toronto Press, ‘Get out the vote! Electioneering without democracy’, 237-257.   

James Retallack (2017), Red Saxony : election battles and the spectre of democracy in Germany 1860-1918, Cambridge UP.

Helmut Walser Smith (1994), German nationalism and religious conflict : culture, ideology, politics, 1870-1914, Princeton University Press.

Matthew Jefferies, ed (2015), The Ashgate research companion to imperial Germany, Ashgate, esp. part I and II.

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Week 4: Germany’s colonial empire: global entanglements and German identities

Lecture research tasks

What was Bismarck’s alliance system and what purposes did it serve?

Why did Germany seek an overseas colonial empire and what colonies did it have?

What was the Herero uprising?

Seminar questions

Why did Germany seek to establish a colonial empire?

How did the colonial empire affect German identities at home?

Required reading

Nancy Reagin (2001), ‘The Imagined Hausfrau: National Identity, Domesticity, and Colonialism in Imperial Germany’, The journal of modern history. 73, 54-86.  

Further reading

Shelley Baranoskwi (2010), Nazi empire : German colonialism and imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler, Cambridge University Press.

Stefan Berger (2015), 'Building the Nation among Visions of German Empire', in: Stefan Berger and Alexei Miller, eds, Nationalizing empires ISBN: 9789633860168 (hardbound); 9633860164 (hardbound), Central European University Press, 247-308. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 16/10/2017) 

David Blackbourn (2003), History of Germany, 1780-1918 : the long nineteenth century, 249-254, 321-334.

Sebastian Conrad (2013), ‘Rethinking German Colonialism in a Global Age’, The journal of imperial and commonwealth history. ISSN: 0308-6534 41:4, 543-566.

Sebastian Conrad (2012), German colonialism : a short history, Cambridge UP.

Bernhard Gissibl (2011), ‘Imagination and beyond: cultures and geographies of imperialism in Germany, 1848-1918’, in: John MacKenzie (ed): European empires and the people : popular responses to imperialism in France, Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Italy, Manchester University Press, 158-187.

Sebastian Conrad (2013), ‘Rethinking German Colonialism in a Global Age’, The journal of imperial and commonwealth history., 41:4, 543-566.

Thomas Kühne (2013), ‘Colonialism and the Holocaust: continuities, causations and complexities’, Journal of genocide research. ISSN: 1462-3528 15:3, 339-62.

Janne Lahti (2016), ‘German Colonialism and the Age of Global Empires’, Journal of colonialism and colonial history. ISSN: 1532-5768 17:1.

Bradley Naranch and Geoff Eley, eds (2014), German colonialism in a global age, Duke University Press.

Michael Perraudin and Jürgen Zimmerer, eds (2010), German colonialism and national identity, London: Routledge.

John Short (2012), Magic lantern empire : colonialism and society in Germany, Cornell UP.

‘Forum: The German Colonial Imagination’, German history. 26:2 (2008), 251-271.

Jürgen Zimmerer (2015), ‘Colonialism and Genocide’, in: Matthew Jefferies, ed (2015), The Ashgate research companion to imperial Germany, Ashgate, 433-453.

Jürgen Zimmerer (2008), ‘War, Concentration Camps and Genocide in South-West Africa: The First German Genocide’, in: Jürgen Zimmerer and Joachim Zeller, eds, Genocide in German South-West Africa : the Colonial War (1904-1908) in Namibia and its aftermath, Monmouth: Merlin Press, 41-63. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

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Week 5: Defending German culture? Mobilising for and experiencing the World War I

Lecture research tasks

What was the Schlieffen Plan?

What were the main developments during the July Crisis 1914 that escalated into World War I?

What were the main battles of the war, who won them and how many died?

Seminar questions

What role did Germany play in the outbreak of the First World War?

How did German elites mobilise German society for the war?

What impact did the war have on people’s lives?

Required reading

Jeffrey Verhey (2000), The spirit of 1914 : militarism, myth and mobilization in Germany, Cambridge UP, 1-11.  

Belinda Davis (2002), ‘Food, Politics and Women’s Everyday Life during World War I’, in: Karen Hagemann and Stefanie Schüler-Springorum, eds, Home/front : the military, war, and gender in twentieth-century Germany, Oxford: Berg, 115-32.   

Further reading

David Blackbourn (2003), History of Germany, 1780-1918 : the long nineteenth century, 334-368.

Roger Chickering (2001), ‘The First World War’, in: John Breuilly, ed, Nineteenth-century Germany : politics, culture, and society 1780-1918, London: Bloomsbury, 248-267.

Roger Chickering (2004), Imperial Germany and the Great War, 1914-1918, Cambridge University Press.

Chris Clark, ‘Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914’, lecture at Gresham College, Oct 2014, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6snYQFcyiyg

Wilhelm Deist (1996), ‘The Military Collapse of the German Empire: The Reality Behind the Stab-in-the-Back Myth’, War in history. 3:2, 186-207.

Richard Hamilton and Holger Herwig (2005), Decisions for war, 1914-1917, Cambridge University Press, ch. 4.

Gerhard Hirschfeld (2011), ‘”The Spirit of 1914”: A Critical Examination of War Enthusiasm in German Society’, in: Lothar Kettenacker, Torsten Riotte, eds, The legacies of two World Wars : European societies in the twentieth century, Berghahn Books.

Robert L. Nelson (2004). ‘“Ordinary Men” in the First World War? German Soldiers as Victims and Participants’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 39:3, 425-435.

Erik Ringmar (2017), ‘The “spirit of 1914”: A redefinition and a defence’, War in history. ISSN: 0968-3445, online first.

Jeffrey Verhey (2008), ‘War and Revolution’, in: James Retallack, ed, Imperial Germany, 1871-1918, Oxford University Press, 242-263. 

Benjamin Ziemann (2007), War experiences in rural Germany, 1914-1923 ISBN: 9781845202453 (pbk.); 9781845202446 (cloth); 1845202449 (cloth); 1845202457 (pbk.), Berg.

Benjamin Ziemann (2017), Violence and the German soldier in the Great War : killing, dying, surviving, London: Bloomsbury.

Benjamin Ziemann (2011), ‘Germany 1914-1918: Total War as a Catalyst of Change’, in: Helmut Walser Smith, ed, The Oxford handbook of modern German history, Oxford UP, 378-99.

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Week 6: The Weimar Republic: a German democracy between promise and crisis ?

Lecture research tasks

What were ‘Spartakus’ and ‘Freikorps’? What political aims did they pursue?

What were the main provisions of the Weimar constitution of 1919?

What were the main stipulations of the Treaty of Versailles?

In what ways did the Weimar Republic experience its most serious crisis in 1923?

Seminar questions

Why did most Germans find it so difficult to accept defeat in World War I?

How liberal was the Weimar Republic?

Was the Weimar Republic doomed to fail from the start?

Required reading

Fulbrook, 15-30.  

Further reading

Manuela Achilles (2010), ‘With a Passion for Reason: Celebrating the Constitution in Weimar Germany’, Central European history. 43:4, 666-689.

Manuela Achilles (2010), ‘Reforming the Reich. Democratic symbols and rituals in the Weimar Republic’, in: Kathleen Canning, Kerstin Barndt and Kristin McGuire, eds, Weimar publics/Weimar subjects : rethinking the political culture of Germany in the 1920s, Berghahn Books, 175-191.  

Manuela Achilles (2016), ‘Anchoring the Nation in the Democratic Form: Weimar Symbolic Politics beyond the Failure Paradigm’, in: Geoff Eley, Jennifer L. Jenkins and Tracie Matysik, eds, German modernities from Wilhelm to Weimar : a contest of futures, London: Bloomsbury, 259-281. 

Richard Bessel (1993), ‘The Legacy of the First World War and Weimar Politics’, in: Germany after the First World War, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 254-384.

Richard Evans (2003), The Coming of the Third Reich, London: Penguin, ‘The Weakness of Weimar’, 78-101.

Mark Jones (2017), ‘Violent reconstruction as shatterzones: the German revolution of 1918/19 and the foundation of the Weimar Republic’, in: Ute Planert and James Retallack, eds, Decades of Reconstruction: Postwar Societies, State-Building, and International Relations from the Seven Years' War to the Cold War, Oxford UP.

Mark Jones (2016), Founding Weimar : violence and the German Revolution of 1918-1919 ISBN: 9781107115125 hardback; 1107115124 hardback, Cambridge UP.

Sally Marks (2013) ‘Mistakes and Myths: The Allies, Germany, and the Versailles Treaty, 1918–1921’, The journal of modern history. 85:3, 632-659.

Anthony McElligott (2014), Rethinking the Weimar republic : authority and authoritarianism, 1916-1936, London: Bloomsbury.

Anthony McElligott, ed (2009), Weimar Germany, Oxford UP, introduction

Thomas Mergel (2010), ‘High expectations – deep disappointments. Structures of the public perception of politics in the Weimar Republic’, in: Kathleen Canning, Kerstin Barndt and Kristin McGuire, eds, Weimar publics/Weimar subjects : rethinking the political culture of Germany in the 1920s ISBN: 9781845456894 (hbk.) : £58.00; 1845456890 (hbk.) : £58.00, Berghahn Books, 192-210.

Matthew Stibbe (2010), Germany, 1914-1933 : politics, society and culture ISBN: 9781405801362 (pbk.) : £16.99; 1405801360 (pbk.) : £16.99, London: Pearson, ‘Political and psychological consequences of the war‘, 67-97.

Colin Storer (2013), A short history of the Weimar Republic, London: IB Tauris, ch. 1.

George S. Vascik and Mark R. Sadler, eds (2016), The stab-in-the-back myth and the fall of the Weimar Republic : a history in documents and visual sources, Bloomsbury.

Eric Weitz (2007), Weimar Germany : promise and tragedy, Princeton University Press, ch. 1.

Eric D. Weitz (2010), ‘Weimar Germany and its Histories’, Central European history. 43:4, 581-591.

Klaus Weinhauer, Anthony McElligott, Kirsten Heinsohn, eds. (2015), Germany, 1916-23 : a revolution in context, Bielefeld: transcript.

Benjamin Ziemann (2010), ‘Weimar was Weimar: Politics, Culture and the Emplotment of the German Republic’, German history.28:4, 542–571.

Benjamin Ziemann (2012), Contested commemorations : republican war veterans and Weimar political culture ISBN: 9781107028890 (hbk.) : £60.00; 1107028892 (hbk.) : £60.00, Cambridge UP

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Week 7: Reading week

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Week 8: The Weimar Republic in the ‘Golden Twenties’: a liberal, tolerant and vibrant culture?

Lecture research tasks

What was the historical significance of the Dawes Plan and the Treaty of Locarno?

What was Paul von Hindenburg’s role before and during the Weimar Republic?

What were the main political parties and who did they represent?

Seminar questions

In what ways was Weimar culture modern and vibrant?

Why did the rich cultural life not translate into greater support for the Weimar Republic?

Required reading

Fulbrook, 30-39.  

Jochen Hung (2016), ‘“Bad” Politics and “Good” Culture: New Approaches to the History of the Weimar Republic’, Central European history. ISSN: 0008-9389 49:3-4, 441-453.  

Further reading

Karl-Christian Führer (1997), ‘A Medium of Modernity? Broadcasting in Weimar Germany, 1923-1932’, The journal of modern history. 69, 722-753.

Karl-Christian Führer (2009), ‘High brow and low brow culture’, in: Anthony McElligott, ed, Weimar Germany ISBN: 9780199280070 (pbk.) : £16.99; 9780199280063 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0199280061 (hbk.) : £50.00; 019928007X (pbk.) : £16.99, Oxford UP, 260-281. 

Elizabeth Harvey (2001), ‘Culture and Society in Weimar Germany: the Impact of Modernisation and Mass Culture’, in: Mary Fulbrook, ed, Twentieth-century Germany : politics, culture and society 1918-1990, London: Arnold, 58-76. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Jochen Hung (2015), 'The modernized Gretchen: Transformations of the "New Women" in the late Weimar Republic', German history. ISSN: 0266-3554 33:1, 52-79.

Jochen Hung, Godela Weiss-Sussex and Geoff Wilkes, eds (2012), Beyond glitter and doom : the contingency of the Weimar Republic ISBN: 9783862050840; 386205084X; 9780854572335, Munich: Iudicium.

Anthony McElligott, ed (2009), Weimar Germany, Oxford UP, esp. chapters 5, 6, 8, 10. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Detlev Peukert (1991), The Weimar Republic: The Crisis of Classical Modernity, London: Allen Lane, ch. 8, 164-177.

Corey Ross (2006), ‘Mass Culture and Divided Audiences: Cinema and Social Change in Inter-war Germany’, Past & present. 193, 157-95.

Matthew Stibbe (2010), Germany, 1914-1933 : politics, society and culture, Pearson, ch. 5.

Colin Storer (2013), A short history of the Weimar Republic, London: IB Tauris, ch. 5.

J. A. Williams, ed (2011), Weimar culture revisited, New York: Palgrave.

Eric Weitz (2007), Weimar Germany : promise and tragedy, Princeton University Press.

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Week 9: The rise of the Nazis and the destruction of the Weimar Republic

Lecture research tasks

What were the key events in the history of the NSDAP during the 1920s?

What were the main political developments in Weimar Germany during 1932?

What measures did the Nazis take to consolidate their power in the first half of 1933?

Seminar questions

How did the Nazis manage to establish themselves as a serious political force before 1933?

Why was the Weimar Republic not strong enough to withstand the Nazi challenge?

How did the Nazis consolidate their power in the first 18 months of their rule?

Required reading

Fulbrook, 40-63.  

Further reading

William Brustein and Jürgen W. Falter (1995), ‘Who Joined the Nazi Party? Assessing Theories of the Social Origins of Nazism’, Zeitgeschichte 22:3-4, 83-108. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 16/10/2017) 

Hermann Beck (2009), The fateful alliance : German conservatives and Nazis in 1933 : the Machtergreifung in a new light, Berghahn Books.

Peter Fritzsche (2008), ‘The NSDAP 1919-1934. From Fringe Politics to the Seizure of Power’, in: Jane Caplan, ed, Nazi Germany, Oxford University Press, 48-72.

Peter Fritzsche (1996), ‘Did Weimar Fail? ’, The journal of modern history. 68, 629-656.

Peter Fritzsche (2017), 'The Role of 'the People' and the Rise of the Nazis', in: John Abromeit, York Norman, Gary Marotta, Bridget Maria Chesterton, eds, Transformations of populism in Europe and the Americas : history and recent tendencies ISBN: 9781474225229 (e-book), London: Bloomsbury.    

Larry Eugene Jones (2014), The German right in the Weimar Republic : studies in the history of German conservatism, nationalism, and antisemitism, Berghahn Books.

Larry Eugen Jones (2016), Hitler versus Hindenburg : the 1932 presidential elections and the end of the Weimar Republic ISBN: 9781107022614 (hardback) : £74.99; 9781316485293 (ebk.); 9781316484869 (PDF ebook) : No price, Cambridge UP.

Ian Kershaw, ed (1990), Weimar: why did German democracy fail?, London: Weidenfeld.

Matthew Stibbe (2010), Germany, 1914-1933 : politics, society and culture, Pearson, ch. 6.

Colin Storer (2013), A short history of the Weimar Republic, London: IB Tauris, ch. 6.

Jill Stephenson (2001), ‘The Rise of the Nazis: Sonderweg or Spanner in the Works? ’, in: Mary Fulbrook, ed, Twentieth-century Germany : politics, culture and society 1918-1990, London: Arnold, 77-98.

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Week 10: Nazi society: creating the Volksgemeinschaft

Lecture research tasks

What measures did the Nazis use to increasingly exclude Jews in the 1930s?

What were the main institutions of the Nazi terror system?

What were the main mass organisations in Nazi Germany and what was their purpose?

Seminar questions

How did the Nazis try to establish their idealised ‘people’s community’?

Were ordinary Germans coerced into conformity or did they participate voluntarily in the nazification of society?

Required reading

Fulbrook, 63-79.  

Robert Gellately (2001), Backing Hitler : consent and coercion in Nazi Germany, Oxford University Press, 1-9.  

Further reading

Geoff Eley (2003), ‘Hitler’s Silent Majority? Conformity and Resistance under the Third Reich’, The Michigan quarterly review. 42:2, http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.act2080.0042.223

Richard J. Evans (2007), ‘Coercion and Consent in Nazi Germany’, Proceedings of the British Academy. ISSN: 0068-1202 151, 53-81.  

Peter Fritzsche (2008), Life and death in the Third Reich, Harvard University Press, esp. ch 1.  

Peter Fritzsche (1994), ‘Where Did All the Nazis Go? Reflections on Collaboration and Resistance‘, Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte 23, 191-214. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 16/10/2017) 

Robert Gellately (2005), ‘Social Outsiders and the Consolidation of Hitler’s Dictatorship, 1933-1939’, in: Neil Gregor, ed, Nazism, war and genocide : essays in honour of Jeremy Noakes ISBN: 0859897451 (hbk), University of Exeter Press, 56-74. 

Ian Kershaw (1993), ‘”Working towards the Führer”: Reflections on the Nature of the Hitler Dictatorship’, Contemporary European history 2:2, 103-118.

Ian Kershaw (2009), 'Consensus, Coercion and Popular Opinion in the Third Reich: Some Reflections', in: Paul Corner, ed, Popular Opinion in Totalitarian Regimes: Fascism, Nazism , Communism, Oxford UP.  

Peter Lambert (2016), ‘The Third Reich: Police State or Self-Policing Society?’, in: Alf Lüdkte, ed, Everyday Life in Mass Dictatorship: Collusion and Evasion, London: Palgrave, 37-54.

Lisa Pine, ed (2016), Life and times in Nazi Germany ISBN: 9781474217934 hardback £70.00; 9781474217927 paperback £22.99; 9781474217941 (epdf); 147421794X (epdf), London: Bloomsbury.

Lisa Pine (2017), Hitler's "national community" : society and culture in Nazi Germany ISBN: 9781474238816 (hardback); 1474238815 (hardback); 9781474238779 (paperback); 1474238777 (paperback), London: Bloomsbury.

Susanna Schrafstetter and Alan E. Steinweis, ed (2015), The Germans and the Holocaust : popular responses to the persecution and murder of the Jews ISBN: 9781782389521 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781782389538 (ebook), Berghahn Book.

Martina Steber and Bernhard Gott, eds (2014), Visions of community in Nazi Germany : social engineering and private lives, Oxford University Press.

Jill Stephenson (2016), 'The Volksgemeinschaft and the Problems of Permeability: The Persistence of Traditional Attitudes in Württemberg villages', German history. ISSN: 0266-3554 34:1, 49-69.

Jill Stephenson (2008), ‘Inclusion: Building the National Community in Propaganda and Practice’, in: Jane Caplan, ed, Nazi Germany, Oxford University Press, 99-121.

‘Forum: Everyday Life in Nazi Germany’, German history. 27 (2009), 560-579.

David Welch (1993), ‘Manufacturing a Consensus. Nazi Propaganda and the Building of a “National Community” ( Volksgemeinschaft )’, Contemporary European history. 2:1, 1-15.

Michael Wildt (2012), Hitler's Volksgemeinschaft and the dynamics of racial exclusion : violence against Jews in provincial Germany, 1919-1939, Berghahn Books.

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Week 11: The Holocaust

Lecture research tasks

What were Einsatzgruppen and what role did they play in the Holocaust?

What was the Madagascar Plan?

What was the significance of the Wannsee Conference 1942?

What and where were the Nazi extermination camps?

Seminar questions

Why did the Nazis move from excluding and persecuting Jews to systematically killing them?

How much did ordinary Germans know about the mass killing of Jews?

Required reading

Fulbrook, 80-105.  

Further reading

Frank Bajohr (2006), ‘The “Folk Community” and the Persecution of the Jews: German Society under National Socialist Dictatorship’, Holocaust and Genocide Studies 20, 183-206.Peter Fritzsche (2008), Life and death in the Third Reich, Harvard University Press.

Christopher Browning (1992), Ordinary men : Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the final solution in Poland, London: Harper Collins.

Saul Friedländer (2007), The years of extermination : Nazi Germany and the Jews 1939-1945 London: HarperCollins.

Christian Gerlach (2015), The extermination of the European Jews ISBN: 9780521706896 (paperback); 9780521880787 (hardback), Cambridge UP.

Beth A. Griech-Polelle (2017), Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust : language, rhetoric, and the traditions of hatred ISBN: 9781472586919 (paperback); 9781472586926 (hardback), London: Bloomsbury.

Marion Kaplan (1998), Between dignity and despair : Jewish life in Nazi Germany ISBN: 0195115317 (cloth), Oxford UP.

Peter Longerich (2010), Holocaust : the Nazi persecution and murder of the Jews, Oxford University Press.

Nicholas Stargardt (2015), The German war : a nation under arms, 1939-45, Bodley Head.

Nicholas Stargardt (2001), ‘The “final solution”’, in: Mary Fulbrook, ed, Twentieth-century Germany : politics, culture and society 1918-1990, London: Arnold, 149-173.

This list was last updated on 25/09/2017